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9,10-Anthracenedione

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-75.7 ± 2.9kJ/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
77.91100.Singh S.N., 1969Comparison with values estimated by difference method [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1997] supposes that selected value of S(298.15 K) can be underestimated by 20 J/mol*K. Uncertainty of Cp(298.15 K) is evaluated as 10 J/mol*K.; GT
134.75200.
197.78298.15
199.03300.
260.18400.
313.10500.
355.77600.
388.79700.
417.60800.
440.28900.
459.271000.
474.971100.
487.991200.
499.471300.
509.091400.
516.161500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-188.5 ± 2.8kJ/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-6464.0 ± 2.1kJ/molCcbRibeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -188.5 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-6444.523kJ/molCcbMagnus, 1956Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -207.94 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-6468.9kJ/molCcbBurriel, 1931Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -184. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-6462.2kJ/molCcbSwietoslawski and Starczedska, 1925Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -190. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
240.2298.15Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917T = 293 to 593 K. From heat content data.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil653.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil650.KN/ABurriel, 1931, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus558. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub114. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
64.3574.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 559. - 660. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
463. - 653.12.69646970.529-291.767Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
98.3413.GSNISHIDA, ISHIHARA, et al., 2008Based on data from 373. - 453. K. See also Nishida, Ishihara, et al., 1978.; AC
107.5 ± 0.8434.MEBardi, Gigli, et al., 1973AC
107.9 ± 0.8397. - 471.MEBardi, Gigli, et al., 1973AC
127.0 ± 3.0470. - 590.CBeech and Lintonbon, 1971AC
126.4373.MEHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 343. - 403. K. See also Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC
104.6367.MEInokuchi, Shiba, et al., 1952AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
32.57558.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
32.570555.Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
58.7555.Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.25 ± 0.12eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.591 ± 0.061TDEqHeinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988«DELTA»Gea(423 K) = -35.4 kcal/mol; «DELTA»Sea = -2.9 eu.; B
1.15 ± 0.10SIPage and Goode, 1969The Magnetron method, lacking mass analysis, is not considered reliable.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.0PEGleiter, Dobler, et al., 1987LBLHLM
9.25PELauer, Schafer, et al., 1975LLK
9.40 ± 0.08EIZaretskii, Sadovskaya, et al., 1971LLK
9.25 ± 0.03PIPotapov and Sorokin, 1971LLK
9.3PITerenin, 1961RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Due to licensing restrictions, this spectrum cannot be downloaded.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 152564

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
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Additional Data

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Source Rigaudy, Cauquis, et al., 1961
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 351
Instrument n.i.g.
Melting point 286
Boiling point 377

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011898.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199715. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1950.Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 199725. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => (20C/min) => 120C => (7C/min) => 310C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-11880.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1904.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1921.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1927.Zenkevich, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1937.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5331.22Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5MS330.26Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillarySPB-5330.5Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-5330.7Knobloch and Engewald, 199340. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-101331.38Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989H2, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-30331.09König, Balfanz, et al., 198330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 280. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5329.6Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5330.Eckel, 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5331.32Eckel, 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5331.91Eckel, 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5333.Eckel, 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5329.0Helmig and Harger, 1994He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Program: 50C (2min) => 25C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 325C
CapillaryBP-5330.9Kelly, Bartle, et al., 1992Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: XX C X C/min -> 170 C 40 C/min -> 300 C (5 min); Check the values XX and X (bad xerox copy)
CapillaryOV-101337.4Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ribeiro Da Silva, Ribeiro Da Silva, et al., 1989
Ribeiro Da Silva, M.A.V.; Ribeiro Da Silva, D.M.C.; Teixeira, J.A.S., Enthalpies of combustion of 1,4-naphthoquinone, 9,10-anthraquinone, 9,10-phenanthraquinone, 1,4,9,10-anthradiquinone, 5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, and 1,4-dihydroxy-9,10-anthraquinone, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1989, 21, 265-274. [all data]

Singh S.N., 1969
Singh S.N., Thermodynamic properties of some condensed ring quinones, Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 1969, 7, 52-53. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1997
Dorofeeva O.V., Unpublished results. Thermocenter of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, 1997. [all data]

Magnus, 1956
Magnus, A., Die resonanzenergien der parachinone Aui grund der prazisionsmessungsen ihrer verbrennungswarmen durch herrn gerhard wittwer, Z. Phys. Chem. (Neue Folge), 1956, 9, 141-161. [all data]

Burriel, 1931
Burriel, F., 7. Estudio fisico-quimico de algunos compuestos organicos solidos a la temperatura ordinaria, que se proponen como patrones de temperatura, An. R. Soc. Esp. Fis. Quim., 1931, 29, 89-125. [all data]

Swietoslawski and Starczedska, 1925
Swietoslawski, W.; Starczedska, H., Correction des donnees thermochimiques de M.A. Valeur, J. Chem. Phys., 1925, 22, 399-401. [all data]

Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917
Hildebrand, J.H.; Duschak, A.D.; Foster, A.H., and Beebe, C.W. The specific heats and heats of fusion of triphenylmethane, anthraquinone and anthracene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1917, 39, 2293-2297. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Burriel, 1931, 2
Burriel, F., Physico-Chemical Study of Some Solid Organic Compounds at Ordinary Temperatures, and Their COrrelationo with Temperature, An. R. Soc. Esp. Fis. Quim., 1931, 29, 89. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

NISHIDA, ISHIHARA, et al., 2008
NISHIDA, K.; ISHIHARA, E.; OSAKA, T.; KOUKITU, M., Vapour Pressures and Heats of Sublimation of Some Disperse Dyes, J Food Science, 2008, 93, 2, 52-54, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-4408.1977.tb03324.x . [all data]

Nishida, Ishihara, et al., 1978
Nishida, K.; Ishihara, E.; Osaka, T.; Koukitu, M., Vapor pressures and heats of sublimation of some disperse dyes, Galaxia, 1978, 72, 13. [all data]

Bardi, Gigli, et al., 1973
Bardi, Giampiero; Gigli, Rosario; Malaspina, Leopoldo; Piacente, Vincenzo, Vapor pressure and sublimation enthalpy of anthraquinone and of 1,5- and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinones, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1973, 18, 2, 126-130, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60057a024 . [all data]

Beech and Lintonbon, 1971
Beech, Graham; Lintonbon, Roger M., The measurement of sublimation enthalpies by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochimica Acta, 1971, 2, 1, 86-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(71)85027-X . [all data]

Hoyer and Peperle, 1958
Hoyer, H.; Peperle, W., Z. Elektrochem., 1958, 62, 61. [all data]

Inokuchi, Shiba, et al., 1952
Inokuchi, Hiroo; Shiba, Sukekuni; Handa, Takashi; Akamatu, Hideo, Heats of Sublimation of Condensed Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1952, 25, 5, 299-302, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.25.299 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Heinis, Chowdhury, et al., 1988
Heinis, T.; Chowdhury, S.; Scott, S.L.; Kebarle, P., Electron Affinities of Benzo-, Naphtho-, and Anthraquinones Determined from Gas-Phase Equilibria Measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 2, 400, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00210a015 . [all data]

Page and Goode, 1969
Page, F.M.; Goode, G.C., Negative Ions and the Magnetron., Wiley, NY, 1969. [all data]

Gleiter, Dobler, et al., 1987
Gleiter, R.; Dobler, W.; Vogel, E.; Bohm, S.; Lex, J., Consequences of n/o interactions in bishomoanthraquinones and their dimethylene derivatives. A structural and PE spectroscopic study, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1987, 109, 5156. [all data]

Lauer, Schafer, et al., 1975
Lauer, G.; Schafer, W.; Schweig, A., Assignment of the four lowest ionized states of p-benzoquinone and the question of "lone pair" splitting in this system, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1975, 33, 312. [all data]

Zaretskii, Sadovskaya, et al., 1971
Zaretskii, V.I.; Sadovskaya, V.L.; Wulfson, N.S.; Sizoy, V.F.; Merimson, V.G., Mass spectrometry of steroid systems-XXI. Appearance and ionization potentials for the stereoisomers of the D-homoestrane series, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1971, 5, 1179. [all data]

Potapov and Sorokin, 1971
Potapov, V.K.; Sorokin, V.V., Photoionization and ion-molecule reactions in quinones and alcohols, High Energy Chem., 1971, 5, 435, In original 487. [all data]

Terenin, 1961
Terenin, A., Charge transfer in organic solids, induced by light, Proc. Chem. Soc., London, 1961, 321. [all data]

Rigaudy, Cauquis, et al., 1961
Rigaudy, J.; Cauquis, G.; Izoret, G.; Baranne-Lafont, J., Etudes sur les amino-9 anthracenes. I. Autoxydation, oxydation et action du peroxyde de benzoyle, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1961, 1842-1849. [all data]

Yasuhara, Shiraishi, et al., 1997
Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 774, 1-2, 321-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00078-2 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 1998
Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 1998, 44, 5, 334-351, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.44.334 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 1994
Zenkevich, I.G., Contemporary State of Informational Maintenance for Gas Chromatographic Identification of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Zh. Ecol. Khim., 1994, 3, 2, 111-119. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Knobloch and Engewald, 1993
Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1993, 16, 4, 239-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240160407 . [all data]

Blanco, Blanco, et al., 1989
Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 465, 3, 378-385, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92675-5 . [all data]

König, Balfanz, et al., 1983
König, J.; Balfanz, E.; Funcke, W.; Romanowski, T., Determination of oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulate matter by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 4, 599-603, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00255a004 . [all data]

Lundstedt, Haglund, et al., 2003
Lundstedt, S.; Haglund, P.; Öberg, L., Degradation and formation of polycyclic aromatic compounds during bioslurry treatment of an aged gasworks soil, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 2003, 22, 7, 1413-1420, https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620220701 . [all data]

Eckel, 2000
Eckel, W.P., Making sense of nontarget compound data from GC-MS library searches, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 2000, 17-20. [all data]

Helmig and Harger, 1994
Helmig, D.; Harger, W.P., OH radical-initiated gas-phase reaction products of phenanthrene, Sci. Total Environ., 1994, 148, 1, 11-21, https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(94)90368-9 . [all data]

Kelly, Bartle, et al., 1992
Kelly, G.W.; Bartle, K.D.; Clifford, A.A.; Robinson, R.E., Application of coupled LC-GC to the analysis of the polar fraction of diesel particulate matter, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 8, 526-530, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150808 . [all data]

Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986
Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 469-471, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090813 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References