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Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 851 to 900

H22N3O11- + 12Water = H24N3O12-

By formula: H22N3O11- + 12H2O = H24N3O12-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.70kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.79±0.08 eV; B

H24N3O12- + 13Water = H26N3O13-

By formula: H24N3O12- + 13H2O = H26N3O13-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.80kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.89±0.08 eV; B

H26N3O13- + 14Water = H28N3O14-

By formula: H26N3O13- + 14H2O = H28N3O14-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.90kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.95±0.08 eV; B

H28N3O14- + 15Water = H30N3O15-

By formula: H28N3O14- + 15H2O = H30N3O15-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.10kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 6.02±0.08 eV; B

H30N3O15- + 16Water = H32N3O16-

By formula: H30N3O15- + 16H2O = H32N3O16-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.90kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 6.07±0.08 eV; B

thiophenoxide anion + Water = (thiophenoxide anion bullet Water)

By formula: C6H5S- + H2O = (C6H5S- bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.4kcal/molPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck and Meot-ner, 1989gas phase; M

(C2H6NO2+ bullet Water) + Water = (C2H6NO2+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C2H6NO2+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (C2H6NO2+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.2293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C6H12N3O4+ bullet Water) + Water = (C6H12N3O4+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C6H12N3O4+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (C6H12N3O4+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.8293.ES/HPMSKlassen, Blades, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C8H20N+ bullet Water) + Water = (C8H20N+ bullet 2Water)

By formula: (C8H20N+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (C8H20N+ bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.1293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

H6N3O3- + 4Water = H8N3O4-

By formula: H6N3O3- + 4H2O = H8N3O4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.80kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 4.63±0.06 eV; B

H10N3O5- + 6Water = H12N3O6-

By formula: H10N3O5- + 6H2O = H12N3O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.70kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.03±0.08 eV; B

H12N3O6- + 7Water = H14N3O7-

By formula: H12N3O6- + 7H2O = H14N3O7-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.20kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.25±0.08 eV; B

H14N3O7- + 8Water = H16N3O8-

By formula: H14N3O7- + 8H2O = H16N3O8-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.20kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.42±0.08 eV; B

H16N3O8- + 9Water = H18N3O9-

By formula: H16N3O8- + 9H2O = H18N3O9-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.20kcal/molN/AYang, Kiran, et al., 2004gas phase; Affinity: EA change (H2O)n-1..N3- ion. Vertical Detachment Energy: 5.55±0.08 eV; B

(Oxygen anion bullet Water) + Carbon dioxide = (Oxygen anion bullet Carbon dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (O2- bullet H2O) + CO2 = (O2- bullet CO2 bullet H2O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
8.2296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(O2-)2H2O; Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970; M

C2H7S+ + Water = (C2H7S+ bullet Water)

By formula: C2H7S+ + H2O = (C2H7S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C3H7O+ + Water = (C3H7O+ bullet Water)

By formula: C3H7O+ + H2O = (C3H7O+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985gas phase; M

C4H5N+ + Water = (C4H5N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C4H5N+ + H2O = (C4H5N+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H9S+ + Water = (C4H9S+ bullet Water)

By formula: C4H9S+ + H2O = (C4H9S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C5H11O+ + Water = (C5H11O+ bullet Water)

By formula: C5H11O+ + H2O = (C5H11O+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C6H15S+ + Water = (C6H15S+ bullet Water)

By formula: C6H15S+ + H2O = (C6H15S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.7cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985gas phase; M

C6H15Ge+ + Water = (C6H15Ge+ bullet Water)

By formula: C6H15Ge+ + H2O = (C6H15Ge+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.9kcal/molPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.6cal/mol*KPHPMSStone and Wytenberg, 1987gas phase; M

C9H22N+ + Water = (C9H22N+ bullet Water)

By formula: C9H22N+ + H2O = (C9H22N+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.5kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M

Strontium ion (1+) + Water = (Strontium ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Sr+ + H2O = (Sr+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.5kcal/molHPMSTang, Lian, et al., 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.1cal/mol*KHPMSTang, Lian, et al., 1976gas phase; M

Silver ion (1+) + Water = (Silver ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Ag+ + H2O = (Ag+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.3kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

Lead ion (1+) + Water = (Lead ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Pb+ + H2O = (Pb+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.4kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.5cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1972gas phase; M

Bismuth ion (1+) + Water = (Bismuth ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Bi+ + H2O = (Bi+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8kcal/molHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.1cal/mol*KHPMSTang and Castleman, 1974gas phase; M

C6F6- + Water = C6H2F6O-

By formula: C6F6- + H2O = C6H2F6O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.30kcal/molN/AEustis, Wang, et al., 2007gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.78±0.02 eV. EA is not adiabatic, just threshhold; B

(Sulfate bullet 10Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 11Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 10H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 11H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C4H4O+ + Water = (C4H4O+ bullet Water)

By formula: C4H4O+ + H2O = (C4H4O+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.8kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.8cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C4H4S+ + Water = (C4H4S+ bullet Water)

By formula: C4H4S+ + H2O = (C4H4S+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.5kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987gas phase; M

C7H7O2+ + Water = (C7H7O2+ bullet Water)

By formula: C7H7O2+ + H2O = (C7H7O2+ bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (positive ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.7kcal/molPHPMSDavidson, Sunner J., et al., 1979gas phase; data from graph; M

Trifluoromethyl cation + Water = (Trifluoromethyl cation bullet Water)

By formula: CF3+ + H2O = (CF3+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.6kcal/molHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.8cal/mol*KHPMSBennet and Field, 1972gas phase; M

(Sulfate bullet 9Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 10Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 9H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 10H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.5kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Sulfate bullet 5Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 6Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.5kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Sulfate bullet 6Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 7Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Sulfate bullet 7Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 8Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 7H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 8H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Sulfate bullet 8Water) + Water = (Sulfate bullet 9Water)

By formula: (O4S-2 bullet 8H2O) + H2O = (O4S-2 bullet 9H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

C6H2F6O- + 2Water = C6H4F6O2-

By formula: C6H2F6O- + 2H2O = C6H4F6O2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.46kcal/molN/AEustis, Wang, et al., 2007gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.93±0.03 eV. EA is not adiabatic, just threshhold; B

(ClO3- bullet Water) + Water = (ClO3- bullet 2Water)

By formula: (ClO3- bullet H2O) + H2O = (ClO3- bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.7kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

2-Fluoro-N-(2-fluoro-2,2-dinitroethyl)-N,2,2-trinitroethylamine + 6Oxygen + Ethanedioic acid, diethyl ester = 10Carbon dioxide + 2hydrogen fluoride + 3Nitrogen + 6Water

By formula: C4H4F2N6O10 + 6O2 + C6H10O4 = 10CO2 + 2HF + 3N2 + 6H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1189.33 ± 0.56kcal/molCcrBaroody and Carpenter, 1973solid phase; Corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH; HF.100H2O; ALS

C7H10O4-2 + Water = (C7H10O4-2 bullet Water)

By formula: C7H10O4-2 + H2O = (C7H10O4-2 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.0 ± 4.2kcal/molN/ADing, Wang, et al., 1998gas phase; Affinity is EA difference from next lower solvated ion.; B

C6H8O4-2 + Water = (C6H8O4-2 bullet Water)

By formula: C6H8O4-2 + H2O = (C6H8O4-2 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.1 ± 4.2kcal/molN/ADing, Wang, et al., 1998gas phase; Affinity is EA difference from next lower solvated ion.; B

(C10H16O4-2 bullet 2Water) + Water = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 3Water)

By formula: (C10H16O4-2 bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.4kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C10H16O4-2 bullet 3Water) + Water = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 4Water)

By formula: (C10H16O4-2 bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C10H16O4-2 bullet 4Water) + Water = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 5Water)

By formula: (C10H16O4-2 bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.8kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C10H16O4-2 bullet 5Water) + Water = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 6Water)

By formula: (C10H16O4-2 bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (C10H16O4-2 bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.1kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 2Water) + Water = (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 3Water)

By formula: (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 3Water) + Water = (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 4Water)

By formula: (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (C10H6O6S2-2 bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.5kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(C8H4O4-2 bullet 2Water) + Water = (C8H4O4-2 bullet 3Water)

By formula: (C8H4O4-2 bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (C8H4O4-2 bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.4kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Yang, Kiran, et al., 2004
Yang, X.; Kiran, B.; Wang, X.B.; Wang, L.S.; Mucha, M.; Jungwirth, P., Solvation of the azide anion (N-3(-)) in water clusters and aqueous interfaces: A combined investigation by photoelectron spectroscopy, density functional calculations, and molecular dynamic, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2004, 108, 39, 7820-7826, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0496396 . [all data]

Sieck and Meot-ner, 1989
Sieck, L.W.; Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 8. RS-..HOR Bond Strengths. Correlation with Acidities., J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 4, 1586, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100341a079 . [all data]

Klassen, Blades, et al., 1995
Klassen, J.S.; Blades, A.T.; Kebarle, P., Determinations of Ion-Molecule Equilibria Involving Ions Produced by Electrospray. Hydration of Protonated Amines, Diamines, and Some Small Peptides, J. Phys. Chem., 1995, 99, 42, 15509, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100042a027 . [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1995
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Free Energies of Hydration in the Gas Phase on the Anions of Some Oxo Acids of C, N, S, P, Cl and I, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 42, 10563, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00147a019 . [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970
Arshadi, M.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of OH- and O2- in the Gas Phase. Comparative Solvation of OH- by Water and the Hydrogen Halides. Effect of Acidity, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1483, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a015 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sieck, 1985
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 4. SH+ O and NH+ S Bonds. Correlations with Proton Affinity. Mutual Effects of Weak and Strong Ligands in Mixed Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 24, 5222, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100270a021 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), Ross, et al., 1985
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Ross, M.M.; Campana, J.E., Stable Hydrogen - Bonded Isomers of Covalent Ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 4835. [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Yamabe, S., Stabilities and Structures in Cluster Ions of Five-Membered Heterocyclic Compounds Containing O, N and S Atoms, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1987, 109, 24, 7346, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00258a018 . [all data]

Stone and Wytenberg, 1987
Stone, J.A.; Wytenberg, W.J., The Binding Energies of Trialkylgermanium Cations to Water Molecules Studied by High Pressure Mass Spectrometry, Can. J. Chem., 1987, 65, 9, 2146, https://doi.org/10.1139/v87-358 . [all data]

Meot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983
Meot-Ner M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond. 1. Sterically Hindered Bonds. Solvation and Clustering of Sterically Hindered Amines and Pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 10, 2956, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00348a005 . [all data]

Tang, Lian, et al., 1976
Tang, I.N.; Lian, M.S.; Castleman, A.W., Mass Spectrometric Study of Gas - Phase Clustering Reactions: Hydration of the Monovalent Strontium Ion, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 10, 4022, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.432854 . [all data]

Holland and Castleman, 1982
Holland, P.M.; Castleman, A.W., The Thermochemical Properties of Gas - Phase Transition Metal Ion Complexes, J. Chem. Phys., 1982, 76, 8, 4195, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.443497 . [all data]

Tang and Castleman, 1972
Tang, I.N.; Castleman, A.W., Mass Spectrometric Study of the Gas - Phase Hydration of the Monovalent Lead Ion, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 57, 9, 3638, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1678820 . [all data]

Tang and Castleman, 1974
Tang, I.N.; Castleman, A.W., Mass Spectrometric Study of Gas - Phase Clustering Reactions: Hydration of the Monovalent Bismuth Ion, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 10, 3981, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1680846 . [all data]

Eustis, Wang, et al., 2007
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Notes

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