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Butane, 2-methyl-

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Normal boiling point

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
303.2Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS; Data excluded from overall average
301.0Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS
301.Majer and Svoboda, 1985 
301.2Usov, Skvortsova, et al., 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
302.1Le Fevre, Sundaram, et al., 1963Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
300.2Freidlin, Nazarova, et al., 1961Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
300.Freidlin, Nazarova, et al., 1961Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
301.Desty and Whyman, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.05Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
300.9Slobodin, Grigor'eva, et al., 1953Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
301.1Anonymous, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
301.15Obolentsev, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
301.05Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
300.86Foehr and Fenske, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1949, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
301.05Paushkin and Topchiev, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
301.05Pichler, Ziesecke, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
300.95Topchiev and Paushkin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
301.LeTourneau and Matteson, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
301.05Paushkin and Topchiev, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
301.1Rossini, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.15Rust, Seubold, et al., 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.04Thornton and Herald, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC
300.95Topchiev and Paushkin, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.05Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
301.1Hooper, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
301.Howard, Mears, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
301.10Lecat, 1947, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1947, 3Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
300.15Slabey, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
301.1Fidler, 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
301.6Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
301.25Maslyanskii, 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.7 K; TRC
301.15Moldavskii, Nebylova, et al., 1944Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
301.1Anonymous, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
301.Anonymous, 1943, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
301.07Guthrie and Huffman, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
301.15McArdle and Robertson, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.0Rossini, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
300.85Brown and Groot, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.05McArdle and Robertson, 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
300.9Rank, Scott, et al., 1942Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; not clear if this was measured by authors; TRC
301.04Anonymous, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
301.15Koch and Hilberath, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
300.9McAllister, Anderson, et al., 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
301.1Oberfell and Frey, 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
300.95Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
300.95Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
301.15Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
301.25Vondracek, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.25Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.1Davydova, Papkina, et al., 1936Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.05Schorigin, Issaguljanz, et al., 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.15Davis, Thomson, et al., 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.1Kolossowsky and Udovenko, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.1Norris and Thomson, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.15Parks, Huffman, et al., 1930Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.15Brame and Hunter, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.1Lecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
303.7Brown and Carr, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
301.1Timmermans and Martin, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.03 K; TRC
301.2Anderson and Erskine, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.05Calingaert, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
301.05Timmermans, Van der Horst, et al., 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 K; TRC
301.15Chavanne and Simon, 1920Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
301.Chavanne and Simon, 1919Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
301.15Chavanne and Simon, 1919, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
303.55Lagerlof, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
301.1Timmermans, 1912Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
301.10Timmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.1Timmermans, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
301.15Landolt and Jahn, 1892Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
303.65Perkin, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Usov, Skvortsova, et al., 1967
Usov, Yu.N.; Skvortsova, Y.V.; Kuvshinova, N.I.; Yelovatskaya, L.A.; Alferova, G.V., Dehydration of Isopentenes and Isopentane on An Alumina-Chromium Oxide -Potassium Oxide Catalyst, Neftekhimiya, 1967, 7, 341-8. [all data]

Le Fevre, Sundaram, et al., 1963
Le Fevre, R.J.W.; Sundaram, A.; Pierens, R.K., Molecular Polarisability: the Anisotropy of the Carbon-Oxygen Link, J. Chem. Soc., 1963, 1963, 479-488. [all data]

Freidlin, Nazarova, et al., 1961
Freidlin, L.K.; Nazarova, N.M.; Palii, A.I., Alkylation of Normal Paraffins with Olefins at High Temperatures and Pressures, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otd. Khim. Nauk, 1961, 1961, No. 4, 714-21. [all data]

Desty and Whyman, 1957
Desty, D.H.; Whyman, B.H.F., Anal. Chem., 1957, 29, 320. [all data]

Lichtenfels, Fleck, et al., 1955
Lichtenfels, D.H.; Fleck, S.A.; Burow, F.H., Anal. Chem., 1955, 27, 1510. [all data]

Slobodin, Grigor'eva, et al., 1953
Slobodin, Ya.M.; Grigor'eva, V.I.; Shmulyakovskii, Ya.E., !,1-Dimethylcyclopropane, Zh. Obshch, Khim., 1953, 23, 1480-5. [all data]

Anonymous, 1951
Anonymous, R., , Sunbury Rep. No. 4199, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1951. [all data]

Obolentsev, 1950
Obolentsev, R.L., Zh. Prikl. Khim. (Leningrad), 1950, 23, 1223. [all data]

Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949
Denyer, R.L.; Fidler, F.A.; Lowry, R.A., Azeotrope Formation Between Thiols and Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2727-37. [all data]

Foehr and Fenske, 1949
Foehr, E.G.; Fenske, M.R., Magneto-optic Rotation of Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1956. [all data]

Lecat, 1949
Lecat, M., Complementary azeotropes not containing alcohol, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1949, 63, 111. [all data]

Lecat, 1949, 2
Lecat, M., Homofunctional azeotropes of hydrocarbons, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1949, 63, 58. [all data]

Paushkin and Topchiev, 1949
Paushkin, Y.M.; Topchiev, A.V., Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1949, 19, 2182. [all data]

Pichler, Ziesecke, et al., 1949
Pichler, H.; Ziesecke, K.H.; Titzenthaler, E., The Composition of Hydrocarbons from Isosynthesis, Brennst.-Chem., 1949, 30, 333. [all data]

Topchiev and Paushkin, 1949
Topchiev, A.V.; Paushkin, Y.M., Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1949, 19, 2175. [all data]

Lecat, 1948
Lecat, M., Orthobaric binary azeotropes of ethers with hydrocarbons, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1948, 62, 55. [all data]

LeTourneau and Matteson, 1948
LeTourneau, R.L.; Matteson, R., Measurement of Heat of Combustion of Volatile Hydrocarbons. Liquid Sample Holder, Anal. Chem., 1948, 20, 663. [all data]

Paushkin and Topchiev, 1948
Paushkin, Y.M.; Topchiev, A.V., Alkylation of Isopentane with Ethylene in the Presence of Boron Fluoride Catalysts, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1948, 63, 673. [all data]

Rossini, 1948
Rossini, F.D., Pure compounds from petroleum purification and purity of hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1948, 20, 110-21. [all data]

Rust, Seubold, et al., 1948
Rust, F.F.; Seubold, F.H.; Vaughan, W.E., Dec. of Di-t-Alkyl Peroxides. II. React. of the Resultant Free Radical, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1948, 70, 95. [all data]

Thornton and Herald, 1948
Thornton, V.; Herald, A.E., Anal. Chem., 1948, 20, 9. [all data]

Topchiev and Paushkin, 1948
Topchiev, A.V.; Paushkin, Y.M., Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1948, 62, 641. [all data]

Fenske, Braun, et al., 1947
Fenske, M.R.; Braun, W.G.; Wiegand, R.V.; Quiggle, D.; McCormick, R.H.; Rank, D.H., Raman Spectra of Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1947, 19, 700. [all data]

Hooper, 1947
Hooper, J.H.D., The analysis of hydrocarbon gases by low temperature distillation, Analyst (London), 1947, 72, 513-20. [all data]

Howard, Mears, et al., 1947
Howard, F.L.; Mears, T.W.; Fookson, A.; Pomerantz, P.; Brooks, D.B., Preparation and physical properties of several aliphatic hydrocarbons and intermediates, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1947, 38, 365. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of sulfides and halides, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1947, 61, 148. [all data]

Lecat, 1947, 2
Lecat, M., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1947, 33, 160-82. [all data]

Lecat, 1947, 3
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of nitro derivatives, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1947, 61, 79. [all data]

Slabey, 1947
Slabey, V.A., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1947, 69, 475. [all data]

Fidler, 1945
Fidler, F.A., , Sunbury Rep. No. 2731, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1945. [all data]

Grummitt, Sensel, et al., 1945
Grummitt, O.; Sensel, E.E.; Smith, W.R.; Burk, R.E.; Lankelma, H.P., The Action of Aluminum Bromide on Paraffin Hydrocarbons I. n-Hexane and n-Heptane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1945, 67, 910. [all data]

Maslyanskii, 1944
Maslyanskii, G.N., Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1944, 14, 148. [all data]

Moldavskii, Nebylova, et al., 1944
Moldavskii, B.; Nebylova, E.; Nizovkina, T.V., Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1944, 14, 343. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943
Anonymous, R., , Sunbury Rep. No. 2176, Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 1943. [all data]

Anonymous, 1943, 2
Anonymous, X., Am. Pet. Inst. Res. Proj. 6, 1943, Unpublished, 1943. [all data]

Guthrie and Huffman, 1943
Guthrie, G.B.; Huffman, H.M., Thermal data. XVI. the heat capacity and entropy of isopentane. the absence of a reported anomaly., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1943, 65, 1139. [all data]

McArdle and Robertson, 1943
McArdle, E.H.; Robertson, A.E., Ind. Eng. Chem., Anal. Ed., 1943, 15, 484. [all data]

Rossini, 1943
Rossini, F.D., Pet. Eng., 1943, 14, 5, 41-2. [all data]

Brown and Groot, 1942
Brown, H.C.; Groot, C., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1942, 64, 2563. [all data]

McArdle and Robertson, 1942
McArdle, E.H.; Robertson, A.E., Solvent Properties of Isomeric Paraffins, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1942, 34, 1005. [all data]

Rank, Scott, et al., 1942
Rank, D.H.; Scott, R.W.; Fenske, M.R., Qualitive and quantitative analysis of hydrocarbon mixtures, Anal. Chem., 1942, 14, 816. [all data]

Anonymous, 1941
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Hydrocarbon Res. Proj., Third Annu. Rep., Ohio State Univ., Aug. 31, 1941. [all data]

Koch and Hilberath, 1941
Koch, H.; Hilberath, F., Uber unterhalb 100C siedenden kohlenwassestoffe des synthetischen benzins aus kohlenoxyd und wasserstoff (kogasin), Brennst.-Chem., 1941, 22, 145. [all data]

McAllister, Anderson, et al., 1941
McAllister, S.H.; Anderson, J.; Ballard, S.A.; Ross, W.E., J. Org. Chem., 1941, 6, 647. [all data]

Oberfell and Frey, 1939
Oberfell, G.G.; Frey, F.E., Oil & Gas J., 1939, 38, 29, 70. [all data]

Wibaut, Hoog, et al., 1939
Wibaut, J.P.; Hoog, H.; Lagedijk, S.L.; Overhoff, J.; Smittenberg, J.; Benninga, N.; Bouman, G.P.; van Dijk, H.; Gaade, W.; Geldof, H.; Hackmann, J.Th.; Jonker, E.W.; Paap, T.; Zuiderweg, F.J., Study on the preparation and the physical constants of a number of alkanes and cycloalkanes, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1939, 58, 329. [all data]

Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938
Smittenberg, J.; Hoog, H.; Henkes, R.A., Freezing Points of A Number of Pure Hydrocarbons of the Gasoline Boiling Range and of Some of their Binary Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 17. [all data]

Hoog, Smittenberg, et al., 1937
Hoog, H.; Smittenberg, J.; Visser, G.H., Composition of the Primary Polymerization Prod. of Propene and Butenes in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 489, 1937. [all data]

Vondracek, 1937
Vondracek, R., Binary Systems of Phenol with Some Hydrocarbons, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1937, 9, 168. [all data]

Van Wijk and Versteeg, 1937
Van Wijk, W.R.; Versteeg, J.M., Viscosity of pure hydrocarbons. in IIe Congr. Mondial Pet. 2, Sect. 2, Phys. Chim. Raffin- age, p 955, 1937. [all data]

Davydova, Papkina, et al., 1936
Davydova, M.I.; Papkina, Z.; Tishchenko, D.V., Chloro Derivatives of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons. IV. Chlorination of Isopentane, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1936, 6, 1615-23. [all data]

Schorigin, Issaguljanz, et al., 1933
Schorigin, P.; Issaguljanz, W.; Gussewa, A., Chem. Ber., 1933, 66, 1426. [all data]

Davis, Thomson, et al., 1932
Davis, H.S.; Thomson, G.; Crandall, G.S., The role of liquid stationary films in batch absorption of gases: III rates of hydrogen absorption and relative rates of catalytic hydrogenation in alcohol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 2340. [all data]

Kolossowsky and Udovenko, 1931
Kolossowsky, N.D.; Udovenko, V.V., J. Gen. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1931, 1, 255. [all data]

Norris and Thomson, 1931
Norris; Thomson, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3108. [all data]

Parks, Huffman, et al., 1930
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M.; Thomas, S.B., Thermal Data on Organic Compounds VI. The Heat Capacities, Entropies and Free Energies of Some Saturated, Non-Benzenoid Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 1032-41. [all data]

Brame and Hunter, 1927
Brame, J.S.S.; Hunter, T.G., Composition of Cracked Distillates, J. Inst. Pet. Technol., 1927, 13, 794. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 6th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 63-71. [all data]

Brown and Carr, 1926
Brown, Geo. Granger(see brown gga); Carr, A.R., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1926, 18, 718. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1926
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1926, 23, 747. [all data]

Anderson and Erskine, 1924
Anderson, R.P.; Erskine, A.M., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1924, 16, 263. [all data]

Calingaert, 1923
Calingaert, G., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1923, 45, 130. [all data]

Timmermans, Van der Horst, et al., 1923
Timmermans, J.; Van der Horst, H.; Onnes, H.K., Freezing points of pure organic liquids as thermometric reference points at low temperatures, Arch. Neerl. Sci. Exactes Nat., Ser. 3A, 1923, 6, 180. [all data]

Chavanne and Simon, 1920
Chavanne, G.; Simon, L.J., Ann. Chim. Anal. Chim. Appl., 1920, 2, 76. [all data]

Chavanne and Simon, 1919
Chavanne, G.; Simon, L.J., Critical solution temperatures in aniline of the principal hydrocarbons contained in petroleum, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1919, 168, 1111. [all data]

Chavanne and Simon, 1919, 2
Chavanne, G.; Simon, L.J., Preparation of Several Volatile Acyclic Saturated Hydrocarbons Found in Petroleum, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1919, 168, 1324. [all data]

Lagerlof, 1918
Lagerlof, D., Thermodynamic research: reduced formulas for simplified calculations of latent molar heat of evaporation, J. Prakt. Chem., 1918, 98, 136. [all data]

Timmermans, 1912
Timmermans, J., Experimental Research on the Density of Liquids Below 0 Degrees., Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1912, 13, 310. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Timmermans, 1910
Timmermans, J., The Purification and Physical Constants of Several Organic Liquids, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1910, 24, 244. [all data]

Landolt and Jahn, 1892
Landolt, H.; Jahn, H., The Molecular Refraction of Several Simple Organic Compounds for Rays of Infinitely Great Wave Length., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1892, 10, 289. [all data]

Perkin, 1884
Perkin, W.H., On the Magnetic Rotary Polarisation of Compounds in Relation to their Chemical Consitution; with Observations on the Preparation and Relative Densities of the Bodies Examined, J. Chem. Soc., 1884, 45, 421-580. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, References