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Benzene, 1,2,4-trimethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-3.33 ± 0.27kcal/molCcbJohnson, Prosen, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas94.59 ± 0.15cal/mol*KN/APutnam W.E., 1957GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
27.03200.Draeger, 1985Discrepancies with other statistically calculated values [ Taylor W.J., 1946, Hastings S.H., 1957, Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997] amount up to 5 J/mol*K in S(T) and Cp(T).; GT
34.25273.15
36.83 ± 0.1298.15
37.05300.
47.44400.
56.88500.
64.94600.
71.75700.
77.51800.
82.41900.
86.591000.
90.181100.
93.261200.
95.941300.
98.231400.
100.21500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-14.79 ± 0.27kcal/molCcbJohnson, Prosen, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1241.58 ± 0.24kcal/molCcbJohnson, Prosen, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -14.77 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1240.6kcal/molCcbRichards and Barry, 1915At 291 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -15.8 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid67.729cal/mol*KN/APutnam and Kilpatrick, 1957DH
liquid67.71cal/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Extrapolation below 90 K, 69.79 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
50.935298.15Wilhelm, Inglese, et al., 1987DH
50.69295.99Andolenko and Grigor'ev, 1979T = 293 to 430 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum given as 1.765 kJ/kg*K.; DH
51.379298.15Putnam and Kilpatrick, 1957T = 15 to 300 K.; DH
50.289299.8Helfrey, Heiser, et al., 1955T = 80 to 220°F.; DH
50.91298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 15 to 168°C, mean Cp, five temperatures.; DH
50.69297.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 94 to 297 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil442.4 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 33 out of 34 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus227. ± 5.KAVGN/AAverage of 14 out of 15 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple229.330KN/APutnam and Kilpatrick, 1957, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
Ttriple228.6KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc650. ± 30.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc30. ± 9.atmAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap11. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
10.5372.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 357. - 450. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
11.1262.RGHopke and Sears, 1948Based on data from 257. - 267. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
358.0 - 443.534.163021573.267-64.586Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.152229.3Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
3.0229228.6Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
13.2228.6Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
3.1525229.33crystaline, IliquidPutnam and Kilpatrick, 1957DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
13.75229.33crystaline, IliquidPutnam and Kilpatrick, 1957DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.154300.MN/A 
0.154200.XN/A 
0.18 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.17 LN/A 
0.17 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C9H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.27 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.27PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8.27 ± 0.01PIPrice, Bralsford, et al., 1959RDSH
8.27PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.5 ± 0.03PEKlessinger, 1972Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114280

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source missing citation
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 8971
Instrument Zeiss PMQ II or M4Q III
Melting point -43.8
Boiling point 169.3

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5100.1005.5Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-5120.1012.3Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10140.969.9Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10160.975.3Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-10160.976.05Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-1100.990.1Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-1150.1006.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1006.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1006.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryCP Sil 280.995.0Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.1004.2Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.1013.4Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedSqualane100.986.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryHP-160.975.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.975.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.986.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.986.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.987.3Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1100.986.9Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPONA100.987.9Matisová and Kurán, 199050. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-101100.988.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-160.976.2Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-175.980.5Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5460.991.9Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5475.996.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.993.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApolane120.1017.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.987.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.988.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.986.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.988.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.986.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.989.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.983.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.986.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.984.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.975.6Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.976.0Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.977.5Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1000.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.984.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.988.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.994.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1001.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillarySqualane86.982.Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.985.3Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.988.4Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.994.1Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1001.3Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-160.980.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
PackedSqualane100.990.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.4Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.5Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.2Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.982.8Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.985.3Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.987.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane80.979.70Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.988.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-3065.974.9Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.988.2Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.991.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.981.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane115.990.4Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.982.2Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedSqualane120.990.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.994.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5976.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5993.9Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54984.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L1016.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100983.2Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1983.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax100.1312.4Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax120.1326.7Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1247.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1249.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1277.6Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1272.2Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1253.1Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1300.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1310.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1319.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1291.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Wong and Tie, 1993He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Petro978.4Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-Petro978.4Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS999.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA981.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryPONA988.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySPB-51023.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH984.7Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5987.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5991.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5992.8Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51000.0Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51004.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5MS991.Kim, Shin, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-101979.3Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB976.Yassaa, Meklati, et al., 199925. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5987.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5991.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5992.8Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryUltra-1978.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH978.78White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH980.8White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH979.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5988.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillaryUltra-1978.53Steward and Pitzer, 198850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-1979.4Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1973.2Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1973.6Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30980.6Krupcík, Repka, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryUltra-1972.82Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1976.75Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1978.96Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2989.41Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2993.40Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2996.08Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5985.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1001.97Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-1982.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-301012.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1275.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101257.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101292.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101252.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax1308.1Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryEC-WAX1293.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1267.Kim, Shin, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1275.Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1291.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1293.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1285.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1278.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1278.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1280.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101281.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101287.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101289.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101285.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101286.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1283.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillaryDB-Wax1280.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1280.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.1001.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillarySqualane100.980.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.983.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillaryOV-101100.988.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.989.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.994.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.994.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-10170.978.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryE-301100.992.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.990.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4979.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.993.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.994.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB986.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS989.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH983.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS994.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS995.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-51025.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51012.Shafaghat and Sadeghi, 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA986.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51026.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryVF-5MS997.Ghiasvand, Setkova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11021.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11021.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-5966.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-51000.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-1974.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS985.Damon, Hernández, et al., 2002He, 50. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryBP-1984.Hayes R.A., Richardson B.J., et al., 200225. m/0.2 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101984.Orav, Kailas, et al., 200150. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-1990.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone980.24Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1981.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101976.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryHP-5997.5Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1956.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1957.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1987.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1971.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryOV-1975.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB976.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5990.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101956.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101984.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1979.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30979.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L969.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS994.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51026.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1020.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1021.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5968.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5985.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-51023.Hashemi, Abolghasemi, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 220C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone991.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryHP-5961.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS989.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)978.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS990.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryOV-101988.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1976.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone984.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone984.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1973.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1976.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone984.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11012.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30978.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30988.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1978.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101988.Dimov, Osman, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1978.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillaryDB-1956.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1978.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane986.3Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1971.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1978.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-521001.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.975.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.977.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSE-301000.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane992.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1253.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1275.Pala-Paul, Brophy, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101274.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1289.Orav, Kailas, et al., 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1276.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1276.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101279.Hsieh, Williams, et al., 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 175. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1290.Cajka, Riddellova, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (1 min) 5 oC/min -> 170 0C 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (1 min)
CapillaryBP-201333.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101287.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1275.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 2005N2; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101267.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1294.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1277.le Pape, Grua-Priol, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 1C/min => 57C => 15C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1278.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1294.Baser, Demirei, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1294.Gören, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1253.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1288.Schneider, Razungles, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 70C/min => 60C (3min) => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1311.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1278.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1311.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1277.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1260.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5173.8Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931, 2
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Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989
Matisová, E.; Kovacicová, E.; Ha, P.T.; Kolek, E.; Engewald, W., Identification of alkylbenzenes up to C12 by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. II. Retention indices on OV-101 columns and retention-molecular structure correlations, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 475, 2, 113-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89667-9 . [all data]

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Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
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Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
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Notes

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