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Naphthalene, 2-ethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
46.9550.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. A combination of experimental and estimated molecular parameters was used in this statistical thermodynamics calculation.
71.73100.
97.41150.
124.6200.
167.3273.15
182.3298.15
183.4300.
240.5400.
289.5500.
329.7600.
362.6700.
389.8800.
412.6900.
431.81000.
448.21100.
462.21200.
474.21300.
484.51400.
493.41500.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil527. ± 6.KAVGN/AAverage of 15 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus308.KN/AKochetkov, Nifant'ev, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus265.7KN/AAdkins and Davis, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus265.8KN/AKoelbel, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
64.7398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
69.3284.N/ASasse, Jose, et al., 1988Based on data from 269. - 398. K.; AC
61.9301.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 286. - 319. K.; AC
56.7408.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 393. - 565. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
1.6 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
1.2 LN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
B - John E. Bartmess

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
<0.195 ± 0.061ECDWojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981EA is an upper limit: Chen and Wentworth, 1989. G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca. -0.1 eV, anion unbound.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.95PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983LBLHLM
7.95PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5219
NIST MS number 228339

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Ramart-Lucas, 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 636
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point -7.4
Boiling point 258

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane120.1363.7Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1997Column length: 50. m
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1393.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1400.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
PackedOV-1150.1382.Antal, 1984Chromosorb W HP; Column length: 2.5 m
CapillaryOV-101145.1400.Grinberg, Tokarev, et al., 1984He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101145.1400.Grinberg, Tokarev, et al., 1984He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1358.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30150.1370.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30100.1357.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1379.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30150.1393.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.1343.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1384.9Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101160.1398.1Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-1130.1377.Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedSE-30150.1397.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011366.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51390.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51389.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51380.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51390.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51396.1Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11413.7Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11373.3Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51380.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51390.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51396.1Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51390.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51389.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51398.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-1011366.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51390.Sandercock and du Pasquier, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 208C => 25C/min => 290C(5min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101953.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101953.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101965.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101960.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101961.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.1385.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1377.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1378.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1385.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane147.1384.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1398.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51397.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryUltra-11376.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1377.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS238.70Sun, Zhou, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 16. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane236.08Skrbic and Onjia, 20062. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5MS239.06Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPTE-5238.62Wang, Jia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1.5 min, 8. K/min, 300. C @ 12.5 min
CapillaryHP-5238.61Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-52234.68Wang, Peng, et al., 19974. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5237.70Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-5238.99Wang, Fingas, et al., 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB238.5Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-54239.45Guillén, Blanco, et al., 198920. m/0.22 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5239.27Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-52238.55Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52236.08Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5239.4Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS238.5Aracil, Font, et al., 2005Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS233.44Cheng, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryLM-5236.3Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryUltra-1236.1Sremac, Skrbic, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40-100 0C 3-15 0C/min -> 290 0C
CapillaryHP-5239.32Sandercock and du Pasquier, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 208C => 25C/min => 290C(5min)
CapillarySE-52234.56Wang, Peng, et al., 1997Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54237.74Guillen, Iglesias, et al., 1992Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5238.9Paschke, Herbel, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB238.5Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB239.0Bundt, Herbel, et al., 199150. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Kochetkov, Nifant'ev, et al., 1957
Kochetkov, N.K.; Nifant'ev, E.E.; Nesmeyanov, A.N., Cyclic Acetals of «beta»-Oxoaldehydes and Their Use in Synthesis of Alkylnaphthalenes, Izv. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., 1957, 1957, 949-55. [all data]

Adkins and Davis, 1949
Adkins, H.; Davis, J.W., Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Hydroaromatic Compounds in Benzene II., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2955. [all data]

Koelbel, 1949
Koelbel, H., Alkylnaphthalenes as Lubricating-oil Models, Brennst.-Chem., 1949, 30, 73-80. [all data]

Lei, Chankalal, et al., 2002
Lei, Ying Duan; Chankalal, Raymond; Chan, Anita; Wania, Frank, Supercooled Liquid Vapor Pressures of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 4, 801-806, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0155148 . [all data]

Sasse, Jose, et al., 1988
Sasse, Karim; Jose, Jacques; Merlin, Jean-Claude, A static apparatus for measurement of low vapor pressures. Experimental results on high molecular-weight hydrocarbons, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1988, 42, 287-304, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(88)80065-7 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981
Wojnarovits, L.; Foldiak, G., Electron capture detection of aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 206, 511. [all data]

Chen and Wentworth, 1989
Chen, E.C.M.; Wentworth, W.E., Experimental Determination of Electron Affinities of Organic Molecules, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1989, 171, 271. [all data]

Klasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983
Klasinc, L.; Kovac, B.; Gusten, H., Photoelectron spectra of acenes. Electronic structure and substituent effects, Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 289. [all data]

Ramart-Lucas, 1950
Ramart-Lucas, P., Introduction a l'etude du comportement spectral des combinaisons polynucleaires, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1950, 17, 259-265. [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1997
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Sorption-structure correlations in the series of alkyl derivatives of naphthalene, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 52, 1, 21-27. [all data]

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Antal, 1984
Antal, J., Adatok az alkil-naftalinok gáz-folyadék kromatográfiájához, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 1984, 90, 121-125. [all data]

Grinberg, Tokarev, et al., 1984
Grinberg, A.A.; Tokarev, M.I.; Bigdash, T.V.; Kogan, L.O.; Leont'eva, S.A., Special features of using Kovats retention indices in chromatomass spectrometric analysis, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1984, 39, 6, 909-911. [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 208, 1, 9-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87953-4 . [all data]

Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L.; Ritter, E., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. XII. Zur Retention von Alkylnaphthalinen Bei der Gasverteilungs- und Gas-Adsorptions-Chromatographie, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 174, 2, 315-323, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86005-7 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1975, 30, 788-792. [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1982
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kováts indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 253, 179-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88376-X . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
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Notes

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