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potassium bromide

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-43.040kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar59.878cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 2500. - 6000.
A 8.938390
B 0.191971
C -0.000941
D 0.000081
E -0.015260
F -45.76470
G 70.55239
H -43.04001
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in March, 1967

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-89.983kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar25.225cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-94.120kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid22.93cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in March, 1967

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 1007. - 2500.
A 16.70010
B -2.034290×10-10
C 1.398711×10-10
D -2.978600×10-11
E -4.052240×10-12
F -94.96300
G 45.43430
H -89.98380
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in March, 1967

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 900.900. - 1007.
A 9.374401-278.7170
B 15.14450494.7290
C -22.64050-301.6121
D 14.4477064.82801
E 0.02180037.03671
F -97.3454168.35999
G 30.75641-307.6341
H -94.12010-94.12010
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in March, 1967 Data last reviewed in March, 1967

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
1068. - 1656.4.565756940.81-136.349Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Potassium ion (1+) + potassium bromide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet potassium bromide)

By formula: K+ + BrK = (K+ bullet BrK)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.5kcal/molMSKudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973gas phase; Knudsen cell; M
Deltar40.8kcal/molMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M

3Pyridine, 1-oxide + potassium bromide = 3Pyridine + KBrO3

By formula: 3C5H5NO + BrK = 3C5H5N + KBrO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.0 ± 2.3kcal/molCmShaofeng and Pilcher, 1988solid phase; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
B - John E. Bartmess

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.9 ± 0.1eVN/AN/AL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.642 ± 0.010LPESMiller, Leopold, et al., 1986B
0.610004NBAEDe Vreugd, Wijnaendts van Resandt, et al., 1979B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.85EVALHuber and Herzberg, 1979LLK
7.9 ± 0.1PEPotts and Price, 1977LLK
7.9 ± 0.1PEPotts, Williams, et al., 1974LLK
8.82 ± 0.04PEPotts and Price, 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.1PEGoodman, Allen, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
K+25.36 ± 0.04Br(-)PEPotts and Price, 1977LLK
K+25.04 ± 0.04Br(-)PEPotts and Price, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Potassium ion (1+) + potassium bromide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet potassium bromide)

By formula: K+ + BrK = (K+ bullet BrK)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.5kcal/molMSKudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973gas phase; Knudsen cell
Deltar40.8kcal/molMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell

Constants of diatomic molecules

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through January, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 39K79Br
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
Twopeaks in the elctron energy loss spectrum at 19.7 and 23.7 eV Geiger and Pfeiffer, 1968 may be associated with an excitation of an electron from the metal 3p shell of K+ Br-.
Continuous absorption above 31000 cm-1, maxima at 36000, 39300, 47600 cm-1. 1
Muller, 1927; Levi, 1934
A 2           A lrarrow X 
Beutler and Josephy, 1929; Sommermeyer, 1929; Levi, 1934; Barrow and Caunt, 1953; Oldenborg, Gole, et al., 1974; Kaufmann, Kinsey, et al., 1974
X 1Sigma+ 0 213 3 (0.80)  0.08122109 0.00040481 7.7E-7 4.4619E-8 -2E-12 2.82078 4  
Rice and Klemperer, 1957
Rotation sp.
Fabricand, Carlson, et al., 1953; Rusk and Gordy, 1962
Mol. beam rf el. reson. 5
Van Wachem, De Leeuw, et al., 1967; de Leeuw, van Wachem, et al., 1969

Notes

1Absorption cross sections Davidovits and Brodhead, 1967. The electron energy loss spectrum Geiger and Pfeiffer, 1968 has peaks at 37000, 52000, 63000 cm-1.
2Diffuse absorption bands, 25000 - 31000 cm-1. 8 The chemiluminescence spectrum (gas - beam, or flame) consists of a long ground-state vibrational progression stretching from 17500 to 31500 cm-1, the onsets and cutoffs depending on the prevailing conditions of the experiment. 8
3From the IR spectrum. The Dunham theory applied to the microwave results gives omegae = 219.17 Rusk and Gordy, 1962, omegaexe = 0.758 Rusk and Gordy, 1962.
4Rotation-vibration sp.
5muel[D] = 10.60256 + 0.05045(v+1/2) + 0.00015(v+1/2)2 Van Wachem, De Leeuw, et al., 1967, de Leeuw, van Wachem, et al., 1969; nuclear quadrupole and spin-rotation constants in de Leeuw, van Wachem, et al., 1969, see also Fabricand, Carlson, et al., 1953.
6Thermochemical value Brewer and Brackett, 1961, Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961; from the analysis of the fluctuation bands in the UV absorption spectrum Levi, 1934 and Barrow and Caunt, 1953, estimate 3.96 and 4.10 eV, respectively.
7Adiabatic potential from the photoelectron spectrum Potts, Williams, et al., 1974, not corrected for thermal population of the ground state-vibrational levels; vertical potential 8.34 eV.
8See note d of CsBr. From the emission data Kaufmann, Kinsey, et al., 1974, have constructed a tentative upper-state potential energy curve which is, however, dependent on the model potential used for the ground state.
9From D00(KBr) + I.P.(K) - I.P.(KBr); Potts, Williams, et al., 1974 give 0.33 eV.
10From the maxima of the photoelectron spectrum Potts, Williams, et al., 1974, missing citation.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Kudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973
Kudin, L.S.; Gusarov, A.V.; Gorokhov, L.N., Mass Spectrometer Study of Equilibria Involving Ions. 1. Potassium Bromide and Sulfate, High Temp., 1973, 11, 50. [all data]

Chupka, 1959
Chupka, W.A., Dissociation Energies of Some Gaseous Halide Complex Ions and the Hydrated Ion K(H2O)+, J. Chem. Phys., 1959, 40, 2, 458, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1729974 . [all data]

Shaofeng and Pilcher, 1988
Shaofeng, L.; Pilcher, G., Enthalpy of formation of pyridine-N-oxide: the dissociation enthalpy of the (N-O) bond, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1988, 20, 463-465. [all data]

Miller, Leopold, et al., 1986
Miller, T.M.; Leopold, D.G.; Murray, K.K.; Lineberger, W.C., Electron Affinities of the Alkali Halides and the Structure of their Negative Ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 5, 2368, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451091 . [all data]

De Vreugd, Wijnaendts van Resandt, et al., 1979
De Vreugd, C.; Wijnaendts van Resandt, R.W.; Los, J.; Smith, B., Differential Cross Sections for Collisions of Negative Halogen Ions and Alkali Atoms, Chem. Phys., 1979, 42, 3, 305, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(79)80078-6 . [all data]

Huber and Herzberg, 1979
Huber, K.P.; Herzberg, G., Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. IV. Constants of Diatomic Molecules,, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1979, ,1. [all data]

Potts and Price, 1977
Potts, A.W.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron studies of ionic materials using molecular beam techniques, Phys. Scr., 1977, 16, 191. [all data]

Potts, Williams, et al., 1974
Potts, A.W.; Williams, T.A.; Price, W.C., Photoelectron spectra and electronic structure of diatomic alkali halides, Proc. Roy. Soc. London A, 1974, 341, 147. [all data]

Goodman, Allen, et al., 1974
Goodman, T.D.; Allen, J.D., Jr.; Cusachs, L.C.; Schweitzer, G.K., The photoelectron spectra of gaseous alkali halides, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1974, 3, 289. [all data]

Geiger and Pfeiffer, 1968
Geiger, J.; Pfeiffer, H.-C., Untersuchung der Anregung innerer Elektronen von Alkalihalogenidmolekulen im Energieverlustspektrum von 25 keV-Elektronen, Z. Phys., 1968, 208, 105. [all data]

Muller, 1927
Muller, L.A., 4. absorptionsspektren der alkalihalogenide in wasseriger losung und im dampf, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig), 1927, 82, 39. [all data]

Levi, 1934
Levi, Dissertation, Berlin, 1934, 0. [all data]

Beutler and Josephy, 1929
Beutler, H.; Josephy, B., Resonanz bei Stoben in der fluoreszenz und chemilumineszenz, Z. Phys., 1929, 53, 747. [all data]

Sommermeyer, 1929
Sommermeyer, K., Ein neues spektrum der gasformigen alkalihalogenide und seine deutung, Z. Phys., 1929, 56, 548. [all data]

Barrow and Caunt, 1953
Barrow, R.F.; Caunt, A.D., The ultra-violet absorption spectra of some gaseous alkali-metal halides and the dissociation energy of fluorine, Proc. R. Soc. London A, 1953, 219, 120. [all data]

Oldenborg, Gole, et al., 1974
Oldenborg, R.C.; Gole, J.L.; Zare, R.N., Chemiluminescent spectra of alkali-halogen reactions, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 4032. [all data]

Kaufmann, Kinsey, et al., 1974
Kaufmann, K.J.; Kinsey, J.L.; Palmer, H.B.; Tewarson, A., Chemiluminescent emission spectra and possible upper-state potentials of KCl and KBr, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1865. [all data]

Rice and Klemperer, 1957
Rice, S.A.; Klemperer, W., Spectra of the alkali halides. II. The infrared spectra of the sodium and potassium halides, RbCl, and CsCl, J. Chem. Phys., 1957, 27, 573. [all data]

Fabricand, Carlson, et al., 1953
Fabricand, B.P.; Carlson, R.O.; Lee, C.A.; Rabi, I.I., Molecular beam investigation of rotational transitions. II. The rotational levels of KBr and their hyperfine structure, Phys. Rev., 1953, 91, 1403. [all data]

Rusk and Gordy, 1962
Rusk, J.R.; Gordy, W., Millimeter wave molecular beam spectroscopy: alkali bromides and iodides, Phys. Rev., 1962, 127, 817. [all data]

Van Wachem, De Leeuw, et al., 1967
Van Wachem, R.; De Leeuw, F.H.; Dymanus, A., Dipole moments of KF and KBr measured by the molecular-beam electric-resonance method, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 47, 2256. [all data]

de Leeuw, van Wachem, et al., 1969
de Leeuw, F.H.; van Wachem, R.; Dymanus, A., Radio-frequency spectrum of KBr by the molecular-beam electric-resonance method, J. Chem. Phys., 1969, 50, 1393. [all data]

Davidovits and Brodhead, 1967
Davidovits, P.; Brodhead, D.C., Ultraviolet absorption cross sections for the alkali halide vapors, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 46, 2968. [all data]

Brewer and Brackett, 1961
Brewer, L.; Brackett, E., The dissociation energies of gaseous alkali halides, Chem. Rev., 1961, 61, 425. [all data]

Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961
Bulewicz, E.M.; Phillips, L.F.; Sugden, T.M., Determination of dissociation constants and heats of formation of simple molecules by flame photometry. Part 8. Stabilities of the gaseous diatomic halides of certain metals, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1961, 57, 921. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Constants of diatomic molecules, References