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Benzoic acid, methyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1077.8Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30160.1067.Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1064.Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30200.1063.Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1097.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1100.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30200.1101.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedSE-30150.1090.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30200.1101.Haken, Hartley, et al., 1983Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30150.1095.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-1150.1078.Fedoreev and Maksimov, 1977Gaschrom; Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSE-30100.1081.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.1087.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.1092.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedApiezon L180.1109.Vernon and Edwards, 1975N2, Celite; Column length: 1. m
PackedOV-101100.1072.West and Hall, 1975Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51076.Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51106.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillaryBP-11078.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011075.Gaydou, Randriamiharisoa, et al., 1986100. m/0.3 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11074.Khan, Verma, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245C(5min)
CapillaryDB-11063.Jenett-Siems, Schimming, et al., 1998Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351180.1661.Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351160.1643.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351180.1657.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201589.Khan, Verma, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 14. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101640.Wong and Teng, 1994He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1608.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1586.Gaydou, Randriamiharisoa, et al., 198650. m/0.3 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryBP-201600.MacLeod and Pieris, 1983H2, 65. C @ 3. min, 12. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1573.Toda, Mihara, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1574.Toda, Mihara, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51096.Balbontin, Gaete-Eastman, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-51102.Rout, Rao, et al., 200725. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51094.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51095.Alves, Pinto, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryHP-51096.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51096.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51097.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1091.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1094.Mardarowicz, Wianowska, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-51090.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-51071.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-51092.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51091.Reis, Pansarim, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-11084.Boyom, Assembe, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 0. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-11065.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-11060.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryUltra-21092.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1066.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySPB-51091.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11061.4Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-51100.0Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51105.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-51091.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1075.8de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, 40. C @ 12.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1066.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillarySE-541092.46Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillarySE-541096.30Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillaryDB-51092.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11062.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11062.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11062.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-11070.Stashenko, Prada, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11064.Adedeji, Hartman, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-11065.Tan, Wilkins, et al., 1989H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 75. min; Column length: 12. m
CapillaryOV-11064.Tan, Holland, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySE-301071.Korhonen, 1986N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51102.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301081.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301071.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301078.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
PackedSE-301080.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1103.Eom S.H., Yang H.S., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 200C(2min) => 15C/min => 300C(5min)
CapillaryDB-51092.Sampaio and Nogueira, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 220C => 20C/min => 280C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1091.Sacchetti, Maietti, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-521095.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)
PackedSE-301083.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1631.Cho, Choi, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1596.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryInnowax1600.Lee, Lee, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1605.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryLM-1201657.Pinto, Guedes, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1614.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1602.Aubert, Ambid, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-3511614.Bonvehi and Coll, 200350. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1604.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1607.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1650.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1602.Jensen, Christensen, et al., 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 1.3 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1654.Christensen, Jakobsen, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1634.Stashenko, Prada, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1607.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1632.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1590.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Suárez and Duque, 19912. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1595.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1598.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1608.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-3511612.Korhonen, 1986N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-3511632.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-3511627.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOV-3511607.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 230. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1631.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1628.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1602.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1641.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1093.Nawrath, Mgode, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1088.Hammami, Kamoun, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1096.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1096.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1096.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1092.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1095.Edris, Chizzola, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51094.Smelcerovic, Spiteller, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 320. C @ 4. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51081.Tapia, Perich, et al., 200725. m/0.2 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51091.Tapia, Perich, et al., 200725. m/0.2 mm/0.32 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryElite-5MS1094.Tava, Pecetti, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51094.Bertrand, Comte, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11063.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-11066.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-11067.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-11082.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 120. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11082.Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-21094.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11067.Chen, Sheu, et al., 2006Nitrogen, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 9. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryBPX-51130.Fons, Rapior, et al., 200625. m/0.20 mm/0.13 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51090.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51097.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51097.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1093.Setzer, Noletto, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51098.Wang, Yang, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX51104.Dickschat, Bode, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryZB-51107.Dötterl and Jürgens, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 7. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 1. min
CapillaryZB-51107.Dötterl, Wolfe, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 7. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-51094.6Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillarySPB-51091.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1091.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-11071.Srivastava, Srivastava, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11066.Wong and Tan, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-51073.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51073.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51073.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-51105.Jürgens and Dötterl, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4.6 min, 6. K/min, 260. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-51090.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51091.Woerdenbag, Windono, et al., 200430. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11062.Fekam Boyom, Ngouana, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-11071.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11064.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011068.Orav, Kailas, et al., 200250. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-51091.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51093.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51095.Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11062.Guy and Vernin, 1996He, 70. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11067.Stashenko, Torres, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11070.Ramanoelina, Viano, et al., 199450. m/0.27 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11070.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-11078.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryUltra-11064.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryUltra-11066.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11066.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1011106.Wu, Zhao, et al., 1987He, 3. K/min; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-11065.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11065.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedSE-301090.Khudobina and Zenkevich, 1984Helium, Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh), 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 0. min; Column length: 1.8 m
CapillaryDB-11064.Flath, Mon, et al., 198350. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1011072.Pinkston, Spiteller, et al., 1981H2, 80. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 275. C
CapillarySE-301075.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryOV-1011072.Spiteller and Spiteller, 1979He, 75. C @ 7. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1100.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1103.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1097.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1097.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil 8 CB1097.Di Giusto, Bessiere, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: Multi-rise program
CapillaryDB-11074.Delort and Jaquier, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (20 min)
CapillaryZB-51094.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1095.Su, Wang, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1094.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1088.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCB-11076.Kannaste, Vongvanich, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 20 0C/min -> 220 0C (1 min)
CapillaryCB-11072.Kannaste, Vongvanich, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1091.Profitt, Schatz, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C(3 min) 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 2.7 0C/min -> 140 0C 2.4 0C/min -> 180 0C 6 0C/min -> 260 0C
CapillaryNonpolar1105.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1111.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1103.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1096.Meekijjaroenroj, Bessière, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 2.7C/min => 140C => 2.4C/min => 180C => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP-Sil1091.Proffit, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 2.7 0C/min -> 140 0C 2.4 0C/min -> 180 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP-Sil1094.Proffit, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (3 min) 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 2.7 0C/min -> 140 0C 2.4 0C/min -> 180 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-51092.Soares, Pereira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 70 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryUltra-21091.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1092.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005, 2Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301078.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51091.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51099.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51091.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51103.Jordán, Margaría, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51086.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 200230. m/0.20 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1077.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11093.Marlatt, Ho, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11066.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011078.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011087.Wu, Zhao, et al., 1987He; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1624.Birtic, Ginies, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1616.Chen, Chyau, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1641.Wei A. and Shibamoto T., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 80. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1615.Lee, Umano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101617.Wong and Tan, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1591.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1603.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1591.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1615.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1636.Ito, Sugimoto, et al., 200260. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1613.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1635.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1611.Lee and Shibamoto, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1617.Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101575.Kim, Kim, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 8. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1623.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1632.Awano, Honda, et al., 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1632.Awano, Ichikawa, et al., 19973. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1595.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1600.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1605.Pollak and Berger, 199630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 210. C @ 25. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1631.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1582.Stashenko, Torres, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1594.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1611.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1633.Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1628.Romeo, Verzera, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101595.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1580.Kaack and Christensen, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.29 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryHP-20M1619.Chaieb, Hajlaoui, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101638.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1590.Quijano and Pino, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 50 0C (4 min) -> 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1641.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1614.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1616.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5183.27Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Korhonen, 1986
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XLV. Retention Behaviour of C1-C12 n-Alkyl Esters of Benzoic, 4-Nitrobenzoic and 3,5-Dinitrobenzoic Acids on SE-30 and OV-351 Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 356, 285-299, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91489-4 . [all data]

Korhonen and Lind, 1985
Korhonen, I.O.O.; Lind, M.A., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXV. Capillary column studies of C1-C12 n-alkyl esters of benzoic and monochlorobenzoic acids, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 83-96, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97661-7 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Haken, Hartley, et al., 1983
Haken, J.K.; Hartley, H.N.T.; Srisukh, D., Retention increments of aromatic esters, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 11, 589-596, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02261941 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Fedoreev and Maksimov, 1977
Fedoreev, S.A.; Maksimov, O.B., The study of the composition of aromatic esters by gas-liquid chromatography, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1977, 17-22. [all data]

Pías and Gascó, 1975
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Vernon, F.; Edwards, G.T., Gas-liquid chromatography on fluorinated stationary phases. II. Fluorinated compounds containing a functional group, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 114, 1, 87-93, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85245-0 . [all data]

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Khan, M.; Verma, S.C.; Srivastava, S.K.; Shawl, A.S.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S.; Kumar, T., Essential oil composition of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. from the Northern Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 772-775, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1682 . [all data]

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Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 1989
Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 1, 139-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00085a033 . [all data]

MacLeod and Pieris, 1983
MacLeod, A.J.; Pieris, N.M., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L.) with particular reference to glucosinolate products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1005-1008, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a021 . [all data]

Toda, Mihara, et al., 1983
Toda, H.; Mihara, S.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Photochemical studies on jasmin oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 3, 554-558, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00117a022 . [all data]

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Balbontin, C.; Gaete-Eastman, C.; Vergara, M.; Herrera, R.; Moya-Leon, M.A., Treatment with 1-MCP and the role of ethylene in aroma development of mountain papaya fruit, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 2007, 43, 1, 67-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.08.005 . [all data]

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Notes

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