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Propanoic acid

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: D.R. Burgess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-455.8 ± 2.0kJ/molN/ALebedeva, 1964Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -510.8±0.1 kj/mol from Lebedeva, 1964 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 55±2 kj/mol from missing citation.
Deltafgas-455.8 ± 2.0kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° from Lebedeva, 1964 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 55. kJ/mol from Konicek and Wadso, 1970.
Deltafgas-455.0 ± 3.2kJ/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° from Schjanberg, 1935 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 55. kJ/mol from Konicek and Wadso, 1970. estimated uncertainty

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DRB - D.R. Burgess
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-510.8 ± 0.1kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964ALS
Deltafliquid-510.0 ± 2.5kJ/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935estimated uncertainty; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1527.3 ± 0.1kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -510.74 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-1528.kJ/molCcbSchjanberg, 1935Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -510.0 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid191.0J/mol*KN/AMartin and Andon, 1982DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
158.6298.15Biros, Sikora, et al., 1982T = 270 to 370 K. Equation only. Cp = 129.7 - 0.1263 T + 0.0007486 T2 J/mol*K.; DH
152.8298.15Martin and Andon, 1982T = 13 to 450 K. Data also given by equation.; DH
154.6333.15Woycicka and Kalinowska, 1978DH
151.298.15Konicek and Wadso, 1971DH
159.4289.Radulescu and Jula, 1934DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, M. Frenkel director
BS - R.L. Brown and S.E. Stein
AC - W.E. Acree, Jr., J.S. Chickos
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
DH - E.S. Domalski and E.D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil414. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 63 out of 66 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus252. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple252.65KN/AMartin and Andon, 1982, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc607. ± 10.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc46.68barN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.50 bar; TRC
Pc45.30barN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.50 bar; TRC
Pc48.1014barN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.90 bar; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Pc40.60barN/AEfremova and Sokolova, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4.053 bar; TRC
Pc53.60barN/AVespigniani, 1903Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5.0663 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.51mol/lN/AEfremova and Sokolova, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.0450 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.25mol/lN/AAnonymous, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap51. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
47.0358.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 343. - 419. K.; AC
60.6429.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 414. - 511. K.; AC
46.4360.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 345. - 401. K.; AC
56.0303.N/ATamir, Dragoescu, et al., 1983AC
48.3343.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1981Based on data from 328. - 437. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
345.54 - 401.494.745581679.869-59.832Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
74. ± 1.233.TECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978Based on data from 225. - 238. K.; AC
73. ± 1.233.MECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.66252.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996See also Martin and Andon, 1982.; AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
10.660252.65crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
42.19252.65crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
ALS - H.Y. Afeefy, J.F. Liebman, and S.E. Stein
RCD - R.C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

EtCO2 anion + Hydrogen cation = Propanoic acid

By formula: C3H5O2- + H+ = C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1454. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSCaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1454. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

Iodide + Propanoic acid = (Iodide bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: I- + C3H6O2 = (I- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B

thiophenoxide anion + Propanoic acid = C9H11O2S-

By formula: C6H5S- + C3H6O2 = C9H11O2S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar83.7 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

Ethanol + Propanoic acid = Propanoic acid, ethyl ester + Water

By formula: C2H6O + C3H6O2 = C5H10O2 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-22.6 ± 0.42kJ/molEqkEssex and Sandholzer, 1938liquid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -23.54 kJ/mol; ALS

Propanoic acid, anhydride + Water = 2Propanoic acid

By formula: C6H10O3 + H2O = 2C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-56.6 ± 0.4kJ/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1942liquid phase; Heat of hydrolysis at 303 K; ALS

Hydrogen + 2-Propenoic acid = Propanoic acid

By formula: H2 + C3H4O2 = C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-127.0 ± 0.8kJ/molChydSkinner and Snelson, 1959liquid phase; solvent: Acetic acid; ALS

Methyl propionate + Water = Methyl Alcohol + Propanoic acid

By formula: C4H8O2 + H2O = CH4O + C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-60.17 ± 0.92kJ/molEqkGuthrie and Cullimore, 1980liquid phase; ALS

NO3 anion + Water + Propanoic acid = C3H8NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C3H6O2 = C3H8NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CO3 + Water + Propanoic acid = C4H8O6-

By formula: CO3 + H2O + C3H6O2 = C4H8O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO5-

By formula: NO3- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Nitrogen oxide anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO4-

By formula: NO2- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.30 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Propanoic acid = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: Na+ + C3H6O2 = (Na+ bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118. ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTMoision and Armentrout, 2002RCD

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: R. Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
5700. MN/A 
6200. MN/AThe value given here was measured at a liquid phase volume mixing ratio of 1 ppmv. missing citation found that the Henry's law constant changes at higher concentrations.
2200. QN/A 
2300. MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - E.P. Hunter and S.G. Lias
L - S.G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
LL - S.G. Lias and J.F. Liebman
LBLHLM - S.G. Lias, J.E. Bartmess, J.F. Liebman, J.L. Holmes, R.D. Levin, and W.G. Mallard
LLK - S.G. Lias, R.D. Levin, and S.A. Kafafi
RDSH - H.M. Rosenstock, K. Draxl, B.W. Steiner, and J.T. Herron

View reactions leading to C3H6O2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.44 ± 0.06eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)797.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity766.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.4EIArakawa, 1990LL
10.51PITraeger, 1985LBLHLM
10.41EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK
10.41EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980LLK
10.525 ± 0.003PIWatanabe, Yokoyama, et al., 1974LLK
10.54PEWatanabe, Yokoyama, et al., 1973LLK
10.44 ± 0.03PEThomas, 1972LLK
10.24 ± 0.03PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.51PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.72PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHO2+12.6?EIArakawa, 1990LL
CHO2+12.84C2H5EIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH
C2H5+12.4COOHEIArakawa, 1990LL
C2H5+12.90?EIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH
C3H3O+13.1?EIArakawa, 1990LL
C3H4O+10.9H2OEIArakawa, 1990LL
C3H4O+11.57H2OEIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH
C3H5O+11.2OHEIArakawa, 1990LL
C3H5O+11.00OHPITraeger, 1985LBLHLM
C3H5O+12.20OHEIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH
C3H5O2+11.1HEIArakawa, 1990LL
C3H5O2+11.70HEIBernecker and Long, 1961RDSH

De-protonation reactions

EtCO2 anion + Hydrogen cation = Propanoic acid

By formula: C3H5O2- + H+ = C3H6O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1454. ± 9.2kJ/molG+TSCaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1454. ± 12.kJ/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar1424. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - J.E. Bartmess
RCD - R.C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

thiophenoxide anion + Propanoic acid = C9H11O2S-

By formula: C6H5S- + C3H6O2 = C9H11O2S-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar83.7 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; B

Iodide + Propanoic acid = (Iodide bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: I- + C3H6O2 = (I- bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1984gas phase; B

Nitrogen oxide anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO4-

By formula: NO2- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.30 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Propanoic acid = C3H6NO5-

By formula: NO3- + C3H6O2 = C3H6NO5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Water + Propanoic acid = C3H8NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C3H6O2 = C3H8NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 0.84kJ/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Propanoic acid = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Propanoic acid)

By formula: Na+ + C3H6O2 = (Na+ bullet C3H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118. ± 5.9kJ/molCIDTMoision and Armentrout, 2002RCD

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290898

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedE-301170.683.Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969He, Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30120.695.Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 6. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1486.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1492.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5700.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB741.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS745.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1684.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5721.Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1702.Place, Imhof, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 45C (5min) => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1711.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillarySE-54748.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone743.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
PackedSE-30743.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-FFAP1534.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP1549.Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 25. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1526.Quijano, Linares, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1523.Lee, Lee, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1536.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1508.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101487.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillaryStabilwax1548.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1540.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1556.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1498.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1498.Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1527.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1550.Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1564.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1528.Nielsen and Poll, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1530.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1498.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1520.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101555.Moreira, Trugo, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1547.Charles, Martin, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1533.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1574.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP1554.Stephan and Steinhart, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1533.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1536.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1531.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101554.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryStabilwax1547.Natali N., Chinnici F., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1565.Ranau and Steinhart, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C (13.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1528.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1548.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1525.Huynh-Ba, Matthey-Doret, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1534.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1524.Rychlik and Bosset, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1544.Ziegleder, 2001He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C (40min)
CapillaryFFAP1533.Zimmermann and Schieberle, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 180C 20C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1528.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1551.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS717.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS721.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5690.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryRTX-5729.Pham, Schilling, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-5681.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryRSL-200668.Jirovetz, Buchbauer, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5679.Pérès, Begnaud, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min
CapillaryAT-1732.Kelling, 2001He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryRSL-200680.Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1715.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-1712.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS725.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS739.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5 MS668.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS740.Alissandrakis, Kibaris, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryHP-5693.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5693.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-30710.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5681.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5702.Timón, Ventanas, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)
CapillaryDB-5700.Mateo, Aguirrezábal, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5718.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5710.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1716.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1716.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-54680.Suzuki and Bailey, 1985Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C(5min) => 8C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1552.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1557.Moon and Shibamoto, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 70. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1493.Guo, Wu, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1556.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1540.Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1564.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryRTX-Wax1523.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1525.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1525.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1561.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1542.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryStabilwax DA1565.Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1543.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1552.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1556.López, Ezpeleta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1558.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1523.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1537.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1540.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101528.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101528.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101531.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1525.Fu, Yoon, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryFFAP1525.Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1525.Qian and Reineccius, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1521.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1520.Buttery, Orts, et al., 199930. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1520.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1521.Parada and Duque, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Parada and Duque, 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1550.Petersen, Poll, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1532.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1547.Wada and Shibamoto, 1997He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1517.Christensen and Reineccius, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 20. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1541.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1491.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1490.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1510.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1992He, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1491.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101547.Hsieh, Williams, et al., 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryFFAP1525.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEC-10001510.Delabre and Bendall, 9999Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1544.Lee, Chong, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1535.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1536.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1543.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1543.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1534.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1560.Povolo, Cabassi, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1564.Xiao, Dai, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryStabilwax1547.Chinnici, Guerrero, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)1534.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)1534.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)1541.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP1526.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1523.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1518.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101554.Berard, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 6C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1539.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1525.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1555.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1531.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1570.Weldegergis B.T., Tredoux A.G.J., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(2min) => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1538.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1538.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1540.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1573.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryNukol1553.López and Dufour, 2001N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(5min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 3C/min => 190C(40min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1544.Ziegleder, 1998He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C(40min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1540.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1492.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1523.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1528.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

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