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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil653.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil650.KN/ABurriel, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus558. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub27. ± 4.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
15.4574.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 559. - 660. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
463. - 653.12.69075970.529-291.767Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
23.5413.GSNISHIDA, ISHIHARA, et al., 2008Based on data from 373. - 453. K. See also Nishida, Ishihara, et al., 1978.; AC
25.7 ± 0.2434.MEBardi, Gigli, et al., 1973AC
25.8 ± 0.2397. - 471.MEBardi, Gigli, et al., 1973AC
30.35 ± 0.72470. - 590.CBeech and Lintonbon, 1971AC
30.21373.MEHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 343. - 403. K. See also Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987.; AC
25.00367.MEInokuchi, Shiba, et al., 1952AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.784558.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
7.7844555.Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.0555.Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Burriel, 1931
Burriel, F., Physico-Chemical Study of Some Solid Organic Compounds at Ordinary Temperatures, and Their COrrelationo with Temperature, An. R. Soc. Esp. Fis. Quim., 1931, 29, 89. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

NISHIDA, ISHIHARA, et al., 2008
NISHIDA, K.; ISHIHARA, E.; OSAKA, T.; KOUKITU, M., Vapour Pressures and Heats of Sublimation of Some Disperse Dyes, J Food Science, 2008, 93, 2, 52-54, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-4408.1977.tb03324.x . [all data]

Nishida, Ishihara, et al., 1978
Nishida, K.; Ishihara, E.; Osaka, T.; Koukitu, M., Vapor pressures and heats of sublimation of some disperse dyes, Galaxia, 1978, 72, 13. [all data]

Bardi, Gigli, et al., 1973
Bardi, Giampiero; Gigli, Rosario; Malaspina, Leopoldo; Piacente, Vincenzo, Vapor pressure and sublimation enthalpy of anthraquinone and of 1,5- and 1,8-dihydroxyanthraquinones, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1973, 18, 2, 126-130, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60057a024 . [all data]

Beech and Lintonbon, 1971
Beech, Graham; Lintonbon, Roger M., The measurement of sublimation enthalpies by differential scanning calorimetry, Thermochimica Acta, 1971, 2, 1, 86-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(71)85027-X . [all data]

Hoyer and Peperle, 1958
Hoyer, H.; Peperle, W., Z. Elektrochem., 1958, 62, 61. [all data]

Inokuchi, Shiba, et al., 1952
Inokuchi, Hiroo; Shiba, Sukekuni; Handa, Takashi; Akamatu, Hideo, Heats of Sublimation of Condensed Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1952, 25, 5, 299-302, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.25.299 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Hildebrand, Duschak, et al., 1917
Hildebrand, J.H.; Duschak, A.D.; Foster, A.H., and Beebe, C.W. The specific heats and heats of fusion of triphenylmethane, anthraquinone and anthracene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1917, 39, 2293-2297. [all data]


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