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Naphthalene, 1-methyl-

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Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSHP-5HP-55 % Phenyl methyl siloxane5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane
Column length (m) 30.30.30.  
Carrier gas  HeliumHe  
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.300.3  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 300.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 2.5.5. 2.
Final hold (min) 16.15.15. 10.
I 223.91224.6221.8221.04223.10
ReferenceSun, Zhou, et al., 2008Wang, Hou, et al., 2007Shao, Wang, et al., 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5MSDB-5MSPTE-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHe   
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 300.300.310.310.300.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min)
Final hold (min)     12.5
I 223.01223.01224.42224.16224.02
ReferenceMarynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5SE-52SE-54DB-5DB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas    HeHe
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.300.250.30.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   0.25
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 280.250.300.270.300.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 2.  2.2.
Final hold (min) 20.    
I 223.78223.21222.08223.83223.98
ReferencePiao, Chu, et al., 1999Wang, Peng, et al., 1997Chen, 1996Williams and Horne, 1995Wang, Fingas, et al., 1994
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP Sil 8 CBSE-54DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 300.300.290.280.300.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min)   1.2.4.
Final hold (min)    5.20.
I 223.5224.13220.05223.42224.53
ReferenceBundt, Herbel, et al., 1991Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989Sye, Lin, et al., 1988Wise, Benner, et al., 1988Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5SE-52SE-52
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeHeliumH2He
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.300.3
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.34
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 325.300.250.265.250.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min)  1. 2. 
Final hold (min)  10.   
I 219.83218.900219.1223.01221.04
ReferenceTong, Centen, et al., 1985Tong, Shore, et al., 1984Viau, Studak, et al., 1984Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979


Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sun, Zhou, et al., 2008
Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 2008, 27, 4, 344-348. [all data]

Wang, Hou, et al., 2007
Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 2007, 52, 141-156. [all data]

Shao, Wang, et al., 2006
Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2006, 44, 3, 141-147, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/44.3.141 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Wang, Peng, et al., 1997
Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 1997, 20, 2, 47-68. [all data]

Chen, 1996
Chen, J., GC and GC/MS methods for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) in sediment of the grand canal of China, Toxicol. Environ. Chem., 1996, 54, 1-4, 69-73, https://doi.org/10.1080/02772249609358297 . [all data]

Williams and Horne, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1995, 31, 15-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(94)00814-H . [all data]

Wang, Fingas, et al., 1994
Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1994, 32, 9, 367-382, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/32.9.367 . [all data]

Bundt, Herbel, et al., 1991
Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1991, 14, 2, 91-98, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240140205 . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Sye, Lin, et al., 1988
Sye, W.-F.; Lin, C.-L.; Yen, D.-P.; Tsai, C.-S., Polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons formation from luel and additives combustion, J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 1988, 35, 1, 1-11. [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Tong, Centen, et al., 1985
Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 373-383, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81336-4 . [all data]

Tong, Shore, et al., 1984
Tong, H.Y.; Shore, D.L.; Karasek, F.W.; Helland, P.; Jellum, E., Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 285, 423-441, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87784-0 . [all data]

Viau, Studak, et al., 1984
Viau, A.C.; Studak, S.M.; Karasek, F.W., Comparative analysis of hazardous compounds on flu-ash from municipal waste incineration by gas chromatography / mass spectrometry, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 11, 2140-2145, https://doi.org/10.1139/v84-366 . [all data]

Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88394-1 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References