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Butane, 2,3-dimethyl-

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Normal boiling point

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
331.16Hiaki, Yamato, et al., 1992Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 K; TRC
331.2Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
331.1Majer and Svoboda, 1985 
331.30Kirby and Van Winkle, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
331.18Willock and Van Winkle, 1970Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.30Garrett and Van Winkle, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.1Parnes, Khotimskaya, et al., 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
330.95McConnell and Van Winkle, 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.14Desty and Whyman, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.3Hickman, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
331.15Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
329.95Hobbs and Houston, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.1Anonymous, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.65Marschner and Carmody, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.4De Vos. F.C., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.2Westerdijk, Waterman, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.10Foehr and Fenske, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.35Rust, Seubold, et al., 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.1Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
331.2Lecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
331.15Vol'f and Zabryanskii, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
331.13Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
330.92Holloway and Bonnell, 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.83 K; TRC
331.18Kay, 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.18Kay, 1946, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
331.2Bishop, Burk, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.25Fidler, 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
331.13Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
330.9Danzig and Hass, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
331.25Anonymous, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.14Anonymous, 1943, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
331.15Bazhulin, Bokstein, et al., 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
331.15Griswold, van Berg, et al., 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.12Lemons and Felsing, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
331.15McArdle and Robertson, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.25Boord, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
333.12Kelso and Felsing, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
330.95McArdle and Robertson, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
331.05Rank, Scott, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; not clear if this was measured by authors; TRC
331.15Anonymous, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.14Brooks, Howard, et al., 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
331.Moldavskii and Nizovkina, 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
331.15Moldavskii and Nizovkina, 1940, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
331.17Wojciechowski, 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.08Hicks-Brunn, Bruun, et al., 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.25Oberfell and Frey, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.20Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.17Wojciechowski, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
331.25Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
332.25Brooks, Cleaton, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.08Bruun, Hicks-Brunn, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
331.25Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
331.12Stull, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; measured by Wojciechowski; TRC
331.2Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.07Cramer and Mulligan, 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.35Maman, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.35Maman, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
330.8Moldavskii and Livshits, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
330.65Frey and Hepp, 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.8Tongberg and Fenske, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.15Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.45Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.4Brame and Hunter, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
331.15Brame and Hunter, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
331.25Chavanne and Van Risseghem, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.25Chavanne, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
331.21Van Risseghem, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
331.21Timmermans, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
331.15Lagerlof, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
331.65de Montmollin, 1916Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
331.25Young, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
331.Zander, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hiaki, Yamato, et al., 1992
Hiaki, T.; Yamato, K.; Kojima, K., Vapor-liquid equilibria of 2,3-dimethylbutane + methanol or ethanol at 101. 3 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1992, 37, 203-6. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Kirby and Van Winkle, 1970
Kirby, C.E.; Van Winkle, M., Vapor-liquid equilibria 2,3-dimethylbutane + methanol and 2,3- dimethylbutane + methanol + chloroform systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 177-82. [all data]

Willock and Van Winkle, 1970
Willock, J.M.; Van Winkle, M., Binary and Ternary Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Methano-Acetone-2,3-Dimethyl- butane, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 281. [all data]

Garrett and Van Winkle, 1969
Garrett, G.R.; Van Winkle, M., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of the Ternary System Acetone-Chloroform-2,3- Dimethylbutane, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 302. [all data]

Parnes, Khotimskaya, et al., 1969
Parnes, Z.N.; Khotimskaya, G.A.; Kudryavtsev, R.V.; Lukina, M.Y.; Kursanov, D.N., The Behavior of Cyclopropane Hydrocarbons in Ionic Hydrogenation Reactions, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 1969, 184, 615-8. [all data]

McConnell and Van Winkle, 1967
McConnell, C.G.; Van Winkle, M., Vapor-Liquid Equilibria in the Acetone-2,3-Dimethylbutane and Chloroform-2,3-Dimethylbutane Systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1967, 12, 430-2. [all data]

Desty and Whyman, 1957
Desty, D.H.; Whyman, B.H.F., Anal. Chem., 1957, 29, 320. [all data]

Hickman, 1955
Hickman, J.B., Solubility of isomeric hexanes in perfluoroheptane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 6154-6. [all data]

Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955
Lichtenfels, D.H.; Fleck, S.A.; Burow, F.H., Anal. Chem., 1955, 27, 1510. [all data]

Hobbs and Houston, 1954
Hobbs, C.C.; Houston, B., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1954, 76, 1254. [all data]

Anonymous, 1951
Anonymous, R., , Sunbury Rep. No. 4199, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1951. [all data]

Marschner and Carmody, 1951
Marschner, R.F.; Carmody, D.R., React. of Isoalkane and Olefin Percursors Catalyzed by Sulfuric Acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 604. [all data]

De Vos. F.C., 1950
De Vos. F.C., The Dielectric Constants of Some Hexanes, Heptanes, and Octanes, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1950, 69, 1157-71. [all data]

Westerdijk, Waterman, et al., 1950
Westerdijk, J.B.; Waterman, H.I.; Span, H.F.O.; Booij, H.; van Nes, K., J. Inst. Pet., 1950, 36, 281. [all data]

Foehr and Fenske, 1949
Foehr, E.G.; Fenske, M.R., Magneto-optic Rotation of Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1956. [all data]

Rust, Seubold, et al., 1948
Rust, F.F.; Seubold, F.H.; Vaughan, W.E., Dec. of Di-t-Alkyl Peroxides. II. React. of the Resultant Free Radical, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 95. [all data]

Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947
Fenske, M.R.; Braun, W.G.; Wiegand, R.V.; Quiggle, D.; McCormick, R.H.; Rank, D.H., Raman Spectra of Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1947, 19, 700. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1947, 33, 160-82. [all data]

Vol'f and Zabryanskii, 1947
Vol'f, M.B.; Zabryanskii, E.I., Neft. Khoz., 1947, 25, 12, 35. [all data]

Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946
Forziati, A.F.; Glasgow, A.R.; Willingham, C.B.; Rossini, F.D., Specification adn Properties of 29 Paraffin, 4 Alkylcyclopentanes, 10 Alkylcyclohexanes and 8 Alkylbenzene Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1946, 36, 129. [all data]

Holloway and Bonnell, 1946
Holloway, C.; Bonnell, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1946, 38, 1231. [all data]

Kay, 1946
Kay, W.B., , The Vapor Pressure and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Den- sities of Isomeric Hexanes, Standard Oil Company: Whiting, IN, 1946. [all data]

Kay, 1946, 2
Kay, W.B., The Vapor Pressures and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of the Isomeric Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 1336. [all data]

Bishop, Burk, et al., 1945
Bishop, J.W.; Burk, R.E.; Lankelma, H.P., The Action of Aluminum Bromide on Paraffin Hydrocarbons II. Branched Chain Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 914. [all data]

Fidler, 1945
Fidler, F.A., , Sunbury Rep. No. 2731, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1945. [all data]

Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945
Grummitt, O.; Sensel, E.E.; Smith, W.R.; Burk, R.E.; Lankelma, H.P., The Action of Aluminum Bromide on Paraffin Hydrocarbons I. n-Hexane and n-Heptane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 910. [all data]

Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945
Willingham, C.B.; Taylor, W.J.; Pignocco, J.M.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Some Paraffin, Alkylcyclopentane, Alkylcyclohexane and Alkylbenzene Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1945, 35, 219. [all data]

Danzig and Hass, 1944
Danzig, M.H.; Hass, H.B., Nitration of 2,3-Dimethylbutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1944, 66, 2017. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943
Anonymous, R., , Sunbury Rep. No. 2176, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1943. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943, 2
Anonymous, X., Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 6, 1943, Unpublished, 1943. [all data]

Bazhulin, Bokstein, et al., 1943
Bazhulin, P.A.; Bokstein, M.L.; Liberman, A.L.; Lukina, M.Y.; Margolis, E.I.; Solovova, O.P.; Kazanskii, B.A., Optical Methods for Studying Hydrocarbons III. The Combined Scattering Spectrum of Paraffins, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1943, 1943, 198. [all data]

Griswold, van Berg, et al., 1943
Griswold, J.; van Berg, C.F.; Kasch, J.E., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1943, 35, 854. [all data]

Lemons and Felsing, 1943
Lemons, J.F.; Felsing, W.A., The Heats of Vaporization of Some Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1943, 65, 46. [all data]

McArdle and Robertson, 1943
McArdle, E.H.; Robertson, A.E., Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed., 1943, 15, 484. [all data]

Boord, 1942
Boord, C.E., Oil & Gas J., 1942, 41, 27, 188. [all data]

Kelso and Felsing, 1942
Kelso, E.A.; Felsing, W.A., P-V-T Relations and Derived Quatities for Hexanes, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1942, 34, 161-3. [all data]

McArdle and Robertson, 1942
McArdle, E.H.; Robertson, A.E., Solvent Properties of Isomeric Paraffins, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1942, 34, 1005. [all data]

Rank, Scott, et al., 1942
Rank, D.H.; Scott, R.W.; Fenske, M.R., Qualitive and quantitative analysis of hydrocarbon mixtures, Anal. Chem., 1942, 14, 816. [all data]

Anonymous, 1941
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Hydrocarbon Res. Proj., Third Annu. Rep., Ohio State Univ., Aug. 31, 1941. [all data]

Brooks, Howard, et al., 1940
Brooks, D.B.; Howard, F.L.; Crafton, H.C., Physical Properties of Some Purified Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1940, 24, 33. [all data]

Moldavskii and Nizovkina, 1940
Moldavskii, L.; Nizovkina, T.V., Hydrogenation of Oxygent-COntining Compounds III. Preparation of 2,3-Dimethylbutane from Pinacalone, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1940, 10, 1183. [all data]

Moldavskii and Nizovkina, 1940, 2
Moldavskii, L.; Nizovkina, T.V., Hydrogenation of Oxygen-containing Compounds III. Preparation of 2,3-Dimethylbutane from Pinacalone, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1940, 10, 653. [all data]

Wojciechowski, 1940
Wojciechowski, M., Some physical constants of a few hydrocarbons and their structural isomers, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 1940, 73, 361. [all data]

Hicks-Brunn, Bruun, et al., 1939
Hicks-Brunn, M.M.; Bruun, J.H.; Faulconer, W.B.M., Isolation of 2,2-Dimethylbutane from Natural Gas and Determination of its Physical Properties, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1939, 61, 3099-101. [all data]

Oberfell and Frey, 1939
Oberfell, G.G.; Frey, F.E., Oil & Gas J., 1939, 38, 29, 70. [all data]

Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939
Wibaut, J.P.; Hoog, H.; Lagedijk, S.L.; Overhoff, J.; Smittenberg, J.; Benninga, N.; Bouman, G.P.; van Dijk, H.; Gaade, W.; Geldof, H.; Hackmann, J.Th.; Jonker, E.W.; Paap, T.; Zuiderweg, F.J., Study on the preparation and the physical constants of a number of alkanes and cycloalkanes, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1939, 58, 329. [all data]

Wojciechowski, 1939
Wojciechowski, M., Przem. Chem., 1939, 23, 129. [all data]

Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938
Smittenberg, J.; Hoog, H.; Henkes, R.A., Freezing Points of A Number of Pure Hydrocarbons of the Gasoline Boiling Range and of Some of their Binary Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 17. [all data]

Brooks, Cleaton, et al., 1937
Brooks, D.B.; Cleaton, R.B.; Carter, F.R., Paraffin Hydrocarbons Isolated from Crude Synthetic Isooctane (2,2,4-Trimethylpentane), J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1937, 19, 319. [all data]

Bruun, Hicks-Brunn, et al., 1937
Bruun, J.H.; Hicks-Brunn, M.M.; Faulconer, W.B.M., Isolation of Pure Isomeric Hexanes from Natural Gas, Including the Determinations of their Physiocal Properties and the Phase-Equilibrium Diagram of the Condensed System n-Heptane-2-Methylpentane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2355. [all data]

Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937
Hoog, H.; Smittenberg, J.; Visser, G.H., Composition of the Primary Polymerization Prod. of Propene and Butenes in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 489, 1937. [all data]

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A Semi-micro Calorimeter for Measuring Heat Capacities at Low Temp., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726. [all data]

Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937
Van Wijk, W.R.; Versteeg, J.M., Viscosity of pure hydrocarbons. in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 955, 1937. [all data]

Cramer and Mulligan, 1936
Cramer, P.L.; Mulligan, M.J., The Preparation of the Isomeric Hexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 373. [all data]

Maman, 1935
Maman, A., The Hexanes and Some Related Hydrocarbons, Publ. Sci. Tech. Minist. Air (Fr.) No. 66, 55 pp, 1935. [all data]

Maman, 1934
Maman, A., The Preparation and Several Physicochemical Properties of Hexane and Its Isomers, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1934, 198, 1323. [all data]

Moldavskii and Livshits, 1934
Moldavskii; Livshits, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1934, 4, 948. [all data]

Frey and Hepp, 1933
Frey, F.E.; Hepp, H.J., Thermal Decomposition of Simple Paraffins, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1933, 25, 441. [all data]

Tongberg and Fenske, 1932
Tongberg, C.O.; Fenske, M.R., Composition of straight-run pennsylvania gasoline: III isolation of pure hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1932, 24, 814-8. [all data]

Bruun and Hicks-Brunn, 1930
Bruun, J.H.; Hicks-Brunn, M.M., The Isolation of the Isomers of Hexane from Petroleum, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1930, 5, 933. [all data]

Brame and Hunter, 1927
Brame, J.S.S.; Hunter, T.G., Composition of Cracked Distillates, J. Inst. Pet. Technol., 1927, 13, 794. [all data]

Chavanne and Van Risseghem, 1922
Chavanne, G.; Van Risseghem, H., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 87. [all data]

Chavanne, 1922
Chavanne, G., The constituents of the fraction of a Borneo Petroleum which distills between 37 and 81 degrees, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 331. [all data]

Van Risseghem, 1921
Van Risseghem, H., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 8. [all data]

Timmermans, 1921
Timmermans, J., The Freezing Points of Organic Substances IV. New Exp. Determinations, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 62. [all data]

Lagerlof, 1918
Lagerlof, D., Thermodynamic research: reduced formulas for simplified calculations of latent molar heat of evaporation, J. Prakt. Chem., 1918, 98, 136. [all data]

de Montmollin, 1916
de Montmollin, G., Polymerization of Ethylene, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1916, 19, 242. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Zander, 1882
Zander, A., The Specific Volume of Some Allyl-, Propyl-, and OTher COmpounds, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1882, 214, 138-93. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, References