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Ethane, 1,1,2-trichloro-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-148. ± 4.kJ/molReviewManion, 2002derived from recommended «DELTA»fHliquid° and «DELTA»vapH°; DRB
Deltafgas-148.2 ± 4.4kJ/molCcrPapina and Kolesov, 1987Hf_HCl.600H2O; ALS

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-188. ± 4.kJ/molReviewManion, 2002weighted average of several measurements; DRB
Deltafliquid-188.5 ± 4.4kJ/molCcrPapina and Kolesov, 1987Hf_HCl.600H2O; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1098.1 ± 4.4kJ/molCcrPapina and Kolesov, 1987Hf_HCl.600H2O; ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
143.1251.7Crowe and Smyth, 1950T = 117 to 252 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil386.8 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 13 out of 14 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus237.9KN/AGolovanova and Kolesov, 1984Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus236.55KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus236.6KN/ADreisbach, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Tfus236.5KN/ATimmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus236.58KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple237.1KN/ACrowe and Smyth, 1950, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc602.KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap40.2 ± 0.1kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
34.82386.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
38.6331.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 316. - 384. K.; AC
38.2317.N/AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 302. - 428. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC
38.29 ± 0.63330.33VWilliamson and Harrison, 1957ALS
38.3338.N/ADreisbach and Shrader, 1949Based on data from 323. - 386. K. See also Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
323.12 - 386.824.069741310.297-64.41Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.880237.9Golovanova and Kolesov, 1984, 2DH
11.38237.1Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
11.380237.1Crowe and Smyth, 1950DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
45.7237.9Golovanova and Kolesov, 1984, 2DH
48.0237.1Crowe and Smyth, 1950DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Ethane, 1,1,2-trichloro- = Ethene, 1,1-dichloro- + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C2H3Cl3 = C2H2Cl2 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979gas phase
Deltar65.3kJ/molEqkLevanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979liquid phase

Ethane, 1,2-dichloro- + Chlorine = Hydrogen chloride + Ethane, 1,1,2-trichloro-

By formula: C2H4Cl2 + Cl2 = HCl + C2H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-116.kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase; Heat of chlorination

Ethylene, 1,2-dichloro-, (Z)- + Hydrogen chloride = Ethane, 1,1,2-trichloro-

By formula: C2H2Cl2 + HCl = C2H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-61.1kJ/molCmLevanova, Treger, et al., 1975liquid phase

Ethane, 1,1,2-trichloro- = Ethane, 1,1,1-trichloro-

By formula: C2H3Cl3 = C2H3Cl3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.4kJ/molCisoLevanova, Treger, et al., 1975gas phase

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
1.14900.LN/A 
1.35900.MN/A 
1.36100.XN/A 
1.24000.XN/A 
1.23900.MN/A 
1.23800.XN/A 
1.0 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
1.04800.XN/A 
1.24300.XBarr and Newsham, 1987 
1.22700.XN/A 
1.23700.XLeighton and Calo, 1981 
0.84 LN/A 
1.1 VN/A 
1.1 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.0PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981 
11.48PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHCl2+11.80CH2ClEILossing, 1972 

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291343

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-10.742.8Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.743.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.748.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.745.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.741.4Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.738.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.735.Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-150.744.Villalobos, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.96 «mu»m
PackedSqualane80.729.Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988N2, Chezasorb AW-HMDS; Column length: 1.2 m
PackedPorapack Q200.713.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedApiezon L100.769.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M70.1226.Annino and Villalobos, 199931.3 m/0.53 mm/0.54 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M50.1282.Villalobos, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.54 «mu»m, He
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1267.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH739.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-54772.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C
PackedSE-30747.5Zilka and Matucha, 1978Ar, Chromaton N-AW-DMCS, 8. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101269.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101748.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-1747.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone748.Zenkevich, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone752.Zenkevich, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone748.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1752.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1752.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1727.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB772.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryOV-1748.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30739.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Program: -10C (8min) => 12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1236.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1236.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1267.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1240.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Manion, 2002
Manion, J.A., Evaluated Enthalpies of Formation of the Stable Closed Shell C1 and C2 Chlorinated Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2002, 31, 1, 123-172, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1420703 . [all data]

Papina and Kolesov, 1987
Papina, T.S.; Kolesov, V.P., Standard enthalpy of formation of 1,1,2-trichloroethane, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1987, 61, 1170-1172. [all data]

Crowe and Smyth, 1950
Crowe, R.W.; Smyth, C.P., Heat capacities, dielectric constants and molecular rotational freedom in solid trichloroethanes and disubstituted propanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4009-4015. [all data]

Golovanova and Kolesov, 1984
Golovanova, Y.G.; Kolesov, V.P., Enthalpies of melting, melting temperatures, and cryoscopic constants of some haloorganic compounds, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 2: Khim., 1984, 25, 244. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Dreisbach, 1955
Dreisbach, R.R., Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds, Advances in Chemistry Series No. 15, Am. Chem. Soc.: Washington, D. C., 1955. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1955
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., Work of the International Bureau of Physical-Chemical Standards. IX. The Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1955, 52, 223. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Crowe and Smyth, 1950, 2
Crowe, R.W.; Smyth, C.P., Heat capacities, dielectric constants and molecular rotational freedom in solid trichloroethanes and disubstituted propanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4009. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Williamson and Harrison, 1957
Williamson, K.D.; Harrison, R.H., Heats of vaporization of 1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol; vapor heat capacity of 1,1,2-trichloroethane, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 26, 1409-14. [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2875-2878, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a053 . [all data]

Golovanova and Kolesov, 1984, 2
Golovanova, Yu.G.; Kolesov, V.P., Enthalpies of melting, melting temperatures, and cryoscopic constants of some haloorganic compounds, Vestn. Mosk Univ., Ser. 2: Khim., 1984, 25(3), 244-248. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Levanova, Bushneva, et al., 1979
Levanova, s.V.; Bushneva, I.I.; Rodova, R.M.; Rozhnov, A.M.; Treger, Yu.A.; Aprelkin, A.S., Thermodynamic stability of chloroethanes in dehydrochlorination reactions, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1979, 52, 1439-1442. [all data]

Kirkbride, 1956
Kirkbride, F.W., The heats of chlorination of some hydrocarbons and their chloro-derivatives, J. Appl. Chem., 1956, 6, 11-21. [all data]

Levanova, Treger, et al., 1975
Levanova, S.V.; Treger, Yu.A.; Velichko, S.M.; Rozhnov, A.M.; Khlestkov, A.I.; Pisarev, V.V., Liquid-phase hydrochlorination of symmetrical dichloroethylenes, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1975, 48, 1628-1631, In original 1574. [all data]

Barr and Newsham, 1987
Barr, R.S.; Newsham, D.M.T., Phase Equilibrtia in Very Dilute Mixtures of Water and Chlorinated Hydrocarbons. Part I - Experimental Results, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1987, 35, 189-205. [all data]

Leighton and Calo, 1981
Leighton, D.T.; Calo, J.M., Distribution Coefficients of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Dilute Air-Water Systems for Groundwater Contamination Applications, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1981, 26, 382-385. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Lossing, 1972
Lossing, F.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XLIV. Ionization potentials bond dissociation energies for chloro-and fluoromethyl radicals, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1972, 81, 125. [all data]

Wang, Liu, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Li, N.; Shi, G.; Jiang, G.; Ma, W., Preliminary study of the retention behavior for different compounds using cryogenic chromatography at different initial temperatures, Microchem. J., 2005, 81, 2, 184-190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2005.02.003 . [all data]

Villalobos, 1995
Villalobos, R., A window diagram for key component analysis in on-line gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 6, 343-347, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180604 . [all data]

Pacáková, Vojtechová, et al., 1988
Pacáková, V.; Vojtechová, H.; Coufal, P., Reaction gas chromatography: study of the photodecomposition of halogenated hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 7, 621-626, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02327659 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968
Brown, I.; Chapman, I.L.; Nicholson, G.J., Gas chromatography of polar solutes in electron acceptor stationary phases, Aust. J. Chem., 1968, 21, 5, 1125-1141, https://doi.org/10.1071/CH9681125 . [all data]

Annino and Villalobos, 1999
Annino, R.; Villalobos, R., A strategy for the simplification and solution of complex chromatographic analysis problems utilizing two-dimensional mapping of retention indexes followed by computer modeling of heart cuts from serially coupled columns containing different stationary phases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1999, 22, 10, 589-593. [all data]

White, Hackett, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 105-120, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150211 . [all data]

Weber, 1986
Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 446-451, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090806 . [all data]

Zilka and Matucha, 1978
Zilka, L.; Matucha, M., Gas chromatographic analysis of chlorinated ethanes, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 148, 1, 229-235, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99342-7 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Zenkevich, 2001
Zenkevich, I.G., Comparative Characterization of Conditions for Unambuguous Chromatographic Identification of Organic Compounds, Zh. Anal. Khim., 2001, 56, 9, 915-924. [all data]

Zenkevich, 1998
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Notes

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