Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Benzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrachloro-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil516.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus412.2KN/AMiller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus318.KN/AWhite, Biggs, et al., 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple412.59KN/ASabbah and An, 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.5kcal/molGCSpieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994Based on data from 413. - 453. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub19.9 ± 0.07kcal/molCSabbah and An, 1991AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.4434.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 419. - 518. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
419. - 518.7.138434652.845133.655Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
5.9608412.59N/ASabbah and An, 1991DH
5.83410.1DSCRai, Pandey, et al., 2002AC
5.76412.2N/AAcree, 1991AC
5.95412.6DTASabbah and An, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.4412.59Sabbah and An, 1991DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.023185.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMondieig, Cuevas-Kiarte, et al., 1989DH
6.2954412.8crystaline, IliquidMondieig, Cuevas-Kiarte, et al., 1989DH
0.023185.6crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMondieig, Housty, et al., 1987«alpha» to «beta» transition.; DH
6.2954412.9crystaline, IliquidMondieig, Housty, et al., 1987DH
0.0081187.5crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMartin, 1982DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.043187.5crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMartin, 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Miller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984
Miller, M.M.; Ghodbane, S.; Wasik, S.P.; Tewari, Y.B.; Martire, D.E., Aqueous Solubilities, Octanol/Water Partition Coefficients, and Entropies of Melting of Chlorinated Benzenes and Biphenyls, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1984, 29, 184-190. [all data]

White, Biggs, et al., 1940
White, A.H.; Biggs, B.S.; Morgan, S.O., Dielectric Evidence for Molecular Rotation in the Crystals of Certain Benzene Derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 16-25. [all data]

Sabbah and An, 1991
Sabbah, R.; An, X.W., Etude thermodynamique des chlorobenzenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1991, 179, 81-88. [all data]

Spieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994
Spieksma, Walter; Luijk, Ronald; Govers, Harrie A.J., Determination of the liquid vapour pressure of low-volatility compounds from the Kováts retention index, Journal of Chromatography A, 1994, 672, 1-2, 141-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80602-0 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Rai, Pandey, et al., 2002
Rai, U.S.; Pandey, Pinky; Rai, R.N., Physical chemistry of binary organic eutectic and monotectic alloys; 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene--«alpha»-naphthol and TCB--resorcinol systems, Materials Letters, 2002, 53, 1-2, 83-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(01)00458-X . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Mondieig, Cuevas-Kiarte, et al., 1989
Mondieig, D.; Cuevas-Kiarte, M.A.; Haget, Y., Polymorphisme du tetrachloro-1,2,4,5-benzene et du tetrabromo-1,2,4,5-benzene, J. Therm. Anal., 1989, 35(7), 2491-2500. [all data]

Mondieig, Housty, et al., 1987
Mondieig, D.; Housty, J.R.; Haget, Y., The Guinier-Lenne method in DSC. Polymorphysm of tetrasubstituted derivatives of benzene and their mixtures, Calorim. Anal. Therm., 1987, 18, 269-275. [all data]

Martin, 1982
Martin, C.A., Specific heat anomalies in some organic compounds, Therm. Anal., Proc. Int. Conf., 7th, 1982, 2, 829-835. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References