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Biphenyl

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 310.310.310.310.310.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.4.6.
Initial hold (min)  5.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1377.31375.41368.51377.31381.8
ReferenceSong, Lai, et al., 2003Song, Lai, et al., 2003Song, Lai, et al., 2003Song, Lai, et al., 2003Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1OV-1HP-5MSDB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas He  HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.330.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.100.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 325.180.300.310.310.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.10.2.4.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1338.41392.21387.1368.51377.3
ReferenceSun and Stremple, 2003Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000Nahir, 1999Lai and Song, 1995Lai and Song, 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5SP-2100SP-2100
Column length (m) 30.30.30.  
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.25  
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.170.170.
Tend (C) 310.310.250.  
Heat rate (K/min) 6.4.4.2.4.
Initial hold (min)  5.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1381.81375.41381.1375.781377.20
ReferenceLai and Song, 1995Lai and Song, 1995Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SP-2100SP-2100SP-2100SP-2100CP Sil 5 CB
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas H2H2H2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 170.170.170.170.170.
Tend (C)      
Heat rate (K/min) 6.2.4.6.4.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1377.911396.811392.1392.641390.72
ReferencePodmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SE-30SE-30Methyl SiliconeOV-101
Column length (m) 30.25.25.10.108.
Carrier gas HeN2N2He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.330.330.210.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   0.2
Tstart (C) 50.100.140.60.35.
Tend (C) 300.320.320.210.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.10.6.5.1.
Initial hold (min) 4.    
Final hold (min) 20.    
I 1384.1374.1378.1349.1350.
ReferenceRostad and Pereira, 1986Korhonen and Lind, 1985Korhonen and Lind, 1985Kozloski, 1985Hayes and Pitzer, 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-52SE-52SE-52
Column length (m) 33.365.50.
Carrier gas HeN2N2
Substrate    
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.3 
Phase thickness (mum)    
Tstart (C) 50.100.100.
Tend (C) 320.300.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.1.82.5
Initial hold (min) 5.  
Final hold (min)    
I 1364.1373.1362.
ReferenceBeernaert, 1979Carugno and Rossi, 1967Cantuti, Cartoni, et al., 1965
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2000, 18, 3, 241-246. [all data]

Nahir, 1999
Nahir, T.M., Analysis of semivolatile organic compounds in fuels using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Educ., 1999, 76, 12, 1695-1696, https://doi.org/10.1021/ed076p1695 . [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
Gómez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A.; Hartsell, P.L., Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1669-1676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a029 . [all data]

Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986
Podmaniczky, L.; Szepesy, L.; Lakszner, K.; Schomburg, G., Determination of Retention Indices in LPTGC, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 7, 387-391, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02346137 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Korhonen and Lind, 1985
Korhonen, I.O.O.; Lind, M.A., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXIV. Separation and retention indices with retention increments of some nitrated polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons on a low-polarity (SE-30) capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 71-81, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97660-5 . [all data]

Kozloski, 1985
Kozloski, R.P., Polychlorinated biphenyl retention time standards obtained by chemical dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyl isomers, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 318, 211-219, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90682-X . [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1981
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75. [all data]

Beernaert, 1979
Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 173, 1, 109-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80450-7 . [all data]

Carugno and Rossi, 1967
Carugno, N.; Rossi, S., Evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke by glass capillary columns, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.2.103 . [all data]

Cantuti, Cartoni, et al., 1965
Cantuti, V.; Cartoni, G.P.; Liberti, A.; Torri, A.G., Improved evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in atmospheric dust by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1965, 17, 60-65, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99836-4 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References