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Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase StabilwaxBP-20HP-FFAPHP-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.30.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.20.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.30.40.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.70.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.210.230.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.5.3.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 3. 10. 5.
Final hold (min) 15.14. 30. 
I 1026.1032.1045.1031.1015.
ReferenceHazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006Khan, Verma, et al., 2006Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 2005Gauvin, Lecomte, et al., 2004Lopes, Strobl, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase InnowaxInnowaxSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.30.30.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.20.2
Tstart (C) 40.50.75.60.60.
Tend (C) 190.250.230.260.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.0.53.2.2.
Initial hold (min)  5.   
Final hold (min) 5.10.   
I 1036.1012.1029.1023.1039.
ReferenceMahmood, Kaul, et al., 2004Viña and Murillo, 2003Tzakou and Couladis, 2001Vera and Chane-Ming, 1999Vera and Chane-Ming, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 25.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2N2   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.5   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.210.210.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   2.2.2.
Final hold (min)   120.120.120.
I 1017.1029.1021.1012.1014.
ReferenceKulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.23.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeH2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.30  
Tstart (C) 40.35.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.1.10.10.
Final hold (min)  20.   
I 1020.1030.1018.1013.1011.
ReferenceUmano, Hagi, et al., 1994Wong and Tie, 1993Bicchi, Frattini, et al., 1988Umano and Shibamoto, 1988Umano and Shibamoto, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MBP-20Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.25.50.100.100.
Carrier gas He H2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.3320.30.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)   0.15  
Tstart (C) 70.70.70.80.80.
Tend (C) 210.200.210.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.2.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  2.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1000.1032.1038.1031.1031.
ReferenceRandriamiharisoa and Gaydou, 1987Wyllie, Cook, et al., 1987Gaydou, Randriamiharisoa, et al., 1986Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 1983Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.
Carrier gas He
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.28
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 70.
Tend (C) 190.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.
Initial hold (min)  
Final hold (min)  
I 1040.
ReferenceTressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006
Hazzit, M.; Baaliouamer, A.; Faleiro, M.L.; Miguel, M.G., Composition of the Essential Oils of Thymus and Origanum Species from Algeria and Their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 17, 6314-6321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0606104 . [all data]

Khan, Verma, et al., 2006
Khan, M.; Verma, S.C.; Srivastava, S.K.; Shawl, A.S.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S.; Kumar, T., Essential oil composition of Taxus wallichiana Zucc. from the Northern Himalayan region of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 5, 772-775, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1682 . [all data]

Radusiene, Judzentiene, et al., 2005
Radusiene, J.; Judzentiene, A.; Bernotiene, G., Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum L. growing in Lithuania, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 2, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.010 . [all data]

Gauvin, Lecomte, et al., 2004
Gauvin, A.; Lecomte, H.; Smadja, J., Comparative investigations of the essential oils of two scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.) cultivars grown on Reunion Island, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 455-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1354 . [all data]

Lopes, Strobl, et al., 2004
Lopes, D.; Strobl, H.; Kolodziejczyk, P., 14-Methylpentadecano-15-lactone (Muscolide): a new macrocyclic lactone from the oil of Angelica archangelica L., Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2004, 1, 12, 1880-1887, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200490144 . [all data]

Mahmood, Kaul, et al., 2004
Mahmood, U.; Kaul, V.K.; Acharya, R., Volatile constituents of Capillipedium parviflorum, Phytochemistry, 2004, 65, 14, 2163-2166, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.04.003 . [all data]

Viña and Murillo, 2003
Viña, A.; Murillo, E., Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Columbia, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 5, 744-749, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000500008 . [all data]

Tzakou and Couladis, 2001
Tzakou, O.; Couladis, M., The essential oil of Micromeria graeca (L.) Bentham et Reichenb. growing in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 107-109, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.955 . [all data]

Vera and Chane-Ming, 1999
Vera, R.R.; Chane-Ming, J., Chemical composition of the essential oil of marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) from Reunion Island, Food Chem., 1999, 66, 2, 143-145, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00018-1 . [all data]

Kulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998
Kulkarni, R.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Baskaran, K.; Ramesch, S.; Kumar, S., Composition of the essential oils of two isomenthone-rich variants of geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 6, 389-392, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199811/12)13:6<389::AID-FFJ757>3.0.CO;2-2 . [all data]

Mallavarapu, Rao, et al., 1998
Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Ramesh, S.; Bhattacharya, A.K., Volatile constituents of the essential oils of the seeds and the herb of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.), Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 167-169, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<167::AID-FFJ719>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995
Loayza, I.; Abujder, D.; Aranda, R.; Jakupovic, J.; Collin, G.; Deslauriers, H.; Jean, F.-I., Essential oils of Baccharis salicifolia, B. latifolia and B. dracunculifolia, Phytochemistry, 1995, 38, 2, 381-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(94)00628-7 . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 1994
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Tamura, T.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Identification of volatile compounds isolated from round kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 9, 1888-1890, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00045a011 . [all data]

Wong and Tie, 1993
Wong, K.C.; Tie, D.Y., The Essential Oil of the Leaves of Murraya koenigii Spreng., J. Essent. Oil Res., 1993, 5, 4, 371-374, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698245 . [all data]

Bicchi, Frattini, et al., 1988
Bicchi, C.; Frattini, C.; Nano, G.M.; D'Amato, A., On column injection-dual channel analysis of essential oils, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 1, 56-60, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110115 . [all data]

Umano and Shibamoto, 1988
Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., A new method of headspace sampling: grapefruit volatiles in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 981-998. [all data]

Randriamiharisoa and Gaydou, 1987
Randriamiharisoa, R.P.; Gaydou, E.M., Composition of Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii) essential oil from Madagascar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 1, 62-66, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00073a015 . [all data]

Wyllie, Cook, et al., 1987
Wyllie, S.G.; Cook, D.; Brophy, J.J.; Richter, K.M., Volatile flavor components of Annona atemoya (custard apple), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 5, 768-770, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00077a029 . [all data]

Gaydou, Randriamiharisoa, et al., 1986
Gaydou, E.M.; Randriamiharisoa, R.; Bianchini, J.-P., Composition of the essential oil of ylang-ylang (Canaga odorata Hook Fil. et Thomson forma genuina) from Madagascar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 3, 481-487, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00069a028 . [all data]

Bernhard, Shibamoto, et al., 1983
Bernhard, R.A.; Shibamoto, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; White, E., The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 2, 463-466, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00116a075 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Studies of the volatile composition of hops during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1426-1430, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a036 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References