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Naphthalene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - D.R. Burgess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas150. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.1850.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Selected values of S(T) and Cp(T) agree with those calculated by statistical thermodynamics method [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1986, Dorofeeva O.V., 1988] within 1.2 J/mol*K. Discrepancies with other calculations [ Barrow G.M., 1951, McClellan A.L., 1955, 79CHE/KUD, Lielmezs J., 1981] reach 2-3 J/mol*K.; GT
47.50100.
63.89150.
84.99200.
120.52273.15
133.02298.15
133.94300.
181.16400.
220.70500.
252.37600.
277.77700.
298.43800.
315.50900.
329.771000.
341.81100.
352.01200.
360.81300.
368.21400.
374.71500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
201.6 ± 2.0451.0Barrow G.M., 1951GT
226.7 ± 2.3522.7

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing
DRB - D.R. Burgess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid217.59J/mol*KN/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993DH
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid77. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-5160. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 18 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar167.40J/mol*KN/AMcCullough, Finke, et al., 1957DH
solid,1 bar162.84J/mol*KN/ASouthard and Brickwedde, 1933DH
solid,1 bar166.86J/mol*KN/APearce and Tanner, 1934Extrapolation below 90 K, 58.32 J/mol*K.; DH
solid,1 bar166.9J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 53.09 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
196.06298.15Chirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993T = 260 to 700 K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
213.330.David, 1964T = 298 to 353 K. Mean value. T = uncertain.; DH
188.4342.Rastogi and Bassi, 1964T = 342, 384 K.; DH
165.69298.15McCullough, Finke, et al., 1957T = 10 to 370 K.; DH
156.1298.15Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950T = 293 to 368 K. Equation only.; DH
195.8298.1Eibert, 1944T = 30 to 200°C, equations only in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.365 cal/g*K (30 to 80°C); Cp(liq) = 0.329 + 0.000824t cal/g*K (80 to 200°C).; DH
161.5298.1Schmidt, 1941T = 22 to 200°C, equations only, in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.2595 + 0.001672t cal/g*K (22 to 80°C); Cp(liq) = 0.3360 + 0.0008180t cal/g*K (80 to 200°C).; DH
168.11301.58Hicks, 1938T = 58 to 304 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
168.07297.6Pearce and Tanner, 1934T = 94 to 298 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
165.48294.68Southard and Brickwedde, 1933T = 15 to 295 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
169.0303.Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932T = 30 to 190°C.; DH
163.6295.1Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 91 to 295 K.; DH
159.4298.Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926T = 12 to 300°C.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - R.L. Brown and S.E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing
DRB - D.R. Burgess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil490. ± 5.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 out of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus353.2 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 55 out of 57 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple353.39 ± 0.09KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc748. ± 6.KAVGN/AAverage of 13 out of 14 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41. ± 1.barAVGN/AAverage of 10 out of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.407l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Vc0.409l/molN/ACheng, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.46 ± 0.05mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
rhoc2.497mol/lN/AChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.078 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.450mol/lN/ASchroeer, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
rhoc2.456mol/lN/AZhuravlev, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap54.6kJ/molCGCZhao, Unhannanant, et al., 2008AC
Deltavap60.3 ± 1.1kJ/molGCHaftka, Parsons, et al., 2006Based on data from 333. - 403. K.; AC
Deltavap53.4kJ/molCGCChickos, Hesse, et al., 1998AC
Deltavap56.6kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 403. - 453. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub71. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 17 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
70.850323.N/ATorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH
56.1398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
47.6 ± 1.8491. - 747.DSCBoller and Wiedemann, 1998AC
45.4475.DSCBack, Grzyll, et al., 1996Based on data from 460. - 647. K.; AC
48.7 ± 0.3400.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993AC
46.4440.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993AC
44.0480.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993AC
41.5520.EBChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 1993AC
44.4528.N/ALee and Holder, 1993Based on data from 513. - 613. K.; AC
47.9423.EBAmbrose, Ewing, et al., 1990Based on data from 418. - 613. K.; AC
50.6367.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 352. - 500. K.; AC
44.8506.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 491. - 565. K.; AC
43.2578.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 563. - 663. K.; AC
43.3676.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 661. - 750. K.; AC
50.3 ± 0.2370.N/Ade Kruif, Kuipers, et al., 1981Based on data from 353. - 388. K.; AC
44.7466.N/AWilson, Johnston, et al., 1981Based on data from 441. - 727. K.; AC
50.7369.N/AFowler, Trump, et al., 1968Based on data from 354. - 453. K.; AC
49.0414.N/ACamin and Rossini, 1955Based on data from 399. - 491. K.; AC
46.4441.CBarrow and McClellan, 1951AC
48.3379.ICramer, 1943AC
47.2423.IMortimer and Murphy, 1923Based on data from 373. - 473. K.; AC
47.7427.INELSON and SENSEMAN, 1922Based on data from 360. - 494. K.; AC

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
219.3323.Torres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
353.48 - 452.304.271171831.571-61.329Fowler, Trump, et al., 1968Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
399.47 - 491.793.970671606.529-85.923Camin and Rossini, 1955 

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
72.320298.15N/ATorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH
72.8327.GSGrayson and Fosbraey, 2006Based on data from 302. - 352. K.; AC
64. ± 0.5281. - 290.LEMcEachern and Sandoval, 2001AC
88.0 ± 2.5267. - 303.MEBoller and Wiedemann, 1998AC
71.7333.GSNass, Lenoir, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 353. K.; AC
73.7 ± 1.0258.GSWania, Shiu, et al., 1994Based on data from 243. - 273. K.; AC
78. ± 1.337. - 352.GCKhudyakov, 1988AC
71. ± 4.323.DSCTorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988AC
73.4315.GSSATO, INOMATA, et al., 1986Based on data from 299. - 331. K.; AC
72.3 ± 0.8293. - 331.QRGlukhova, Arkhangelova, et al., 1985AC
69.9333. - 393.GSMatsubara and Kuwamoto, 1985AC
75.8 ± 1.1303.GSSonnefeld, Zoller, et al., 1983Based on data from 283. - 323. K.; AC
72.8 ± 0.3271. - 285.MEColomina, Jimenez, et al., 1982AC
72.5 ± 0.1274. - 353.DMde Kruif, Kuipers, et al., 1981AC
72.6 ± 0.6253. - 273.TEKruif, 1980AC
76.0 ± 2.0328. - 398.DSCMurray, Cavell, et al., 1980AC
71.3293.GSMacknick and Prausnitz, 1979Based on data from 280. - 305. K.; AC
74.8 ± 0.4253. - 273.TEDe Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977AC
73.9 ± 0.2253. - 273.MEDe Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977AC
72.5 ± 0.3263. - 343.DMAmbrose, Lawrenson, et al., 1975AC
67.8 ± 3.5280.HSAChickos, 1975AC
74.4 ± 1.7303. - 329.TSGCMcEachern, Sandoval, et al., 1975AC
72.7 ± 1.7283.VRadchenko and Kitaigorodskii, 1974ALS
72.7283. - 323.MERadchenko, 1971AC
66.53 ± 0.84283.VKaryakin, Rabinovich, et al., 1968ALS
72.7 ± 0.3230. - 260.KGMiller, 1963See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970.; AC
66.3 ± 2.3354.7VAihara, 1959crystal phase; ALS
66.3276. - 283.VAihara, 1959, 2AC
69.2268.N/AHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 253. - 283. K.; AC
65.8293.EffusionSklyarenko, Markin, et al., 1958Based on data from 283. - 303. K.; AC
72.1292.N/ASherwood and Bryant, 1957Based on data from 273. - 311. K.; AC
72.4279. - 294.N/ABradley and Cleasby, 1953See also Jones, 1960 and Sears and Hopke, 1954.; AC
72.383279.7VBradley and Cleasby, 1953, 2ALS
65.7297.EffusionZibberman-Granovskaya, 1940Based on data from 288. - 306. K.; AC
76.6237. - 276.N/AAndrews, 1925AC
82.0293.MESwan and Mack, 1925Based on data from 283. - 303. K.; AC

Entropy of sublimation

DeltasubS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
242.6298.15Torres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.811353.44N/AMastrangelo, 1957DH
18.226353.43N/AMcCullough, Finke, et al., 1957DH
19.200353.0N/ASpaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
19.1353.5DSCSharma, Gupta, et al., 2008AC
16.44353.8DSCHafsaoui and Mahmoud, 2007AC
19.55354.7DSCKhimeche and Dahmani, 2006AC
19.55354.7DSCKhimeche and Dahmani, 2006, 2AC
19.0353.4ACChirico, Knipmeyer, et al., 2002Based on data from 5. - 440. K.; AC
19.1353.4N/AAcree, 1991AC
19.020354.1N/ASyunyaev, Tumanyan, et al., 1984Relative error in determination ± 5%.; DH
19.100353.5N/ARastogi and Bassi, 1964DH
18.785353.N/AUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
18.790353.4N/AEibert, 1944DH
19.040353.4N/ASchmidt, 1941DH
19.000353.1N/AAndrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH
19.250353.N/ADavid, 1964Temperature not measured.; DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
51.57353.43McCullough, Finke, et al., 1957DH
54.4353.0Spaght, Thomas, et al., 1932DH
53.7354.1Syunyaev, Tumanyan, et al., 1984Relative; DH
54.0353.5Rastogi and Bassi, 1964DH
53.2353.Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
53.2353.4Eibert, 1944DH
53.9353.4Schmidt, 1941DH
53.8353.1Andrews, Lynn, et al., 1926DH
55.353.David, 1964Temperature; DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
19.046353.376crystaline, IliquidAndon and Connett, 1980DH
19.000353.8crystaline, IliquidRadomska and Radomski, 1980DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
53.90353.376crystaline, IliquidAndon and Connett, 1980DH
53.70353.8crystaline, IliquidRadomska and Radomski, 1980DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
M - M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C10H7- + Hydrogen cation = Naphthalene

By formula: C10H7- + H+ = C10H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1649. ± 5.0kJ/molBranReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1649. ± 5.0kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1648. ± 21.kJ/molCIDCLardin, Squires, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1613. ± 5.4kJ/molH-TSReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1606. ± 5.0kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1613. ± 21.kJ/molH-TSLardin, Squires, et al., 2001gas phase; B

C6H7N+ + Naphthalene = (C6H7N+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C10H8 = (C6H7N+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.4kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.324.PHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C12H8+ + Naphthalene = (C12H8+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C12H8+ + C10H8 = (C12H8+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C12H9+ + Naphthalene = (C12H9+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C12H9+ + C10H8 = (C12H9+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

2Hydrogen + Naphthalene = Naphthalene, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-

By formula: 2H2 + C10H8 = C10H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-125.kJ/molEqkFrye and Weitkamp, 1969gas phase; ALS
Deltar-120.5 ± 5.0kJ/molEqkWilson, Caflisch, et al., 1958gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2, Original value = -133.9 ± 5.0 kJ/mol; At 400 K; ALS

Benzobicyclo[2.2.0]hexa-2,5-diene = Naphthalene

By formula: C10H8 = C10H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-248.5 ± 8.0kJ/molEqkDreeskamp, Kapahnke, et al., 1988liquid phase; solvent: Heptane; Isomerization; ALS
Deltar-249.2 ± 8.0kJ/molCisoGrimme and Heinze, 1978liquid phase; solvent: Heptane; ALS

C10H8+ + Naphthalene = (C10H8+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C10H8+ + C10H8 = (C10H8+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M

C10H7- + Hydrogen cation = Naphthalene

By formula: C10H7- + H+ = C10H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1655. ± 5.4kJ/molBranReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1619. ± 5.9kJ/molH-TSReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B

H4O4- + Naphthalene + 2Water = C10H12O4-

By formula: H4O4- + C10H8 + 2H2O = C10H12O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar219. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

H2O3- + Naphthalene + Water = C10H10O3-

By formula: H2O3- + C10H8 + H2O = C10H10O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar158. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

C10H9+ + Naphthalene = (C10H9+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C10H9+ + C10H8 = (C10H9+ bullet C10H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M

Oxygen anion + Naphthalene = C10H8O2-

By formula: O2- + C10H8 = C10H8O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Nitric oxide anion + Naphthalene = C10H8NO-

By formula: NO- + C10H8 = C10H8NO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.7 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

C10H8NO- + 2Naphthalene = C20H16NO-

By formula: C10H8NO- + 2C10H8 = C20H16NO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.6 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

5Hydrogen + Naphthalene = Naphthalene, decahydro-, cis-

By formula: 5H2 + C10H8 = C10H18

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-318.kJ/molEqkFrye and Weitkamp, 1969gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: R. Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.80 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
2.0 XN/A 
2.13600.XN/A 
2.4 LN/A 
2.1 MMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979 
2.1 TMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979 
2.4 VN/A 
1.9 VBohon and Claussen, 1951 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - E.P. Hunter and S.G. Lias
L - S.G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
MM - M. Mautner
LL - S.G. Lias and J.F. Liebman
LBLHLM - S.G. Lias, J.E. Bartmess, J.F. Liebman, J.L. Holmes, R.D. Levin, and W.G. Mallard
LLK - S.G. Lias, R.D. Levin, and S.A. Kafafi
RDSH - H.M. Rosenstock, K. Draxl, B.W. Steiner, and J.T. Herron

View reactions leading to C10H8+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.144 ± 0.001eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)802.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity779.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
-0.2LPESLyapustina, Xu, et al., 2000Extrapolated from EAs of solvation series naphthalene-...(H2O)n; B
-0.18N/ASong, Han, et al., 2002Extrapolated from LPES EAs of (naphthalene)n; B
-0.200 ± 0.050LPESSchiedt, Knott, et al., 2000Extrapolated from EAs of (H2O)n..naphthalene-. series; B
-0.1908ETSBurrow, Michejda, et al., 1987The question of whether the naphthalene radical anion is bound or not has not been settled; B
0.140 ± 0.050ECDZlatkis, Lee, et al., 1983However, see Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1993 for a discussion; it may not be bound.; B
<0.134 ± 0.043ECDWojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981EA is an upper limit: Chen and Wentworth, 1989. G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca. -0.3 eV, anion unbound.; B
0.1480 ± 0.0060ECDBecker and Chen, 1966B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
800.0Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
774.5Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.12 ± 0.02TRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
8.1442 ± 0.0009TECockett, Ozeki, et al., 1993LL
8.12 ± 0.01PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
8.14EIStahl and Maquin, 1984LBLHLM
8.141 ± 0.001LSDuncan, Dietz, et al., 1981LLK
8.08 ± 0.05EQMautner(Meot-Ner), 1980LLK
8.15PESchafer, Schweig, et al., 1975LLK
8.15PESchafer, Schweig, et al., 1973LLK
8.12CTSPitt, 1973LLK
8.15PEClark, Brogli, et al., 1972LLK
8.13PEBrundle, Robin, et al., 1972LLK
8.15PEBrogli, Heilbronner, et al., 1972LLK
8.16 ± 0.03EIJohnstone, Mellon, et al., 1970RDSH
8.11 ± 0.01PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
8.15 ± 0.01PIYencha and El-Sayed, 1968RDSH
8.133SKitagawa, 1968RDSH
8.14PIKitagawa, 1968RDSH
8.12 ± 0.05PEEland and Danby, 1968RDSH
8.136 ± 0.005SAngus, Christ, et al., 1968RDSH
8.25 ± 0.01EIBonnier, Gelus, et al., 1965RDSH
8.15CTSKuroda, 1964RDSH
8.16CTSBriegleb, 1964RDSH
8.08CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.1PITerenin, 1961RDSH
8.10CTSBirks and Stifkin, 1961RDSH
8.12 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
8.14 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
8.09PEKlasinc, Kovac, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.15PEKaim, Tesmann, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK
8.15 ± 0.02PESchmidt, 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.18 ± 0.03PEHeilbronner, Hoshi, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK
8.15PEClar and Schmidt, 1976Vertical value; LLK
8.31 ± 0.03PEMarschner and Goetz, 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.15PEBock, Wagner, et al., 1972Vertical value; LLK
8.15PEBock and Wagner, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H3+19.35?PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C3H3+19.2 ± 0.1C3H3+C4H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C4H2+20.7 ± 0.13C2H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C4H3+22.3 ± 0.12C2H2+C2HPIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C4H4+19.4 ± 0.1C4H2+C2H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C4H4+19.6 ± 0.20?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C5H3+19.74?PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C5H3+19.7 ± 0.1C2H2+C3H3PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C6H3+20.77 ± 0.01?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C6H4+18.7 ± 0.12C2H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C6H4+18.2 ± 0.15?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C6H5+18.72?PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C6H5+18.6 ± 0.1C2H2+C2HPIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C6H5+18.45 ± 0.05?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C6H6+15.64C4H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C6H6+15.7 ± 0.1C4H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C6H6+15.20 ± 0.05?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C7H3+20.66 ± 0.15C3H3+H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C7H5+15.90C3H3PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C7H5+16.1 ± 0.1C3H3PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C8H5+19.00 ± 0.05C2H2+HPIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C8H5+18.07 ± 0.05?EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C8H6+15.50C2H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C8H6+12.74C2H2EVALGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993T = 0K; LL
C8H6+14.43C2H2TRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
C8H6+15.4 ± 0.1C2H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C8H6+15.4 ± 0.10C2H2EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C10H6+15.60 ± 0.05H2PIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C10H6+16.2 ± 0.15H2EIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH
C10H7+15.41HPIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1993LL
C10H7+12.37HEVALGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993T = 0K; LL
C10H7+14.24HTRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
C10H7+15.4 ± 0.1HPIJochims, Rasekh, et al., 1992LL
C10H7+15.4 ± 0.10HEIVanBrunt and Wacks, 1964RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C10H7- + Hydrogen cation = Naphthalene

By formula: C10H7- + H+ = C10H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1649. ± 5.0kJ/molBranReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1649. ± 5.0kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1648. ± 21.kJ/molCIDCLardin, Squires, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1613. ± 5.4kJ/molH-TSReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Deltar1606. ± 5.0kJ/molTDEqMeot-ner, Liebman, et al., 1988gas phase; anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 acidity scale". The Kiefer, Zhang, et al., 1997 BDE is for ortho.; B
Deltar1613. ± 21.kJ/molH-TSLardin, Squires, et al., 2001gas phase; B

C10H7- + Hydrogen cation = Naphthalene

By formula: C10H7- + H+ = C10H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1655. ± 5.4kJ/molBranReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1619. ± 5.9kJ/molH-TSReed and Kass, 2000gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - M. M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and S. G. Lias
B - J.E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C6H7N+ + Naphthalene = (C6H7N+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C6H7N+ + C10H8 = (C6H7N+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.4kJ/molPHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.324.PHPMSEl-Shall and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C10H8+ + Naphthalene = (C10H8+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C10H8+ + C10H8 = (C10H8+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M

C10H8NO- + 2Naphthalene = C20H16NO-

By formula: C10H8NO- + 2C10H8 = C20H16NO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.6 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

C10H9+ + Naphthalene = (C10H9+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C10H9+ + C10H8 = (C10H9+ bullet C10H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; M

C12H8+ + Naphthalene = (C12H8+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C12H8+ + C10H8 = (C12H8+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C12H9+ + Naphthalene = (C12H9+ bullet Naphthalene)

By formula: C12H9+ + C10H8 = (C12H9+ bullet C10H8)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

H2O3- + Naphthalene + Water = C10H10O3-

By formula: H2O3- + C10H8 + H2O = C10H10O3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar158. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

H4O4- + Naphthalene + 2Water = C10H12O4-

By formula: H4O4- + C10H8 + 2H2O = C10H12O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar219. ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Nitric oxide anion + Naphthalene = C10H8NO-

By formula: NO- + C10H8 = C10H8NO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.7 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Oxygen anion + Naphthalene = C10H8O2-

By formula: O2- + C10H8 = C10H8O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 9.6kJ/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1434
NIST MS number 228342

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: V. Talrose, E.B. Stern, A.A. Goncharova, N.A. Messineva, N.V. Trusova, M.V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Ferguson, Reeves, et al., 1957
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 1174
Instrument Beckman DU
Melting point 80.2
Boiling point 217.9

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5100.1194.25Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-5120.1210.48Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-580.1189.91Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryRTX-1120.1160.Arey J.S., Nelson R.K., et al., 20056. m/0.1 mm/0.4 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone150.1180.61Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2002He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm
CapillarySPB-1100.1159.62Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-1100.1160.84Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1100.1161.23Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryBP-1100.1160.72Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.1214.1Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-5MS100.1190.Nahir, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySqualane120.1171.8Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1997Column length: 50. m
CapillarySE-30100.1162.56Malyukova, Berezkin, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-30100.1167.07Malyukova, Berezkin, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, SF6
CapillaryOV-1150.1197.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1196.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1150.1197.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1204.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.1213.7Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-160.1139.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.1139.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1165.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-1100.1165.Zhang, Li, et al., 1992N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101110.1167.4Farkas, Sojak, et al., 198914. m/0.325 mm/0.305 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1153.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1154.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1155.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.1155.Bemgård, Blomberg, et al., 1987Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101140.1183.Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1184.Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1186.Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1186.Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1188.Berlizov, Berezkin, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
PackedOV-1150.1194.Antal, 1984Chromosorb W HP; Column length: 2.5 m
PackedSE-30180.1219.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1984N2, Chromosorb W AW; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySE-3070.1145.0Tóth, 1983N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-30130.1183.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-30150.1197.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.1152.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane86.1146.Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1151.8Macák, Nabivach, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101140.1191.0Gerasimenko, Kirilenko, et al., 1981N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryApiezon L200.1166.Klemm, Shabtai, et al., 1981 
CapillaryOV-1130.1184.Engewald, Wennrich, et al., 1979Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1152.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane110.1161.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane120.1169.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane130.1172.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane90.1146.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane92.1152.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane86.1146.0Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.1151.8Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30150.1196.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
CapillarySqualane100.1152.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974H2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1139.4Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3065.1142.1Svob, Deur-Siftar, et al., 1974He; Column length: 25.5 m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane120.1169.Schomburg, 1966 
PackedMethyl Silicone130.1192.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51179.Adams, González Elizondo, et al., 200630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51181.Adams, Morris, et al., 200530. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51209.Buchin, Salmon, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 2. min
CapillarySE-541179.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51179.Adams, 2000, 230. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-541179.Adams, 2000, 330. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1178.Roussis, Tsoukatou, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51185.Tzakou, Harvala, et al., 200050. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1158.Adegoke, Rao, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-1011156.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-301159.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301160.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301174.Greenberg, 1981, 2He, 70. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 170. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-301175.Greenberg, 1981, 2He, 70. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 170. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-1011170.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011172.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L1225.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-11151.Wongpornchai, Sriseadka, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 2C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)
CapillaryDB-51179.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPetrocol DH-1001168.Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-11172.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min
PackedSE-301186.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1707.Nagarajan, Rao, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101762.Wong and Tie, 1993He, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1709.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-51208.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1190.9Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1196.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-51199.2Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1199.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51177.Senatore, Napolitano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryPONA1170.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-51182.Flach A., Dondon R.C., et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryZB-51193.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51180.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1160.Tzakou, Vagias, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1172.4Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51181.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51182.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51171.5Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51179.7Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51183.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11146.0Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryDB-51203.2Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1183.Afsharypuor and Suleimany, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryBPX-51218.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1182.Couladis, Chinou, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51174.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51180.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51179.Fokialakis, Magiatis, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1195.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51179.Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51179.Couladis, Baziou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51176.Couladis, Tsortanidou, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 380. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1177.3de Lacy Costello, Evans, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, 40. C @ 12.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51191.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51192.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1191.Nahir, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-11162.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-11165.Valero, Sanz, et al., 199920. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillarySE-541189.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-541191.Li, Wang, et al., 1998H2, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51185.Madruga and Mottram, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1163.Analytical Methods Committee, 19974. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11148.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-11161.6Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51191.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51192.Moio L., Rillo L., et al., 199630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51171.5Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51179.7Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51183.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11141.Stashenko, Villa, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-1011197.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51186.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11169.Kuo and Ho, 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1158.51White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1160.26White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH1158.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51194.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySPB-11156.Huang, Bruechert, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-11156.Huang, Bruechert, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-51187.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-541165.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySE-541180.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryOV-11144.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryUltra-11146.97Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11155.82Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11161.44Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21178.80Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21188.47Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21194.63Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-301189.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301199.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 140. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryOV-11155.1Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198335. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11156.84Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198335. C @ 5. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11157.Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198224. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-11157.1Knoppel, de Bortoli, et al., 198230. m/0.3 mm/1.1 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011156.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-521172.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521168.74Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521166.21Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.28 mm/0.17 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedOV-1011162.Nixon, Wong, et al., 1979Gas-Chrom Q, 2. K/min; Column length: 2.5 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-521150.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-521173.Cantuti, Cartoni, et al., 1965N2, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 50. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1211.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryHP-11159.35Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryHP-51184.04Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryHP-51179.6Sandercock and du Pasquier, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 208C => 25C/min => 290C(5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1199.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1207.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51183.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-51184.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1165.73Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
CapillaryOV-1011151.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1177.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1159.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C
PackedSE-301185.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1791.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1743.Alasalvar, Taylor, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 203. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101731.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillaryStabilwax1749.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101765.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101719.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1749.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101747.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101747.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1715.Liu, Yang, et al., 2001H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101748.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1764.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1763.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101748.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101748.Chung, 1999, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1740.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1751.Sumitani, Suekane, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101749.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryHP-20M1718.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1993He, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101762.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1727.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101748.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101754.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1707.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1749.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1792.Hallier, Prost, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1706.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1703.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1730.Madruga and Mottram, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.21 «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => fast => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 220C(20min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1750.Whitfield, Shea, et al., 1981Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30120.1176.Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 199875. m/0.14 mm/0.30 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101120.1191.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1182.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1184.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillaryPolidimethyl siloxane130.1184.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySqualane120.1166.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySqualane120.1172.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySqualane120.1173.Nabivach and Gerasimenko, 1996 
CapillarySqualane100.1146.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane100.1152.Berezkin, 1993 
CapillarySqualane110.1161.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane130.1173.Papazova and Pankova, 1975N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedOV-195.1164.Nicoud, Balavoine, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q
PackedOV-195.1164.Nicoud, Moradpour, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q (60-80 mesh); Column length: 4. m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane147.1194.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB1173.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1176.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1181.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS1186.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1188.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1187.Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1181.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1190.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51191.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1174.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillaryPONA1178.Zhang, Ding, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1179.Baziou, Couladis, et al., 20083. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1178.Noudogbessi, Yedomonhan, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-11168.Asif and Fazeelat, 2006Nitrogen, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryUltra-21196.Schlumpberger B.O., Clery R.A., et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.32 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-11153.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11157.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryHP-51182.6Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-51180.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51160.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1186.Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 20040. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-51208.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51182.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51177.Ghannadi, Sajjadi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1181.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-51178.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOptima-11165.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51175.Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryOV-11150.Dumitrescu, Buda, et al., 2000H2, 5. K/min; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryOV-11159.Dumitrescu, Buda, et al., 2000H2, 4. K/min; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryC103H2081192.Dumitrescu, Buda, et al., 2000H2, 5. K/min; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryC103H2081200.Dumitrescu, Buda, et al., 2000H2, 4. K/min; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryBP-11196.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51183.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51183.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51184.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51184.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51184.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51184.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51186.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51187.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11158.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryHP-51177.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-51177.El-Sakhawy, El-Tantawy, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-11159.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryUltra-11164.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySPB-11156.Wong and Lai, 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryPB-11164.Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51164.Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1186.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51187.87Kim, Kim, et al., 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.241 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-51191.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51192.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11180.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11154.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySE-301142.Yaacob, Abdullah, et al., 19894. K/min; Column length: 10. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011170.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillaryOV-1011173.Zenkevich and Tsibulskaya, 1989Helium, 75. C @ 0. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 0. min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm
CapillarySE-541176.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-11155.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11153.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011159.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1011147.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-11155.Flath, Mon, et al., 198350. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-301163.Heydanek and McGorrin, 198140. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301162.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1179.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1178.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1194.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1191.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1197.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryVF-51186.Shivashankar, Roy, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryVF-51179.Shivashankar, Roy, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11190.Grigor'ev, Bozhko, et al., 2009Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1179.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1181.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1179.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane1152.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane1210.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1182.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryNonpolar1187.Staples and Zeiger, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1190.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-51184.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51179.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1158.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS1183.Zhu, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2.8 min) 5.5 0C/min -> 140 0C (1 min) 4.5 oC/min -> 220 0C -> 225 0C (2 min) 3.4 0C/min -> 265 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-51179.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1179.Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryBPX-51178.Salamci, Kordali, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 150C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-11139.Figueiredo A.C., Barroso J.G., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1179.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (15min) => 10C/min => 270C
CapillaryRTX-51190.Ádámová, Orinák, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51170.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1171.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryApiezon L1137.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS1179.Fu, Yoon, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1176.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1215.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1197.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51175.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-51212.Madruga, Arruda, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 20 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-11139.da Silva, Pedro, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40 0C 3 K/min -> 175 0C 15 K/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP Ultra 11162.Hernandes, Vargas-Arispuro, et al., 199925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 50 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-51222.Timón, Ventanas, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)
CapillaryDB-11139.Barroso, Figueiredo, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51210.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51220.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-11185.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1164.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryRSL-1501164.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryDB-11157.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11183.7Dimov, Osman, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11150.Vezzani, Moretti, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1164.Zenkevich, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011162.Matisová, Juranyiová, et al., 199152. m/0.25 mm/0.38 «mu»m, H2; Program: 70 - 160 C at 1.5 deg/min; 160 - 280 C at 15 deg/min 15 min at 280 C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1186.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1189.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301160.Ibrahim and Suffet, 1988N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C(8min) => 3C/min => 150C => 35C/min => 275C (10min)
CapillaryDB-11146.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-11157.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryOV-1011165.Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11155.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11156.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1150.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1152.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1155.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1162.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1170.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1184.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1188.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1189.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1186.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1712.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax1749.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1724.Fredj, Marzouk, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1789.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1698.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax1749.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1769.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1732.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1733.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1706.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1707.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101748.Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1755.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryInnowax1765.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1765.Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCBP-201731.Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 199835. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1757.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1698.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1698.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1728.Kanasawud and Crouzet, 199050. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.4 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1745.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1763.Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1765.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP Innowax1763.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1699.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1694.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1713.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1729.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1724.Shu and Shen, 200830. m/0.53 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1701.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryBP-201714.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryBP-201714.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1763.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1763.Erdurak, Coskun, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1763.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 250C (15min) => 10C/min => 270C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1763.Demirci, Demirci, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1723.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1734.Lee, Lee, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(4min) => 2C/min => 170C(25min) => 10C/min => 210C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1765.Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillarySupelcowax-101730.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1763.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1763.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1763.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1763.Kirimer N., Tabanea N., et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax1765.Özcan, Akgül, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 200C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1765.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1765.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax1762.Baser, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1739.Peng, 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 4 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1722.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1739.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1709.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1720.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Notes

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