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Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-177.8 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
93.14200.Scott D.W., 1974Recommended values were obtained from the consistent correlation scheme for alkanes [ Scott D.W., 1974, 2, Scott D.W., 1974]. This approach gives a better agreement with experimental data than the statistical thermodynamics calculation [ Pitzer K.S., 1946] (see also [ Waddington G., 1949]).; GT
128.32273.15
139.4 ± 0.7298.15
140.21300.
181.71400.
218.36500.
250.20600.
277.40700.
301.67800.
322.59900.
340.581000.
356.901100.
370.701200.
384.931300.
393.301400.
405.851500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
158.07341.60Waddington G., 1949GT
170.25371.20
182.55402.30
195.52436.00
208.24471.15

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-207.0 ± 1.0kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4154.9 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -206.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid278.85J/mol*KN/AAdachi, Suga, et al., 1971DH
liquid277.52J/mol*KN/ADouslin and Huffman, 1946DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
189.02298.15Ohnishi, Fujihara, et al., 1989DH
189.04298.15Benson and D'Arcy, 1986DH
188.67298.15Benson, D'Arcy, et al., 1984DH
188.77298.15Aicart, Kumaran, et al., 1983DH
188.77298.15Benson, D'Arcy, et al., 1983DH
188.80298.15Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982DH
189.70298.15Adachi, Suga, et al., 1971T = 13 to 300 K.; DH
188.74298.15Douslin and Huffman, 1946T = 13 to 300 K.; DH
184.35298.1Stull, 1937T = 140 to 320 K.; DH

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

2Hydrogen + 1,3-Butadiene, 2,3-dimethyl- = Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

By formula: 2H2 + C6H10 = C6H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-231.4 ± 3.0kJ/molChydMolnar, Rachford, et al., 1984liquid phase; solvent: Dioxane
Deltar-227.0 ± 2.8kJ/molChydMolnar, Rachford, et al., 1984liquid phase; solvent: Hexane
Deltar-223.4 ± 0.63kJ/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1937gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -225.4 ± 0.63 kJ/mol; At 355 °K

Hydrogen + 2-Butene, 2,3-dimethyl- = Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

By formula: H2 + C6H12 = C6H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-108.7 ± 0.45kJ/molChydRogers, Crooks, et al., 1987liquid phase
Deltar-110.4 ± 0.42kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -111.4 ± 0.42 kJ/mol; At 355 K

Hydrogen + 1-Butene, 2,3-dimethyl- = Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

By formula: H2 + C6H12 = C6H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-116.3 ± 0.58kJ/molChydRogers, Crooks, et al., 1987liquid phase
Deltar-116.1 ± 0.4kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase

n-Hexane = Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

By formula: C6H14 = C6H14

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-8.20 ± 0.84kJ/molCisoProsen and Rossini, 1941liquid phase; Calculated from «DELTA»Hc

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Prosen and Rossini, 1945
Prosen, E.J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and formation of the paraffin hydrocarbons at 25° C, J. Res. NBS, 1945, 263-267. [all data]

Scott D.W., 1974
Scott D.W., Chemical Thermodynamic Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Substances. Properties of the Alkane Hydrocarbons, C1 through C10 in the Ideal Gas State from 0 to 1500 K. U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bulletin 666, 1974. [all data]

Scott D.W., 1974, 2
Scott D.W., Correlation of the chemical thermodynamic properties of alkane hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 3144-3165. [all data]

Pitzer K.S., 1946
Pitzer K.S., The entropies and related properties of branched paraffin hydrocarbons, Chem. Rev., 1946, 39, 435-447. [all data]

Waddington G., 1949
Waddington G., Experimental vapor heat capacities and heats of vaporization of 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, and 2,3-dimethylbutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 3902-3906. [all data]

Adachi, Suga, et al., 1971
Adachi, K.; Suga, H.; Seki, S., Calorimetric study of the glassy state. VI. Phase changes in crystalline and glassy-crystalline 2,3-dimethylbutane, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1971, 44, 78-89. [all data]

Douslin and Huffman, 1946
Douslin, D.R.; Huffman, H.M., Low-temperature thermal data on the five isometric hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 1704-1708. [all data]

Ohnishi, Fujihara, et al., 1989
Ohnishi, K.; Fujihara, I.; Murakami, S., Thermodynamic properties of decalins mixed with hexane isomers at 298.15K. 1. Excess enthalpies and excess isobaric heat capacities, Fluid Phase Equilib., 1989, 46, 59-72. [all data]

Benson and D'Arcy, 1986
Benson, G.C.; D'Arcy, P.J., Heat capacities of binary mixtures of n-octane with each of the hexane isomers at 298.15 K, Can. J. Chem., 1986, 64, 2139-2141. [all data]

Benson, D'Arcy, et al., 1984
Benson, G.C.; D'Arcy, P.J.; Kumaran, M.K., Heat capacities of binary mixtures of n-heptane with hexane isomers, Thermochim. Acta, 1984, 75, 353-360. [all data]

Aicart, Kumaran, et al., 1983
Aicart, E.; Kumaran, M.K.; Halpin, C.J.; Benson, G.C., Ultrasonic speeds and isentropic compressibilities of 2-methylpentan-1-ol with hexane isomers at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1983, 15, 1189-1197. [all data]

Benson, D'Arcy, et al., 1983
Benson, G.C.; D'Arcy, P.J.; Sugamori, M.E., Heat capacities of binary mixtures of 1-hexanol with hexane isomers at 298.15 K, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 71, 161-166. [all data]

Wilhelm, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1982
Wilhelm, E.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes and excess heat capacities of 2,3-dimethylbutane + butane and + toluene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 1199-1200. [all data]

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A semi-micro calorimeter for measuring heat capacities at low temperatures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726-2733. [all data]

Molnar, Rachford, et al., 1984
Molnar, A.; Rachford, R.; Smith, G.V.; Liu, R., Heats of hydrogenation by a simple and rapid flow calorimetric method, Appl. Catal., 1984, 9, 219-223. [all data]

Dolliver, Gresham, et al., 1937
Dolliver, M.a.; Gresham, T.L.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. V. Heats of hydrogenation of various hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 831-841. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Rogers, Crooks, et al., 1987
Rogers, D.W.; Crooks, E.; Dejroongruang, K., Enthalpies of hydrogenation of the hexenes, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 1209-1215. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. III. Hydrogenation of some higher olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 137-145. [all data]

Prosen and Rossini, 1941
Prosen, E.J.R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of isomerization of the five hexanes, J. Res. NBS, 1941, 27, 289-310. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References