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Indene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas161.2 ± 2.3kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
100.86250.Klots T.D., 1995Recommended S(T) and Cp(T) values are based on experimental assignment of vibrational spectra and they agree within 1.2 J/mol*K with values calculated using statistical mechanics and the vibrational frequencies estimated from force field approximation for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1986].; GT
123.14298.15
123.97300.
146.75350.
168.12400.
187.74450.
205.29500.
221.08550.
235.13600.
247.77650.
259.08700.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid110.6 ± 1.8kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafliquid110. ± 1.kJ/molCcbStull, Sinke, et al., 1961see Stull, Sinke, et al., 1959; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4795.5 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbStull, Sinke, et al., 1961see Stull, Sinke, et al., 1959; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = 110.6 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid214.18J/mol*KN/AStull, Sinke, et al., 1961DH
liquid215.35J/mol*KN/AStull, Sinke, et al., 1959, 2DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
186.94298.15Stull, Sinke, et al., 1961T = 15 to 320 K.; DH
186.94298.15Stull, Sinke, et al., 1959, 2T = 15 to 320 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil454. ± 4.KAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus271.4KN/AKravchenko and Pastukhova, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus270.48KN/AAnonymous, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple271.70KN/AStull, Sinke, et al., 1959, 3Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap50.6 ± 1.5kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
45.3384.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 369. - 457. K.; AC
43.6304.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 289. - 455. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
43.9392.N/ABurchfield, 1942Based on data from 329. - 454. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
289.6 - 454.85.335142511.45216.524Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.201271.70Stull, Sinke, et al., 1961DH
10.201271.70Stull, Sinke, et al., 1959, 2DH
10.2271.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
37.55271.70Stull, Sinke, et al., 1959, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

indenide anion + Hydrogen cation = Indene

By formula: C9H7- + H+ = C9H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1482. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1472. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1451. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1442. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B

Hydrogen + Indene = Indane

By formula: H2 + C9H8 = C9H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-98.9 ± 1.4kJ/molChydHill, Morton, et al., 1980liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-96.kJ/molEqkFrye and Weitkamp, 1969gas phase; ALS
Deltar-90.48 ± 0.59kJ/molEqkNaidus and Mueller, 1950gas phase; At 375-525 K; ALS

8Hydrogen + 2Indene = 1H-Indene, octahydro-, trans- + 1H-Indene, octahydro-, cis-

By formula: 8H2 + 2C9H8 = C9H16 + C9H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-585.2 ± 4.2kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1937gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -587.4 ± 4.2 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C9H8+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.14 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)848.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity819.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
<0.173 ± 0.026ECDWojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981EA is an upper limit: Chen and Wentworth, 1989; G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca. -0.6 eV, unbound anion.; B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
848.5Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
819.2Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.33 ± 0.01EIRakita, Hoffman, et al., 1973LLK
8.14 ± 0.01PEDewar, Haselbach, et al., 1970RDSH
8.62EIOccolowitz and White, 1968RDSH
8.13 ± 0.05PEEland and Danby, 1968RDSH
8.15 ± 0.015PEGusten, Klasinc, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C9H7+12.62 ± 0.05HEISchwarz and Bohlmann, 1973LLK
C9H7+12.53HEIOccolowitz and White, 1968RDSH

De-protonation reactions

indenide anion + Hydrogen cation = Indene

By formula: C9H7- + H+ = C9H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1482. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1472. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSTaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1451. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1442. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRETaft and Bordwell, 1988gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 50
NIST MS number 228349

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Rambart-Lucas and Grumes, 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 477
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point -1.8
Boiling point 182

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1150.1059.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1052.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1059.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1036.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-160.1015.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1016.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1034.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1034.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1031.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1034.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1031.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.1035.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10190.1026.Boneva, Papazova, et al., 1983N2; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillarySqualane106.1018.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane96.1013.Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983He; Column length: 100. m
CapillarySE-3070.1023.3Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30100.1059.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillarySE-30130.1049.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30150.1059.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.1023.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane86.1011.8Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1015.7Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.1034.1Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101120.1043.3Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1053.8Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedSqualane100.1021.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane86.1011.8Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1015.7Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1016.9Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1016.9Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1017.0Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1017.5Svob and Deur-Siftar, 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51060.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11030.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
PackedSE-301062.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-20M70.1455.8Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1430.8Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPONA1026.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryPONA1037.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryOV-11072.5Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11069.0Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-11041.Kaiser and Siegl, 199460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-51045.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.1054.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySqualane100.1011.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.1014.Berezkin, 1993 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.1036.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB1033.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-51051.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-51049.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryBP-11039.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-11025.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-1011024.Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 250. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillaryHP-11025.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-11042.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11036.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-51060.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-51060.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1041.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51059.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS1031.Tirillini, Verdelli, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m; Program: 0C (3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C (30min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1037.Zenkevich, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11020.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1042.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1045.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1017.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1059.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1062.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M90.1431.Sutter, Peterson, et al., 1997 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1471.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1466.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCBP-201472.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101467.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1479.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS171.05Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5173.26Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHT-5172.05Williams and Williams, 199840. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 400. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5172.51Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5170.83Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5169.Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS168.8Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS170.08Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Kugucheva and Mashinsky, 1983
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Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
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Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
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Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D., Kovats Retention Indices in the Identification of Alkylbenzene Degradation Products, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 677-689, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97947-6 . [all data]

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Hoekman, 1993
Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 639, 2, 239-253, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80260-F . [all data]

Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980
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Döring, Estel, et al., 1974
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Berezkin, 1993
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Ferrand, 1962
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Bramston-Cook, 2013
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Health Safety Executive, 2000
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Orav, Kailas, et al., 1999, 2
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Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 75-84, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150205 . [all data]

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Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
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Williams and Horne, 1995
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Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007
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Aracil, Font, et al., 2005
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Cheng, Liu, et al., 2005
Cheng, D.-X.; Liu, B.-X.; Sun, Y.-A.; Xie, B.; Zhang, H.-L., rapid analysis of pyrolysis products of cholesterol by GC-MS assited with boiling point - Lee retention index, journal of Instrumental Analysis - Fenxi ceshi xuebao, 2005, 24, 6, 85-88. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References