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Phenol, 2-methyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil464.3 ± 0.6KAVGN/AAverage of 11 out of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus304. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 15 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple304.20KN/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc697.6KN/ADelaunois, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc697.55KN/AAmbrose, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.23 K; TRC
Tc695.15KN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc695.5KN/ARadice, 1899Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41.15atmN/ADelaunois, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3871 atm; TRC
Pc48.000atmN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3.0000 atm; TRC
Pc49.4000atmN/AHerz and Neukirch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6999 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10.73kcal/molCGlaser and Ruland, 1957ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub17.6 ± 0.1kcal/molCRichard, Bernardes, et al., 2007AC
Deltasub18.2kcal/molN/ACox, 1961DRB
Deltasub18.17 ± 0.18kcal/molVAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960ALS
Deltasub18.2kcal/molN/AAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
14.0319.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 304. - 409. K.; AC
12.0414.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 399. - 470. K.; AC
11.0478.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 463. - 526. K.; AC
10.5532.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 517. - 630. K.; AC
12.3398.GS,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 383. - 473. K. See also Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2 and Kkykj and Repas, 1973.; AC
11.5438.N/AGoldblum, Martin, et al., 1947Based on data from 415. - 462. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
393.37 - 464.103.962041391.332-112.974Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
17.9288.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 273. - 303. K.; AC
18.2 ± 0.2288.N/AAndon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2Based on data from 273. - 303. K. See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
3.5373304.05N/AMeva'a and Lichanot, 1990DH
3.3313303.0N/APoeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
3.7811304.20N/AAndon, Counsell, et al., 1967, 2DH
3.54305.4DSCRichard, Bernardes, et al., 2007AC
3.80304.1DSCJamróz, Palczewska-Tulinska, et al., 1998AC
3.781304.2N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
3.54304.1N/AMeva'a and Lichanot, 1990AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
12.304.05Meva'a and Lichanot, 1990DH
10.99303.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
12.43304.20Andon, Counsell, et al., 1967, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Andon, Counsell, et al., 1967
Andon, R.J.L.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F.; Mash, C.J., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds Part 17. Low- temperature Heat Capacity and Entropy of the Cresols, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 1115. [all data]

Delaunois, 1968
Delaunois, C., Effect of the Filling Rate of a Reactor on the Vapor Tension and the Temperature at the Beginning of Cracking of Phenols at High Pressures, Ann. Mines Belg., 1968, No. 1, 9-16. [all data]

Ambrose, 1963
Ambrose, D., Critical Temperatures of Some Phenols and Other Organic Compounds, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1963, 59, 1988. [all data]

Glaser and Ruland, 1957
Glaser, F.; Ruland, H., Untersuchungsen über dampfdruckkurven und kritische daten einiger technisch wichtiger organischer substanzen, Chem. Ing. Techn., 1957, 29, 772. [all data]

Radice, 1899
Radice, G., , Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. of Geneve, 1899. [all data]

Herz and Neukirch, 1923
Herz, W.; Neukirch, E., On Knowldge of the Critical State, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1923, 104, 433-50. [all data]

Richard, Bernardes, et al., 2007
Richard, Laurence S.; Bernardes, Carlos E.S.; Diogo, Hermínio P.; Leal, João P.; Minas da Piedade, Manuel E., Energetics of Cresols and of Methylphenoxyl Radicals, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2007, 111, 35, 8741-8748, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp073515m . [all data]

Cox, 1961
Cox, J.D., The heats of combustion of phenol and the three cresols, Pure Appl. Chem., 1961, 2, 125-128. [all data]

Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960
Andon, R.J.L.; Biddiscombe, D.P.; Cox, J.D.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part I. Preparation and physical properties of pure phenol, cresols, and xylenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1960, 5246-5254. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Andon, Biddiscombe, et al., 1960, 2
Andon, R.J.L.; Biddiscombe, D.P.; Cox, J.D.; Handley, R.; Harrop, D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., 1009. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part I. Preparation and physical properties of pure phenol, cresols, and xylenols, J. Chem. Soc., 1960, 5246, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9600005246 . [all data]

Kkykj and Repas, 1973
Kkykj, J.; Repas, M., Petrochemia, 1973, 13, 179. [all data]

Goldblum, Martin, et al., 1947
Goldblum, K.B.; Martin, R.W.; Young, R.B., Vapor Pressure Data for Phenols, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 11, 1474-1476, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50455a017 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press Inc., London, 1970, 643. [all data]

Meva'a and Lichanot, 1990
Meva'a, L.M.; Lichanot, A., Proprietes thermodynamiques en phase condensee des ortho, meta et para fluorotoluene, cresol et toluidine, Thermochim. Acta, 1990, 158, 335-345. [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Andon, Counsell, et al., 1967, 2
Andon, R.J.L.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F.; Mash, C.J., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part 17. Low-temperature heat capacity and entropy of the cresols, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1967, 63, 1115-1121. [all data]

Jamróz, Palczewska-Tulinska, et al., 1998
Jamróz, Malgorzata E.; Palczewska-Tulinska, Marcela; Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, Danuta; Szafranski, Andrzej M.; Polaczek, Jerzy; Dobrowolski, Jan Cz.; Jamróz, Michal H.; Mazurek, Aleksander P., The urea--phenol(s) systems, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1998, 152, 2, 307-326, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(98)90206-0 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

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