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o-Xylene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 0.10.20.30.40.
I 879.4874.6875.7873.4871.9
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1PMS-1000HP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.2.60.60.
Carrier gas   N2  
Substrate   Chromaton N-AW-DMCS  
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Temperature (C) 50.60.90.100.120.
I 874.2878.7918.908.3915.1
ReferenceWang, Liu, et al., 2005Wang, Liu, et al., 2005Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneMethyl SiliconeSqualane
Column length (m)    15.30.
Carrier gas H2N2N2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.240.25
Phase thickness (mum)     0.25
Temperature (C) 70.70.70.150.50.
I 874.17874.1874.64900.868.0
ReferenceSoják, 2004Soják, 2004Soják, 2004Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 60.70.80.90.100.
I 870.9873.8876.7879.5882.4
ReferenceWick, Siepmann, et al., 2002Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneOV-101HP-101OV-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.50.50.50.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.20.250.53
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.2 5.0
Temperature (C) 110.60.60.100.60.
I 885.2877.4878.32890.3880.
ReferenceWick, Siepmann, et al., 2002Chen, Liang, et al., 2001Garay, 2000Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 2DB-1PONAPONADB-1
Column length (m) 100.    
Carrier gas  H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25    
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.51.
Temperature (C) 80.60.60.60.60.
I 892.9877.6877.8878.0878.1
ReferenceEstel, Mohnke, et al., 1995Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneHP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m)  3.25.25.25.
Carrier gas H2H2N2N2N2
Substrate  Silanized white support (80-100 mesh)   
Column diameter (mm)   0.200.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.2    
Temperature (C) 60.100.60.60.100.
I 877.4884.877.878.889.
ReferenceKrupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994Hongwei and Zhide, 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1SPB-1OV-1OV-1OV-1
Column length (m) 25.60.60.60.52.
Carrier gas N2N2  N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.750.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)     0.38
Temperature (C) 100.60.100.120.100.
I 889.878.889.8895.6888.8
ReferenceZhang, Li, et al., 1992Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991Engewald and Maurer, 1990Engewald and Maurer, 1990Matisová and Kurán, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-1PONAOV-1OV-101OV-1
Column length (m) 52.50.50.50. 
Carrier gas H2H2   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.320.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.380.5   
Temperature (C) 100.100.90.100.60.
I 888.8889.8887.3888.889.
ReferenceMatisová and Kurán, 1990Matisová and Kurán, 1990Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1OV-101SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 25.25.50.2.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate    Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm) 
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.310.20 0.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.52   
Temperature (C) 45.65.100.70.50.
I 874.879.6889.875.868.3
ReferenceGuan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneOV-101ApolaneOV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.278.200.278.278.
Carrier gas HeN2N2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.120.120.100.100.
I 874.895.914.889.889.
ReferenceLunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SE-30SE-30Squalane
Column length (m) 278.278.25.25. 
Carrier gas H2H2HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.32 
Phase thickness (mum)   1.1. 
Temperature (C) 100.100.110.80.100.
I 889.889.893.885.884.
ReferenceMatisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSE-30OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 180.3.85.85.85.
Carrier gas  ArN2N2N2
Substrate  Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh)   
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.280.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.150.100.100.100.
I 868.4905.881.890.888.
ReferenceKrupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986Tiess, 1984Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101SqualaneSqualaneDB-1
Column length (m) 85.85.100.100.60.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.280.28  0.264
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 110.90.106.96.60.
I 891.885.884.882.877.6
ReferenceBoneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1SE-30SE-30SE-30OV-101
Column length (m) 60.15.100.100.50.
Carrier gas  N2  N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.2590.250.50.50.30
Phase thickness (mum) 1.    
Temperature (C) 60.70.130.80.100.
I 878.1882.2900.885.890.
ReferenceLubeck and Sutton, 1983Tóth, 1983Bredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101Porapack QSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50. 50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.300.30 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.140.200.86.96.
I 896.903.844.880.8883.
ReferenceGerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982Goebel, 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-1Squalane
Column length (m) 50.50.50.150.1.
Carrier gas N2N2N2HeHe
Substrate     Chromaton N-AW-HMDS
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.30.30.50 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.120.140.60.100.
I 890.3896.4903.2895.880.
ReferenceGerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Nijs and Jacobs, 1981Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 100.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25    
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.86.86.86.86.
I 868.9880.3880.5880.8881.5
ReferenceBajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.10.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)     0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.70.86.86.70.
I 875.6875.9879.9880.8874.3
ReferenceNabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 10.50.50.100.120.
Carrier gas    N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.230.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 70.86.96.100.100.
I 874.5880.8883.0886.880.
ReferenceDrozd, Novák, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Engewald and Wennrich, 1976Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSE-30
Column length (m) 120.50.50.100.6.1
Carrier gas He  H2N2
Substrate     Chrom W
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.60.60.80.110.
I 880.872.874.877.26896.
ReferenceLulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976Ryba, 1976Ryba, 1976Soják and Rijks, 1976Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSE-30
Column length (m) 6.150.100.100.25.5
Carrier gas N2H2N2N2He
Substrate Chrom W    
Column diameter (mm)  0.20.250.250.5
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.100.50.70.65.
I 900.881.870.875.878.9
ReferenceMitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2Rijks and Cramers, 1974Rijks and Cramers, 1974Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)
Column length (m) 10.550.50.  
Carrier gas HeN2N2  
Substrate  Celite 545Celite 545  
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.30.3  
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.120.86.35.45.
I 883.7886.877.885.889.
ReferenceSvob and Deur-Siftar, 1974Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)SqualaneApiezon L
Column length (m)    100.3.
Carrier gas     CH4
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.58.68.70.100.
I 891.894.898.870.7903.
ReferenceSidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972Dimov and Schopov, 1971Wagaman and Smith, 1971
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 100.45.200.200.200.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.20.20.2
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 80.92.115.115.86.
I 880.883.888.4888.1880.1
ReferenceWallaert, 1971Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970Soják and Bucinská, 1970Soják and Bucinská, 1970
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneApiezon L
Column length (m) 15.15.15.15.10.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHe 
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 27.49.67.86.100.
I 864.871.877.882.918.
ReferenceHively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Hively and Hinton, 1968Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LApiezon LApiezon LSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 10.10.10.6.6.
Carrier gas      
Substrate Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.140.80.120.140.
I 926.933.911.885.893.
ReferenceBonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 2005, 81, 2, 184-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2005.02.003 . [all data]

Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004
Arutyunov, Y.I.; Kudryashov, S.Y.; Onuchak, L.A., Analysis of Mixtures Containing Unknown Components by Gas Chromatography: Determination of Molecular Mass, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 2004, 59, 4, 358-365. [all data]

Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Pérez-Parajón, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takács, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1048, 2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.07.028 . [all data]

Soják, 2004
Soják, L., Separation and identification of isomeric hydrocarbons by capillary gas chromatography and hyphenated spectrometric techniques, Petroleum Coal, 2004, 46, 3, 1-35. [all data]

Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryaeva, V.E.; Khotimskii, V.S., Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propine] as chromatographic adsorbent and prospects of its application in packed and capillary columns, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 960, 1-2, 151-158, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00333-3 . [all data]

Wick, Siepmann, et al., 2002
Wick, C.D.; Siepmann, I.; Klotz, W.L.; Schure, M.R., Temperature effects on the retention of n-alkanes and arenes in helium-squalane gas-liquid chromatography. Experiment and molecular simulation, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 954, 1-2, 181-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00171-1 . [all data]

Chen, Liang, et al., 2001
Chen, J.P.; Liang, X.M.; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, L.F., Prediction of GC retention values under various column temperature conditions from temperature programmed data, Chromatographia, 2001, 53, 9/10, 539-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02491619 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999
Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Chen, J.; Wang, L.; Che, X., The application quantitative structure-retention relationship of GC to aid MS qualitative analysis, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1999, 17, 4, 351-353. [all data]

Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 1997
Dewulf, J.; Van Langenhove, H.; Everaert, M., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile organic compounds estimation of the sorption equilibrium from the Kováts index, effect of salinity and humic acids and the study of the kinetics by the development of an agitated/static layer model, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 761, 1-2, 205-217, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00810-2 . [all data]

Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 7, 403-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180703 . [all data]

Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1994, 59, 11, 2390-2396, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19942390 . [all data]

Hongwei and Zhide, 1992
Hongwei, Z.; Zhide, H., Utilization of total solubility parameter for calculating retention indices of alkylbenzenes, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 11/12, 575-580, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02262251 . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

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Engewald, W.; Maurer, T., Enhanced possibilities for identification by the use of series-coupled capillary gas chromatographic columns. I. General exposition and application of the retention index concept, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 520, 3-13, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(90)85078-A . [all data]

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Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 129-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94101-3 . [all data]

Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989
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Notes

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