Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

2-Naphthalenecarboxylic acid

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-232.5 ± 1.7kJ/molCcbColomina, Roux, et al., 1974 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-346.1 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbColomina, Roux, et al., 1974 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-5138.0 ± 7.2kJ/molCcbHoldiness, 1983Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -334.0 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)
Deltacsolid-5125.9 ± 1.4kJ/molCcbColomina, Roux, et al., 1974Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -346.1 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)
Deltacsolid-5125.9 ± 1.4kJ/molCcbSabbah and Gilbert, 1974Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -346.08 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus458.15KN/AKhetarpal, Lal, et al., 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus457.2KN/ABerliner and Winicov, 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Tfus457.56KN/AWitschonke, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.35 K; TRC
Tfus458.75KN/AWitschonke, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Tfus458.KN/ABailey and Golden, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub113.6kJ/molN/AColomina, Roux, et al., 1974DRB
Deltasub117.19kJ/molCSabbah and Gilbert, 1974ALS
Deltasub117.2kJ/molCSabbah and Gilbert, 1974AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
98.9478.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 463. - 582. K.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
113.6 ± 0.79355.6VColomina, Roux, et al., 1974ALS
113.6 ± 0.8365.MEColomina, Roux, et al., 1974Based on data from 347. - 363. K. See also Pedley and Rylance, 1977 and Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
23.54460.2Acree, 1991AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.26PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983 
8.26PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-4530
NIST MS number 232431

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

UVVis spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Source Bolshakov, et al., 1969
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20231
Instrument unknown
Melting point 185.5

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5289.55Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Colomina, Roux, et al., 1974
Colomina, M.; Roux, M.V.; Turrion, C., Thermochemical properties of naphthalene compounds. I. Enthalpies of combustion and formation of the 1- and 2-naphthoic acids, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1974, 6, 149-155. [all data]

Holdiness, 1983
Holdiness, M.R., Heats of atomization and resonance energy of some ortho-substituted benzoic acids, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 71, 257-263. [all data]

Sabbah and Gilbert, 1974
Sabbah, R.; Gilbert, E.M., Determination de L'energie de conjugaison des acides naphtoiques, Thermochim. Acta, 1974, 10, 345-351. [all data]

Khetarpal, Lal, et al., 1979
Khetarpal, S.C.; Lal, K.; Bhatnagar, H.L., Thermodynamic Studies on Melting of Some «alpha»- and «beta»-Derivitives of Naphthalene, Aust. J. Chem., 1979, 32, 49. [all data]

Berliner and Winicov, 1959
Berliner, E.; Winicov, E.H., Dissociation Constants of Nitronaphtoic Acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1959, 81, 1630-5. [all data]

Witschonke, 1954
Witschonke, C.R., Freezing point and purity data for some organic compounds, Anal. Chem., 1954, 26, 562-4. [all data]

Bailey and Golden, 1953
Bailey, W.J.; Golden, H.R., Cyclic Dienes I. 1,2-Dimethylenecyclohexane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1953, 75, 4780-2. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Pedley and Rylance, 1977
Pedley, J.B.; Rylance, J., , Computer Analysed Thermochemical Data: Organic and Organometallic Compounds, University of Sussex, Brighton, 1977. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Klasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983
Klasinc, L.; Kovac, B.; Gusten, H., Photoelectron spectra of acenes. Electronic structure and substituent effects, Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55, 289. [all data]

Bolshakov, et al., 1969
Bolshakov, G.F., et al., Ultraviolet Spectra of Heteroorganic Compounds, 1969, 316. [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References