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Phenol, 2,6-dimethoxy-

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301347.Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980Chromosorb W HMDS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.9 m; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1367.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1357.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1349.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-51357.da Silva, Borba, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1361.6Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryDB-5MS1365.Varlet, Serot, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C => 5C/min => 85C(1min) => 3C/min => 165C => 10C/min => 280C(3min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1365.Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 80C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 280C (4min)
CapillaryLM-51355.2Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryLM-51356.5Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2269.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryInnowax2296.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2273.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2276.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryInnowax2273.Lee, Lee, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2264.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2266.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 240. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB2264.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 240. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax2269.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2269.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2273.Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 240C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1357.Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min
CapillaryZB-51358.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryDB-11309.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11304.Kjällstrand, Ramnäs, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1319.Attia, Grissa, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 6 0C -> 120 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillarySLB-5 MS1347.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1353.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1361.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1362.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryVF-5 MS1356.Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryZB-51353.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryHP-51352.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51355.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMFE-731345.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryMFE-731345.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002H2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1359.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryMFE-731345.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
CapillaryMFE-731345.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40 C (5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10 C/min => 210 C (30min)
CapillaryHP-51355.Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-301347.Peterson, 1992Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2271.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2295.Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 10. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2317.Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 100. min
CapillaryTC-FFAP2284.Kurose and Yatagai, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2307.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2303.López, Ezpeleta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2273.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2307.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2293.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2296.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2262.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2269.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2269.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax2272.Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2258.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax2274.Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2307.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5230.09Williams and Horne, 1995He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tend: 270. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980
Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A.; Radecki, A., Relationship between the retention indices of phenols on polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 196, 2, 217-223, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80441-0 . [all data]

Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 2007
Jarunrattanasri, A.; Theerakulkait, C.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma Components of Acid-Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein Made by Partial Hydrolysis of Rice Bran Protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3044-3050, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631474 . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5151-5160, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990515d . [all data]

da Silva, Borba, et al., 1999
da Silva, U.F.; Borba, E.L.; Semir, J.; Marsaioli, A.J., A simple solid injection device for the analyses of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) volatiles, Phytochemistry, 1999, 50, 1, 31-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00459-2 . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Varlet, Serot, et al., 2007
Varlet, V.; Serot, T.; Cardinal, M.; Knockaert, C.; Prost, C., Olfactometric Determination of the Most Potent Odor-Active Compounds in Salmon Muscle (Salmo salar) Smoked by Using Four Smoke Generation Techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4518-4525, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063468f . [all data]

Varlet V., Knockaert C., et al., 2006
Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 9, 3391-3401, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053001p . [all data]

Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 2005
Ré-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M., Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other selected organic compounds in ambient air of Campo Grande City, Brazil, Atmos. Environ., 2005, 39, 16, 2839-2850, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.10.006 . [all data]

Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 2002
Ré-Poppi, N.; Santiago-Silva, M.R., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and methoxylated phenols in wood smoke emitted during production of charcoal, Chromatographia, 2002, 55, 7/8, 475-481, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492280 . [all data]

Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 2007
Botelho, G.; Caldeira, I.; Mendes-Faia, A.; Clímaco, M.C., Evaluation of two quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry methods for clonal red wines differentiation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 414-420, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1815 . [all data]

Lee, Lee, et al., 2006
Lee, S.-J.; Lee, J.-E.; Kim, H.-W.; Kim, S.-S.; Koh, K.-H., Development of Korean red wines using Vitis labrusca varieties: instrumental and sensory characterization, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 385-393, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.035 . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 2
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Release of volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5161-5168, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9905166 . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1993
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Minegishi, Y.; Osajima, Y., Isolation and identification of volatile flavor compounds in nonfermented coarse-cut sausage. Flavor as a quality factor of nonfermented sausage. 1, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 4, 647-652, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00028a027 . [all data]

Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 2006
Natali N.; Chinnici F.; Riponi C., Characterization of volatiles in extracts from oak chips obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 21, 8190-8198, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0614387 . [all data]

Souza, Re-Poppi, et al., 2012
Souza, J.B.G.; Re-Poppi, N.; Raposo, J.L.(Jr)., Characterization of pyroligneous acid used in agriculture by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (in press), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2012, 00, 00, 1-8. [all data]

Harrison and Priest, 2009
Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 6, 2385-2391, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803556y . [all data]

Park, Lee, et al., 2004
Park, B.-S.; Lee, K.-G.; Takeoka, G.R., Comparison of three sample preparation methods on the recovery of volatiles from taheebo (Tabebuia impetiginosa Martius ex DC), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 287-292, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1345 . [all data]

Kjällstrand, Ramnäs, et al., 1998
Kjällstrand, J.; Ramnäs, O.; Petersson, G., Gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric analysis of 36 lignin-related methoxyphenols from uncontrolled combustion of wood, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 824, 2, 205-210, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00698-0 . [all data]

Attia, Grissa, et al., 2012
Attia, S.; Grissa, K.L.; Mailleux, A.C.; Heuskin, S.; Lognay, G.; Hance, T., Acaricidal activities of Santolina africana and Hertia cheirifolia essential oils against the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae), Pest Management Sci., 2012, Postprint, 001-011. [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 2009
de Simon, B.F.; Estruelas, E.; Munoz, A.M.; Cadahia, E.; Sanz, M., Volatile compounds in acacia, chestnut, cherry, ash, and oak woods, with a view to their use in cooperage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 8, 3217-3227, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803463h . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004
Escudero, A.; Gogorza, B.; Melús, M.A.; Ortín, N.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Characterization of the aroma of a wine from Maccabeo. Key role played by compounds with low odor activity values, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 11, 3516-3524, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035341l . [all data]

Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002
Ferreira, V.; Ortín, N.; Escudero, A.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Chemical characterization of the aroma of grenache Rosé wines: aroma extract dilution analysis, quantitative determination, and sensory reconstitution studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 14, 4048-4054, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0115645 . [all data]

Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 2001
Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 2001, 34, 1, 67-75, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(00)00133-2 . [all data]

Aznar, López, et al., 2001
Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2924-2929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001372u . [all data]

Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4818-4824, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010283u . [all data]

Ansorena, Astiasarán, et al., 2000
Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Bello, J., Influence of the simultaneous addition of the protease flavourzyme and the lipase novozyme 677BG on dry fermented sausage compounds extracted by SDE and analyzed by GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 6, 2395-2400, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990931y . [all data]

Peterson, 1992
Peterson, K.L., Counter-Propagation Neural Networks in the Modeling and Prediction of Kovats Indices for Substituted Phenols, Anal. Chem., 1992, 64, 4, 379-386, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00028a011 . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Caldeira, I.; de Sousa, R.B.; Balchior, A.P.; Climaco, M.C., A sensory and chemical approach to the aroma of wooden aged Lourinha wine brandy, Ciencia Tec. Vitiv., 2008, 23, 2, 97-110. [all data]

Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 2006
Ibarz, M.J.; Ferreira, V.; Hernández-Orte, P.; Loscos, N.; Cacho, J., Optimization and evaluation of a procedure for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of the aromas generated by fast acid hydrolysis of flavor precursors extracted from grapes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1116, 1-2, 217-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.020 . [all data]

Kurose and Yatagai, 2005
Kurose, K.; Yatagai, M., Components of the essential oils of Azadirachta indica A. Juss, Azadirachta siamensis Velton, and Azadirachta excelsa (Jack) Jacobs and their comparison, J. Wood Sci., 2005, 51, 2, 185-188, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-004-0640-4 . [all data]

Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Culleré, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1653-1660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350820 . [all data]

López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004
López, R.; Ezpeleta, E.; Sánchez, I.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analysis of the aroma intensities of volatile compounds released from mild acid hydrolysates of odourless precursors extracted from Tempranillo and Grenache grapes using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 2004, 88, 1, 95-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.025 . [all data]

Lee and Noble, 2003
Lee, S.-J.; Noble, A.C., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian Chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 27, 8036-8044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034747v . [all data]

Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 2, 400-406, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990565i . [all data]

Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1993
Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Minegishi, Y.; Osajima, Y., Flavor deterioration of nonfermented coarse-cut sausage during storage. Flavor as a factor of quality for nonfermented sausage. 2, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 946-950, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a021 . [all data]

Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 2009
Chinnici, F.; Guerrero, E.D.; Sonni, F.; Natali, N.; Marin, R.N.; Riponi, C., Gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) characterization of volatile compounds in quality vinegars with protected Europian geographical indication, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 11, 4784-4792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf804005w . [all data]

Tian, Zhang, et al., 2007
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Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 2007
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Notes

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