Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Pentane, 3-methyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal boiling point

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
336.5Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
336.4Majer and Svoboda, 1985 
337.Shuikin, Karakhanov, et al., 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
337.Shuikin, Bel'skii, et al., 1960Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
335.9Petrov, Sergienko, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
336.43Desty and Whyman, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
336.Blomquist and Verdol, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
336.35Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.45Anonymous, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
336.35Roebuck and Evering, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
335.15Marschner and Carmody, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
334.9Huston and Smith, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
336.15Mosher and La Combe, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
336.7De Vos. F.C., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.50Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.30Foehr and Fenske, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.35Sauer and Hadsell, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; may not be a new measurement; TRC
336.5Sauer, Scheiber, et al., 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.3Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
336.41Howard, Mears, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
336.43Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
336.1Kay, 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
333.28Kay, 1946, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
336.3Bishop, Burk, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.15Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
336.43Forziati, Willingham, et al., 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
336.5Anonymous, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
336.43Anonymous, 1943, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
336.45Griswold, van Berg, et al., 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.5Rossini, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.44Anonymous, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
336.35Boord, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.35Rank, Scott, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; not clear if this was measured by authors; TRC
336.38Anonymous, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
336.55Koch and Hilberath, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.4Wojciechowski, 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.35Oberfell and Frey, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.45Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
336.41Wojciechowski, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
336.45Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
336.35Bruun, Hicks-Brunn, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
336.35Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.36Stull, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; measured by Wojceichowski; TRC
336.35Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.33Cramer and Mulligan, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
336.4Hull, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
336.45Leslie and White, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
335.85Maman, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
335.85Maman, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
335.95Tongberg and Fenske, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
336.45Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.35Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
336.35Chavanne and Van Risseghem, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
336.35Van Risseghem, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
336.35Timmermans, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
337.15Lagerlof, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
337.Wislicenus, 1883Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Shuikin, Karakhanov, et al., 1965
Shuikin, N.I.; Karakhanov, R.A.; Ibrakhimov, I., Conversion of Tetrahydrofuran Homologs on Paladized Carbon, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 1965, 1965, No. 1, 165-7. [all data]

Shuikin, Bel'skii, et al., 1960
Shuikin, N.I.; Bel'skii, I.F.; Karakhanov, R.A., The Hydrogenolysis of Tetrahydrofuran, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1960, 30, 1933-7. [all data]

Petrov, Sergienko, et al., 1958
Petrov, A.A.; Sergienko, S.R.; Tsedlina, A.L.; Teterina, M.P.; Kislinskii, A.N.; Gal'pern, G.D., Isomerization of Saturated Hydrocarbons Communication 1. Isomerization of C6-C8 Parafins, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1958, 1958, 419-26. [all data]

Desty and Whyman, 1957
Desty, D.H.; Whyman, B.H.F., Anal. Chem., 1957, 29, 320. [all data]

Blomquist and Verdol, 1955
Blomquist, A.T.; Verdol, J.A., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 81. [all data]

Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955
Lichtenfels, D.H.; Fleck, S.A.; Burow, F.H., Anal. Chem., 1955, 27, 1510. [all data]

Anonymous, 1953
Anonymous, R., , Physical Properties of Chemical Substances, Dow Chemical Company, 1953. [all data]

Roebuck and Evering, 1953
Roebuck, A.K.; Evering, B.L., Sulfuric Acid Isomerization of Methylalkanes, Dimethylalkanes, and Dimethylcyclohexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 1631. [all data]

Marschner and Carmody, 1951
Marschner, R.F.; Carmody, D.R., React. of Isoalkane and Olefin Percursors Catalyzed by Sulfuric Acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 604. [all data]

Huston and Smith, 1950
Huston, R.C.; Smith, R.V., J. Org. Chem., 1950, 15, 1074. [all data]

Mosher and La Combe, 1950
Mosher; La Combe, E., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4991. [all data]

De Vos. F.C., 1950
De Vos. F.C., The Dielectric Constants of Some Hexanes, Heptanes, and Octanes, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1950, 69, 1157-71. [all data]

Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949
Denyer, R.L.; Fidler, F.A.; Lowry, R.A., Azeotrope Formation Between Thiols and Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2727-37. [all data]

Foehr and Fenske, 1949
Foehr, E.G.; Fenske, M.R., Magneto-optic Rotation of Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1956. [all data]

Sauer and Hadsell, 1948
Sauer, R.O.; Hadsell, E.M., Azeotropes of Trimethylchlorosilane and Silicon Tetrachloride, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 4258-9. [all data]

Sauer, Scheiber, et al., 1948
Sauer, R.O.; Scheiber, W.J.; Hadsell, E.M., Hydrocarbon By-Products from the Methyl Chloride-Silicon Reaction, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 4254-8. [all data]

Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947
Fenske, M.R.; Braun, W.G.; Wiegand, R.V.; Quiggle, D.; McCormick, R.H.; Rank, D.H., Raman Spectra of Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1947, 19, 700. [all data]

Howard, Mears, et al., 1947
Howard, F.L.; Mears, T.W.; Fookson, A.; Pomerantz, P.; Brooks, D.B., Preparation and physical properties of several aliphatic hydrocarbons and intermediates, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1947, 38, 365. [all data]

Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946
Forziati, A.F.; Glasgow, A.R.; Willingham, C.B.; Rossini, F.D., Specification adn Properties of 29 Paraffin, 4 Alkylcyclopentanes, 10 Alkylcyclohexanes and 8 Alkylbenzene Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1946, 36, 129. [all data]

Kay, 1946
Kay, W.B., , The Vapor Pressure and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Den- sities of Isomeric Hexanes, Standard Oil Company: Whiting, IN, 1946. [all data]

Kay, 1946, 2
Kay, W.B., The Vapor Pressures and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of the Isomeric Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 1336. [all data]

Bishop, Burk, et al., 1945
Bishop, J.W.; Burk, R.E.; Lankelma, H.P., The Action of Aluminum Bromide on Paraffin Hydrocarbons II. Branched Chain Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 914. [all data]

Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945
Grummitt, O.; Sensel, E.E.; Smith, W.R.; Burk, R.E.; Lankelma, H.P., The Action of Aluminum Bromide on Paraffin Hydrocarbons I. n-Hexane and n-Heptane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 910. [all data]

Forziati, Willingham, et al., 1944
Forziati, A.F.; Willingham, C.B.; Mair, B.J.; Rossini, F.D., Hydrocarbons in the Gasolene Fraction of Seven Representative Crudes, Including All the Distillates to 102 deg. C and the Aromatics to 160 C, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1944, 32, 11. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943
Anonymous, R., , Sunbury Rep. No. 2176, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1943. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943, 2
Anonymous, X., Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 6, 1943, Unpublished, 1943. [all data]

Griswold, van Berg, et al., 1943
Griswold, J.; van Berg, C.F.; Kasch, J.E., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1943, 35, 854. [all data]

Rossini, 1943
Rossini, F.D., Pet. Eng., 1943, 14, 5, 41-2. [all data]

Anonymous, 1942
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 6, Natl. Bur. Stand., 1942. [all data]

Boord, 1942
Boord, C.E., Oil & Gas J., 1942, 41, 27, 188. [all data]

Rank, Scott, et al., 1942
Rank, D.H.; Scott, R.W.; Fenske, M.R., Qualitive and quantitative analysis of hydrocarbon mixtures, Anal. Chem., 1942, 14, 816. [all data]

Anonymous, 1941
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Hydrocarbon Res. Proj., Third Annu. Rep., Ohio State Univ., Aug. 31, 1941. [all data]

Koch and Hilberath, 1941
Koch, H.; Hilberath, F., Uber unterhalb 100C siedenden kohlenwassestoffe des synthetischen benzins aus kohlenoxyd und wasserstoff (kogasin), Brennst.-Chem., 1941, 22, 145. [all data]

Wojciechowski, 1940
Wojciechowski, M., Some physical constants of a few hydrocarbons and their structural isomers, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 1940, 73, 361. [all data]

Oberfell and Frey, 1939
Oberfell, G.G.; Frey, F.E., Oil & Gas J., 1939, 38, 29, 70. [all data]

Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939
Wibaut, J.P.; Hoog, H.; Lagedijk, S.L.; Overhoff, J.; Smittenberg, J.; Benninga, N.; Bouman, G.P.; van Dijk, H.; Gaade, W.; Geldof, H.; Hackmann, J.Th.; Jonker, E.W.; Paap, T.; Zuiderweg, F.J., Study on the preparation and the physical constants of a number of alkanes and cycloalkanes, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1939, 58, 329. [all data]

Wojciechowski, 1939
Wojciechowski, M., Przem. Chem., 1939, 23, 129. [all data]

Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938
Smittenberg, J.; Hoog, H.; Henkes, R.A., Freezing Points of A Number of Pure Hydrocarbons of the Gasoline Boiling Range and of Some of their Binary Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 17. [all data]

Bruun, Hicks-Brunn, et al., 1937
Bruun, J.H.; Hicks-Brunn, M.M.; Faulconer, W.B.M., Isolation of Pure Isomeric Hexanes from Natural Gas, Including the Determinations of their Physiocal Properties and the Phase-Equilibrium Diagram of the Condensed System n-Heptane-2-Methylpentane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2355. [all data]

Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937
Hoog, H.; Smittenberg, J.; Visser, G.H., Composition of the Primary Polymerization Prod. of Propene and Butenes in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 489, 1937. [all data]

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A Semi-micro Calorimeter for Measuring Heat Capacities at Low Temp., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726. [all data]

Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937
Van Wijk, W.R.; Versteeg, J.M., Viscosity of pure hydrocarbons. in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 955, 1937. [all data]

Cramer and Mulligan, 1936
Cramer, P.L.; Mulligan, M.J., The Preparation of the Isomeric Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 373. [all data]

Hull, 1936
Hull, C.M., , Ph.D. Thesis, Abstr. No. 18, 1936. [all data]

Leslie and White, 1935
Leslie, R.T.; White, J.D., Present Status or the Isolation and Identification of The Volatile Hydrocarbons in a Midcontinent Petroleum, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1935, 15, 211. [all data]

Maman, 1935
Maman, A., The Hexanes and Some Related Hydrocarbons, Publ. Sci. Tech. Minist. Air (Fr.) No. 66, 55 pp, 1935. [all data]

Maman, 1934
Maman, A., The Preparation and Several Physicochemical Properties of Hexane and Its Isomers, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1934, 198, 1323. [all data]

Tongberg and Fenske, 1932
Tongberg, C.O.; Fenske, M.R., Composition of straight-run pennsylvania gasoline: III isolation of pure hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1932, 24, 814-8. [all data]

Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930
Bruun, J.H.; Hicks-Brunn, M.M., The Isolation of the Isomers of Hexane from Petroleum, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1930, 5, 933. [all data]

Chavanne and Van Risseghem, 1922
Chavanne, G.; Van Risseghem, H., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 87. [all data]

Van Risseghem, 1921
Van Risseghem, H., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 8. [all data]

Timmermans, 1921
Timmermans, J., The Freezing Points of Organic Substances IV. New Exp. Determinations, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 62. [all data]

Lagerlof, 1918
Lagerlof, D., Thermodynamic research: reduced formulas for simplified calculations of latent molar heat of evaporation, J. Prakt. Chem., 1918, 98, 136. [all data]

Wislicenus, 1883
Wislicenus, J., Methyl-«beta»-Butyl Ketone and Some of Its Derivatives, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1883, 219, 307. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, References