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Coumarin

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-176.8 ± 1.8kJ/molCcrWatik and Sabbah, 1991 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-259.9 ± 1.8kJ/molCcrWatik and Sabbah, 1991 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-4139.2 ± 1.7kJ/molCcrWatik and Sabbah, 1991Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -259.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil571.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil564.KN/ABuckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus343.KN/ABuckingham and Donaghy, 1982BS
Tfus343.05KN/ASerpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Tfus340.KN/ASorum and Durand, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub95.4 ± 2.6kJ/molCMatos, Sousa, et al., 2009AC
Deltasub83.1kJ/molCEl Watik and Sabbah, 1991See also Sabbah and Watik, 1992.; AC
Deltasub83.09 ± 0.22kJ/molCWatik and Sabbah, 1991ALS
Deltasub83.1kJ/molN/AWatik and Sabbah, 1991DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
63.2394.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 379. - 463. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
379. - 564.5.315292797.239-37.541Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
83.090298.15N/ASabbah and El Watik, 1992DH
86.2323.MESerpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1953Based on data from 293. - 353. K. See also Jones, 1960 and Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
19.140342.14N/ASabbah and El Watik, 1992DH
19.140342.14N/AEl Watik and Sabbah, 1991, 2DH
18.63342.3DSCMatos, Sousa, et al., 2009AC
19.14342.1N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.72PERedchenko, Safronov, et al., 1992Vertical value; LL

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C7H6+13.682C0EIOccolowitz and White, 1968RDSH
C8H6O+10.8COEITang, McGowan, et al., 1979LLK
C8H6O+11.1COEIBarnes and Occolowitz, 1964RDSH

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner Copyright (C) 1987 by the Coblentz Society
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin WESTERN REGIONAL RES. USDA
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 9887
Date 1965/04/19
Name(s) 2H-chromen-2-one
Coumarin
State SOLUTION (CCl4 FOR 4000-1300, CS2 FOR 1300-450 CM-1) VS SOLVENT
Instrument CARY 90 (GRATING)
Instrument parameters GRATING CHANGES: 3000, 2000, 1200 CM-1
Path length 0.010 CM, AND 0.010 CM
Resolution 2
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY COBLENTZ SOCIETY (BATCH II) FROM HARD COPY
Melting point 69 C
Boiling point 298 C

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Due to licensing restrictions, this spectrum cannot be downloaded.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin TNO Volatile Compounds in Food - Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 250297

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Ikawa and Link., 1950
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 9821
Instrument Beckman spectrophotometer
Melting point 71
Boiling point 301.7

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryLM-1170.1434.Soares, Monache, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryLM-1190.1458.Soares, Monache, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2
CapillarySE-30100.1404.9Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11391.Velasco-Negueruela, Sanz, et al., 200450. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1432.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillarySLB-5MS1441.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySLB-5MS1445.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, 40. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51432.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51456.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1458.5Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySLB-5MS1438.Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51457.Mondello, Casilli, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 1.5C/min => 230C => 15C/min => 260C
CapillaryHP-11414.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP2428.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102450.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2451.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2451.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51471.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51465.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51465.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51466.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51467.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryBPX-51475.Bieri and Marriott, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 999. C
CapillaryUltra 21431.Byun and Shin, 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.11 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryEquity-5 MS1438.Mondello, Casilli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51429.Orlita, Sidwa-Gorycka, et al., 2008Argon, 0.9 K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51440.Zeller and Rychlik, 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51432.Mirza, Navaei, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-21456.Schlumpberger B.O., Clery R.A., et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.32 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-51424.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51428.Tellez, Canel, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011418.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51439.Maggi, Bilek, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1406.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1432.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1443.Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301418.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1397.Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1392.Guyot, Bouseta, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C => 55C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1389.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011418.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2456.Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2437.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2450.Zeller and Rychlik, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2458.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2463.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2467.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199930. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2467.Kumazawa and Masuda, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2460.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol2425.Grundschober, 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5246.2Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Watik and Sabbah, 1991
Watik, L.E.; Sabbah, R., Etude thermodynamique de la coumarine et de l'anthrone, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1991, 128, 344-349. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Buckingham and Donaghy, 1982
Buckingham, J.; Donaghy, S.M., Dictionary of Organic Compounds: Fifth Edition, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1982, 1. [all data]

Serpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1958
Serpinskii, V.V.; Voitkevich, S.A.; Lyuboshits, N.Yu., Trudy Vsesoyuz. Nauch.-Issledovatel. Inst. Sintet. I. Natural. Dushistykh Veshchestv, 1958, 4, 125. [all data]

Sorum and Durand, 1952
Sorum, C.H.; Durand, E.A., The Melting of Binary Eutectics, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 1071. [all data]

Matos, Sousa, et al., 2009
Matos, M. Agostinha R.; Sousa, Clara C.S.; Miranda, Margarida S.; Morais, Victor M.F.; Liebman, Joel F., Energetics of Coumarin and Chromone, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2009, 113, 32, 11216-11221, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9026942 . [all data]

El Watik and Sabbah, 1991
El Watik, L.; Sabbah, R., Thermodynamic study of coumarin and anthrone, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1991, 344. [all data]

Sabbah and Watik, 1992
Sabbah, R.; Watik, L. El, Thermodynamic study of anthrone, coumarin and phenazine, Journal of Thermal Analysis, 1992, 38, 4, 803-809, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01979412 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Sabbah and El Watik, 1992
Sabbah, R.; El Watik, L., Thermodynamic study of anthrone, counmarin and phenazine, J. Therm. Anal., 1992, 38, 803-809. [all data]

Serpinskii, Voitkevich, et al., 1953
Serpinskii, V.V.; Voitkevich, S.A.; Lyuboshits, N.Y., Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1953, 27, 1032. [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

El Watik and Sabbah, 1991, 2
El Watik, L.; Sabbah, R., Thermodynamic study of coumarin and anthrone, Bull. Soc. Chim. France, 1991, 128, 344-349. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Redchenko, Safronov, et al., 1992
Redchenko, V.V.; Safronov, A.I.; Kirpichenok, M.A.; Grandberg, I.I.; Traven', V.F., Electronic structure of «pi»-systems. XV. Photoelectron spectra of 7-aminocoumarin derivatives, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1992, 62, 2313. [all data]

Occolowitz and White, 1968
Occolowitz, J.L.; White, G.L., Energetic considerations in the assignment of some fragment ion structures, Australian J. Chem., 1968, 21, 997. [all data]

Tang, McGowan, et al., 1979
Tang, S.-Y.; McGowan, J.C.; Singh, M.; Galatsis, P.; Ellis, B.E.; Boyd, R.K.; Brown, S.A., Mass spectrometry of some furanocoumarins, Can. J. Chem., 1979, 57, 1995. [all data]

Barnes and Occolowitz, 1964
Barnes, C.S.; Occolowitz, J.L., The mass spectra of some naturally occurring oxygen heterocycles and related compounds, Australian J. Chem., 1964, 17, 975. [all data]

Ikawa and Link., 1950
Ikawa, M.; Link., K.P., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4373. [all data]

Soares, Monache, et al., 1999
Soares, M.F.; Monache, F.D.; Heinzen, V.E.F.; Yunes, R.A., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices of coumarins, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 1999, 10, 3, 189-196, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50531999000300006 . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Sanz, et al., 2004
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Palá-Paúl, J., The volatile components of the aerial parts of Melittis melissophyllum L. subsp. melissophyllum gathered in Spain, Botanica Complutensis, 2004, 28, 133-136. [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Mondello, Sciarrone, et al., 2007
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Notes

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