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2-Butanol

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil372. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 70 out of 72 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus158.45KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple184.73KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Ttriple184.70KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc536. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41.4 ± 0.2atmAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.269l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.72 ± 0.02mol/lN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
rhoc3.72mol/lN/ATeja, Lee, et al., 1989TRC
rhoc3.717mol/lN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap12. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.739372.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
11.7330.EBGierycz, Kosowski, et al., 2009Based on data from 315. - 371. K.; AC
11.0335.N/AMartínez, Lladosa, et al., 2009Based on data from 320. - 379. K.; AC
11.4321.N/ADejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995Based on data from 306. - 373. K.; AC
11.8318.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 303. - 403. K.; AC
10.3370.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 381. K.; AC
11.4387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 372. - 524. K.; AC
13.7225.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 210. - 303. K.; AC
10.3369.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 380. K.; AC
10.383.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 368. - 404. K.; AC
9.46410.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 395. - 485. K.; AC
8.4491.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 476. - 536. K.; AC
10.7355.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 340. - 379. K. See also Berman and McKetta, 1962 and Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
11.4322.N/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982Based on data from 307. - 373. K.; AC
12.7308.N/ADi Cave, Chianese, et al., 1978Based on data from 293. - 380. K.; AC
10.5334.N/ABrazhnikov, Andreevskii, et al., 1975Based on data from 319. - 372. K.; AC
12.0295.N/ACabani, Conti, et al., 1975Based on data from 280. - 314. K.; AC
11.5313.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 298. - 393. K.; AC
11.1338.N/ABrown, Fock, et al., 1969Based on data from 323. - 373. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
10.5360.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 345. - 381. K.; AC
10.8 ± 0.02340.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
10.3 ± 0.02355.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
10.0 ± 0.02365.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
9.75 ± 0.02372.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 372.
A (kcal/mol) 12.6
alpha -1.462
beta 1.0701
Tc (K) 536.
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
422.11 - 535.94.192561094.254-111.603Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
345.54 - 380.304.323721158.672-104.683Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.434177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2DH
1.427184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2DH
1.43184.7Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 3AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.086177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2DH
7.725184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Andon, Connett, et al., 1971
Andon, R.J.L.; Connett, J.E.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds: xxvii racemate of - butan-2-ol and (+)-butan-2-ol, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1971, 1971, 661-4. [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Teja, Lee, et al., 1989
Teja, A.S.; Lee, R.J.; Rosenthal, D.J.; Anselme, M.J., Correlation of the Critical Properties of Alkanes and Alkanols in 5th IUPAC Conference on Alkanes and AlkanolsGradisca, 1989. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds IX. The Critical Properties and Vapor Pressures Above Five Atmospheres of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 54, 3614-25. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Gierycz, Kosowski, et al., 2009
Gierycz, Pawel; Kosowski, Andrzej; Swietlik, Ryszard, Vapor-Liquid Equilibria in Binary Systems Formed by Cyclohexane with Alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2009, 54, 11, 2996-3001, https://doi.org/10.1021/je900050z . [all data]

Martínez, Lladosa, et al., 2009
Martínez, Nelson F.; Lladosa, Estela; Burguet, MªCruz; Montón, Juan B.; Yazimon, Marlen, Isobaric vapour--liquid equilibria for the binary systems 4-methyl-2-pentanone+1-butanol and+2-butanol at 20 and 101.3kPa, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2009, 277, 1, 49-54, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2008.11.012 . [all data]

Dejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995
Dejoz, Ana; Cruz Burguet, M.; Munoz, Rosa; Sanchotello, Margarita, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Tetrachloroethylene with 1-Butanol and 2-Butanol at 6 and 20 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1, 290-292, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00017a064 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Berman and McKetta, 1962
Berman, Neil S.; McKetta, John J., THE THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF 2-BUTANOL, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 8, 1444-1448, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100814a016 . [all data]

Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970
Ambrose, D.; Counsell, J.F.; Davenport, A.J., The use of Chebyshev polynomials for the representation of vapour pressures between the triple point and the critical point, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 2, 283-294, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90093-5 . [all data]

Sachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982
Sachek, A.I.; Peshchenko, A.D.; Markovnik, V.S.; Ral'ko, O.V.; Andreevskii, D.N.; Leont'eva, A.A., Termodin. Org. Soedin., 1982, 94. [all data]

Di Cave, Chianese, et al., 1978
Di Cave, Sergio; Chianese, Angelo; Prantera, Antonio, Vapor-liquid equilibrium of the system methylethylketone-sec-butyl alcohol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1978, 23, 4, 279-281, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60079a013 . [all data]

Brazhnikov, Andreevskii, et al., 1975
Brazhnikov, M.M.; Andreevskii, D.N.; Sachek, A.I.; Peshchenko, A.D., Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1975, 48, 10, 2181. [all data]

Cabani, Conti, et al., 1975
Cabani, Sergio; Conti, G.; Mollica, V.; Lepori, L., Thermodynamic study of dilute aqueous solutions of organic compounds. Part 4.---Cyclic and straight chain secondary alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1975, 71, 0, 1943, https://doi.org/10.1039/f19757101943 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Brown, Fock, et al., 1969
Brown, I.; Fock, W.; Smith, F., The thermodynamic properties of solutions of normal and branched alcohols in benzene and n-hexane, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1969, 1, 3, 273-291, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(69)90047-0 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 364. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part VIII. Purification and vapour pressures of the propyl and butyl alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 9. The Critical Properties and Vapour Pressures, above Five Atmospheres, of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614-3625, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 8. Purification and Vapor Pressures of the Propyl and Butyl Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954-1957, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2
Andon, R.J.; Connett, J.E.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XXVII. (±)-Butan-2-ol and (+)-Butan-2-ol, 1971, J. [all data]

Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 3
Andon, R.J.L.; Connett, J.E.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XXVII. («65533»)-Butan-2-ol and (+)-butan-2-ol, J. Chem. Soc., A, 1971, 661, https://doi.org/10.1039/j19710000661 . [all data]


Notes

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