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o-Xylene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas19.0 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas353.6 ± 1.3J/mol*KN/APitzer K.S., 1943GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
96.05200.Draeger, 1985Discrepancies with other statistically calculated values of S(T) and Cp(T) [ Pitzer K.S., 1943, Taylor W.J., 1946, Hastings S.H., 1957, Chao J., 1984] do not exceed 1.5 J/mol*K.; GT
122.9273.15
132.5 ± 0.4298.15
133.2300.
171.6400.
206.0500.
235.1600.
259.5700.
280.0800.
297.4900.
312.21000.
324.91100.
335.81200.
345.21300.
353.31400.
360.31500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
168.2 ± 1.7393.Taylor W.J., 1946Please also see Pitzer K.S., 1943.; GT
182.0 ± 1.7428.
192.5 ± 2.1463.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-24.4 ± 1.1kJ/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4551.48 ± 0.50kJ/molCmCoops, Mulder, et al., 1946Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -4549.68 ± 0.50 kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -25.7 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4552.9 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbProsen, Gilmont, et al., 1945Hf by Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -24.4 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4567.6kJ/molCcbRichards and Barry, 1915At 291 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -9.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4581.4kJ/molCcbRichards and Jesse, 1910At 293 K; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = 4.2 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid246.02J/mol*KN/APitzer and Scott, 1943DH
liquid248.1J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 60.79 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
187.653298.15Fortier and Benson, 1979DH
187.584298.15Fortier and Benson, 1977DH
206.7347.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1958Mean value 22 to 126 C.; DH
187.0298.Kurbatov, 1947T = 15 to 132 C, mean Cp, three temperatures.; DH
187.82298.15Pitzer and Scott, 1943T = 14 to 301 K.; DH
183.89298.1Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 90 to 295 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
182.4303.Willams and Daniels, 1924T = 303 to 348 K. Equation only.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil417. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 50 out of 51 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus248. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 12 out of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple247.8KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc631. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 11 out of 12 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc37. ± 5.barAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.370l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.70 ± 0.04mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.699mol/lN/AAkhundov and Imanov, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.710mol/lN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap42. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
36.24417.6N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
41.1348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 419. K.; AC
38.0431.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 416. - 473. K.; AC
36.7486.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 471. - 571. K.; AC
36.7582.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 567. - 630. K.; AC
39.8401.N/ACastellari, Francesconi, et al., 1982Based on data from 386. - 416. K.; AC
40.8352.MMWillingham, Taylor, et al., 1945Based on data from 337. - 419. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
45.0288.N/APitzer and Scott, 1943Based on data from 273. - 323. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
336.61 - 418.524.129281478.244-59.076Williamham, Taylor, et al., 1945Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
273. - 323.4.937551901.373-26.268Pitzer and Scott, 1943Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
60.1248.BHessler and Lichtenstein, 1986AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
13.598247.82Pitzer and Scott, 1943DH
13.6247.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
54.87247.82Pitzer and Scott, 1943DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.031208.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH
13.037247.8crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.15208.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH
52.61247.8crystaline, IliquidHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H9Si+ + o-Xylene = (C3H9Si+ bullet o-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
53.1468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C3H9Sn+ + o-Xylene = (C3H9Sn+ bullet o-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar125.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
55.2525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

3Hydrogen + o-Xylene = Cyclohexane, 1,2-dimethyl-, cis-

By formula: 3H2 + C8H10 = C8H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-194.6 ± 0.84kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1937gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -197.7 ± 0.84 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.194000.LN/A 
0.254200.MN/A 
0.193400.MN/A 
0.24 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.215600.XN/A 
0.193200.XN/A 
0.20 LN/A 
0.19 VN/A 
0.295400.MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C8H10+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.56 ± 0.04eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)796.0kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity768.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
791.2Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM
793.5 ± 1.7Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
765.3Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM
772.1 ± 2.2Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Protonation entropy at 298K

Protonation entropy (J/mol*K) Reference Comment
36.9Fernandez, Jennings, et al., 1989T = 370 - 750K; Reference Sprot(CH3)2O = 16.5 J/mol K in Hunter and Lias, 1998 needs to be re-evaluated; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.56 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.85 ± 0.05EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
8.45 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973LLK
8.70CTSKobayashi, Kobayashi, et al., 1973LLK
8.6 ± 0.1EIGilbert, Leach, et al., 1973LLK
8.61CTSPitt, 1970RDSH
8.555PIBralsford, Harris, et al., 1960RDSH
8.56 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
8.56 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
8.58 ± 0.01SHammond, Price, et al., 1950RDSH
8.56PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.57 ± 0.03PEHeilbronner, Hoshi, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK
8.57PEBrogli, Giovannini, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK
8.75 ± 0.03PEKlessinger, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H7+11.8 ± 0.2CH3EILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C7H7+11.10 ± 0.05CH3PIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1968RDSH
C7H7+11.2 ± 0.1CH3EINounou, 1966RDSH
C8H9+12.1 ± 0.2HEILoudon and Mazengo, 1974LLK
C8H9+11.30 ± 0.05HPIAkopyan and Vilesov, 1968RDSH

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H9Si+ + o-Xylene = (C3H9Si+ bullet o-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.kJ/molPHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147.J/mol*KN/AWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
53.1468.PHPMSWojtyniak and Stone, 1986gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder((CH3)3Si+)C6H6, Entropy change calculated or estimated

C3H9Sn+ + o-Xylene = (C3H9Sn+ bullet o-Xylene)

By formula: C3H9Sn+ + C8H10 = (C3H9Sn+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar125.kJ/molPHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar133.J/mol*KN/AStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
55.2525.PHPMSStone and Splinter, 1984gas phase; switching reaction((CH3)3Sn+)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291483

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-10.879.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.874.6Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.875.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.873.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.871.9Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.874.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.878.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedPMS-100090.918.Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004N2, Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryHP-5100.908.3Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-5120.915.1Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySqualane70.874.17Soják, 2004H2
CapillarySqualane70.874.1Soják, 2004N2
CapillarySqualane70.874.64Soják, 2004N2
CapillaryMethyl Silicone150.900.Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm
CapillarySqualane50.868.0Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane60.870.9Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.873.8Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane80.876.7Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane90.879.5Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane100.882.4Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane110.885.2Wick, Siepmann, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10160.877.4Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-10160.878.32Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-1100.890.3Zhu, Zhang, et al., 1999Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-160.880.Dewulf, Van Langenhove, et al., 199730. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He
CapillaryCP Sil 280.892.9Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.877.6Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.877.8Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.878.0Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.878.1Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.877.4Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 «mu»m
PackedSqualane100.884.Hongwei and Zhide, 1992H2, Silanized white support (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryHP-160.877.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.878.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.889.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.889.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySPB-160.878.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.889.8Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1120.895.6Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.888.8Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1100.888.8Matisová and Kurán, 199052. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryPONA100.889.8Matisová and Kurán, 199050. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-190.887.3Maurer, Engewald, et al., 1990Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.888.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-160.889.Engewald, Maurer, et al., 1989 
CapillaryOV-145.874.Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.879.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedSqualane70.875.Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989He, Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillarySqualane50.868.3Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.874.Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.895.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApolane120.914.Matisová, Moravcová, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Matisová, Rukríglová, et al., 1988H2; Column length: 278. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30110.893.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.885.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane100.884.Nabivach and Vasiliev, 1987 
CapillarySqualane50.868.4Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30150.905.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-101100.881.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.890.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.888.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.891.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.885.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.884.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.882.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillaryDB-160.877.6Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.878.1Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySE-3070.882.2Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30130.900.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.885.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.890.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.896.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.903.Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
PackedPorapack Q200.844.Goebel, 1982N2
CapillarySqualane86.880.8Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.883.Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.890.3Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.896.4Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.903.2Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-160.895.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
PackedSqualane100.880.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane50.868.9Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.880.3Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.880.5Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.880.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.881.5Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.875.6Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.875.9Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.879.9Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.880.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane70.874.3Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.874.5Drozd, Novák, et al., 1978Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane86.880.8Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.883.0Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.886.Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane100.880.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.880.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.872.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.874.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.877.26Soják and Rijks, 1976H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.896.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.900.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
CapillarySqualane100.881.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974, 2H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane50.870.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.875.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3065.878.9Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane100.883.7Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 10.5 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.886.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.877.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.885.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.889.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.891.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.894.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.898.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillarySqualane70.870.7Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.903.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane80.880.Wallaert, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane92.883.Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970N2; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane115.888.4Krupcík, Liska, et al., 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane115.888.1Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySqualane86.880.1Soják and Bucinská, 1970N2; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedSqualane27.864.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.871.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.877.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.882.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApiezon L100.918.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L120.926.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L140.933.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedApiezon L80.911.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane120.885.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane140.893.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1882.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5908.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5893.2Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5891.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm
CapillarySE-54884.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101875.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30881.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30881.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-101887.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101887.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L910.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100883.8Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1880.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
CapillarySqualane887.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax100.1221.0Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax120.1234.3Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1174.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M150.1174.Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1174.6Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1188.7Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.19 «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-20M80.1191.4Orav, Kuningas, et al., 199450. m/0.2 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1193.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1200.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1186.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1209.84Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M110.1215.66Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1221.09Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.1192.98Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1198.32Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1204.40Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985 
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1185.7Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1191.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1183.9Engewald and Wennrich, 1976N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1164.9Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
PackedPEG-2000150.1230.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1232.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1210.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1218.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 4000140.1227.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m
PackedPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1201.Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201184.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101181.Wong and Teng, 1994He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1185.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1185.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-201191.MacLeod and Pieris, 1983H2, 65. C @ 3. min, 12. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1178.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1183.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5894.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB893.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS896.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane886.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS894.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPONA862.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySPB-5894.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH881.8Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5896.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5888.0Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5889.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5891.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-1871.0Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-5898.4Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB890.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB863.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5888.Isidorov, Krajewska, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB863.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101877.7Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB890.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB886.Yassaa, Meklati, et al., 199925. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5897.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryBP-1876.Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998He, 5. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-54892.1Kivi-Etelätalo, Kostiainen, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPONA867.9Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA872.3Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryOV-1876.7Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-1877.Helmig, Pollock, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-5850.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5888.Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5889.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5891.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH875.31Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH875.68Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-1875.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH875.88White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH875.89White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH876.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5888.Morinaga, Hara, et al., 199015. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 90. C
CapillaryOV-101887.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-1881.3Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1875.6Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1874.6Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryUltra-1870.77Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1874.14Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1876.31Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2887.70Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2891.29Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2893.63Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1875.Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198224. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1875.12Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198230. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101874.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS897.4Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS900.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryHP-5888.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB894.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB896.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone903.66Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryDB-1877.Mattinen, Tuominen, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
PackedSE-30895.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1171.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101195.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101159.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax1204.4Censullo, Jones, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101187.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1174.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101187.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1174.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1189.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1192.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1175.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101188.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1177.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1184.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1187.Shimoda, Wu, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1190.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1169.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1183.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Suárez and Duque, 199225. m/0.31 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1190.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1176.Frohlich and Schreier, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101190.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1175.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1176.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101189.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101193.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPEG-40M1208.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 70. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101186.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101182.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101175.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101186.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101186.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101190.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1188.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillaryDB-Wax1191.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.890.Chen and Feng, 2006 
CapillarySqualane100.881.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.884.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillaryOV-101100.889.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.890.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.895.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.896.Tian, 1993Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillarySqualane100.883.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane40.865.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.874.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 2Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.874.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10170.880.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryE-301100.894.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.838.Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane95.4875.Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978H2
CapillarySqualane110.888.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedDC-400150.895.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.894.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB883.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS889.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH881.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-5890.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS891.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS893.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryZB-5896.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryPONA883.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5898.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5901.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5898.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1876.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-1882.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 120. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-5884.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5885.Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-1878.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane868.Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 20040. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5901.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-5901.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-1871.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1873.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5890.Isidorov and Jdanova, 20023. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-5899.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-5896.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5896.Tellez, Schrader, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5902.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1887.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone877.74Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5896.Jung, Wichmann, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-1881.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101877.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryDB-5896.Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5898.Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillarySE-54860.Guan, Li, et al., 199560. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5896.5Wang and Fingas, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5850.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1879.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1885.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1883.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1869.Guan, Zheng, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB872.Hartgers, Damste, et al., 199225. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5892.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101879.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101878.Zenkevich and Ventura, 1991Helium, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryDB-1876.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1876.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryOV-101889.Matisová, Kovacicová, et al., 1989He, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryOV-1875.6Durand, Boscher, et al., 198750. m/0.2 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.1 K/min; Tend: 150. C
CapillarySqualane870.5Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.1 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane873.4Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.2 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane877.3Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.4 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane880.1Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.6 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane882.5Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 19860.8 K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane870.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.1 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane873.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.2 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane876.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.4 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane879.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.6 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySqualane882.Krupcik, Cellar, et al., 1986, 20.8 K/min; Column length: 180. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1877.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101871.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySE-30875.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L854.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySF-96880.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS879.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups894.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups896.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5905.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySLB-5 MS894.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5891.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5896.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5870.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS878.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryBP-5872.Helsper, Bücking, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone888.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryBPX-5910.Judzentiene and Mockute, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(0.2min) => 3K/min => 186C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryHP-5MS889.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-30884.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPolymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000)882.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)898.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-1869.52Cooke, Hassoun, et al., 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C => 49.9C/min => 5C(3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C(20 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB903.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS904.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101890.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1878.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5901.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone883.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1875.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1878.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone886.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1892.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5906.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1895.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillarySE-30882.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30890.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone855.Xu, Chu, et al., 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1875.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1886.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1875.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillaryDB-1881.Hathcock and Bertsch, 1993100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1892.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1895.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1888.2Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 100C
CapillaryOV-1896.4Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 4C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1894.9Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1) 1st 30m column temp ramp 6C/min 60-120C. 2) 2nd 30m column isothermal 120C.
CapillaryOV-1894.8Engewald and Maurer, 1990Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 1)1st 30m column temp ramp 3C/min 60-120 2)2nd 30m column isothermal 120C
CapillarySqualane884.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1866.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1876.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-101884.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52900.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.879.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.885.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1884.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
PackedSE-30900.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane880.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1216.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1229.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M60.1189.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryCarbowax 20M80.1203.Sun, Siepmann, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1202.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1198.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M100.1201.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1213.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M140.1225.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M60.1178.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1188.Nesterov, Nesterova, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1165.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1204.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1159.Czerny, Brueckner, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1177.Karlsson, Birgersson, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 30. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1189.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryBP-201197.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1173.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1178.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101174.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101171.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101192.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1180.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1181.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1155.Herain, MRAVEC, et al., 199170. C @ 21. min, 5. K/min, 150. C @ 999. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1182.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1182.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1182.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1187.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201225.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101172.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101175.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101182.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1163.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 1 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 195 0C (45 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1171.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1175.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1171.Narain, Galvao, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101187.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101166.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1186.Cornwell and Cordano, 2003Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101188.Kim and Lee, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (7min) => 4C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1165.Ivanciuc, Ivanciuc, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1232.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPEG-20M1186.Xiuhua, Zhang, et al., 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1183.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1183.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1232.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1171.Dimov and Mekenyan, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1180.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1190.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1191.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHT-5128.10Williams and Williams, 199840. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 400. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS128.4Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS130.67Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Prosen, Gilmont, et al., 1945
Prosen, E.J.; Gilmont, R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion of benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, n-propylbenzene, and styrene, J. Res. NBS, 1945, 34, 65-70. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation at 25°C of the alkylbenzenes through C10H14, and of the higher normal monoalkylbenzenes, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 36, 455-461. [all data]

Pitzer K.S., 1943
Pitzer K.S., The thermodynamics and molecular structure of benzene and its methyl derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1943, 65, 803-829. [all data]

Draeger, 1985
Draeger, J.A., The methylbenzenes II. Fundamental vibrational shifts, statistical thermodynamic functions, and properties of formation, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1985, 17, 263-275. [all data]

Taylor W.J., 1946
Taylor W.J., Heats, equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation of the alkylbenzenes, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1946, 37, 95-122. [all data]

Hastings S.H., 1957
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Chao J., 1984
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Coops, Mulder, et al., 1946
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Fortier and Benson, 1977
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Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930, 2
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Notes

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