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Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas1.97 ± 0.44kcal/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltafgas0.903kcal/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-15.99 ± 0.40kcal/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltafsolid-16.92kcal/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-667.72 ± 0.39kcal/molCcrYan, Gu, et al., 1987 
Deltacsolid-666.809kcal/molCcrPlatonov and Simulin, 1983 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil491.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus323.75KN/ADonnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus325.8KN/AMiller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus326.9KN/APlato and Glasgow, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap13.7kcal/molGCSpieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994Based on data from 413. - 453. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub17.96 ± 0.18kcal/molCYan, Gu, et al., 1987ALS
Deltasub17.9 ± 0.18kcal/molN/AYan, Gu, et al., 1985See also Yan, Gu, et al., 1987, 2.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
13.0325.N/ARohác, Ruzicka, et al., 1999AC
13.0258. - 313.GCLiu and Dickhut, 1994AC
12.8308.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 383. K.; AC
11.3328.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 492. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
313. - 491.75.230172634.01411.767Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
17.4258. - 313.N/ALiu and Dickhut, 1994AC
15.7296.RGSears and Hopke, 1949Based on data from 289. - 303. K. See also Jones, 1960.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
4.90326.9N/AAcree, 1991AC
4.123322.9DSCDonnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990, 2AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H2Cl3- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

By formula: C6H2Cl3- + H+ = C6H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar374.9 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSSchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar366.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRESchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
0.43 LN/A
0.80 MN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.18 ± 0.03PERuscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981LLK
9.22PEStreets and Ceasar, 1973Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C6H2Cl3- + Hydrogen cation = Benzene, 1,2,3-trichloro-

By formula: C6H2Cl3- + H+ = C6H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar374.9 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSSchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar366.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRESchlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001gas phase; Acid: 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene. Anion assigned based on ab initio calculations.; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chuck Anderson, Aldrich Chemical Co.
NIST MS number 107764

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30160.1224.6Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.1228.5Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003 
CapillaryHP-5120.1228.5Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-5140.1207.9Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-5110.1224.28Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-570.1196.19Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-590.1209.31Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30160.1211.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1228.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989 
CapillarySE-30120.1211.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1217.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1228.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedOV-101100.1189.West and Hall, 1975Gas Chrom Q; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax120.1743.2Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryZB-Wax140.1768.6Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M160.1705.Evans and Haken, 1989Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M140.1705.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M160.1735.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M180.1775.Haken and Korhonene, 1983N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51194.94Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51201.02Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51206.69Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 199630. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11204.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 100. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-11199.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 100. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min
CapillaryDB-11190.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 10. K/min
CapillaryDB-11183.Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 0. min, 5. K/min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1207.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
PackedSE-301214.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1757.28Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1742.31Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1744.44Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1726.64Gerbino and Castello, 199530. m/0.235 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51204.Zenkevich, Moeder, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryUltra-11182.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1211.Yu and Zazhi, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 21197.Fuhrer, Deissler, et al., 199755. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C(3min) => 20C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C(45min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1194.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11176.Vezzani, Moretti, et al., 1994Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPTE-51191.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryUltra-21206.Nakano, Fujimori, et al., 199225. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 30 0C/min -> 200 0C 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1188.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP5-MS207.Vrana, Paschke, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Yan, Gu, et al., 1987
Yan, H.; Gu, J.; An, X.; Hu, R., Standard enthalpies of formation and enthlpies of isomerization of trichlorobenzenes, Huaxue Xuebao, 1987, 45, 1184-1187. [all data]

Platonov and Simulin, 1983
Platonov, V.A.; Simulin, Yu.N., Standard enthalpies of formation of 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrachlorobenzene, and hexachlorobenzene, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1983, 57, 840-842. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Donnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990
Donnelly, J.R.; Drewes, L.A.; Johnson, R.L.; Munslow, W.D.; Knapp, K.K.; Sovocool, G.W., Purity and heat of fusion data for environmental standards as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochim. Acta, 1990, 167, 2, 155, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(90)80476-F . [all data]

Miller, Ghodbane, et al., 1984
Miller, M.M.; Ghodbane, S.; Wasik, S.P.; Tewari, Y.B.; Martire, D.E., Aqueous Solubilities, Octanol/Water Partition Coefficients, and Entropies of Melting of Chlorinated Benzenes and Biphenyls, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1984, 29, 184-190. [all data]

Plato and Glasgow, 1969
Plato, C.; Glasgow, A.R., Jr., Differential scanning calorimetry as a general method for determining the purity and heat of fusion of high-purity organic chemicals. Application to 95 compounds, Anal. Chem., 1969, 41, 2, 330, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60271a041 . [all data]

Spieksma, Luijk, et al., 1994
Spieksma, Walter; Luijk, Ronald; Govers, Harrie A.J., Determination of the liquid vapour pressure of low-volatility compounds from the Kováts retention index, Journal of Chromatography A, 1994, 672, 1-2, 141-148, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)80602-0 . [all data]

Yan, Gu, et al., 1985
Yan, Haike; Gu, Jiangou; Hu, Rihen, Sublimation Calorimeter and the Measurement of Enthalpies of Vaporization and Sublimation of Trichlorobenzenes, Acta Phys. Chim. Sin., 1985, 1, 6, 543-546, https://doi.org/10.3866/PKU.WHXB19850607 . [all data]

Yan, Gu, et al., 1987, 2
Yan, H.; Gu, J.; An, X.; Hu, R.-H., Huaxue Xuebao, 1987, 45, 1184. [all data]

Rohác, Ruzicka, et al., 1999
Rohác, Vladislav; Ruzicka, Vlastimil; Ruzicka, Kvetoslav; Polednicek, Milos; Aim, Karel; Jose, Jacques; Zábranský, Milan, Recommended vapour and sublimation pressures and related thermal data for chlorobenzenes, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1999, 157, 1, 121-142, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3812(99)00003-5 . [all data]

Liu and Dickhut, 1994
Liu, Kewen; Dickhut, Rebecca M., Saturation vapor pressures and thermodynamic properties of benzene and selected chlorinated benzenes at environmental temperatures, Chemosphere, 1994, 29, 3, 581-589, https://doi.org/10.1016/0045-6535(94)90445-6 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Sears and Hopke, 1949
Sears, G.W.; Hopke, E.R., Vapor Pressures of the Isomeric Trichlorobenzenes in the Low Pressure Region, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 7, 2575-2576, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01175a094 . [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Donnelly, Drewes, et al., 1990, 2
Donnelly, J.R.; Drewes, L.A.; Johnson, R.L.; Munslow, W.D.; Knapp, K.K.; Sovocool, G.W., Purity and heat of fusion data for environmental standards as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochimica Acta, 1990, 167, 2, 155-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(90)80476-F . [all data]

Schlosser, Marzi, et al., 2001
Schlosser, M.; Marzi, E.; Cottet, F.; Buker, H.H.; Nibbering, N.M.M., The acidity of chloro-substituted benzenes: A comparison of gas phase, ab initio, and kinetic data, Chem. Eur. J., 2001, 7, 16, 3511-3516, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20010817)7:16<3511::AID-CHEM3511>3.0.CO;2-U . [all data]

Ruscic, Klasinc, et al., 1981
Ruscic, B.; Klasinc, L.; Wolf, A.; Knop, J.V., Photoelectron spectra of and Ab initio calculations on chlorobenzenes. 2. Trichlorobenzenes, tetrachlorobenzenes, and pentachlorobenzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 1490. [all data]

Streets and Ceasar, 1973
Streets, D.G.; Ceasar, G.P., Inductive mesomeric effects on the «pi» orbitals of halobenzenes, Mol. Phys., 1973, 26, 1037. [all data]

Santiuste, Harangi, et al., 2003
Santiuste, J.M.; Harangi, J.; Takács, J.M., Mosaic increments for predicting the gas chromatographic retention data of the chlorobenzenes, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1002, 1-2, 155-168, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00736-2 . [all data]

Santiuste J.M. and Takacs J.M., 2003
Santiuste J.M.; Takacs J.M., Relationships between retention data of benzene and chlorobenzenes with their physico-chemical properties and topological indices, Chromatographia, 2003, 58, 87-96. [all data]

Gerbino, Garbarino, et al., 1996
Gerbino, T.C.; Garbarino, G.; Petit-Bon, P., Programmed temperature retention indices: calculation of linear programmed temperature retention indices of halogenated benzenes from isothermal data, Ann. Chim. (Rome), 1996, 86, 63-75. [all data]

Evans and Haken, 1989
Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K., Dispersion and selectivity indices in gas chromatography. IV. Chlorinated aromatic compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 468, 373-382, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96332-5 . [all data]

Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989
Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 1-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94099-8 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonene, 1983
Haken, J.K.; Korhonene, I.O.O., Retention increments of isomeric chlorobenzenes, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 265, 323-327, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96727-5 . [all data]

West and Hall, 1975
West, S.D.; Hall, R.C., Substituent contributions to the Kováts retention indices of benzene derivatives, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1975, 13, 5-11. [all data]

Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Pérez-Parajón, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takács, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1048, 2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.07.028 . [all data]

Gerbino and Castello, 1995
Gerbino, T.C.; Castello, G., Prediction of programmed temperature retention indices on capillary columns of different polarities, J. Chromatogr. A, 1995, 699, 1-2, 161-171, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)00024-H . [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
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Notes

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