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Biphenyl

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Normal melting point

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Tfus (K) Reference Comment
342.41Anonymous, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; nominal value, from the catalog; TRC
342.35Schmitt and Reid, 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
342.6Miller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
341.99Szafranski, 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
342.2O'Rourke and Mraw, 1983Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
343.3Wasicki, Radomska, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.2Rama Varma, Kumaran, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
344.1Smith, 1979Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.0Plato and Glasgow, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.2Plato and Glasgow, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.10Mears, Stanley, et al., 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
344.Castro, Andrews, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Castro, Andrews, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
332.Pelletier and Locke, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
342.Norman and Waters, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Pines and Kolobielski, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.110Streiff, Schultz, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
342.120Streiff, Schultz, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
342.2Dishart and Levine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Greene, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Liu, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.6Sangster and Irvine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
340.Szmant and Emerson, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.2Andrews and Ubbelohde, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
342.110Anonymous, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
342.110Anonymous, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
342.120Anonymous, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
343.Cooke and Segal, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.40Gilman and Oita, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Hauptmann and Walter, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Hauptmann and Walter, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.2Hauptmann and Walter, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Hauptmann and Walter, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.4Jenny and Roberts, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
343.Kharasch, Williams, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.5Kortuem and Vogel, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
341.Letsinger and Skoog, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Maguire and Shaw, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.McGrath and Levine, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.3Rondestvedt and Blanchard, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Walling and Buckler, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
342.Cadogan, Hey, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Chu and Yu, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Gaylord, Crowdle, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Kortuem, Dreesen, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.2Newhall, Elvin, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Pettit and Tatlow, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.Reinheimer and Taylor, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.4Saeki and Kanbara, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
342.3Sandquist and Lyons, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
342.Seaman, Taylor, et al., 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Wiseman and Gould, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.7Yur'ev and Khmel'nitskii, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.0Al-Mahdi and Ubbelohde, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
342.65Beringer, Brierley, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Gilman and Esmay, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Gilman and Esmay, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Hein and Bahr, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Horner and Betzel, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.7Laskowski, Grabar, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.Razuvaev, Moryganov, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Wittig and Geissler, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.6Yakubovich and Motsarev, 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.2Knodel and Elvin, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.Sorum and Durand, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
341.Wiberg and Bauer, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.030Baxendale, Enustun, et al., 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
342.030Baxendale and Enustun, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
342.0Bright, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
342.Campbell, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Davis, Evans, et al., 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Dost and van Nes, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.1Hofer and Peebles, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.5 K; TRC
340.Johnson, Stein, et al., 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
339.Loebl, Stein, et al., 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
344.Mustafa and Islam, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Razuvaev and Shubenko, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
340.Wilson, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.Alexander and Burge, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
339.Brossi, Gutmann, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.Hauptmann and Wladislaw, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.7Hauptmann and Wladislaw, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Hauptmann and Wladislaw, 1950, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Hauptmann and Wladislaw, 1950, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Herforth, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Hock, Depke, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Ipatieff, Meisinger, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Razuvaev and Shubenko, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.4Wise, Serijan, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; Thermal analysis using Pt Res. Thermometer; TRC
342.4Wise, Serijan, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; Thermal analysis using Pt Res. Thermometer; TRC
343.Blicke and Sheets, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Foehr and Fenske, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.4Smith, Alderman, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
341.7Diepen and Scheffer, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
342.7Grosse, Mavity, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Mattox and Grosse, 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
345.Vavon, Chaminade, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Karle and Brockway, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Karle and Brockway, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.7Urry and Kharasch, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Wittig and Merkle, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
341.7Wittig and Merkle, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Briscoe and Rinehart, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.3Ju, Wood, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
342.3Ju, Wood, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
342.Schmidt, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.40Fichter and Stenzl, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.3Hall and Cawley, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
342.7Muller and Topel, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Alder and Rickert, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Blum-Bergmann, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Blum-Bergmann, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.1Ellis, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.0Evans, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Wolf and Weghofer, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Mascarelli and Gatti, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Nenitzescu and Curcaneanu, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Tsukervanik and Sidorova, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Beckmann and Cohen, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Busch and Weber, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.40Pickett, Walter, et al., 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Brull, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Kenyon, Phillips, et al., 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
341.Lal and Dutt, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.2Lee and Warner, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
342.Lee and Warner, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Matla, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.3Morris and Cook, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Ipatieff and Komarewsky, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Truffault, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Wieland, Heymann, et al., 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Charrier and Ghigi, 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Klemm, Klemm, et al., 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Lee and Warner, 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
341.7de Saint-Aunay, 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Wertyporoch and Sagel, 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.7Zelinskii, Mikhlina, et al., 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Gasopoulos, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Kuhn and Deutsch, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Lal and Dutt, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Sherwood and Short, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Sherwood, Short, et al., 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
341.5Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.7Zartman and Adkins, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.Kagehira, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.4Montillon, Rohrbach, et al., 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.11 K; TRC
343.Ogawa, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Pestemer and Cecelsky, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.6Zelinskii and Tits, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Adam and Russell, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.7Austin and Black, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.4Cunningham, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.55 K; TRC
342.3Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
343.Kharasch and Isbell, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Wieland and Razuvayev, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.4Chipman and Peltier, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
342.4Chipman and Peltier, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Diels and Alder, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
341.7Gardner and Borgstrom, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.7Gilman and McCracken, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Hiedemann, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Kuhn, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.7Orlov and Belopol'skii, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Palmen, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Pfeiffer, Schmitz, et al., 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Tammann and Dreyer, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.Weissberger and Williams, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.7Bretscher, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Chandra-Sircar and Majumder, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Fuchs, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Lautsch, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Palmero, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Boyd and Hatt, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Erlenmeyer, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.55Garrick, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
342.6Garrick, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Kuhn and Winterstein, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.7Muller and Banninger, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Pyl, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
342.7Zechmeister and Csabay, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.0Castille, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Claisen, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Fichter and Erlenmeyer, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Dietrich, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Gelissen and Hermans, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Gelissen and Hermans, 1925, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.Gelissen and Hermans, 1925, 3Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
341.90Zelinskii and Tits, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Gomberg and Bachmann, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
343.7Sakellaridis and Kyrimis, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Fichter and Fritsch, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Van Hove, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
342.1Kalff, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Schutz, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Shorygin, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Bradley and Parr, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Van Hove, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.19Mortimer, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
343.7Schlubach and Goes, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Von Auwers and Fruhling, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Oddo and Binaghi, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Wedekind and Schenck, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Bamberger, 1920Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Groth, 1919Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.10Washburn and Read, 1919Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
343.7Efremov, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Meyer and Meyer, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
342.8Kendall and Monroe, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Meyer and Hofmann, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Zanetti and Egloff, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Mailhe and de Godon, 1916Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Mieleitner, 1915Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.003 K; TRC
344.Sabatier and Murat, 1915Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Bennett and Turner, 1914Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
332.Losanotsch, 1914Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.Sabatier and Mailhe, 1914Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Votocek and Kohler, 1914Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Sabatier and Murat, 1913Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Spath, 1913Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Troger and Beck, 1913Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.00Block, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
344.Dunstan and Hilditch, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Ferns and Lapworth, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Hilditch and Dunstan, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Meyer, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.7Lippmann, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Mascarelli and Malaguti, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.9Kishner, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.0Mascarelli and Babini, 1909Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Weger, 1909Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.7Kempf, 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Mascarelli, 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Smedley, 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Spencer and Stokes, 1908Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Haehn, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Meyer and Togel, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Acree, 1904Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.2Jaquerod and Wassmer, 1904Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Ullmann, 1904Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
343.Acree, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Schroter, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Valeur, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Stohmann, Kleber, et al., 1899Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
344.Michael and Bucher, 1898Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Bamberger, 1897Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Knoevenagel, 1896Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Bamberger, 1895Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Jacobson, 1895Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Oddo and Curatolo, 1895Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Oddo and Curatolo, 1895, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Bamberger and Landsteiner, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.9Bamberger and Storch, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Garelli, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Krafft and Vorster, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Mohlau and Berger, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.2Wendt, 1892Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
344.Oddo, 1890Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.7Eykman, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
314.3Eykman, 1889Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.Bamberger and Lodter, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Barbier and Roux, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
344.Lippmann, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Otto, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.Bamberger and Hooker, 1885Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.Bamberger and Hooker, 1885, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.Friedel and Crafts, 1885Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
341.Schulze, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.7Schiff, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.7Barth and Schreder, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Goldschmidt and von Schmidt, 1881Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Carnelley, 1880Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.La Coste and Michaelis, 1880Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
344.Reingruber, 1880Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.7Schmidt and Schultz, 1880Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Aronheim, 1878Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.7Kramers, 1877Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Smith, 1877Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.7Carnelley, 1876Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Buchner, 1875Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
342.8Christomanos, 1875Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
344.Schmidt, 1874Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
343.Fittig and Ostermayer, 1873Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
350.Graebe, 1873Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
343.Liebermann, 1873Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Abeljanz, 1872Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Pfankuch, 1872Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Riese, 1872Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.Ladenburg, 1871Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
342.Dreher and Otto, 1870Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Bronner, 1869Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
343.Berthelot, 1866Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
343.7Fittig, 1862Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal melting point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anonymous, 1988
Anonymous, X., , NBS Spec. Publ. (U. S.) 260, 1988. [all data]

Schmitt and Reid, 1986
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Kharasch and Isbell, 1930
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Wieland and Razuvayev, 1930
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Chipman and Peltier, 1929
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Diels and Alder, 1929
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Gardner and Borgstrom, 1929
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Gilman and McCracken, 1929
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Hiedemann, 1929
Hiedemann, E., Ann. Phys. (Leipzig), 1929, 2, 221. [all data]

Kuhn, 1929
Kuhn, R., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1929, 475, 131. [all data]

Orlov and Belopol'skii, 1929
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Palmen, 1929
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Pfeiffer, Schmitz, et al., 1929
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Tammann and Dreyer, 1929
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Weissberger and Williams, 1929
Weissberger, A.; Williams, J.W., Z. Phys. Chem., Abt. B, 1929, 3, 367. [all data]

Bretscher, 1928
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Chandra-Sircar and Majumder, 1928
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Fuchs, 1928
Fuchs, W., Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1928, 61, 2599. [all data]

Lautsch, 1928
Lautsch, W., Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1928, 1, 115. [all data]

Palmero, 1928
Palmero, J., III Nordiska Kemistmotet, 1928, 1926, 195. [all data]

Boyd and Hatt, 1927
Boyd, D.R.; Hatt, H.H., J. Chem. Soc., 1927, 1927, 898. [all data]

Erlenmeyer, 1927
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Garrick, 1927
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Kuhn and Winterstein, 1927
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Muller and Banninger, 1927
Muller; Banninger, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1927, 10, 763. [all data]

Pyl, 1927
Pyl, G., Chem. Ber., 1927, 60, 1133. [all data]

Zechmeister and Csabay, 1927
Zechmeister, L.; Csabay, Chem. Ber., 1927, 60, 1617. [all data]

Castille, 1926
Castille, A., Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1926, 12, 498. [all data]

Claisen, 1926
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Fichter and Erlenmeyer, 1926
Fichter, F.; Erlenmeyer, H., Helv. Chim. Acta, 1926, 9, 144. [all data]

Dietrich, 1925
Dietrich, W., Helv. Chim. Acta, 1925, 8, 149. [all data]

Gelissen and Hermans, 1925
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Gelissen and Hermans, 1925, 2
Gelissen, H.; Hermans, P.H., Chem. Ber., 1925, 58, 476. [all data]

Gelissen and Hermans, 1925, 3
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Zelinskii and Tits, 1925
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Gomberg and Bachmann, 1924
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Sakellaridis and Kyrimis, 1924
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Fichter and Fritsch, 1923
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Van Hove, 1923
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Kalff, 1923
Kalff, J., , Ph.D. Thesis, 1923. [all data]

Schutz, 1923
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Shorygin, 1923
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Bradley and Parr, 1922
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Van Hove, 1922
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Mortimer, 1922
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Schlubach and Goes, 1922
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Von Auwers and Fruhling, 1921
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Oddo and Binaghi, 1921
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Wedekind and Schenck, 1921
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Bamberger, 1920
Bamberger, E., Chem. Ber., 1920, 53, 2308. [all data]

Groth, 1919
Groth, P., Chem. Kryst., Vol. 5, 1919. [all data]

Washburn and Read, 1919
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Efremov, 1918
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Meyer and Meyer, 1918
Meyer, R.; Meyer, W., Chem. Ber., 1918, 51, 1571. [all data]

Kendall and Monroe, 1917
Kendall, J.; Monroe, K.P., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1917, 39, 1802. [all data]

Meyer and Hofmann, 1917
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Zanetti and Egloff, 1917
Zanetti, J.E.; Egloff, G., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1917, 9, 350. [all data]

Mailhe and de Godon, 1916
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Mieleitner, 1915
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Sabatier and Murat, 1915
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Bennett and Turner, 1914
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Losanotsch, 1914
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Sabatier and Mailhe, 1914
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Votocek and Kohler, 1914
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Sabatier and Murat, 1913
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Spath, 1913
Spath, E., Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Abt. 2B, 1913, 122, 1207. [all data]

Troger and Beck, 1913
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Block, 1912
Block, H., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1912, 78, 385. [all data]

Dunstan and Hilditch, 1912
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Ferns and Lapworth, 1912
Ferns, J.; Lapworth, A., J. Chem. Soc., 1912, 101, 271. [all data]

Hilditch and Dunstan, 1912
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Meyer, 1912
Meyer, R., Chem. Ber., 1912, 45, 1609. [all data]

Lippmann, 1911
Lippmann, A., Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1911, 17, 15. [all data]

Mascarelli and Malaguti, 1911
Mascarelli, L.; Malaguti, P., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1911, 41, 63. [all data]

Kishner, 1910
Kishner, N., Cyclobutyldiphenylcarbinol and its Transformations, Zh. Russ. Fiz.-Khim. O-va., Chast Khim., 1910, 42, 1227. [all data]

Mascarelli and Babini, 1909
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Weger, 1909
Weger, M., Angew. Chem., 1909, 22, 338. [all data]

Kempf, 1908
Kempf, R., A practical study of vacuum sublimation., J. Prakt. Chem., 1908, 78, 201. [all data]

Mascarelli, 1908
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Smedley, 1908
Smedley, I., J. Chem. Soc., 1908, 93, 372. [all data]

Spencer and Stokes, 1908
Spencer, J.F.; Stokes, E.M., J. Chem. Soc., 1908, 93, 68. [all data]

Haehn, 1906
Haehn, H., Angew. Chem., 1906, 19, 1559. [all data]

Meyer and Togel, 1906
Meyer, R.; Togel, K., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1906, 347, 55. [all data]

Acree, 1904
Acree, S.F., Chem. Ber., 1904, 37, 2753. [all data]

Jaquerod and Wassmer, 1904
Jaquerod, A.; Wassmer, E., The boiling points of naphthalene, dipenyl, and benzophenone at various pressures and their measurement with hydrogen thermometer, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1904, 37, 2531-5. [all data]

Ullmann, 1904
Ullmann, F., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1904, 332, 38. [all data]

Acree, 1903
Acree, S.F., Am. Chem. J., 1903, 29, 588. [all data]

Schroter, 1903
Schroter, G., Chem. Ber., 1903, 36, 3005. [all data]

Valeur, 1903
Valeur, A., Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1903, 29, 683. [all data]

Stohmann, Kleber, et al., 1899
Stohmann, F.; Kleber, C.; Langbein, H., J. Prakt. Chem., 1899, 40, 77. [all data]

Michael and Bucher, 1898
Michael, A.; Bucher, J.E., Am. Chem. J., 1898, 20, 89. [all data]

Bamberger, 1897
Bamberger, E., Chem. Ber., 1897, 30, 366. [all data]

Knoevenagel, 1896
Knoevenagel, E., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1896, 289, 171. [all data]

Bamberger, 1895
Bamberger, E., Chem. Ber., 1895, 28, 403. [all data]

Jacobson, 1895
Jacobson, P., Chem. Ber., 1895, 28, 2541. [all data]

Oddo and Curatolo, 1895
Oddo, G.; Curatolo, A., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1895, 25, 126. [all data]

Oddo and Curatolo, 1895, 2
Oddo, G.; Curatolo, A., Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei, Cl. Sci. Fis., Mat. Nat., Rend, 1895, 4, 211. [all data]

Bamberger and Landsteiner, 1893
Bamberger, E.; Landsteiner, K., Chem. Ber., 1893, 26, 482. [all data]

Bamberger and Storch, 1893
Bamberger, E.; Storch, L., Chem. Ber., 1893, 26, 471. [all data]

Garelli, 1893
Garelli, F., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1893, 23, 354. [all data]

Krafft and Vorster, 1893
Krafft, F.; Vorster, W., Chem. Ber., 1893, 26, 2813. [all data]

Mohlau and Berger, 1893
Mohlau, R.; Berger, R., Chem. Ber., 1893, 26, 1994. [all data]

Wendt, 1892
Wendt, G., J. Prakt. CHem., 1892, 46, 317. [all data]

Oddo, 1890
Oddo, G., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1890, 20, 631. [all data]

Eykman, 1889
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Bamberger and Lodter, 1888
Bamberger, E.; Lodter, W., Chem. Ber., 1888, 21, 836. [all data]

Barbier and Roux, 1886
Barbier, P.; Roux, L., Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1886, 46, 268. [all data]

Lippmann, 1886
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Otto, 1886
Otto, R., Chem. Ber., 1886, 19, 2425. [all data]

Bamberger and Hooker, 1885
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Bamberger and Hooker, 1885, 2
Bamberger, E.; Hooker, S.C., Chem. Ber., 1885, 18, 1030. [all data]

Friedel and Crafts, 1885
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Schulze, 1884
Schulze, K.E., Chem. Ber., 1884, 17, 1203. [all data]

Schiff, 1884
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Barth and Schreder, 1882
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Goldschmidt and von Schmidt, 1881
Goldschmidt, G.; von Schmidt, M., Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Abt. 2B, 1881, 83, 7. [all data]

Carnelley, 1880
Carnelley, T., J. Chem. Soc., 1880, 37, 701. [all data]

La Coste and Michaelis, 1880
La Coste, W.; Michaelis, A., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1880, 201, 184. [all data]

Reingruber, 1880
Reingruber, F., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1880, 206, 367. [all data]

Schmidt and Schultz, 1880
Schmidt, H.; Schultz, G., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1880, 203, 118. [all data]

Aronheim, 1878
Aronheim, B., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1878, 194, 145. [all data]

Kramers, 1877
Kramers, J.G., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1877, 189, 129. [all data]

Smith, 1877
Smith, W., Chem. News J. Ind. Sci., 1877, 35, 271. [all data]

Carnelley, 1876
Carnelley, T., J. Chem. Soc., 1876, 29, 13. [all data]

Buchner, 1875
Buchner, E., Chem. Ber., 1875, 8, 22. [all data]

Christomanos, 1875
Christomanos, A.C., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1875, 5, 402. [all data]

Schmidt, 1874
Schmidt, E., J. Prakt. Chem., 1874, 9, 241. [all data]

Fittig and Ostermayer, 1873
Fittig, R.; Ostermayer, E., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1873, 166, 361. [all data]

Graebe, 1873
Graebe, C., Chem. Ber., 1873, 6, 63. [all data]

Liebermann, 1873
Liebermann, C., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1873, 169, 221. [all data]

Abeljanz, 1872
Abeljanz, H., Chem. Ber., 1872, 5, 1027. [all data]

Pfankuch, 1872
Pfankuch, F., J. Prakt. Chem., 1872, 6, 97. [all data]

Riese, 1872
Riese, F., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1872, 164, 161. [all data]

Ladenburg, 1871
Ladenburg, A., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1871, 159, 251. [all data]

Dreher and Otto, 1870
Dreher, E.; Otto, R., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1870, 154, 93. [all data]

Bronner, 1869
Bronner, R., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1869, 151, 50. [all data]

Berthelot, 1866
Berthelot, Ann. Chim. Phys., 1866, 9, 445. [all data]

Fittig, 1862
Fittig, R., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1862, 121, 361. [all data]


Notes

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