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Coumarin

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryLM-1170.1434.Soares, Monache, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryLM-1190.1458.Soares, Monache, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2
CapillarySE-30100.1404.9Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11391.Velasco-Negueruela, Sanz, et al., 200450. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1432.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillarySLB-5MS1441.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySLB-5MS1445.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51432.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51456.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1458.5Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySLB-5MS1438.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51457.Mondello, Casilli, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 1.5C/min => 230C => 15C/min => 260C
CapillaryHP-11414.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2428.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102450.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2451.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2451.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51471.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51465.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51465.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51466.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51467.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51475.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryUltra 21431.Byun and Shin, 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryEquity-5 MS1438.Mondello, Casilli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51429.Orlita, Sidwa-Gorycka, et al., 2008Argon, 0.9 K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51440.Zeller and Rychlik, 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51432.Mirza, Navaei, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-21456.Schlumpberger B.O., Clery R.A., et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.32 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-51424.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51428.Tellez, Canel, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011418.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51439.Maggi, Bilek, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1406.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1432.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1443.Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301418.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1397.Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1392.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1389.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011418.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2456.Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2437.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2450.Zeller and Rychlik, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2458.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2463.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2467.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199930. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2467.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2460.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol2425.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5246.2Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soares, Monache, et al., 1999
Soares, M.F.; Monache, F.D.; Heinzen, V.E.F.; Yunes, R.A., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of coumarins, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1999, 10, 3, 189-196, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531999000300006 . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Sanz, et al., 2004
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Palá-Paúl, J., The volatile components of the aerial parts of Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophyllum gathered in Spain, Botanica Complutensis, 2004, 28, 133-136. [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 2007
Mondello, L.; Sciarrone, D.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, P.Q.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G., Fast gas chromatography-full scan quadrupole mass spectrometry for the determination of allergens in fragrances, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 12, 1905-1911, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600541 . [all data]

Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 2002
Dallüge, J.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Xu, X.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th., Unravelling the composition of very complex samples by comprehensive gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cigarette smoke, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 974, 1-2, 169-184, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01384-5 . [all data]

Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 2002
Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2016-2021, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011436g . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Mondello, Casilli, et al., 2005
Mondello, L.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, P.Q.; Dugo, G.; Dugo, P., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography in combination with rapid scanning quadrupole mass spectrometry in perfume analysis, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1067, 1-2, 235-243, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.09.040 . [all data]

Sing, Smadja, et al., 1992
Sing, A.S.C.; Smadja, J.; Brevard, H.; Maignial, L.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.-P., Volatile constituents of faham (Jumellea fragrans (Thou.) Schltr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 4, 642-646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00016a024 . [all data]

Chung, 2000
Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 5, 1803-1809, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991272s . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 2
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of volatile compounds among different grades of green tea and their relations to odor attributes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1621-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a038 . [all data]

Bieri and Marriott, 2008
Bieri, S.; Marriott, P.J., Dual-injection system with multiply injections for determining sidimentional retention indexes in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, Anal. Chem., 2008, 80, 3, 760-768, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac071367q . [all data]

Byun and Shin, 2008
Byun, Y.; Shin, S., Analysis of compounds and activity of essential oil from Chrysanthemum zawadskii var. latilobum and C. indicum agaunst antibiotic-resistant pathogenic bacteria, Nat. Prod. Sci., 2008, 14, 2, 138-142. [all data]

Mondello, Casilli, et al., 2008
Mondello, L.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, Q.; Sciarrone, D.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G., Analysis of allergens in fragrances using multiple heart-cut multidimentional gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, LC-GC Europe, 2008, 21, 130. [all data]

Orlita, Sidwa-Gorycka, et al., 2008
Orlita, A.; Sidwa-Gorycka, M.; Kumirska, J.; Malinski, E.; Siedlecka, E.M.; Gajdus, J.; Lojkowska, E.; Stepnowski, P., Identification of Ruta graveolens L. metabolites accumulated in the presence of abiotic elicitors, Biotechnol. Prog., 2008, 24, 1, 128-133, https://doi.org/10.1021/bp070261d . [all data]

Zeller and Rychlik, 2007
Zeller, A.; Rychlik, M., Impact of estragole and other odorants on the flavour of anise and tarragon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 105-113, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1765 . [all data]

Mirza, Navaei, et al., 2006
Mirza, M.; Navaei, M.N.; Dini, M., Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated from flowers and leaves of Eupatorium cannabinum L. from Iran, Iranian J. Pharmaceutical Res., 2006, 2, 149-152. [all data]

Schlumpberger B.O., Clery R.A., et al., 2006
Schlumpberger B.O.; Clery R.A.; Barthlott W., A unique cactus with scented and possibly bat-dispersed fruits: Rhipsalis juengeri, Plant Biology, 2006, 8, 2, 265-270, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-873045 . [all data]

Tellez, Khan, et al., 2004
Tellez, M.R.; Khan, I.A.; Schaneberg, B.T.; Crockett, S.L.; Rimando, A.M.; Kobaisy, M., Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1025, 1, 51-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)01035-5 . [all data]

Tellez, Canel, et al., 1999
Tellez, M.R.; Canel, C.; Rimando, A.M.; Duke, S.O., Differential accumulation of isoprenoids in glanded and glandless Artemisia annua L, Phytochemistry, 1999, 52, 6, 1035-1040, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00308-8 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Maggi, Bilek, et al., 2009
Maggi, F.; Bilek, T.; Lucarini, D.; Papa, F.; Sagratini, G.; Vittori, S., Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophylum (Lamiaceae) from central Italy: A new source of a mushrrom-like flavour, Food Chem., 2009, 113, 1, 216-221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.066 . [all data]

Zhu, Li, et al., 2008
Zhu, M.; Li, E.; He, H., Determination of volatile chemical constitutes in tea by simultaneous distillation extraction, vacuum hydrodistillation and thermal desrption, Chromatographia, 2008, 68, 7/8, 603-610, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-008-0732-1 . [all data]

Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007
Polzin, G.M.; Stanfill, S.B.; Brown, C.R.; Ashley, D.L.; Watson, C.H., Determination of eugenol, anethole, and coumarin in the mainstream cigarette smoke of Indonesian clove cigarettes, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2007, 45, 10, 1948-1953, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.04.012 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 2002
Guyot-Declerck, C.; Renson, S.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Floral quality and discrimination of Lavandula stoechas, Lavandula angustifolia, and Lavandula angustifolia × latifolia honeys, Food Chem., 2002, 79, 4, 453-459, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00216-9 . [all data]

Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 1998
Guyot, C.; Bouseta, A.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of chestnut and lime tree honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 625-633, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970510l . [all data]

Grundschober, 1991
Grundschober, F., The identification of individual components in flavourings and flavoured foods, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1991, 192, 6, 530-534, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01202508 . [all data]

Shibamoto, 1987
Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s)., Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274. [all data]

Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 2010
Kumazawa, K.; Sakai, N.; Amma, H.; Sakamoto, S.; Kodama, M.; Wada, Y.; Nishimura, O., Identification and formation of volatile components responsible for the characteristic aroma of Mat Rush (Igusa), Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2010, 74, 6, 1231-1236, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.100053 . [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Kumazawa and Masuda, 2002
Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in different green tea varieties using flavor dilution technique, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 20, 5660-5663, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020498j . [all data]

Kumazawa and Masuda, 1999
Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in Japanese green tea (Sen-cha), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5169-5172, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9906782 . [all data]

Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981
Buttery, R.G.; Parker, F.D.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 955-958, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a017 . [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]


Notes

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