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Arsine


Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.99210.Sherman and Giauque, 1955AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
130.5 - 211.13.42812606.597-34.306Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

H2As- + Hydrogen cation = Arsine

By formula: H2As- + H+ = H3As

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar357.5 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSGal, Maria, et al., 1989gas phase
Deltar357.8 ± 3.1kcal/molD-EASmyth and Brauman, 1972gas phase
Deltar361.9 ± 6.1kcal/molG+TSWyatt, Holtz, et al., 1974gas phase; Between PH3, H2S; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Deltar<359.7 ± 4.6kcal/molEIAEEbinghaus, Kraus, et al., 1964gas phase; From AsH3
Deltar359.00kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; CrOO-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar350.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREGal, Maria, et al., 1989gas phase
Deltar354.4 ± 6.0kcal/molIMRBWyatt, Holtz, et al., 1974gas phase; Between PH3, H2S; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Deltar352.20kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; CrOO-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
0.00892100.LN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman

View reactions leading to AsH3+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)178.8kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity170.2kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.89PEPotts and Price, 1972LLK
10.06 ± 0.03PEBranton, Frost, et al., 1970RDSH
10.03PIPrice and Passmore, 1963RDSH
10.58 ± 0.05PEDemuth, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
As+15.0 ± 0.3H2+HEISaalfeld and McDowell, 1967RDSH
As+14.8 ± 0.2H2+HEISaalfeld and Svec, 1963RDSH
AsH+11.30 ± 0.05H2PIBerkowitz, 1988LL
AsH+12.5 ± 0.2H2EISaalfeld and McDowell, 1967RDSH
AsH+12.4 ± 0.2H2EISaalfeld and Svec, 1963RDSH
AsH2+12.69 ± 0.01HPIBerkowitz, 1988LL
AsH2+13.4 ± 0.2HEISaalfeld and McDowell, 1967RDSH
AsH2+14.5 ± 0.2HEISaalfeld and Svec, 1963RDSH

De-protonation reactions

H2As- + Hydrogen cation = Arsine

By formula: H2As- + H+ = H3As

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar357.5 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSGal, Maria, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar357.8 ± 3.1kcal/molD-EASmyth and Brauman, 1972gas phase; B
Deltar361.9 ± 6.1kcal/molG+TSWyatt, Holtz, et al., 1974gas phase; Between PH3, H2S; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar<359.7 ± 4.6kcal/molEIAEEbinghaus, Kraus, et al., 1964gas phase; From AsH3; B
Deltar359.00kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; CrOO-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar350.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREGal, Maria, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar354.4 ± 6.0kcal/molIMRBWyatt, Holtz, et al., 1974gas phase; Between PH3, H2S; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar352.20kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; CrOO-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=1.7; B

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin LRL 0008
NIST MS number 408

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   C3nu     Symmetry Number sigma = 3


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1 1 Sym str 2116  A 2116.1 gas
a1 2 Sym deform 906  B 906.0 gas
e 3 Deg str 2123  B 2123.0 gas
e 4 Deg deform 1003  B 1003 gas

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

A0~1 cm-1 uncertainty
B1~3 cm-1 uncertainty

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sherman and Giauque, 1955
Sherman, R.H.; Giauque, W.F., Arsine. Vapor Pressure, Heat Capacity, Heats of Transition, Fusion and Vaporization. The Entropy from Calorimetric and from Molecular Data 1, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 8, 2154-2160, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01613a034 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Gal, Maria, et al., 1989
Gal, J.-F.; Maria, P.-C.; Decouzon, M., The Gas-Phase Acidity and Bond Dissociation Energies of Hydrogen Telluride, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1989, 93, 1, 87, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(89)83076-9 . [all data]

Smyth and Brauman, 1972
Smyth, K.C.; Brauman, J.I., Photodetachment of electrons from amide and arsenide ions: The electron affinities of NH2 and AsH2., J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 56, 4620. [all data]

Wyatt, Holtz, et al., 1974
Wyatt, R.H.; Holtz, D.; McMahon, T.B.; Beauchamp, J.L., Acidity, basicity, and ion-molecule reactions of arsine in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, Inorg. Chem., 1974, 13, 1511. [all data]

Ebinghaus, Kraus, et al., 1964
Ebinghaus, H.; Kraus, K.; Neuert, H.; Muller-Duysing, W., Negative Ionen durch Elecktronenresonanzeinfang in PH3, AsH3, und SiH4, Z. Naturfor., 1964, 19A, 732. [all data]

Check, Faust, et al., 2001
Check, C.E.; Faust, T.O.; Bailey, J.M.; Wright, B.J.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Addition of Polarization and Diffuse Functions to the LANL2DZ Basis Set for P-Block Elements, J. Phys. Chem. A,, 2001, 105, 34, 8111, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011945l . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Potts and Price, 1972
Potts, A.W.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron spectra and valence shell orbital structures of groups V VI hydrides, Proc. R. Soc. London A:, 1972, 326, 181. [all data]

Branton, Frost, et al., 1970
Branton, G.R.; Frost, D.C.; McDowell, C.A.; Stenhouse, I.A., The photoelectron spectra of phosphine and arsine, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1970, 5, 1. [all data]

Price and Passmore, 1963
Price, W.C.; Passmore, T.R., [Title unavailable], Faraday Discuss. Chem. Soc., 1963, 35, 232. [all data]

Demuth, 1977
Demuth, R., Photoelektronenspektren von einigen Trihalogensilylphosphanen und -arsanen X3SiER2 (X = F, Cl; E = N, P, As; R = H, CH3), Z. Naturforsch. B:, 1977, 32, 1252. [all data]

Saalfeld and McDowell, 1967
Saalfeld, F.E.; McDowell, M.V., The mass spectra of volatile hydrides. V. Silylarsine, Inorg. Chem., 1967, 6, 96. [all data]

Saalfeld and Svec, 1963
Saalfeld, F.E.; Svec, H.J., The mass spectra of volatile hydrides. I. The monoelemental hydrides of the group IVB and VB elements, Inorg. Chem., 1963, 2, 46. [all data]

Berkowitz, 1988
Berkowitz, J., Photoionization mass spectrometric studies of AsHn(n=1-3), J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 89, 7065. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume I, National Bureau of Standards, 1972, 1-160. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, NIST Free Links, References