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Phenol, 2,6-dichloro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-34.97 ± 0.36kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-53.08 ± 0.26kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-659.2 ± 0.2kcal/molCcrRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O)

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil492.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus340.0KN/APoeti, Faneli, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.2 ± 0.07kcal/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 341. - 371. K.; AC
Deltavap14.0 ± 0.1kcal/molN/AMokbel, Pauchon, et al., 1995Based on data from 343. - 457. K. See also Verevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub19.0 ± 0.05kcal/molGSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 299. - 331. K.; AC
Deltasub18.1 ± 0.24kcal/molCRibeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994HCl (1:600 H2O); ALS
Deltasub18.1 ± 0.26kcal/molCda Silva, 1994AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
355.70.005Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
13.2356.GSVerevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007Based on data from 341. - 371. K.; AC
12.3400.N/AMokbel, Pauchon, et al., 1995Based on data from 343. - 457. K. See also Verevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007.; AC
13.8348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 493. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
332.7 - 493.5.322422431.802-36.391Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
5.2918340.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH
5.292340.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.56340.0Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

View reactions leading to C6H4Cl2O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference
8.65 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1973

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1992
NIST MS number 125471

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30160.1200.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1194.Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1189.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30160.1200.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillarySE-30180.1214.Korhonen, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone150.1203.Radecki, Grzybowski, et al., 1979 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301206.Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980Chromosorb W HMDS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2.9 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP160.2097.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
CapillaryFFAP160.2097.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP180.2081.Korhonen, 1984 
CapillaryFFAP200.2083.Korhonen, 1984 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51205.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-51213.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillarySE-301198.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301179.Korhonen, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySE-301190.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1223.2Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1199.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2119.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2124.Gocmen, Elston, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryFFAP2061.Korhonen, 198410. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryFFAP2038.Korhonen, 19846. K/min; Tstart: 100. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011149.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011151.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011178.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryOV-1011179.Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 19932. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryUltra-11168.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1189.Yu and Zazhi, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryPTE-51227.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryUltra-21228.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillarySE-301206.Peterson, 1992Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS204.68Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS203.40Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ribeiro Da Silva, Ferrao, et al., 1994
Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Ferrao, M.L.C.C.H.; Jiye, F., Standard enthalpies of combustion of the six dichlorophenols by rotating-bomb calorimetry, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1994, 26, 839-846. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Poeti, Faneli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Faneli, E.; Braghetti, M.J., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, Therm. Anal., 1982, 24, 2, 273, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01913681 . [all data]

Verevkin, Emel'yanenko, et al., 2007
Verevkin, Sergey P.; Emel'yanenko, Vladimir N.; Klamt, Andreas, Thermochemistry of Chlorobenzenes and Chlorophenols: Ambient Temperature Vapor Pressures and Enthalpies of Phase Transitions, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2007, 52, 2, 499-510, https://doi.org/10.1021/je060429r . [all data]

Mokbel, Pauchon, et al., 1995
Mokbel, I.; Pauchon, V.; Jose, J., Vapor pressures and sublimation pressures of 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, ELDATA: Int. Electron. J. Phys. Chem. Data, 1995, 1, 1, 53. [all data]

da Silva, 1994
da Silva, M., Standard enthalpies of combustion of the six dichlorophenols by rotating-bomb calorimetry, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1994, 26, 8, 839-846, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1994.1100 . [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Poeti, Fanelli, et al., 1982
Poeti, G.; Fanelli, E.; Braghetti, M., A differential scanning calorimetric study of some phenol derivatives, J. Therm. Anal., 1982, 24(2), 273-279. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Maier and Turner, 1973
Maier, J.P.; Turner, D.W., Steric inhibition of resonance studied by molecular photoelectron spectroscopy Part 3. Anilines, Phenols and Related Compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 2, 1973, 69, 521. [all data]

Evans and Haken, 1989
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices in gas chromatography. IV. Chlorinated aromatic compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 468, 373-382, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96332-5 . [all data]

Shakirov, Tsypysheva, et al., 1988
Shakirov, L.G.; Tsypysheva, L.G.; Suleimamova, R.A.; Naimushin, A.I.; Tsypyshev, O.Yu., Gas chromatographic determination of the products of the synthesis of chlorine-substituted salicylic acids, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 143-146. [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXI. Retention increments of isomeric chlorophenols on low-polarity (SE-30) and polar (FFAP) capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 315, 185-200, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90736-8 . [all data]

Radecki, Grzybowski, et al., 1979
Radecki, A.; Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A., Relationships between retention indices and substituent constants of phenols on polar stationary phases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1979, 2, 9, 581-582, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240020911 . [all data]

Grzybowski, Lamparczyk, et al., 1980
Grzybowski, J.; Lamparczyk, H.; Nasal, A.; Radecki, A., Relationship between the retention indices of phenols on polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 196, 2, 217-223, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80441-0 . [all data]

Gocmen, Elston, et al., 2005
Gocmen, D.; Elston, A.; Williams, T.; Parish, M.; Rouseff, R.L., Identification of medicinal off-flavours generated by Alicyclobacillus species in orange juice using GC-olfactometry and GC-MS, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 40, 3, 172-177, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-765X.2004.01636.x . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Messadi and Ali-Mokhnache, 1993
Messadi, D.; Ali-Mokhnache, S., Calculation of retention indices and peak widths in temperature programmed gas-liquid chromatography, Chromatographia, 1993, 37, 5/6, 264-270, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02278631 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Yu and Zazhi, 2005
Yu, H.; Zazhi, J., Relationship between chromatogram retention index and toxicity of chlorinated phenols and chlorinated benzenes to Guppy, J. Enviropn. Health (Chinese), 2005, 22, 6, 441-444. [all data]

Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 1992
Nakano, T.; Fujimori, K.; Takaishi, Y.; Okuno, T., GC/MS-SIM analysis of polychlorobenzenes, polychlorophenols and polychloronaphthalenes, Report of the Environmental Science Institute of Hyogo Prefecture, 1992, 24, 30-37. [all data]

Peterson, 1992
Peterson, K.L., Counter-Propagation Neural Networks in the Modeling and Prediction of Kovats Indices for Substituted Phenols, Anal. Chem., 1992, 64, 4, 379-386, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00028a011 . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References