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rubidium iodide

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Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Constants of diatomic molecules, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Reference Comment
0.710 ± 0.040Miller, Leopold, et al., 1986Extrapolated by polarizability and radius from experimental data.; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.2 ± 0.4EIEmons, Horlbeck, et al., 1982LBLHLM
6.6 ± 0.4EIBiefeld, 1978LLK
7.1 ± 0.1PEPotts and Price, 1977LLK
7.1 ± 0.1PEPotts, Williams, et al., 1974LLK
7.31 ± 0.03PIBerkowitz, 1971LLK
8.0 ± 0.3EIPlatel, 1965RDSH
7.3PEGoodman, Allen, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
I+14.4 ± 0.3RbEIPlatel, 1965RDSH
Rb+9.4 ± 0.4IEIBiefeld, 1978LLK
Rb+7.53 ± 0.03IPIBerkowitz, 1971LLK
Rb+8.1 ± 0.3IEIPlatel, 1965RDSH
Rb+21.33 ± 0.04I(-)PEPotts and Price, 1977Vertical value; LLK
Rb+22.21 ± 0.04I(-)PEPotts and Price, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through July, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 85Rb127I
Continuous absorption with maxima at 30700, 38100, 41800 cm-1. 1
Schmidt-Ott, 1931; Barrow and Caunt, 1953; Davidovits and Brodhead, 1967
A 3           A lrarrow X 2 
Barrow and Caunt, 1953; Oldenborg, Gole, et al., 1974
X 1Sigma+ 0 138.51 4 0.335 4  0.03283293 0.00010946 0.000000118 7.380E-9 5 5.3E-12 3.176879 6  
Honig, Mandel, et al., 1954; Rusk and Gordy, 1962


1Additional peaks in the electron energy loss spectrum at 6.4, 15.6, 19.2 eV Geiger and Pfeiffer, 1968. Davidovits and Brodhead, 1967 give absorption cross sections from 26000 to 50000 cm-1.
2There is no conclusive evidence yet for the identity of the upper states observed in the absorption and emission spectra.
3Diffuse absorption (fluctuation) bands 23150 - 27550 cm-1; long lower-state progression in chemiluminescence 17500 - 22500 cm-1.
4Calculated from the rotational constants Rusk and Gordy, 1962.
5missing note
6Rotation sp. 9
7Thermochemical value Brewer and Brackett, 1961, 3.52 eV by flame photometry Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961.
8Onset of the first photoelectron peak with maximum at 7.51 eV Potts, Williams, et al., 1974.
9eqQ(85Rb) = -40.40 MHz, v=0 Tiemann and Hoeft, 1976, eqQ(127I) = -59.89 MHz, v=0 Tiemann and Hoeft, 1976. muel = 11.48 D [electric deflection method Story and Hebert, 1976].
10D00(RbI) + I.P.(Rb) - I.P.(RbI).
11From maxima of the photoelectron peaks Goodman, Allen, et al., 1974, Potts, Williams, et al., 1974, missing citation. The complexity of the metal 4p photoelectron spectrum is tentatively attributed to configuration interaction missing citation.


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Miller, Leopold, et al., 1986
Miller, T.M.; Leopold, D.G.; Murray, K.K.; Lineberger, W.C., Electron Affinities of the Alkali Halides and the Structure of their Negative Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 5, 2368, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451091 . [all data]

Emons, Horlbeck, et al., 1982
Emons, H.-H.; Horlbeck, W.; Kiessling, D., Massenspektrometrische untersuchung der gasphase uber alkalimetalliodiden, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 1982, 488, 212. [all data]

Biefeld, 1978
Biefeld, R.M., The vaporization thermodynamics of rubidium iodide as determined by mass-loss Knudsen effusion and mass spectrometry, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1978, 10, 907. [all data]

Potts and Price, 1977
Potts, A.W.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron studies of ionic materials using molecular beam techniques, Phys. Scr., 1977, 16, 191. [all data]

Potts, Williams, et al., 1974
Potts, A.W.; Williams, T.A.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron spectra and electronic structure of diatomic alkali halides, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1974, 341, 147. [all data]

Berkowitz, 1971
Berkowitz, J., Photoionization mass spectrometry photoelectron spectroscopy of high temperature vapor, Adv. High Temp. Chem., 1971, 3, 123. [all data]

Platel, 1965
Platel, G., Mesures des potentials d'apparition des ions obtenus par impact electronique dans la phase vapeur des iodures alcalins et des melanges LiI-MI, J. Chim. Phys., 1965, 62, 1176. [all data]

Goodman, Allen, et al., 1974
Goodman, T.D.; Allen, J.D., Jr.; Cusachs, L.C.; Schweitzer, G.K., The photoelectron spectra of gaseous alkali halides, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1974, 3, 289. [all data]

Schmidt-Ott, 1931
Schmidt-Ott, H.D., Uber kontinuierliche absorptionsspektra der gasformigen alkalihalogenide im ultraviolett, Z. Phys., 1931, 69, 724. [all data]

Barrow and Caunt, 1953
Barrow, R.F.; Caunt, A.D., The ultra-violet absorption spectra of some gaseous alkali-metal halides and the dissociation energy of fluorine, Proc. R. Soc. London A, 1953, 219, 120. [all data]

Davidovits and Brodhead, 1967
Davidovits, P.; Brodhead, D.C., Ultraviolet absorption cross sections for the alkali halide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 46, 2968. [all data]

Oldenborg, Gole, et al., 1974
Oldenborg, R.C.; Gole, J.L.; Zare, R.N., Chemiluminescent spectra of alkali-halogen reactions, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 4032. [all data]

Honig, Mandel, et al., 1954
Honig, A.; Mandel, M.; Stitch, M.L.; Townes, C.H., Microwave spectra of the alkali halides, Phys. Rev., 1954, 96, 629. [all data]

Rusk and Gordy, 1962
Rusk, J.R.; Gordy, W., Millimeter wave molecular beam spectroscopy: alkali bromides and iodides, Phys. Rev., 1962, 127, 817. [all data]

Geiger and Pfeiffer, 1968
Geiger, J.; Pfeiffer, H.-C., Untersuchung der Anregung innerer Elektronen von Alkalihalogenidmolekulen im Energieverlustspektrum von 25 keV-Elektronen, Z. Phys., 1968, 208, 105. [all data]

Brewer and Brackett, 1961
Brewer, L.; Brackett, E., The dissociation energies of gaseous alkali halides, Chem. Rev., 1961, 61, 425. [all data]

Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961
Bulewicz, E.M.; Phillips, L.F.; Sugden, T.M., Determination of dissociation constants and heats of formation of simple molecules by flame photometry. Part 8. Stabilities of the gaseous diatomic halides of certain metals, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1961, 57, 921. [all data]

Tiemann and Hoeft, 1976
Tiemann, E.; Hoeft, J., Hyperfeinstruktur des RbJ, Z. Naturforsch. A, 1976, 31, 236. [all data]

Story and Hebert, 1976
Story, T.L., Jr.; Hebert, A.J., Dipole moments of KI, RbBr, RbI, CsBr, and CsI by the electric deflection method, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 64, 855. [all data]


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, References