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1-Propanol, 2-methyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil380.8 ± 0.9KAVGN/AAverage of 78 out of 90 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus165.15KN/AAnonymous, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus165.15KN/AAnonymous, 1958TRC
Tfus169.KN/AKanda, Otsubo, et al., 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple171.2KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Ttriple171.18KN/ACounsell, Lees, et al., 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; IPTS-48; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc548. ± 8.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc45. ± 5.barAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.274l/molN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.66 ± 0.02mol/lN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
rhoc3.672mol/lN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963TRC
rhoc3.63mol/lN/AKay and Donham, 1955TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap51. ± 1.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 out of 11 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
41.82381.1N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
45.4365.EBSusial and Ortega, 1993Based on data from 350. - 400. K.; AC
49.5328.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 411. K.; AC
46.0396.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 381. - 524. K.; AC
55.0228.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 202. - 243. K.; AC
44.2379.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 369. - 389. K.; AC
42.6398.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 383. - 416. K.; AC
41.1416.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 401. - 493. K.; AC
36.2498.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 483. - 548. K.; AC
46.2357.A,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 342. - 389. K. See also Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970.; AC
49.7 ± 0.1313.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
48.3 ± 0.1328.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
45.0 ± 0.1358.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1984AC
48.1335.N/ASachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982Based on data from 320. - 382. K.; AC
52.6308.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 293. - 388. K.; AC
46.2 ± 0.1347.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
44.2 ± 0.1363.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
41.9 ± 0.1381.CCounsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970AC
47.0348.N/ABrown, Fock, et al., 1969Based on data from 333. - 381. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
40.1438.N/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1963, 2Based on data from 423. - 548. K.; AC
45.2368.EBBiddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963Based on data from 353. - 388. K.; AC
50.71106.90VSkinner and Snelson, 1960ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 298. - 381.
A (kJ/mol) 49.05
alpha -1.6587
beta 1.1038
Tc (K) 547.7
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
422.64 - 547.714.400621260.453-92.588Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 3Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
353.36 - 388.774.431261236.991-101.528Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
6.322171.18Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2DH
6.32171.2Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.93171.18Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Anonymous, 1958
Anonymous, X., Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 50, 1958, Unpublished, 1958. [all data]

Kanda, Otsubo, et al., 1950
Kanda, E.; Otsubo, A.; Haseda, T., Sci. Rep. Res. Inst., Tohoku Univ. Ser. A, 1950, 2, 9. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968
Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIX. Low-temperature heat capacity and entropy of propan-1-ol, 2-methylpropan-1-ol, and pentan-1-ol, J. Chem. Soc., A, 1968, 1819, https://doi.org/10.1039/j19680001819 . [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds IX. The Critical Properties and Vapor Pressures Above Five Atmospheres of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 54, 3614-25. [all data]

Kay and Donham, 1955
Kay, W.B.; Donham, W.E., Liquid-Vapor Equilibrium in the Isobutyl Alcohol-Butanol, Methanol- Butanol, and Diethyl Ether-Butanol Systems, Chem. Eng. Sci., 1955, 4, 1-16. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Susial and Ortega, 1993
Susial, Pedro; Ortega, Juan, Isobaric vapor-liquid equilibria for methyl propanoate + isobutyl alcohol, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1993, 38, 3, 434-436, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00011a028 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Ambrose, Counsell, et al., 1970
Ambrose, D.; Counsell, J.F.; Davenport, A.J., The use of Chebyshev polynomials for the representation of vapour pressures between the triple point and the critical point, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 2, 283-294, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90093-5 . [all data]

Majer, Svoboda, et al., 1984
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V.; Hynek, V., On the enthalpy of vaporization of isomeric butanols, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1984, 16, 1059-1066. [all data]

Sachek, Peshchenko, et al., 1982
Sachek, A.I.; Peshchenko, A.D.; Markovnik, V.S.; Ral'ko, O.V.; Andreevskii, D.N.; Leont'eva, A.A., Termodin. Org. Soedin., 1982, 94. [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Counsell, Fenwick, et al., 1970
Counsell, J.F.; Fenwick, J.O.; Lees, E.B., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds 24. Vapour heat capacities and enthalpies of vaporization of ethanol, 2-methylpropan-1-ol, and pentan-1-ol, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1970, 2, 3, 367-372, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(70)90007-8 . [all data]

Brown, Fock, et al., 1969
Brown, I.; Fock, W.; Smith, F., The thermodynamic properties of solutions of normal and branched alcohols in benzene and n-hexane, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1969, 1, 3, 273-291, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(69)90047-0 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 2
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., 681. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part IX. The critical properties and vapour pressures, above five atmospheres, of six aliphatic alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., 364. Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part VIII. Purification and vapour pressures of the propyl and butyl alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Skinner and Snelson, 1960
Skinner, H.A.; Snelson, A., The heats of combustion of the four isomeric butyl alcohols, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1960, 56, 1776-1783. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1963, 3
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 9. The Critical Properties and Vapour Pressures, above Five Atmospheres, of Six Aliphatic Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 3614-3625, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630003614 . [all data]

Biddiscombe, Collerson, et al., 1963, 2
Biddiscombe, D.P.; Collerson, R.R.; Handley, R.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F.; Sprake, C.H.S., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds. Part 8. Purification and Vapor Pressures of the Propyl and Butyl Alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1954-1957, https://doi.org/10.1039/jr9630001954 . [all data]

Counsell, Lees, et al., 1968, 2
Counsell, J.F.; Lees, E.B.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part XIX. Low temperature heat capacity and entropy of propan-1-ol, 2-methyl-propan-1-ol, and pentan-1-ol, 1968, J. [all data]


Notes

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