Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

3-Pentanol, 3-methyl-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-83.24 ± 0.29kcal/molEqkWiberg and Hao, 1991Heat of hydration

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-96.78 ± 0.21kcal/molEqkWiberg and Hao, 1991Heat of hydration; ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
72.239298.15Caceres-Alonso, Costas, et al., 1988DH
70.227298.15Ortega, 1986DH
70.120298.15Bravo, Pintos, et al., 1984DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil395. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 22 out of 24 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus249.55KN/AHoward, Mears, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc575.6 ± 0.6KN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Tc575.6KN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.8 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc34.7 ± 0.2atmN/AGude and Teja, 1995 
Pc34.74atmN/AQuadri, Khilar, et al., 1991Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.49 atm; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap13.3 ± 0.07kcal/molGSKulikov, Verevkin, et al., 2001Based on data from 275. - 301. K.; AC
Deltavap13.54 ± 0.20kcal/molVWiberg and Hao, 1991Heat of hydration; ALS
Deltavap13.5kcal/molN/AWiberg and Hao, 1991DRB
Deltavap13.6 ± 0.2kcal/molN/AWiberg and Hao, 1991AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.58337.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 322. - 397. K.; AC
11.1353.N/AWilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973Based on data from 338. - 396. K.; AC
10.1346.IHovorka, Lankelma, et al., 1940Based on data from 298. - 393. K.; AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H13O- + Hydrogen cation = 3-Pentanol, 3-methyl-

By formula: C6H13O- + H+ = C6H14O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar371.9 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDCHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar371.9 ± 2.8kcal/molG+TSBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar365.3 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSHaas and Harrison, 1993gas phase; Both metastable and 50 eV collision energy.
Deltar365.3 ± 2.7kcal/molCIDCBoand, Houriet, et al., 1983gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 333923

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wiberg and Hao, 1991
Wiberg, K.B.; Hao, S., Enthalpies of hydration of alkenes. 4. Formation of acyclic tert-alcohols, J. Org. Chem., 1991, 56, 5108-5110. [all data]

Caceres-Alonso, Costas, et al., 1988
Caceres-Alonso, M.; Costas, M.; Andreoli-Ball, L.; Patterson, D., Steric effects on the self-association of branched and cyclic alcohols in inert solvents. Apparent heat capacities of secondary and tertiary alcohols in hydrocarbons, Can. J. Chem., 1988, 66, 989-998. [all data]

Ortega, 1986
Ortega, J., Excess molar heat capacities of the binary mixtures of cyclohexane with isomers of hexanol at 298.15 K, Rev. Latinoam. Ing. Quim. Quim. Apl., 1986, 16, 307-315. [all data]

Bravo, Pintos, et al., 1984
Bravo, R.; Pintos, M.; Baluja, M.C.; Paz Andrade, M.I.; Roux-Desgranges, G.; Grolier, J.-P.E., Excess volumes excess heat capacities of some mixtures: (an isomer of hexanol + an n-alkane) at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1984, 16, 73-79. [all data]

Howard, Mears, et al., 1947
Howard, F.L.; Mears, T.W.; Fookson, A.; Pomerantz, P.; Brooks, D.B., Preparation and physical properties of several aliphatic hydrocarbons and intermediates, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1947, 38, 365. [all data]

Gude and Teja, 1995
Gude, M.; Teja, A.S., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 4. Aliphatic Alkanols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1995, 40, 1025-1036. [all data]

Quadri, Khilar, et al., 1991
Quadri, S.K.; Khilar, K.C.; Kudchadker, A.P.; Patni, M.J., Measurement of the critical temperatures and critical pressures of some thermally stable or mildly unstable alkanols, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1991, 23, 67-76. [all data]

Kulikov, Verevkin, et al., 2001
Kulikov, Dmitry; Verevkin, Sergey P.; Heintz, Andreas, Determination of Vapor Pressures and Vaporization Enthalpies of the Aliphatic Branched C 5 and C 6 Alcohols, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 6, 1593-1600, https://doi.org/10.1021/je010187p . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wilhoit and Zwolinski, 1973
Wilhoit, R.C.; Zwolinski, B.J., Physical and thermodynamic properties of aliphatic alcohols, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data Suppl., 1973, 1, 2, 1. [all data]

Hovorka, Lankelma, et al., 1940
Hovorka, Frank; Lankelma, Herman P.; Axelrod, Abraham E., Thermodynamic Properties of the Hexyl Alcohols. III. 2-Methylpentanol-3 and 3-Methylpentanol-3, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 1, 187-189, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01858a055 . [all data]

Haas and Harrison, 1993
Haas, M.J.; Harrison, A.G., The Fragmentation of Proton-Bound Cluster Ions and the Gas-Phase Acidities of Alcohols, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1993, 124, 2, 115, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(93)80003-W . [all data]

Boand, Houriet, et al., 1983
Boand, G.; Houriet, R.; Baumann, T., The gas phase acidity of aliphatic alcohols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 2203. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References