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Propanoic acid

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Normal boiling point

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
414.01Kato, Yamaguchi, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
414.2Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
413.85Subha and Rao, 1988Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.5Malijevska, Sysova, et al., 1986Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
414.5Malijevska and Vlckova, 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
414.15Mikhailov, Solomentseva, et al., 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
414.Wisniak and Tamir, 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
414.1Jain, Bagga, et al., 1977Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
413.9Wisniak and Tamir, 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
414.2Donnelly, Malpani, et al., 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
414.Radecki and Kaczmarek, 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
413.95Anonymous, 1968TRC
414.05Lebedeva, 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
414.2Trabczynski, 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
413.7Costello and Bowden, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
413.85Costello and Bowden, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
414.05Zieborak and Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
414.4Christian, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
412.65Sumarokov and Volodutskaya, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
414.67Hansen, Miller, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
414.45Purnell and Bowden, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
412.9Goldschmidt, Leicher, et al., 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.25Happ and Stewart, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
414.25James and Martin, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.15Taylor and Bruton, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
413.6Tomecko and Hatcher, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
414.15Weizmann, Bergmann, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
413.95Dreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
414.45Lecat, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
410.65Everett and Pinsent, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
413.85Vogel, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
414.15French, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
414.5Lecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
414.45Lecat, 1947, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
412.65Sato, Barry, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
414.45Lecat, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
414.6Othmer, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
413.85MacDougall, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
414.65Pohl, Hobbs, et al., 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
404.15Kharasch, Sternfeld, et al., 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
414.15McAllister, Bailey, et al., 1940Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
414.4Butler and Ramchandani, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
413.95Kohlraush, Koppl, et al., 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.5Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
413.25Talvitie, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
413.1Timmermans, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; source of data not clear; TRC
413.85Richmond, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
413.65Seligman and Williams, 1916Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
413.85Bielecki and Henri, 1913Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
413.65Parnas, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
412.75Beckmann, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
414.15Beckmann, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
414.2Louguinine, 1902Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
412.15Nef, 1901Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
413.45Kahlbaum, 1898Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
413.15Franke, 1895Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
413.45Richardson, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
412.55Kahlbaum, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
415.55Perkin, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
414.45Perkin, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
413.85Zander, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.05Zander, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.95Zander, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
414.Zander, 1882Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
413.86Linnemann and von Zotta, 1872Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
413.86Linnemann, 1871Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kato, Yamaguchi, et al., 1990
Kato, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Yoshikawa, H., Vapor liquid equilibria 100 Kpa for propionic acid and carbon tetrachloride or 2-butanone., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1990, 35, 85. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Subha and Rao, 1988
Subha, M.C.S.; Rao, S.B., Thermodynamic Properties of Binary Acid-Base Mixtures, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1988, 33, 104. [all data]

Malijevska, Sysova, et al., 1986
Malijevska, I.; Sysova, M.; Vlckova, D., Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium in Strongly Associated Systems. The Systems Acetic Acid-Propionic Acid and Acetic Acid-Trifluoroacetic Acid, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1986, 51, 194. [all data]

Malijevska and Vlckova, 1985
Malijevska, I.; Vlckova, D., Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium in Strongly Associated Systems. The Propionic Acid-n-Heptane System, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1985, 50, 2101. [all data]

Mikhailov, Solomentseva, et al., 1982
Mikhailov, O.K.; Solomentseva, T.V.; Markuzin, N.P., Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1982, 55, 265. [all data]

Wisniak and Tamir, 1982
Wisniak, J.; Tamir, A., Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in the Systems Propyl Bromide-Acetic Acid, Propyl Bromide-Propionic Acid, and Propyl Bromide-Acetic Acid- Propionic Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1982, 27, 430. [all data]

Jain, Bagga, et al., 1977
Jain, S.C.; Bagga, O.P.; Raju, K.S.N., Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for Systems with Associating Vapor Phase Propionic Acid-Isopropylbenzene and Propionic Acid-o-Xylene Syst, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1977, 22, 177-9. [all data]

Wisniak and Tamir, 1976
Wisniak, J.; Tamir, A., Association effects in propionic acid systems, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1976, 21, 88-90. [all data]

Donnelly, Malpani, et al., 1975
Donnelly, J.K.; Malpani, S.N.; Moore, R.G., Vapor-liquid equilibrium of propionic acid + toluene system, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1975, 20, 170. [all data]

Radecki and Kaczmarek, 1975
Radecki, A.; Kaczmarek, B., Liquid-vapor equilibria of binary systems of hexamethyldisiloxane with some carboxylic acids, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1975, 20, 378-81. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Lebedeva, 1964
Lebedeva, N.D., Heat of Combustion of A Series of Monocarboxylic Acids, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1964, 38, 2648. [all data]

Trabczynski, 1964
Trabczynski, W., Location of saddle points in the series of systems formed by propionic acid, 2-picoline and n-paraffins, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci. Chim., 1964, 12, 335. [all data]

Costello and Bowden, 1958
Costello, J.M.; Bowden, S.T., The temperature variation of orthobaric density difference in liquid- vapour systems: IV fatty acids, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1958, 77, 803. [all data]

Zieborak and Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, 1958
Zieborak, K.; Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, D., The influence of polar components on the compositions of ternary positive-negative azeotropes containing n-undecane, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci., Chim., Geol. Geogr., 1958, 6, 517. [all data]

Christian, 1957
Christian, S.D., Liquid-vapor equilibrium in the system acetic acid- propionic acid at 20!31, J. Phys. Chem., 1957, 61, 1441. [all data]

Sumarokov and Volodutskaya, 1956
Sumarokov, V.P.; Volodutskaya, Z.M., Characteristics of the binary system acetic acid - propionic acid, Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1956, 29, 738-43. [all data]

Hansen, Miller, et al., 1955
Hansen, R.S.; Miller, F.A.; Christian, S.D., Activity coefficients of components in the systems water - acetic acid, water - propionic acid and water - n-butyric acid at 25c, J. Phys. Chem., 1955, 59, 391-5. [all data]

Purnell and Bowden, 1954
Purnell, J.H.; Bowden, S.T., Miscibility Phenomena in Ternary Systems Containing Diphenyl Ether Water, and an Aliphatic Alcohol, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 1954, 539. [all data]

Goldschmidt, Leicher, et al., 1952
Goldschmidt, S.; Leicher, W.; Haas, H., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1952, 577, 153. [all data]

Happ and Stewart, 1952
Happ, G.P.; Stewart, D.W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 4404. [all data]

James and Martin, 1952
James, A.T.; Martin, A.J.P., Biochem. J., 1952, 50, 679. [all data]

Taylor and Bruton, 1952
Taylor, M.D.; Bruton, J., The vapour phase dissociation of some carboxylic acids. II. Formic and propionic acids., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 4151. [all data]

Tomecko and Hatcher, 1951
Tomecko, J.W.; Hatcher, W.H., Trans. R. Soc. Can., 1951, 45, 39. [all data]

Weizmann, Bergmann, et al., 1950
Weizmann, C.; Bergmann, E.D.; Sulzbacher, M., J. Org. Chem., 1950, 15, 54. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Lecat, 1949
Lecat, M., Tables Azeotropiques, Vol. 1, 10th ed., Brussels, Belgium, 1949. [all data]

Everett and Pinsent, 1948
Everett, D.H.; Pinsent, B.R.W., J. Chem. Soc., 1948, 1948, 1029. [all data]

Vogel, 1948
Vogel, A.I., Physical Properties and Chemical Constitution XX. Aliphatic Alcohols and Acids, J. Chem. Soc., 1948, 1948, 1814-9. [all data]

French, 1947
French, C.M., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1947, 43, 356. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1947, 33, 160-82. [all data]

Lecat, 1947, 2
Lecat, M., Some azeotropes of which one constituant is heterocyclic nitrogen, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1947, 61, 73. [all data]

Sato, Barry, et al., 1947
Sato, Y.; Barry, G.T.; Craig, L.C., Identification of Small Amounts of ORganic Compounds by Distribution Studies VII. Separation and Estimation of Normal Fatty Acids, J. Biol. Chem., 1947, 170, 501. [all data]

Lecat, 1943
Lecat, M., Negative and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 242. [all data]

Othmer, 1943
Othmer, D.F., Composition of vapors from boiling binary solutions, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1943, 35, 614-20. [all data]

MacDougall, 1941
MacDougall, F.H., A study of the vapor of propionic acid at 45, 50, 55, 60 and 65 c, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 3420-3424. [all data]

Pohl, Hobbs, et al., 1941
Pohl, H.A.; Hobbs, M.E.; Gross, P.M., Electric polarization of carboxylic acids in dilute solutions of nonpolar solvents: I the relation of electric polarization to the association of carboxylic acids in hydrocarbon solvents, J. Chem. Phys., 1941, 9, 408. [all data]

Kharasch, Sternfeld, et al., 1940
Kharasch, M.S.; Sternfeld, E.; Mayo, F.R., J. Org. Chem., 1940, 5, 362. [all data]

McAllister, Bailey, et al., 1940
McAllister, S.H.; Bailey, W.A.; Bouton, C.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 3210. [all data]

Butler and Ramchandani, 1935
Butler, J.A.V.; Ramchandani, C.N., The Solubility of Non-electrolytes. Part II. The Influence of the Polar Group on the Free Energy of Hydration of Aliphatic Compounds., J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 1935, 952. [all data]

Kohlraush, Koppl, et al., 1933
Kohlraush, K.W.F.; Koppl, F.; Pongratz, A., Z. Phys. Chem., Abt. B, 1933, 21, 242. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1930
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., The Work of the International Bureau of Physical-Chemical Standards IV Study of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1930, 27, 401-38. [all data]

Talvitie, 1927
Talvitie, Y., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 1927, 26, 16, 1. [all data]

Timmermans, 1927
Timmermans, J., The Melting Point of Organic Substances, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1927, 36, 502. [all data]

Richmond, 1917
Richmond, H.D., Analyst (London), 1917, 42, 125. [all data]

Seligman and Williams, 1916
Seligman, R.; Williams, P., J. Soc. Chem. Ind., London, 1916, 35, 88. [all data]

Bielecki and Henri, 1913
Bielecki, J.; Henri, V., Quantitative study on absorption of ultra-violet rays by monobasic acids and esters of the aliphatic series: II, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1913, 46, 1304. [all data]

Parnas, 1910
Parnas, J., Biochem. Z., 1910, 28, 274. [all data]

Beckmann, 1906
Beckmann, E., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1906, 57, 129. [all data]

Louguinine, 1902
Louguinine, W., Study of the Latent Heat at Vaporization of Aniline at Orthotoluidine and of Some Other Derivatives as well as of Some Other Substances in Organic Chemistry, Ann. Chim. Phys., 1902, 27, 105-44. [all data]

Nef, 1901
Nef, J.V., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1901, 318, 137. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1898
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1898, 26, 577. [all data]

Franke, 1895
Franke, E., Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1895, 16, 477. [all data]

Richardson, 1886
Richardson, A., Determination of vapor pressures of alcohols and organic acids, J. Chem. Soc., 1886, 49, 761-76. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1884
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., The dependence of Boiling Temperature on Air Pressure, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1884, 17, 1245. [all data]

Perkin, 1884
Perkin, W.H., On the Magnetic Rotary Polarisation of Compounds in Relation to their Chemical Consitution; with Observations on the Preparation and Relative Densities of the Bodies Examined, J. Chem. Soc., 1884, 45, 421-580. [all data]

Zander, 1884
Zander, A., The specific volumes of liquid compounds: IV normal fatty acids and normal fatty alcohols, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1884, 224, 56-95. [all data]

Zander, 1882
Zander, A., The Specific Volume of Some Allyl-, Propyl-, and OTher COmpounds, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1882, 214, 138-93. [all data]

Linnemann and von Zotta, 1872
Linnemann, E.; von Zotta, V., Reduction of Formic Acid to Formaldehyde and Methyl Alcohol, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1872, 161, 15. [all data]

Linnemann, 1871
Linnemann, E., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1871, 160, 195. [all data]


Notes

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