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Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas8.2 ± 1.8kJ/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltafgas3.78kJ/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-66.9 ± 1.7kJ/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltafsolid-70.78kJ/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2793.8 ± 1.6kJ/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltacsolid-2789.93kJ/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil491.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus323.75KN/ADonnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus325.8KN/AMiller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus326.9KN/APlato and Glasgow, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap57.2kJ/molGCSpieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994Based on data from 413. - 453. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub75.14 ± 0.75kJ/molCYan, Gu, et al., 1987ALS
Deltasub75.1 ± 0.75kJ/molN/AYan, Gu, et al., 1985See also Yan, Gu, et al., 1987, 2.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
54.5325.N/ARohác, Ruzicka, et al., 1999AC
54.3258. - 313.GCLiu and Dickhut, 1994AC
53.5308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 383. K.; AC
47.4328.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 492. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
313. - 491.75.235882634.01411.767Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
72.7258. - 313.N/ALiu and Dickhut, 1994AC
65.7296.RGSears and Hopke, 1949Based on data from 289. - 303. K. See also Jones, 1960.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
20.5326.9N/AAcree, 1991AC
17.25322.9DSCDonnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990, 2AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H2Cl3- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

By formula: C6H2Cl3- + H+ = C6H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1569. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSSchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRESchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
0.43 LN/A
0.80 MN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.18 ± 0.03PERuscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981LLK
9.22PEStreets and Ceasar, 1973Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C6H2Cl3- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

By formula: C6H2Cl3- + H+ = C6H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1569. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSSchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRESchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107764

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Yan, Gu, et al., 1987
Yan, H.; Gu, J.; An, X.; Hu, R., Standard enthalpies of formation and enthlpies of isomerization of trichlorobenzenes, Huaxue Xuebao, 1987, 45, 1184-1187. [all data]

Platonov and Simulin, 1983
Platonov, V.A.; Simulin, Yu.N., Standard enthalpies of formation of 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, and hexachlorobenzene, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1983, 57, 840-842. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Donnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990
Donnelly, J.R.; Drewes, L.A.; Johnson, R.L.; Munslow, W.D.; Knapp, K.K.; Sovocool, G.W., Purity and heat of fusion data for environmental standards as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1990, 167, 2, 155, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(90)80476-F . [all data]

Miller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984
Miller, M.M.; Ghodbane, S.; Wasik, S.P.; Tewari, Y.B.; Martire, D.E., Aqueous Solubilities, Octanol/Water Partition Coefficients, and Entropies of Melting of Chlorinated Benzenes and Biphenyls, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1984, 29, 184-190. [all data]

Plato and Glasgow, 1969
Plato, C.; Glasgow, A.R., Jr., Differential scanning calorimetry as a general method for determining the purity and heat of fusion of high-purity organic chemicals. Application to 95 compounds, Anal. Chem., 1969, 41, 2, 330, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60271a041 . [all data]

Spieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994
Spieksma, Walter; Luijk, Ronald; Govers, Harrie A.J., Determination of the liquid vapour pressure of low-volatility compounds from the Kováts retention index, Journal of Chromatography A, 1994, 672, 1-2, 141-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80602-0 . [all data]

Yan, Gu, et al., 1985
Yan, Haike; Gu, Jiangou; Hu, Rihen, Sublimation Calorimeter and the Measurement of Enthalpies of Vaporization and Sublimation of Trichlorobenzenes, Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1985, 1, 6, 543-546, https://doi.org/10.3866/PKU.WHXB19850607 . [all data]

Yan, Gu, et al., 1987, 2
Yan, H.; Gu, J.; An, X.; Hu, R.-H., Huaxue Xuebao, 1987, 45, 1184. [all data]

Rohác, Ruzicka, et al., 1999
Rohác, Vladislav; Ruzicka, Vlastimil; Ruzicka, Kvetoslav; Polednicek, Milos; Aim, Karel; Jose, Jacques; Zábranský, Milan, Recommended vapour and sublimation pressures and related thermal data for chlorobenzenes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1999, 157, 1, 121-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(99)00003-5 . [all data]

Liu and Dickhut, 1994
Liu, Kewen; Dickhut, Rebecca M., Saturation vapor pressures and thermodynamic properties of benzene and selected chlorinated benzenes at environmental temperatures, Chemosphere, 1994, 29, 3, 581-589, https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(94)90445-6 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Sears and Hopke, 1949
Sears, G.W.; Hopke, E.R., Vapor Pressures of the Isomeric Trichlorobenzenes in the Low Pressure Region, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 7, 2575-2576, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01175a094 . [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Donnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990, 2
Donnelly, J.R.; Drewes, L.A.; Johnson, R.L.; Munslow, W.D.; Knapp, K.K.; Sovocool, G.W., Purity and heat of fusion data for environmental standards as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochimica Acta, 1990, 167, 2, 155-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(90)80476-F . [all data]

Schlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001
Schlosser, M.; Marzi, E.; Cottet, F.; Buker, H.H.; Nibbering, N.M.M., The acidity of chloro-substituted benzenes: A comparison of gas phase, ab initio, and kinetic data, Chem. Eur. J., 2001, 7, 16, 3511-3516, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20010817)7:16<3511::AID-CHEM3511>3.0.CO;2-U . [all data]

Ruscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981
Ruscic, B.; Klasinc, L.; Wolf, A.; Knop, J.V., Photoelectron spectra of and Ab initio calculations on chlorobenzenes. 2. Trichlorobenzenes, tetrachlorobenzenes, and pentachlorobenzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 1490. [all data]

Streets and Ceasar, 1973
Streets, D.G.; Ceasar, G.P., Inductive mesomeric effects on the «pi» orbitals of halobenzenes, Mol. Phys., 1973, 26, 1037. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References