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Diethyl Phthalate

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1551.1Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101230.1581.Friocourt, Berthou, et al., 197950. m/0.3 mm/0.35 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30250.1583.Friocourt, Berthou, et al., 197942. m/0.3 mm/0.39 «mu»m, He
PackedSE-30220.1587.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1963Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51603.Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993He, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.13 mm
CapillaryOV-1011565.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011568.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedOV-1011565.Alley and Dykes, 19726. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301568.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M180.2378.Tudor, Moldovan, et al., 1999Phase thickness: 0.45 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2311.Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2309.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51605.Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11543.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51585.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1592.Guisto, Smith, et al., 199325. m/0.31 mm/0.31 «mu»m, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11547.5Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11550.9Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
PackedSE-301558.Helaimia and Messadi, 1989Chromosorb Q, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C
PackedSE-301584.Helaimia and Messadi, 1989Chromosorb Q, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C
CapillarySP-21001562.22Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001563.47Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001561.87Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001570.77Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001572.65Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillarySP-21001569.25Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1563.84Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 170. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1567.Halket and Schulten, 198526. m/0.32 mm/1.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1568.Halket and Schulten, 198526. m/0.32 mm/1.25 «mu»m, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedSE-301558.Messadi and Vergnaud, 1979N2, Chromosorb Q, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 340. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51546.Özel, Gögüs, et al., 2006Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1011549.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1595.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
PackedSE-301583.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-20M2380.Jerkovic, Mastelic, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102370.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2401.Claudela, Dirningera, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2.7 K/min, 235. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 67. C
CapillarySupelcowax-102370.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-102372.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2366.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2358.9Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2361.1Chang, Sheng, et al., 19892. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2319.Ziegleder, 2001He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C (40min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1594.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 15. min
CapillaryVF-5MS1559.Ghiasvand, Setkova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51546.Ozel, Gogus, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-51602.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-11545.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11546.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11547.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-11550.Park, Lee, et al., 200460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
PackedSE-301578.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301578.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301578.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301578.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301578.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301579.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedSE-301582.Lourici, Souici, et al., 1999Nitrogen, Chromosorb Q (60-80 mesh), 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1585.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryUltra-11541.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11556.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11563.Shiota, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-541597.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-11551.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11547.Flath, Mon, et al., 198350. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-301559.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1601.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1591.Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1592.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1594.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1610.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
Capillary 1546.Karimi, Farmany, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1610.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane1583.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51595.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51603.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryVF-5MS1570.Xie, Sun, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 15C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 250C (1min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1597.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-11583.Touafek, Nacer, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (15min)
CapillarySE-301565.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11548.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1551.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1559.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1564.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySF-961560.Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982He; Program: not specified
CapillarySF-961563.Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982He; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541604.Fagan, Kepner, et al., 1982He; Column length: 35. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1564.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2355.Cai, Lin, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2374.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2312.Lee and Shibamoto, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2361.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2358.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelko CO Wax2365.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelko CO Wax2365.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2407.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2400.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M2333.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M2346.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1271.9Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5269.9Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone271.04Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone272.56Eckel, Ross, et al., 1993Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Friocourt, Berthou, et al., 1979
Friocourt, M.P.; Berthou, F.; Picart, D.; Dreano, Y.; Floch, H.H., Glass Capillary Column Gas Chromatography of Phthalate Esters, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 172, 1, 261-271, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90961-0 . [all data]

Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1963
Zulaïca, J.; Guiochon, G., Séparation et identification de di-esters aliphatiques et aromatiques et de trimesters phosphoriques par chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1963, 6, 1242-1252. [all data]

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993
Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 939-945, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a020 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Alley and Dykes, 1972
Alley, B.J.; Dykes, H.W.H., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Nitrate Esters,Stabilizers and Plasticizers in Nitrocellulose-Base Propellants, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 71, 1, 23-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85687-9 . [all data]

Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980
Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 184, 2, 185-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85641-1 . [all data]

Tudor, Moldovan, et al., 1999
Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D.; Zârna, N., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on two carbowax-20M glass capillary columns with different film thickness. 2, Rev. Roum. Chim., 1999, 44, 7, 665-675. [all data]

Nishimura, Yamaguchi, et al., 1989
Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 1, 139-142, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00085a033 . [all data]

Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004
Dickschat, J.S.; Wenzel, S.C.; Bode, H.B.; Muller, R.; Schulz, S., Biosynthesis of Volatiles by the Myxobacterium Myxococcus xanthus, ChemBioChem, 2004, 5, 6, 778-787, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200300813 . [all data]

Johnson, Urso, et al., 1997
Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27. [all data]

Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
Gómez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A.; Hartsell, P.L., Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1669-1676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a029 . [all data]

Guisto, Smith, et al., 1993
Guisto, R.; Smith, S.R.; Stuart, J.D., Gas chromatographic retention indices, mass, and infrared spectra of industrially important adipate esters, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1993, 31, 6, 225-230, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/31.6.225 . [all data]

Chang, Sheng, et al., 1989
Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 1989, 24, 11, 847-852. [all data]

Helaimia and Messadi, 1989
Helaimia, F.; Messadi, D., Determination of linear programmed temperature gas chromatography retention indices for some plasticizers, C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 2:, 1989, 309, 37-42. [all data]

Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1986
Podmaniczky, L.; Szepesy, L.; Lakszner, K.; Schomburg, G., Determination of Retention Indices in LPTGC, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 7, 387-391, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02346137 . [all data]

Halket and Schulten, 1985
Halket, J.M.; Schulten, H.-R., Thick-film capillary column gas chromatography-field ionization mass spectrometry: A complementary technique for the rapid analysis of volatiles, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 200-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97672-1 . [all data]

Messadi and Vergnaud, 1979
Messadi, D.; Vergnaud, J.-M., Quick identification and analysis of plasticizers in PVC by programmed-temperature gas chromatography using the best stationary phases, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1979, 24, 5, 1215-1225, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1979.070240507 . [all data]

Özel, Gögüs, et al., 2006
Özel, M.Z.; Gögüs, F.; Lewis, A.C., Determination of Teucrium chamaedrys volatiles by using direct thermal desorption-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1114, 1, 164-169, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.02.036 . [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
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Notes

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