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Phosphorus trifluoride

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-958.44kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1969
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar273.06J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1969

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 1000.1000. - 6000.
A 39.6636982.74697
B 110.84340.230541
C -108.4355-0.048037
D 37.882860.003403
E -0.480131-3.488085
F -975.9222-993.3653
G 289.7943357.3362
H -958.4414-958.4414
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in December, 1969 Data last reviewed in December, 1969

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil171.6KN/APCR Inc., 1990 

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess
MS - José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Fluorine anion + Phosphorus trifluoride = (Fluorine anion bullet Phosphorus trifluoride)

By formula: F- + F3P = (F- bullet F3P)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Deltar168. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M
Deltar209. ± 21.kJ/molIMRBSullivan and Beauchamp, 1978gas phase; Fluoride Affinity: < OPF3, > F, SF4, Me3SiF, HCN, SO2; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Deltar107.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; switching reaction(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar136.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(F-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970; M
Deltar136. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1983gas phase; These relative affinities are ca. 10 kcal/mol weaker than threshold values (see Wenthold and Squires, 1995) for donors greater than ca. 27 kcal/mol in free energy. This discrepancy has not yet been resolved, though the stronger value appears preferable.; B,M

Chlorine anion + Phosphorus trifluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Phosphorus trifluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F3P = (Cl- bullet F3P)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar64.9kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar38.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

CN- + Phosphorus trifluoride = (CN- bullet Phosphorus trifluoride)

By formula: CN- + F3P = (CN- bullet F3P)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.0 ± 4.2kJ/molIMRELarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/ALarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CN-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8 ± 2.1kJ/molIMRELarson, Szulejko, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M

CrF18P6 (cr) = chromium (cr) + 6Phosphorus trifluoride (g)

By formula: CrF18P6 (cr) = Cr (cr) + 6F3P (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar305. ± 13.kJ/molHAL-HFCBrown and Connor, 1974MS

tetrakis(trifluorophosphine)nickel (l) = nickel (cr) + 4Phosphorus trifluoride (g)

By formula: F12NiP4 (l) = Ni (cr) + 4F3P (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar194.2 ± 8.4kJ/molHAL-HFCBrown and Connor, 1974MS

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin CBDCOM/ERDEC, Edgewood, MD
NIST MS number 226492

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   C3nu     Symmetry Number sigma = 3


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1 1 Sym str 892  B 892 S gas 890 liq.
a1 2 Sym deform 487  B 487 M gas 486 liq.
e 3 Deg str 860  C 860 S gas 840 liq.
e 4 Deg deform 344  B 344 M gas

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

SStrong
MMedium
B1~3 cm-1 uncertainty
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

PCR Inc., 1990
PCR Inc., Research Chemicals Catalog 1990-1991, PCR Inc., Gainesville, FL, 1990, 1. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1983
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Strong hydrogen bonding in gas-phase anions. An ion cyclotron resonance determination of fluoride binding energetics to bronsted acids from gas-phase fluoride exchange equilibria measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2944. [all data]

Wenthold and Squires, 1995
Wenthold, P.G.; Squires, R.R., Bond dissociation energies of F2(-) and HF2(-). A gas-phase experimental and G2 theoretical study, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 7, 2002, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100007a034 . [all data]

Sullivan and Beauchamp, 1978
Sullivan, S.A.; Beauchamp, J.L., Nucleophilic Reactions of Anions with PF3 and OPF3 in the Gas Phase by ICR Spectroscopy, Inorg. Chem., 1978, 17, 6, 1589, https://doi.org/10.1021/ic50184a039 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Larson, Szulejko, et al., 1988
Larson, J.W.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Gas Phase Lewis Acid-Base Interactions. An Experimental Determination of Cyanide Binding Energies From Ion Cyclotron Resonance and High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Equilibrium Measurements., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 23, 7604, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00231a004 . [all data]

Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971
Payzant, J.D.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of CN-, NO2-, NO3-, and HO- in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 3308. [all data]

Brown and Connor, 1974
Brown, D.L.S.; Connor, J.A., Skinner, H. A. J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. I, 1974, 70, 1649. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume I, National Bureau of Standards, 1972, 1-160. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, References