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Phenanthrene

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1150.1730.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1745.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30180.1765.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30175.1761.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedSE-30150.1724.Pacakova, Miller, et al., 1971 

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.2722.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1778.6Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1775.Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1759.6Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1778.4Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1790.1Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51756.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51789.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11769.7Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11791.2Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1797.Nahir, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-11759.3Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51756.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51789.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51794.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301791.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301776.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 140. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521742.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521730.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521740.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521754.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521756.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521757.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521761.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521763.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521768.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521744.7Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521734.95Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.28 mm/0.17 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521741.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-11744.37Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryHP-51784.21Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryOV-1011724.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1761.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1749.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C
PackedSE-301729.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30200.1792.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedOV-1170.1775.Nicoud, Balavoine, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q
PackedOV-1170.1775.Nicoud, Moradpour, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q (60-80 mesh); Column length: 4. m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane183.1749.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1784.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1784.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1775.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51784.Grung, Lichtenthaler, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-11752.Asif and Fazeelat, 2006Nitrogen, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51760.Miyazawa and Kawata, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51784.7Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-51776.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51777.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51779.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51780.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51781.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51782.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51792.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51793.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillarySE-541769.Ding, Deng, et al., 199835. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-11751.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPB-11744.Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51744.Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-541767.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-51772.Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1741.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTR-5 MS1752.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1784.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1780.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541768.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541770.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1755.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1794.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1797.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1747.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1786.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1786.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102723.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax2712.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zhang, Chen, et al., 1997
Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 1997, 76, 5, 415-423, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(97)85518-4 . [all data]

Korhonen and Lind, 1985
Korhonen, I.O.O.; Lind, M.A., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XXXIV. Separation and retention indices with retention increments of some nitrated polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons on a low-polarity (SE-30) capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 71-81, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97660-5 . [all data]

Bredael, 1982
Bredael, P., Retention indices of hydrocarbons on SE-30, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1982, 5, 6, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240050610 . [all data]

Pacakova, Miller, et al., 1971
Pacakova, V.; Miller, V.; Cernohorsky, I.J., Gas-Liquid Chromatography of Some Pyrimidine Derivatives, Anal. Biochemistry, 1971, 42, 2, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(71)90071-6 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Zeng, Zhao, et al., 2007
Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2007, 595, 1-2, 328-339, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.12.022 . [all data]

Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Zhao, Liang, et al., 2005
Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Fang, H.-Z.; Li, X.-N., Temperature-programmed retention indices for gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of plant essential oils, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1096, 1-2, 76-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.09.067 . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Zhang, Shen, et al., 2000
Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 2000, 18, 3, 241-246. [all data]

Nahir, 1999
Nahir, T.M., Analysis of semivolatile organic compounds in fuels using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Educ., 1999, 76, 12, 1695-1696, https://doi.org/10.1021/ed076p1695 . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Beernaert, 1979
Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 173, 1, 109-118, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80450-7 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]

Carugno and Rossi, 1967
Carugno, N.; Rossi, S., Evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke by glass capillary columns, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 2, 103-106, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.2.103 . [all data]

Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 2003
Dimitriou-Christidis, P.; Harris, B.C.; McDonald, T.J.; Reese, E.; Autenrieth, R.L., Estimation of selected physicochemical properties for methylated naphthalene compounds, Chemosphere, 2003, 52, 5, 869-881, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00288-1 . [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996
Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 1996, 45, 9, 825-835, https://doi.org/10.2116/bunsekikagaku.45.825 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Nicoud, Balavoine, et al., 1972
Nicoud, J.F.; Balavoine, G.; Kagan, H.; Martin, R.H.; Deblecker, M., Chromatographie en phase vapeur d'helicenes et de diaryl-1,2-ethylenes, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 66, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82926-5 . [all data]

Nicoud, Moradpour, et al., 1972
Nicoud, J.F.; Moradpour, A.; Balavoine, G.; Kagan, H.; Martin, R.H.; Deblecker, M., Chromatographie en phase vapeur d'helicenes et de diaryl-1,2 ethylenes, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 66, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82926-5 . [all data]

Ferrand, 1962
Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., 1962, 132-140. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
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Notes

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