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2-Pyrrolidinone, 1-methyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1646.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1678.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryStabilwax1660.Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1660.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1665.Aubert, Günata, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51045.5Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryMDN-51045.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryMDN-51043.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-1011012.Zenkevich, 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.10 «mu»m, N2/He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51034.Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 200325. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 270. C @ 15. min
CapillaryRTX-51083.Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 200220. m/0.18 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 3.5 min, 40. K/min, 290. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryBP-11009.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51042.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1002.Savelieva and Zenkevich I., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1034.Savelieva and Zenkevich I., 2003Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1662.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryInnowax1679.Petersen, Poll, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1652.Liardon and Ledermann, 1980H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 39. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1678.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 1989
Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 1, 139-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00085a033 . [all data]

Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007
Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1418-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062203y . [all data]

Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 2005
Cros S.; Lignot B.; Bourseau P.; Jaouen P., Reverse osmosis for the production of aromatic concentrates from mussel cooking juices: a technical assessment, Desalination, 2005, 180, 1-3, 263-269, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.01.008 . [all data]

Cros, Lignot, et al., 2005
Cros, S.; Lignot, B.; Bourseau, P.; Jaouen, P.; Prost, C., Desalination of mussel cooking juices by electrodialysis: effect on the aroma profile, J. Food Eng., 2005, 69, 4, 425-436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.08.036 . [all data]

Aubert, Günata, et al., 2003
Aubert, C.; Günata; Ambid, C.; Baumes, R., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of yellow- and white-fleshed nectarines during maturation and artificial ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 10, 3083-3091, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026153i . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 2005
Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005. [all data]

Savel'eva, Zenkevich, et al., 2003
Savel'eva, E.I.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Radilov, A.S., Identification the Products of Chemical Neutralization of O-Isobutyl-S-(2-diethylaminoethyl)methylthiophosphonate in the Composition of Bitumen-Salt Matrices, Zh. Anal. Khim. (Rus.), 2003, 58, 2, 135-145. [all data]

Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002
Sies A.; Hirsch R.; Löscher R.; Tablack P.; Guth H., Direct thermal desorption and Fast-GC-TOF-MS for a rapid quality control of hazelnuts, 10th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, 24 - 28 June 2002, Beaune, France, 2002. [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]

Savelieva and Zenkevich I., 2003
Savelieva, E.; Zenkevich I., Analisi GC/MS di agenti chimici nervini, Laboratorio 2000, 2003, 17, 6/7, 24-26. [all data]

Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Beck, J.J.; Higbee, B.S.; Marrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Comparison of volatile emissions from undamaged and mechanically damaged almonds, J, Sci. Food Argic., 2008, 88, 8, 1363-1368, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3224 . [all data]

Petersen, Poll, et al., 1998
Petersen, M.A.; Poll, L.; Larsen, L.M., Comparison of volatiles in raw and boiled potatoes using a mild extraction technique combined with GC odour profiling and GC-MS, Food Chem., 1998, 61, 4, 461-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00119-2 . [all data]

Liardon and Ledermann, 1980
Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1980, 170, 3, 208-213, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01042542 . [all data]

Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 2003
Tasdemir, D.; Demirci, B.; Demirci, F.; Dönmez, A.A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Rüedi, P., Analysis of the Volatile Components of Five Turkish Rhododendron Species by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and GC-MS (HS-SPME-GC-MS), Z. Naturforsch., 2003, 58c, 797-803. [all data]


Notes

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