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Isopulegol


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPB-1130.1148.Engewald, Knobloch, et al., 1991Column length: 42. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedSE-30100.1141.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30120.1146.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m
PackedSE-30140.1155.Pías and Gascó, 1975Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1156.Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-11123.Abella, Cortella, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-51146.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51149.Rao, Rout, et al., 2000He, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1144.Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-301123.Jantan, Ahmad, et al., 1996N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 1. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11149.Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 200425. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 220C(5min) => 3C/min => 245C(5min)
CapillaryBP-11143.Rao, Kaul, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 5.5C/min => 220C => 3.5C/min => 245C
CapillaryDB-51146.Rao, Rout, et al., 2000He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-11133.MacLeod, MacLeod, et al., 1988Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1574.Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51145.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-11134.Gonny, Cavaleiro, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51156.Agnihotri, Agarwal, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 90. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11152.bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1146.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryRTX-51147.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillarySBP-51156.Yoo, Kim, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51138.bin Jantan, Yassin, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 75. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryMS51145.Shao, Marriott, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1132.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1132.Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51150.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1147.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1150.Sacchetti, Maietti, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-521142.Lorenzo, Dellacassa, et al., 200025. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1145.Chanegriha, Baaliouamer, et al., 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySE-521147.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1564.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-201583.Gonny, Cavaleiro, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1549.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1566.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1575.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1555.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1575.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199550. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 170. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1567.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1578.Chen and Ho, 1988He, 1.5 K/min, 225. C @ 80. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1530.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1535.Lorenzo, Dellacassa, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201573.Chanegriha, Baaliouamer, et al., 1998He; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1 MS1127.Seo, Kim, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryBP-11130.Boti, Yao, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11148.Lan Phi N.T., Nishiyama C., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51148.Pintore G., Chessa M., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51143.Duarte, Figueira, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1144.Ricci, Fraternale, et al., 200512.5 m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1142.Setzer, Noletto, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPE-51165.Singh, Raina, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryRSL-2001145.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51146.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryHP-51146.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 15. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51146.Farah, Fechtal, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51146.Farah, Fechtal. M., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-51156.Doimo, 200150. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryRSL-2001129.Jirovetz, Puschmann, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011146.Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999N2, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-11122.Oberhofer, Nikiforov, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-11147.Rajeswara, Kaul, et al., 1996N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-11148.Rajeswara, Kaul, et al., 1996N2, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51152.Sohounhloue, Dangou, et al., 199640. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11146.Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-11146.Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryOV-1011137.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11137.Díaz-Maroto, Castillo, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySPB-11137.Díaz-Maroto, Castillo, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1146.Schmidt, Noletto, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1141.Fu and Wang, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301145.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301135.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11124.Betts, 200012. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C 6.7 0C/min -> 87 0C (9 min) 10 0C/min -> 187 0C
CapillaryDB-51146.Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1997Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1136.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1143.Sagrero-Nieves and Bartley, 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011145.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011133.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax1533.Seo, Kim, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryBP-201569.Boti, Yao, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1571.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1571.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1572.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1570.Christoph, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1587.Jiang and Kubota, 2001He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax1573.Menon, Chacko, et al., 1999N2, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1617.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201581.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 199725. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1565.Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1567.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1573.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1574.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1565.Tirado, Stashenko, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1573.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Engewald, Knobloch, et al., 1991
Engewald, W.; Knobloch, T.; Haufe, G.; Muller, M.; Pohris, V., A Novel Method for Terpene Pattern Determination of Essential Oils by Selectivity Tuning in GC, Fresenius' J. Anal. Chem., 1991, 341, 10, 641-643, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00322279 . [all data]

Pías and Gascó, 1975
Pías, J.B.; Gascó, L., GC Retention Data of Alcohols and Benzoyl Derivatives of Alcohols, J. Chromatogr. - Chrom. Data, 1975, d14-d16. [all data]

Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 2006
Jalali-Heravi, M.; Zekavat, B.; Sereshti, H., Characterization of essential oil components of Iranian geranium oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1114, 1, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.034 . [all data]

Abella, Cortella, et al., 2000
Abella, L.; Cortella, A.R.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J., Ethnobotany, volatile oils and secretion tissues of Werneria poposa from Argentina, Pharm. Biol., 2000, 38, 3, 197-203, https://doi.org/10.1076/1388-0209(200007)3831-SFT197 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., The serrate leaf margined Juniperus (Section Sabina) of the western hemisphere: systematics and evolution based on leaf essential oils and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 10, 975-989, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00022-3 . [all data]

Rao, Rout, et al., 2000
Rao, Y.R.; Rout, P.K.; Jena, K.S.; Sahu, S.B., Composition of essential oil of citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt) grown in coastal Orissa, Fafai J., 2000, 2, 4, 29-31. [all data]

Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998
Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Ramesh, S.; Bhattacharya, A.K., Volatile constituents of the essential oils of the seeds and the herb of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.), Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 167-169, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<167::AID-FFJ719>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Jantan, Ahmad, et al., 1996
Jantan, I.; Ahmad, A.S.; Ahmad, A.R.; Ali, N.A.M.; Ayop, N., Chemical composition of some citrus oils from Malaysia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1996, 8, 6, 627-632, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1996.9701030 . [all data]

Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 2004
Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha × piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 437-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1333 . [all data]

Rao, Kaul, et al., 2003
Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Comparative composition of decanted and recovered essential oils of Eucalyptus citriodora Hook, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 133-135, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1157 . [all data]

MacLeod, MacLeod, et al., 1988
MacLeod, A.J.; MacLeod, G.; Subramanian, G., Volatile aroma constituents of orange, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 7, 2185-2188, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80123-7 . [all data]

Wu, Zorn, et al., 2007
Wu, S.; Zorn, H.; Krings, U.; Berger, R.G., Volatiles from submerged and surface-cultured beefsteak fungus, Fistulina hepatica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1758 . [all data]

Gonny, Cavaleiro, et al., 2006
Gonny, M.; Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.; Casanova, J., Analysis of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina needle, berry, wood and root oils by combination of GC, GC/MS and 13C-NMR, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1527 . [all data]

Agnihotri, Agarwal, et al., 2005
Agnihotri, V.K.; Agarwal, S.G.; Dhar, P.L.; Thappa, R.K.; Baleshwar; Kapahi, B.K.; Saxena, R.K.; Qazi, G.N., Essential oil composition of Mentha pulegium L. growing wild in the north-western Himalayas India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 607-610, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1497 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yalvema, et al., 2005
bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ahmad, N.W.; Jamal, J.A., Insecticidal activities of the leaf oils of eight Cinnamomum species against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, Pharm. Biol., 2005, 43, 6, 526-532, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200500220771 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 328-333, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698734 . [all data]

Yoo, Kim, et al., 2004
Yoo, Z.-W.; Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Comparative analyses of the flavors from Hallabong (Citrus sphaerocarpa) with lemon, orange, and grapefruit by SPTE and HS-SPME combined with GC-MS, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2004, 25, 2, 271-279, https://doi.org/10.5012/bkcs.2004.25.2.271 . [all data]

bin Jantan, Yassin, et al., 2003
bin Jantan, I.; Yassin, M.S.M.; Chin, C.B.; Chen, L.L.; Sim. N.L., Antifungal activity of the essential oils of nine Zingiberaceae species, Pharm. Biol., 2003, 41, 5, 392-397, https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.41.5.392.15941 . [all data]

Shao, Marriott, et al., 2003
Shao, Y.; Marriott, P.; Shellie, R.; Hügel, H., Solid-phase micro-extraction-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography of ginger (Zingiber officinale) volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 5-12, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1133 . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 1, 206-210, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0206872 . [all data]

Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappalà, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 2000, 12, 4, 493-501. [all data]

Isidorov, Zenkevich, et al., 1998
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Notes

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