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Tin(II) chloride


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to Cl2Sn+ (ion structure unspecified)

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
1.04EIAEPabst, Perry, et al., 1977From SnCl4; B
1.75061N/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001NiBr3-(t); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=101.4; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.0PENovak and Potts, 1984LBLHLM
10.1 ± 0.4EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH
10.31PENovak and Potts, 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.37 ± 0.05PEHarris, Lappert, et al., 1976Vertical value; LLK
10.31 ± 0.05PEEvans and Orchard, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
ClSn+10.8 ± 0.05ClEIO'Brien and Mucklejohn, 1987LBLHLM
SnCl+11.3 ± 0.4ClEIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH
Sn+12.8 ± 1.0?EIBuchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969RDSH

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 162372

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Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   C2nu     Symmetry Number sigma = 2


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1 1 Sym str 352  C 354 solid solid 352 p gas
a1 2 Bend 120  C 120 p gas
b1 3 Anti str 334  D 334 solid solid 332 solid solid

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

pPolarized
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty
D6~15 cm-1 uncertainty

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Pabst, Perry, et al., 1977
Pabst, R.E.; Perry, D.L.; Margrave, J.L.; Franklin, J.L., Electron impact studies of tin tetrahalides SnCl4, SnBr4 and SnI4, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1977, 24, 323. [all data]

Check, Faust, et al., 2001
Check, C.E.; Faust, T.O.; Bailey, J.M.; Wright, B.J.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Addition of Polarization and Diffuse Functions to the LANL2DZ Basis Set for P-Block Elements, J. Phys. Chem. A,, 2001, 105, 34, 8111, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011945l . [all data]

Novak and Potts, 1984
Novak, I.; Potts, A.W., Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of gas phase and condensed tin and lead dihalides (MX2, M = Sn, Pb X = Cl, Br, I), J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1984, 33, 1. [all data]

Buchanan, Knowles, et al., 1969
Buchanan, A.S.; Knowles, D.J.; Swingler, D.L., Electron impact studies of stannous chloride and stannic chloride, J. Phys. Chem., 1969, 73, 4394. [all data]

Harris, Lappert, et al., 1976
Harris, D.H.; Lappert, M.F.; Pedley, J.B.; Sharp, G.J., Bonding studies of compounds of group 3-5 elements. Part XVIII. He(I) photoelectron spectra of bivalent homoleptic alkyls and amides, especially of group 4 elements, and of tin(II) chloride and bromide, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1976, 945. [all data]

Evans and Orchard, 1975
Evans, S.; Orchard, A.F., The vapour phase ultra-violet photoelectron spectroscopy of metal halides at elevated temperatures, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1975, 6, 207. [all data]

O'Brien and Mucklejohn, 1987
O'Brien, N.W.; Mucklejohn, S.A., A study of the vapour-phase equilibria over tin(II) chloride, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 1065. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume II, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1972, 6, 3, 993-1102. [all data]


Notes

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