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Propanoic acid

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil414. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 63 out of 66 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus252. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple252.65KN/AMartin and Andon, 1982Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc607. ± 10.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc46.68barN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.50 bar; TRC
Pc45.30barN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.50 bar; TRC
Pc48.1014barN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.90 bar; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Pc40.60barN/AEfremova and Sokolova, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4.053 bar; TRC
Pc53.60barN/AVespigniani, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5.0663 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.51mol/lN/AEfremova and Sokolova, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0450 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.25mol/lN/AAnonymous, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap51. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
47.0358.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 343. - 419. K.; AC
60.6429.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 414. - 511. K.; AC
46.4360.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 345. - 401. K.; AC
56.0303.N/ATamir, Dragoescu, et al., 1983AC
48.3343.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1981Based on data from 328. - 437. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
345.54 - 401.494.745581679.869-59.832Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
74. ± 1.233.TECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978Based on data from 225. - 238. K.; AC
73. ± 1.233.MECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.66252.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996See also Martin and Andon, 1982, 2.; AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
10.660252.65crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
42.19252.65crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Martin and Andon, 1982
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1982, 14, 679-88. [all data]

Andereya and Chase, 1990
Andereya, E.; Chase, J.D., Chem. Eng. Technol., 1990, 13, 304-12. [all data]

Ambrose and Ghiassee, 1987
Ambrose, D.; Ghiassee, N.B., Vapor Pressures and Critical Temperatures and Critical Pressures of Some Alkanoic Acids: C1 to C10, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 505. [all data]

D'Souza and Teja, 1987
D'Souza, R.; Teja, A.S., The prediction of the vapor pressures of carboxylic acids, Chem. Eng. Commun., 1987, 61, 13. [all data]

Efremova and Sokolova, 1972
Efremova, G.D.; Sokolova, E.S., Boundary curve and critical parameters of propionic acid, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1972, 46, 1084. [all data]

Vespigniani, 1903
Vespigniani, G.R., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1903, 33, 73-8. [all data]

Anonymous, 1928
Anonymous, B., International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Phys., Chem. Technol. Vol. III, Washburn, E. W., Ed., McGraw-Hill, NY, 1928. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Tamir, Dragoescu, et al., 1983
Tamir, Abraham; Dragoescu, Claudia; Apelblat, Alexander; Wisniak, Jaime, Heats of vaporization and vapor-liquid equilibria in associated solutions containing formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid and carbon tetrachloride, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1983, 10, 1, 9-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3812(83)80002-8 . [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1981
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Gundry, H.A.; Lee, D.A.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds LI. The vapour pressures of some esters and fatty acids, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1981, 13, 8, 795-802, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(81)90069-0 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Calis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978
Calis-Van Ginkel, C.H.D.; Calis, G.H.M.; Timmermans, C.W.M.; de Kruif, C.G.; Oonk, H.A.J., Enthalpies of sublimation and dimerization in the vapour phase of formic, acetic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1978, 10, 11, 1083-1088, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(78)90082-4 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Martin and Andon, 1982, 2
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 679-688. [all data]


Notes

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