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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane100.1082.Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999 
CapillaryDB-1140.1087.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-160.1090.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101110.1089.Rang, Kuningas, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.1088.0Anders, Anders, et al., 198555. m/0.21 mm/0.35 «mu»m, N2
PackedSE-30150.1090.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-160.1094.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
CapillarySqualane100.1082.Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane115.1083.Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane130.1084.Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.1082.Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApiezon L120.1089.9Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011087.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011090.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011088.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11090.El-Shazly, Dorai, et al., 200215. m/0.317 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => (4C/min) => 90C => (10C/min)=300C(10min)
CapillaryPetrocol DH-1001090.5Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG 4000100.1151.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 4000110.1152.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 4000120.1154.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400080.1148.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M100.1146.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M110.1146.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M120.1146.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M130.1147.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M90.1145.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol 4000100.1151.2Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol 4000120.1153.6Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPolyethylene Glycol 400080.1148.4Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG 4000100.1151.2Orav and Eisen, 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG 4000120.1153.6Orav and Eisen, 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG 400080.1148.4Orav and Eisen, 1972Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1147.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51093.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51092.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPONA1088.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryPONA1088.Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1092.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51093.Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51090.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51091.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51091.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11086.Beens, Tijssen, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-51090.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51091.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-51091.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-11089.Specht and Baltes, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1088.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-11088.79Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11088.78Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-11088.91Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21091.72Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21091.85Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-21092.00Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011088.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51092.Zaikin and Borisov, 2002He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 30C => 5K/min=120C => 10C/min => 270C
CapillarySE-521093.Loayza, de Groot, et al., 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (8 min) 3 K/min -> 180 0C 20 K/min -> 230 0C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB1093.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryOptima-5 MS1092.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1089.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-51089.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-51091.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-51092.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-51092.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-51092.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1091.Shimizu, Imayoshi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 70. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH1089.Sojak, Kubinec, et al., 2006150. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51095.Bertoli, Menichini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1088.6Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCBP-11089.Labuckas, Zygadlo, et al., 1999He, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-11088.Orav, Kailas, et al., 19992. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryHP-51092.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1088.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-11097.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11100.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySP-21001086.Alencar, Alves, et al., 1983He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedApiezon L1090.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-51092.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C 6 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-51090.Eyres, Dufour, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane1082.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal1087.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
Capillarymethyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal1089.Schultz, Flath, et al., 1988Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1088.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedSqualane1084.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)
PackedSqualane1083.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1135.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1142.Shimizu, Imayoshi, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 70. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1141.Miyazawa, Teranishi, et al., 2003He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1160.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1136.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1139.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1139.Narain, Galvao, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(5min) => 7C/min => 100C(5min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 195C(45min)
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1138.Patterson and Stevenson, 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5179.5Fuentes, Font, et al., 2007Column length: 60. m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999
Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 849, 2, 495-506, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00530-0 . [all data]

Beens, Tijssen, et al., 1998
Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 1998, 822, 2, 233-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(98)00649-9 . [all data]

Rang, Kuningas, et al., 1987
Rang, S.; Kuningas, K.; Strenze, T.; Orav, A.; Eisen, O., Retention and Thermodynamics of Solution of n-Alkenes in OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 406, 75-80, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94018-4 . [all data]

Anders, Anders, et al., 1985
Anders, G.; Anders, K.; Engewald, W., Identification of non-branched alkenylcycloalkanes with a terminal double bond from retention index increments, Chromatographia, 1985, 20, 2, 83-86, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02280602 . [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Nijs and Jacobs, 1981
Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 40-45, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.1.40 . [all data]

Sojak, Hrivnak, et al., 1973
Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Majer, P.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane, Anal. Chem., 1973, 45, 2, 293-302, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60324a039 . [all data]

Eisen, Orav, et al., 1972
Eisen, O.; Orav, A.; Rang, S., Identifizierung von Normal-Alkenen, Cyclopentenen und -Hexenen mittels Kapillar-Gas-Chromatographie. Identification des alcènes, cyclopentènes et -hexènes à l'aide de la chromatogrpahie en phase gazeuse sur colonne capillaire, Chromatographia, 1972, 5, 11, 229-239, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02270600 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1982
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kováts indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 253, 179-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88376-X . [all data]

El-Shazly, Dorai, et al., 2002
El-Shazly, A.; Dorai, G.; Wink, M., Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oils of Senecio aegyptus var. discoideus Boiss., Z. Naturforsch., 2002, 57c, 434-439. [all data]

Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997
Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22. [all data]

Rang, Orav, et al., 1988
Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208. [all data]

Orav and Eisen, 1972
Orav, A.; Eisen, O., The retention indexes for alkenes, alkynes and cyclenes on capillary columns, Izv. Akad. Nauk Est. SSR, Khim. Geol., 1972, 21, 1, 39-47. [all data]

Umano and Shibamoto, 1987
Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 1, 14-18, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00073a004 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 2006, 261, 1-4, 217-228, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0448-3 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

Vendeuvre, Bertoncini, et al., 2005
Vendeuvre, C.; Bertoncini, F.; Thiébaut, D.; Martin, M.; Hennion, M.-C., Evluation of a retention model in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 11, 1129-1136, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200401933 . [all data]

Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004
Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordóñez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 4, 649-657, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.07.001 . [all data]

Ertugrul, Dural, et al., 2003
Ertugrul, K.; Dural, H.; Tugay, O.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils from flowers of Centaurea kotschyi var. kotschyi and C. kotschyi var. decumbens from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 95-97, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1168 . [all data]

Song, Lai, et al., 2003
Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s)., Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193. [all data]

Lai and Song, 1995
Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 1995, 74, 10, 1436-1451, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(95)00108-H . [all data]

Specht and Baltes, 1994
Specht, K.; Baltes, W., Identification of volatile flavor compounds with high aroma values from shallow-fried beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 10, 2246-2253, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00046a031 . [all data]

White, Hackett, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 105-120, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150211 . [all data]

Haynes and Pitzer, 1985
Haynes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Disengaging solutes in shale- and petroleum-derived jet fuels by altering GC programmed temperature rates, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1985, 8, 5, 230-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240080504 . [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1981
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75. [all data]

Zaikin and Borisov, 2002
Zaikin, V.G.; Borisov, R.S., Chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of Fishcer-Tropsch synthesis products, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 57, 6, 544-551. [all data]

Loayza, de Groot, et al., 1999
Loayza, I.; de Groot, W.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E.; Mondello, L.; Dugo, G., Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 6, 393-398, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199911/12)14:6<393::AID-FFJ849>3.0.CO;2-5 . [all data]

Bramston-Cook, 2013
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Notes

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