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2-Butanol

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-70.05kcal/molN/AChao and Rossini, 1965Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -342.7±0.6 kj/mol from Chao and Rossini, 1965 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 49.6 kj/mol from Skinner and Snelson, 1960.; DRB
Deltafgas-70.1 ± 0.35kcal/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas84.935cal/mol*KN/AChao J., 1986p=1 bar. Other third-law value of entropy at 298.15 K is 357.2 J/mol*K [ Andon R.J.L., 1971]. The value of S(298.15 K)=358.5 J/mol*K was obtained from equilibrium studies [ Buckley E., 1965].; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.0150.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Calculated entropy at 298.15 K is 4.1 J/mol*K higher than the third-law value. Authors [ Chao J., 1986] believe that this is greater than the expected experimental uncertainty and reflects the approximations made in the calculated value. However, it should be noted that other experimental values of S(298.15 K), 357.2 [ Andon R.J.L., 1971] and 358.5 J/mol*K [ Buckley E., 1965], are in better agreement with calculated value. Selected S(T) and Cp(T) values agree with other statistically calculated values [62BER/MCC] within 1 J/mol*K. Values calculated by [ Rodionov P.P., 1969] are up to 9 and 11 J/mol*K lower than selected ones fo Cp(T) and S(T) values, respectively. Please also see Chao J., 1986.; GT
14.12100.
17.73150.
20.78200.
25.311273.15
26.946 ± 0.041298.15
27.067300.
33.638400.
39.587500.
44.653600.
48.953700.
52.646800.
55.844900.
58.6281000.
61.0541100.
63.1691200.
65.0171300.
66.6281400.
68.0351500.
70.841750.
72.872000.
74.382250.
75.502500.
76.342750.
76.983000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
31.479 ± 0.096365.15Stromsoe E., 1970Ideal gas heat capacities are given by [ Stromsoe E., 1970] as a linear function Cp=f1*(a+bT). This expression approximates the experimental values with the average deviation of 0.67 J/mol*K. The accuracy of the experimental heat capacities [ Stromsoe E., 1970] is estimated as less than 0.3%. Please also see Berman N.S., 1962.; GT
32.95 ± 0.16380.95
32.629 ± 0.098383.15
33.25 ± 0.16386.25
33.66 ± 0.16393.75
33.81 ± 0.10401.15
34.30 ± 0.16405.15
34.35 ± 0.16406.15
34.97 ± 0.16417.25
34.95 ± 0.11419.15
36.08 ± 0.11437.15
36.28 ± 0.16440.75
37.20 ± 0.11455.15
37.96 ± 0.16470.85
40.47 ± 0.16515.95
42.94 ± 0.16560.35
44.19 ± 0.16582.85

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-81.90 ± 0.14kcal/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; ALS
Deltafliquid-81.88 ± 0.22kcal/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-635.89 ± 0.13kcal/molCcbChao and Rossini, 1965see Rossini, 1934; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -81.89 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-635.91 ± 0.22kcal/molCcbSkinner and Snelson, 1960Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -81.87 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid50.93cal/mol*KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
liquid51.31cal/mol*KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.11298.15N/ADH
47.330298.15Okano, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
47.005298.15Piekarski and Somsen, 1988DH
47.61298.Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976DH
47.18298.15Andon, Connett, et al., 1971T = 11 to 350 K.; DH
47.04298.15Andon, Connett, et al., 1971T = 11 to 350 K.; DH
44.19281.7Parks, Thomas, et al., 1936T = 103 to 282 K. Glass at lower temperature. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil372. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 70 out of 72 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus158.45KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple184.73KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Ttriple184.70KN/AAndon, Connett, et al., 1971, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc536. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41.4 ± 0.2atmAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.269l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.72 ± 0.02mol/lN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
rhoc3.72mol/lN/ATeja, Lee, et al., 1989TRC
rhoc3.717mol/lN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap12. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.739372.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
11.7330.EBGierycz, Kosowski, et al., 2009Based on data from 315. - 371. K.; AC
11.0335.N/AMartínez, Lladosa, et al., 2009Based on data from 320. - 379. K.; AC
11.4321.N/ADejoz, Cruz Burguet, et al., 1995Based on data from 306. - 373. K.; AC
11.8318.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 303. - 403. K.; AC
10.3370.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 381. K.; AC
11.4387.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 372. - 524. K.; AC
13.7225.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 210. - 303. K.; AC
10.3369.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 359. - 380. K.; AC
10.383.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 368. - 404. K.; AC
9.46410.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 395. - 485. K.; AC
8.4491.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 476. - 536. K.; AC
10.7355.EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 340. - 379. K. See also Berman and McKetta, 1962 and Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
11.4322.N/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982Based on data from 307. - 373. K.; AC
12.7308.N/ADi Cave, Chianese, et al., 1978Based on data from 293. - 380. K.; AC
10.5334.N/ABrazhnikov, Andreevskii, et al., 1975Based on data from 319. - 372. K.; AC
12.0295.N/ACabani, Conti, et al., 1975Based on data from 280. - 314. K.; AC
11.5313.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 298. - 393. K.; AC
11.1338.N/ABrown, Fock, et al., 1969Based on data from 323. - 373. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
10.5360.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 345. - 381. K.; AC
10.8 ± 0.02340.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
10.3 ± 0.02355.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
10.0 ± 0.02365.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC
9.75 ± 0.02372.CBerman and McKetta, 1962AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 372.
A (kcal/mol) 12.6
alpha -1.462
beta 1.0701
Tc (K) 536.
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
422.11 - 535.94.192561094.254-111.603Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
345.54 - 380.304.323721158.672-104.683Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.434177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
1.427184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
1.43184.7Andon, Connett, et al., 1971, 3AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.086177.38Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH
7.725184.70Andon, Connett, et al., 1971DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol

By formula: C4H9O- + H+ = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar374.1 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar374.2 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar374.1 ± 2.8kcal/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar367.5 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar367.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar367.5 ± 2.7kcal/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Hydrogen + 2-Butanone = 2-Butanol

By formula: H2 + C4H8O = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.95kcal/molEqkBuckley and Herington, 1965gas phase; ALS
Deltar-13.0 ± 0.1kcal/molChydDolliver, Gresham, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -13.2 ± 0.1 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

2-Butanol = Hydrogen + 2-Butanone

By formula: C4H10O = H2 + C4H8O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.96kcal/molEqkCubberley and Mueller, 1946gas phase; ALS
Deltar13.664kcal/molEqkKolb and Burwell, 1945gas phase; ALS

1-Propene, 2-methyl- + 2-Butanol = 2-(tert-butoxy)butane

By formula: C4H8 + C4H10O = C8H18O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-9.01 ± 0.57kcal/molEqkSharonov, Mishentseva, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS

Ketene + 2-Butanol = sec-Butyl acetate

By formula: C2H2O + C4H10O = C6H12O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-34.53kcal/molCmRice and Greenberg, 1934liquid phase; ALS

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Na+ + C4H10O = (Na+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.0 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Lithium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Li+ + C4H10O = (Li+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.6 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
110.7300.MN/A
97. MButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935
97. VButler, Ramchandani, et al., 1935

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.88 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)195.kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity187.5kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.88 ± 0.03PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
9.88 ± 0.07EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
9.88EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
9.88EIHolmes, Fingas, et al., 1981LLK
10.23PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.35 ± 0.03PEPeel and Willett, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3O+12.2 ± 0.1C2H4+CH3EIBurgers and Holmes, 1982LBLHLM
CH3O+12.40?EIHolmes, Rye, et al., 1979LLK
CH3O+12.5?EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C2H4O+10.05 ± 0.02C2H6PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C2H4O+10.12C2H6EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H4O+10.12C2H6EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.20 ± 0.02C2H5PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C2H5O+10.22C2H5EIHolmes, Lossing, et al., 1988LL
C2H5O+10.22 ± 0.08C2H5EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.18C2H5EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H5O+10.22C2H5EILossing, 1977LLK
C2H5O+10.4C2H5EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H5+12.0 ± 0.1CH3+H2OEIBurgers and Holmes, 1982LBLHLM
C3H6O+10.22CH4EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.14 ± 0.02CH3PIPECOShao, Baer, et al., 1988LL
C3H7O+10.18 ± 0.08CH3EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.24CH3EIHolmes, Burgers, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C3H7O+10.18CH3EILossing, 1977LLK
C3H7O+10.7CH3EIHarrison, Ivko, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H8O+10.22CH4EIBowen and Maccoll, 1984LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

C4H9O- + Hydrogen cation = 2-Butanol

By formula: C4H9O- + H+ = C4H10O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar374.1 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar374.2 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSTaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar374.1 ± 2.8kcal/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar367.5 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.; B
Deltar367.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETaft, 1987gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar367.5 ± 2.7kcal/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Lithium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Li+ + C4H10O = (Li+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.6 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000 

Sodium ion (1+) + 2-Butanol = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 2-Butanol)

By formula: Na+ + C4H10O = (Na+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.0 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999 

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin R.A.FRIEDEL BUREAU OF MINES U.S.DEPT.OF INT.BRUCETON PA U.S.A.
NIST MS number 19165

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chao and Rossini, 1965
Chao, J.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and isomerization of nineteen alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1965, 10, 374-379. [all data]

Skinner and Snelson, 1960
Skinner, H.A.; Snelson, A., The heats of combustion of the four isomeric butyl alcohols, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1960, 56, 1776-1783. [all data]

Chao J., 1986
Chao J., Thermodynamic properties of key organic oxygen compounds in the carbon range C1 to C4. Part 2. Ideal gas properties, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1369-1436. [all data]

Andon R.J.L., 1971
Andon R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XXVII. (+/-)-Butan-2-ol and (+)-butan-2-ol, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1971, 661-664. [all data]

Buckley E., 1965
Buckley E., Equilibria in some secondary alcohol + hydrogen + ketone systems, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1965, 61, 1618-1625. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Rodionov P.P., 1969
Rodionov P.P., Thermodynamic functions of 2-butanol (d,l), Izv. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1969, 12, 1214-1218. [all data]

Stromsoe E., 1970
Stromsoe E., Heat capacity of alcohol vapors at atmospheric pressure, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 286-290. [all data]

Berman N.S., 1962
Berman N.S., Thermodynamic properties of 2-butanol, J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 1444-1448. [all data]

Rossini, 1934
Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion and of formation of the normal aliphatic alcohols in the gaseous and liquid states, and the energies of their atomic linkages, J. Res. NBS, 1934, 13, 189-197. [all data]

Andon, Connett, et al., 1971
Andon, R.J.; Connett, J.E.; Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XXVII. (±)-Butan-2-ol and (+)-Butan-2-ol, 1971, J. [all data]

Okano, Ogawa, et al., 1988
Okano, T.; Ogawa, H.; Murakami, S., Molar excess volumes, isentropic compressions, and isobaric heat capacities of methanol-isomeric butanol systems at 298.15 K, Can. J. Chem., 1988, 66, 713-717. [all data]

Piekarski and Somsen, 1988
Piekarski, H.; Somsen, G., Heat capacities and volumes of mixtures of N,N-dimethylformamide with isobutanol, sec-butanol and t-pentanol, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 1988, 84(2), 529-537. [all data]

Conti, Gianni, et al., 1976
Conti, G.; Gianni, P.; Matteoli, E.; Mengheri, M., Capacita termiche molari di alcuni composti organici mono- e bifunzionali nel liquido puro e in soluzione acquosa a 25C, Chim. Ind. (Milan), 1976, 58, 225. [all data]

Parks, Thomas, et al., 1936
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Notes

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