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Naphthalene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase RTX-5RTX-5RTX-5RTX-1Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 30.30.30.6.15.
Carrier gas N2N2N2 He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.10.24
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.4 
Temperature (C) 100.120.80.120.150.
I 1194.251210.481189.911160.1180.61
ReferenceÁdámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005Arey J.S., Nelson R.K., et al., 2005Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase SPB-1DB-1ZB-1BP-1C78, Branched paraffin
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.3.3
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.130.
I 1159.621160.841161.231160.721214.1
ReferenceBerezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSSqualaneSE-30SE-30OV-1
Column length (m) 30.50.30.30.25.
Carrier gas   HeSF6N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.33
Temperature (C) 100.120.100.100.150.
I 1190.1171.81162.561167.071197.
ReferenceNahir, 1999Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1997Malyukova, Berezkin, et al., 1997Malyukova, Berezkin, et al., 1997Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillary
Active phase OV-1OV-1OV-1C78, Branched paraffinHP-1
Column length (m) 25.25.25.3.325.
Carrier gas N2N2N2 N2
Substrate    Chromosorb G HP 
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.20.2 0.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.330.33  
Temperature (C) 150.150.160.130.60.
I 1196.1197.1204.1213.71139.
ReferenceZhang, Chen, et al., 1997Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1OV-101Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 25.25.25.14. 
Carrier gas N2N2N2H2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.200.200.3250.32
Phase thickness (mum)    0.3050.25
Temperature (C) 60.100.100.110.90.
I 1139.1165.1165.1167.41153.
ReferenceZhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Farkas, Sojak, et al., 1989Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl Silicone
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 90.90.90.90.90.
I 1154.1154.1154.1154.1154.
ReferenceBemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl Silicone
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Temperature (C) 90.90.90.90.90.
I 1154.1154.1154.1154.1154.
ReferenceBemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeOV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m)   15.15.15.
Carrier gas   N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.200.200.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Temperature (C) 90.90.140.140.140.
I 1155.1155.1183.1184.1186.
ReferenceBemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-1SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 15.15.2.53.15.
Carrier gas N2N2 N2N2
Substrate   Chromosorb W HPChromosorb W AW 
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.20  0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 140.140.150.180.70.
I 1186.1188.1194.1219.1145.0
ReferenceBerlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986Antal, 1984Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984Tóth, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30SE-30SE-30SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 100.100.100.50.50.
Carrier gas    N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.50.50.50.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 130.150.80.86.96.
I 1183.1197.1152.1146.1151.8
ReferenceBredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Bredael, 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101Apiezon LOV-1SqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50. 50.  
Carrier gas N2    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.3 0.23  
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 140.200.130.100.110.
I 1191.01166.1184.1152.1161.
ReferenceGerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981Klemm, Shabtai, et al., 1981Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m)     50.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)     0.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.130.90.92.86.
I 1169.1172.1146.1152.1146.0
ReferenceBogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSE-30SqualaneSE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 50. 50.25.525.5
Carrier gas   H2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.20.50.5
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 96.150.100.65.65.
I 1151.81196.1152.1139.41142.1
ReferenceNabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneMethyl Silicone
Column length (m)   
Carrier gas   
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm)   
Phase thickness (mum)   
Temperature (C) 120.130.
I 1169.1192.
ReferenceSchomburg, 1966Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 2005
Ádámová, M.; Orinák, A.; Halás, L., Retention indices as identification tool in pyrolysis-capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1087, 1-2, 131-141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.01.003 . [all data]

Arey J.S., Nelson R.K., et al., 2005
Arey J.S.; Nelson R.K.; Xu L.; Reddy C.M., Using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography retention indices to estimate environmental partitioning properties for a complete set of diesel fuel hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 2005, 77, 22, 7172-7182, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac051051n . [all data]

Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryaeva, V.E.; Khotimskii, V.S., Poly[1-(trimethylsilyl)-1-propine] as chromatographic adsorbent and prospects of its application in packed and capillary columns, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 960, 1-2, 151-158, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00333-3 . [all data]

Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V., A comparative analysis of retention values obtained on fused silica capillary columns from various manufacturers, Analusis, 2000, 28, 2, 132-135, https://doi.org/10.1051/analusis:2000105 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Nahir, 1999
Nahir, T.M., Analysis of semivolatile organic compounds in fuels using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Educ., 1999, 76, 12, 1695-1696, https://doi.org/10.1021/ed076p1695 . [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1997
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, V.M., Sorption-structure correlations in the series of alkyl derivatives of naphthalene, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 52, 1, 21-27. [all data]

Malyukova, Berezkin, et al., 1997
Malyukova, I.V.; Berezkin, V.G.; Kramers, K.; Jansen, H.G., Capillary chromatrography of hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Use of sulphur hexafluoride as the carrier gas, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 37, 3, 265-272. [all data]

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Farkas, Sojak, et al., 1989
Farkas, P.; Sojak, L.; Kovac, M.; Janak, J., Interface Adsorption and Reproducibility of Retention Indices in Glass Capillary Columns with Dimethylpolysiloxane Stationary Phases Cross-Linked by «gamma»-Irradiation, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 471, 251-261, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94173-6 . [all data]

Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987
Bemgård, A.; Blomberg, L.; Lymann, M.; Claude, S.; Tabacchi, R., Siloxane/silarylene copolymers as stationary phases for capillary gas chromatography. Part I: Evaluation of silanol terminated dimethyl substituted polymers, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1987, 10, 5, 302-318, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240100516 . [all data]

Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986
Berlizov, Yu.S.; Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Nabivach, W.M.; Triska, J.; Holik, R.; Vodicka, L., Investigation of chromatographic properties of gass and quartz capillary columns, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 519-522. [all data]

Antal, 1984
Antal, J., Adatok az alkil-naftalinok gáz-folyadék kromatográfiájához, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 1984, 90, 121-125. [all data]

Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984
Oszczapowicz, J.; Osek, J.; Dolecka, E., Retention indices of dimethylformamidines, dimethylacetamidines and tetramethylguanidines on a non-polar column, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 315, 95-100, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90727-7 . [all data]

Tóth, 1983
Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982
Macák, J.; Nabivach, V.; Buryan, P.; Sindler, S., Dependence of retention indices of alkylbenzenes on their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 234, 2, 285-302, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81867-1 . [all data]

Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 208, 1, 9-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)87953-4 . [all data]

Klemm, Shabtai, et al., 1981
Klemm, L.H.; Shabtai, J.; Bodily, K.C., Gas chromatography of some C13-C16 alkylnaphthalenes on Bentone 34, silicone fluid DC 550 and Apiezon L phases, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 206, 2, 372-375, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)82549-2 . [all data]

Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L.; Ritter, E., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. XII. Zur Retention von Alkylnaphthalinen Bei der Gasverteilungs- und Gas-Adsorptions-Chromatographie, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 174, 2, 315-323, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86005-7 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978
Nabivach, V.M.; Bur'yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1978, 33, 7, 1108-1113. [all data]

Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1975, 30, 788-792. [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Gas chromatographic analysis of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 1974, 91, 633-648, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97944-0 . [all data]

Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974
Svob, V.; Deur-Siftar, D.; Cramers, C.A., Mechanisms of the thermal degradation of alkylbenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 91, 659-675, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97946-4 . [all data]

Schomburg, 1966
Schomburg, G., Gaschromatographische Retentionsdaten und struktur chemischer verbindungen. III. Alkylverzweigte und ungesättigte cyclische Kohlenwasserstoffe, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 23, 18-41, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)98653-4 . [all data]

Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965
Antheaume, J.; Guiochon, G., Application de la chromatographie en phase gazeuse à l'étude de la composition des fractions moyennes d'un brut pétrolier, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1965, 2, 298-307. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References