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Phenanthrene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas202.2 ± 2.3kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafgas201.2 ± 4.7kJ/molCcbSteele, Chirico, et al., 1990«DELTA» Hfusion = 15.96±0.05 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltafgas206.9 ± 4.6kJ/molCcbColeman and Pilcher, 1966Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values; ALS
Deltafgas203.8kJ/molN/ABender and Farber, 1952Value computed using «DELTA»fHsolid° value of 113.0 kj/mol from Bender and Farber, 1952 and «DELTA»subH° value of 90.8 kj/mol from Bender and Farber, 1952.; DRB
Deltafgas163.6kJ/molN/ARichardson and Parks, 1939Value computed using «DELTA»fHsolid° value of 72.8±2.6 kj/mol from Richardson and Parks, 1939 and «DELTA»subH° value of 90.8 kj/mol from Richardson and Parks, 1939.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
41.3550.Dorofeeva O.V., 1988These functions are also reproduced in the reference book [ Frenkel M., 1994]. Recommended values of S(T) and Cp(T) agree with those calculated by [ Kudchadker S.A., 1979] within 1.3 J/mol*K.; GT
62.23100.
88.70150.
119.57200.
168.72273.15
185.7 ± 1.0298.15
186.91300.
250.42400.
303.40500.
345.75600.
379.61700.
407.06800.
429.65900.
448.461000.
464.281100.
477.681200.
489.091300.
498.871400.
507.291500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid110.1 ± 2.2kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient high-quality literature values to make a good evaluation with a high degree of confidence. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (0.5 to 2.5) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafsolid109.8 ± 1.6kJ/molCcbSteele, Chirico, et al., 1990«DELTA» Hfusion = 15.96±0.05 kJ/mol; ALS
Deltafsolid116.1 ± 1.4kJ/molCcbColeman and Pilcher, 1966Author was aware that data differs from previously reported values; ALS
Deltafsolid113.kJ/molCcbBender and Farber, 1952ALS
Deltafsolid72.8 ± 2.6kJ/molCcbRichardson and Parks, 1939High level of uncertainty in the data; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = 70.88 kJ/mol; see Richardson, 1939; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-7040. ± 30.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar215.06J/mol*KN/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977DH
solid,1 bar211.7J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1931Extrapolation below 90 K, 65.19 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
220.3298.15Steele, Chirico, et al., 1990DH
220.62298.15Finke, Messerly, et al., 1977T = 10 to 440 K.; DH
267.4343.Rastogi and Bassi, 1964T = 343, 404 K.; DH
134.7298.15Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950T = 293 to 368 K. Equation only.; DH
207.1298.1Eibert, 1944T = 20 to 200°C, equations only, in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.2003 + 0.00306t cal/g*K (20 to 98°C); Cp(liq) = 0.292 + 0.000923t cal/g*K (98 to 200°C).; DH
226.4298.1Schmidt, 1941T = 20 to 200°C, equations only, in t°C. Cp(c) = 0.2440 + 0.002604t - 0.000011t2 cal/g*K (20 to 98°C); Cp(liq) = 0.3328 + 0.0006760t cal/g*K (98 to 200°C).; DH
233.5297.5Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931T = 93 to 304 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil609.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil613.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil605.15KN/AKirby, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
Tboil601.15KN/AKirby, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tboil613.15KN/ABeilstein, 1919Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus372. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 32 out of 35 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple372.38KN/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977, 2Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; C3 - C2 and C2 - C1 are second order transitions; TRC
Ttriple372.38KN/AOsborn and Douslin, 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc869. ± 1.KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1995 
Tc869.3KN/ACheng, 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap78.7kJ/molCGCZhao, Unhannanant, et al., 2008AC
Deltavap79.0 ± 1.2kJ/molGCHaftka, Parsons, et al., 2006Based on data from 413. - 483. K.; AC
Deltavap78.7kJ/molCGCChickos, Hesse, et al., 1998AC
Deltavap78.5kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 403. - 453. K.; AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub91. ± 3.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 12 values; Individual data points

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
485.70.016Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
87.240350.N/ATorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH
72.2398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
71.2398.GCHinckley, Bidleman, et al., 1990Based on data from 343. - 453. K.; AC
58.2406.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 391. - 613. K.; AC
69.6388.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 373. - 423. K. See also Osborn and Douslin, 1975, 2.; AC
71.2372.N/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977AC
69.7390.N/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977AC
67.5420.N/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977AC
57.2548.IMortimer and Murphy, 1923Based on data from 476. - 620. K.; AC
61.2491.IMortimer and Murphy, 1923Based on data from 476. - 620. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
59.3560.INELSON and SENSEMAN, 1922Based on data from 505. - 614. K.; AC
61.2520.INELSON and SENSEMAN, 1922Based on data from 505. - 614. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
249.3350.Torres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
373. - 423.4.519222428.448-70.96Osborn and Douslin, 1975, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
476.8 - 619.94.68942673.32-40.7Mortimer and Murphy, 1923Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
90.900298.15N/ATorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH
91.6 ± 0.4323.MERibeiro da Silva, Monte, et al., 2006Based on data from 313. - 333. K.; AC
95.0 ± 4.4318.MEOja and Suuberg, 1998Based on data from 303. - 333. K.; AC
88.9383.GSNass, Lenoir, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 453. K.; AC
87.2 ± 1.1350.DSCTorres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988AC
96.2335.GSSATO, INOMATA, et al., 1986Based on data from 323. - 348. K.; AC
82. ± 2.340.TEFerro, Imperatori, et al., 1983Based on data from 317. - 362. K.; AC
95.0 ± 0.6303.GSSonnefeld, Zoller, et al., 1983Based on data from 283. - 323. K.; AC
87.2345.GSMacknick and Prausnitz, 1979Based on data from 325. - 364. K.; AC
87.2372.BOsborn and Douslin, 1975, 2AC
84.1 ± 2.5297.TEBudurov, 1960Based on data from 279. - 315. K.; AC
95.9303.N/AHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 273. - 333. K. See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2.; AC
95.8 ± 2.9213.VHoyer and Peperle, 1958, 2Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 92.9 kJ/mol; ALS
86.6310. - 323.N/ABradley and Cleasby, 1953See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2.; AC
86.609309.7VBradley and Cleasby, 1953, 2ALS
90.7 ± 1.2315.MEInokuchi, Shiba, et al., 1952AC
81.6323.MEInokuchi, 1951AC
84.1293.VMagnus, Hartmann, et al., 1951ALS
84.1 ± 0.8313.N/AWolf and Weghofer, 1938AC
84.1 ± 0.8323.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2ALS

Entropy of sublimation

DeltasubS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
304.9298.15Torres-Gomez, Barreiro-Rodriguez, et al., 1988DH

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
15.720373.81N/ASabbah and El Watik, 1992DH
18.627(373.)N/ARai, Singh, et al., 1987DH
18.000373.2N/ARastogi and Bassi, 1964DH
16.6367.6DSCRojas and Orozco, 2003Based on data from 353. - 383. K.; AC
16.2372.9DSCLisicki and Jamróz, 2000AC
16.46372.4N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC
17.150371.4N/AEibert, 1944DH
17.138371.7N/ASchmidt, 1941DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
49.9(373.)Rai, Singh, et al., 1987DH
48.2373.2Rastogi and Bassi, 1964DH
46.2371.4Eibert, 1944DH
46.1371.7Schmidt, 1941DH

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
~270.crystaline, IIIcrystaline, IIFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977Second-order glass-type transition.; DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.000332.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IPetropavlov, Tsygankova, et al., 1988DH
0.218347.5crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977Lambda transition.; DH
16.4628372.38crystaline, IliquidFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977DH
2.600342.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
18.620373.crystaline, IliquidUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
3.0332.2crystaline, IIcrystaline, IPetropavlov, Tsygankova, et al., 1988DH
0.63347.5crystaline, IIcrystaline, IFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977Lambda; DH
44.21372.38crystaline, IliquidFinke, Messerly, et al., 1977DH
7.6342.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH
49.9373.crystaline, IliquidUeberreiter and Orthmann, 1950DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C14H10+ + Phenanthrene = (C14H10+ bullet Phenanthrene)

By formula: C14H10+ + C14H10 = (C14H10+ bullet C14H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
37.320.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C14H11+ + Phenanthrene = (C14H11+ bullet Phenanthrene)

By formula: C14H11+ + C14H10 = (C14H11+ bullet C14H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.320.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

7Hydrogen + Phenanthrene = Phenanthrene, tetradecahydro-

By formula: 7H2 + C14H10 = C14H24

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-565.kJ/molEqkFrye, 1962gas phase; ALS

2Hydrogen + Phenanthrene = Phenanthrene, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-

By formula: 2H2 + C14H10 = C14H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-130.kJ/molEqkFrye, 1962gas phase; ALS

4Hydrogen + Phenanthrene = Phenanthrene, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro-

By formula: 4H2 + C14H10 = C14H18

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-250.kJ/molEqkFrye, 1962gas phase; ALS

Hydrogen + Phenanthrene = Phenanthrene, 9,10-dihydro-

By formula: H2 + C14H10 = C14H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-50.kJ/molEqkFrye, 1962gas phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
28. XN/A
9.44700.XN/A
25. LN/A
28. MN/A
25. MMackay, Shiu, et al., 1979
39. VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to C14H10+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.891 ± 0.001eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)825.7kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity795.0kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
-0.01 ± 0.040LPESTschurl, Boesl, et al., 2006Extrapolated from EAs of (H2O)n..phenanthrene-.; B
<0.269 ± 0.035ECDWojnarovits and Foldiak, 1981EA is an upper limit: Chen and Wentworth, 1989. G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an EA of ca. -0.05 eV, unbound anion; B
0.3070 ± 0.0070ECDBecker and Chen, 1966B
0.2ECDWentworth and Becker, 1962B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
820.1Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
793.7Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.903PEThantu and Weber, 1993LL
7.87 ± 0.02TRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
7.8914 ± 0.0006LSHager and Wallace, 1988LL
7.89 ± 0.05EQMautner(Meot-Ner), 1980LLK
7.86PEClar and Schmidt, 1979LLK
7.92 ± 0.05PEEland, 1972LLK
7.86 ± 0.01PEBoschi, Murrell, et al., 1972LLK
7.92PERowland, 1971Unpublished result of J.H.D. Eland; LLK
7.91 ± 0.01PEDewar, Haselbach, et al., 1970RDSH
8.08CTSMukherjee, 1969RDSH
7.69SKitagawa, 1968RDSH
7.75PIKitagawa, 1968RDSH
8.03 ± 0.01EINounou, 1966RDSH
8.10 ± 0.04EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
8.03 ± 0.01EIBonnier, Gelus, et al., 1965RDSH
8.07CTSKuroda, 1964RDSH
7.6CTSBriegleb, 1964RDSH
8.22CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.25CTSBriegleb, Czekalla, et al., 1961RDSH
8.09CTSBirks and Stifkin, 1961RDSH
8.03EIWacks and Dibeler, 1959RDSH
23.1EIWacks and Dibeler, 1959RDSH
8.03CTSBriegleb and Czekalla, 1959RDSH
8.02CTSMatsen, 1956RDSH
7.91PEAkiyama, Li, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
7.85PERuscic, Kovac, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK
7.86 ± 0.02PESchmidt, 1977Vertical value; LLK
7.86PEClar and Schmidt, 1976Vertical value; LLK
7.87 ± 0.02PEHush, Cheung, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK
7.92 ± 0.02PEMaier and Turner, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C6H4+29. ± 1.?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C9H7+23.9 ± 0.2?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C10H6+20.8 ± 0.32C2H2EINounou, 1968RDSH
C10H6+20.9 ± 0.32C2H2EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C11H7+21.1 ± 0.2?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C11H7+21.1 ± 0.3?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C12H7+18.8 ± 0.1?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C12H7+19.63 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C12H8+11.23C2H2EVALGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993T = 0K; LL
C12H8+14.46C2H2TRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
C12H8+15.7 ± 0.2?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C12H8+16.63 ± 0.05?EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C13H7+20.0 ± 0.3?EINounou, 1968RDSH
C14H7+18.2 ± 0.2H2+HEINounou, 1968RDSH
C14H8+16.2 ± 0.2H2EINounou, 1968RDSH
C14H8+18.6 ± 0.1H2EINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH
C14H9+11.99HEVALGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993T = 0K; LL
C14H9+14.88HTRPIGotkis, Oleinikova, et al., 1993LL
C14H9+15.5 ± 0.1HEINounou, 1968RDSH
C14H9+16.3 ± 0.1HEINatalis and Franklin, 1965RDSH

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C14H10+ + Phenanthrene = (C14H10+ bullet Phenanthrene)

By formula: C14H10+ + C14H10 = (C14H10+ bullet C14H10)

Bond type: Charge transfer bond (positive ion)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
37.320.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

C14H11+ + Phenanthrene = (C14H11+ bullet Phenanthrene)

By formula: C14H11+ + C14H10 = (C14H11+ bullet C14H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.320.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1980gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 113931

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Source Ramart-Lucas, Matti, et al., 1948
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 669
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 99.2
Boiling point 340

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1150.1730.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-1160.1745.Zhang, Chen, et al., 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30180.1765.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30175.1761.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedSE-30150.1724.Pacakova, Miller, et al., 1971 

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.2722.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1778.6Zeng, Zhao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1775.Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1759.6Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1778.4Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1790.1Zhao, Liang, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51756.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51789.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-11769.7Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryOV-11791.2Zhang, Shen, et al., 200025. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1797.Nahir, 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-11759.3Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51756.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51789.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51776.3Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51794.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-301791.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-301776.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 140. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521742.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 33.3 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521730.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521739.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521740.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521753.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521754.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521756.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521757.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521761.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521763.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521768.Beernaert, 1979He, 50. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 16.6 m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tend: 320. C
CapillarySE-521744.7Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521734.95Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.28 mm/0.17 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-521741.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-11744.37Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryHP-51784.21Dimitriou-Christidis, Harris, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C => 7C/min => 225C => 15C/min => 300C(11.43min)
CapillaryOV-1011724.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1761.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1749.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C
PackedSE-301729.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30200.1792.Korhonen and Lind, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedOV-1170.1775.Nicoud, Balavoine, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q
PackedOV-1170.1775.Nicoud, Moradpour, et al., 1972Nitrogen, Gas-Chrom Q (60-80 mesh); Column length: 4. m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane183.1749.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1784.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1784.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1775.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51784.Grung, Lichtenthaler, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-11752.Asif and Fazeelat, 2006Nitrogen, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-51760.Miyazawa and Kawata, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51784.7Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-51776.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51777.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51779.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51780.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51781.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51782.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51792.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-51793.Miao and Wu, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillarySE-541769.Ding, Deng, et al., 199835. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-11751.Elizalde-González, Hutfliess, et al., 199650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryPB-11744.Andersson and Weis, 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51744.Andersson and Weis, 199430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 80. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-541767.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-51772.Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1741.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTR-5 MS1752.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1784.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1780.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541768.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541770.Ding, Deng, et al., 1998Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1755.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1794.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, unknown content of Ph-groups1797.Geldon, 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1747.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1786.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1786.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102723.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax2712.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 1990
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Nguyen, A.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Smith, N.K., Determination of ideal-gas enthalpies of formation for key compounds, Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. Symp. Ser. (AIChE Symp. Ser.), 1990, 138-154. [all data]

Coleman and Pilcher, 1966
Coleman, D.J.; Pilcher, G., Heats of combustion of biphenyl, bibenzyl, naphthalene, anthracene, and phenanthrene, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1966, 62, 821-827. [all data]

Bender and Farber, 1952
Bender, P.; Farber, J., The heats of combustion of anthracene transannular peroxide and dianthracene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 1450-1452. [all data]

Richardson and Parks, 1939
Richardson, J.W.; Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds. XIX. Modern combustion data for some non-volatile compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 3543-3546. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1988
Dorofeeva O.V., Thermodynamic Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Gaseous Phase. Institute for High Temperatures, USSR Academy of Sciences, Preprint No.1-238 (in Russian), Moscow, 1988. [all data]

Frenkel M., 1994
Frenkel M., Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds in the Gas State, Vol. I, II, Thermodynamics Research Center, College Station, Texas, 1994, 1994. [all data]

Kudchadker S.A., 1979
Kudchadker S.A., Chemical thermodynamic properties of anthracene and phenathrene, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1979, 11, 1051-1059. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Richardson, 1939
Richardson, J.W., Precise determination of the heats of combustion of some representative organic compounds, Ph.D. Thesis for Standford University, 1939, 1-122. [all data]

Finke, Messerly, et al., 1977
Finke, H.L.; Messerly, J.F.; Lee, S.H.; Osborn, A.G.; Douslin, D.R., Comprehensive thermodynamic studies of seven aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1977, 9, 937-956. [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1931
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Barmore, M., Thermal data on organic compounds. X. Further studies on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3876-3888. [all data]

Rastogi and Bassi, 1964
Rastogi, R.P.; Bassi, P.S., Mechanism of eutectic crystallization, J. Phys. Chem., 1964, 68, 2398-2406. [all data]

Ueberreiter and Orthmann, 1950
Ueberreiter, K.; Orthmann, H.-J., Specifische Wärme, spezifisches Volumen, Temperatur- und Wärme-leittähigkeit einiger disubstituierter Benzole und polycyclischer Systeme, Z. Natursforsch. 5a, 1950, 101-108. [all data]

Eibert, 1944
Eibert, J., Thesis Washington University (St. Louis), 1944. [all data]

Schmidt, 1941
Schmidt, W.R., Thesis Washington University (St. Louis), 1941. [all data]

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Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

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CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

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Kirby, W., Determination of the Melting and Boiling Points of Anthracene, Phenanthrene and Carbazole, J. Soc. Chem. Ind., London, Trans. Commun., 1921, 40, 274T. [all data]

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Beilstein, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1919, 93, 641. [all data]

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Finke, H.L.; Messerly, J.F.; Lee, S.H.; Osborn, A.G.; Douslin, D.R., Comprehensive thermodynamic studies of seven aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1977, 9, 937. [all data]

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Osborn, A.G.; Douslin, D.R., Vapor Pressure and Derived Enthalpies of Vaporization for Some Condensed Ring Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1975, 20, 229-31. [all data]

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Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 3. Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 547-558. [all data]

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Zhao, Hui; Unhannanant, Patamaporn; Hanshaw, William; Chickos, James S., Enthalpies of Vaporization and Vapor Pressures of Some Deuterated Hydrocarbons. Liquid-Vapor Pressure Isotope Effects, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2008, 53, 7, 1545-1556, https://doi.org/10.1021/je800091s . [all data]

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Haftka, Joris J.H.; Parsons, John R.; Govers, Harrie A.J., Supercooled liquid vapour pressures and related thermodynamic properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons determined by gas chromatography, Journal of Chromatography A, 2006, 1135, 1, 91-100, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.09.050 . [all data]

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Notes

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