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phosphorus

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas316.5 ± 1.0kJ/molReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
Deltafgas316.39kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1961
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar163.199 ± 0.003J/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984CODATA Review value
gas,1 bar163.20J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1961

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 1180.008 - 2200.2200. - 6000.
A 20.44403-2.107549
B 1.0517459.311953
C -1.098514-0.557522
D 0.377924-0.020498
E 0.01064529.30064
F 310.2930353.6459
G 187.7302190.4707
H 316.3903316.3903
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1961 Data last reviewed in June, 1961

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid0.62kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1961
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar43.01J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1961
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-17.46kJ/molReviewChase, 1998red, v phase; Data last reviewed in June, 1961
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar41.09 ± 0.25J/mol*KReviewCox, Wagman, et al., 1984white phase; CODATA Review value

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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View table.

Temperature (K) 317.3 - 1180.008
A 26.32602
B 1.041373×10-10
C -6.121360×10-11
D 1.094033×10-11
E 2.995196×10-12
F -7.234262
G 74.86891
H 0.615002
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1961

Solid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 317.3298. - 317.3298. - 317.3298. - 317.3
A 24.3221416.4557628.0422628.38677
B -1.80980743.28892-18.96093-19.14360
C 7.486431-58.7387636.6120936.82476
D 3.14795025.60646-13.81611-13.89983
E -0.296815-0.086728-0.357001-0.358810
F -25.70876-6.657121-21.45191-21.96617
G 50.7799549.9716059.2684559.11030
H -17.460040.000000-12.43903-12.85103
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998Chase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment red, v phase; Data last reviewed in June, 1961 white phase; Data last reviewed in June, 1961 red, iv phase; Data last reviewed in June, 1961 black phase; Data last reviewed in June, 1961

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil550.KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple870.KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Ttriple317.3KN/AHonig and Kramer, 1969Metastable crystal phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 K; TRC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
349.8 - 553.5.041622819.2396.399Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

(CAS Reg. No. 23841-34-1 bullet 4294967295phosphorus) + phosphorus = CAS Reg. No. 23841-34-1

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 23841-34-1 bullet 4294967295P) + P = CAS Reg. No. 23841-34-1

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar325. ± 35.kJ/molN/AErvin and Lineberger, 2005gas phase
Deltar325. ± 34.kJ/molTherZittel and Lineberger, 1976gas phase

(CAS Reg. No. 329230-30-0 bullet 4294967295phosphorus) + phosphorus = CAS Reg. No. 329230-30-0

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 329230-30-0 bullet 4294967295P) + P = CAS Reg. No. 329230-30-0

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar354. ± 21.kJ/molN/AJones, Ganteför, et al., 1995gas phase; Vertical Detachment Energy: 1.68±0.05 eV

(CAS Reg. No. 12186-90-2 bullet 4294967295phosphorus) + phosphorus = CAS Reg. No. 12186-90-2

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 12186-90-2 bullet 4294967295P) + P = CAS Reg. No. 12186-90-2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar558.0 ± 3.5kJ/molN/AZittel and Lineberger, 1976gas phase

(CAS Reg. No. 55030-79-0 bullet 4294967295phosphorus) + phosphorus = CAS Reg. No. 55030-79-0

By formula: (CAS Reg. No. 55030-79-0 bullet 4294967295P) + P = CAS Reg. No. 55030-79-0

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar229.3 ± 3.3kJ/molN/ASnodgrass, Coe, et al., 1985gas phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to P+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.48669eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)626.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity604.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.746609 ± 0.000009N/APelaez, Blondel, et al., 2011given: 0.716607(10) eV; B
0.746679 ± 0.000062LPDAndersson, Lindahl, et al., 2007B
0.74640 ± 0.00040LPDSlater and Linberger, 1977B
0.750 ± 0.050LPESJones, Ganteför, et al., 1995B
0.74676 ± 0.00040LPDFeldmann, 1976B
0.772 ± 0.052EIAEBennett, Margrave, et al., 1974From P4; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.48669EVALLide, 1992LL
10.49SKelly, 1987LBLHLM
10.48669SMoore, 1970RDSH

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox, Wagman, et al., 1984
Cox, J.D.; Wagman, D.D.; Medvedev, V.A., CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1984, 1. [all data]

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Honig and Kramer, 1969
Honig, R.E.; Kramer, D.A., Vapor pressure data for the solid and liquid elements, RCA Rev., 1969, 1969, 285. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Ervin and Lineberger, 2005
Ervin, K.M.; Lineberger, W.C., Photoelectron spectroscopy of phosphorus hydride anions, J. Chem. Phys., 2005, 122, 19, 194303, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1881153 . [all data]

Zittel and Lineberger, 1976
Zittel, P.F.; Lineberger, W.C., Laser photoelectron spectrometry of PO-, PH-, and PH2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 65, 1236. [all data]

Jones, Ganteför, et al., 1995
Jones, R.O.; Ganteför, G.; Hunsicker, S.; Pieperhoff, P., Structure and Spectroscopy of Phosphorous Cluster anions: Theory (simulated annealing) and Experiment (Photoelectron Detachment), J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 103, 22, 9549, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.469969 . [all data]

Snodgrass, Coe, et al., 1985
Snodgrass, J.T.; Coe, J.V.; Freidhoff, C.B.; McHugh, K.M.; Bowen, K.H., Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy of P2-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 122, 352. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Pelaez, Blondel, et al., 2011
Pelaez, R.J.; Blondel, C.; Vandevraye, M.; Drag, C.; Delsart, C., Photodetachment microscopy to an excited spectral term and the electron affinity of phosphorus, J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys., 2011, 44, 19, 195009, https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/44/19/195009 . [all data]

Andersson, Lindahl, et al., 2007
Andersson, P.; Lindahl, A.O.; Alfredsson, C.; Rogstrom, L.; Diehl, C.; Pegg, D.J.; Hanstorp, D., The electron affinity of phosphorus, J. Phys. B - Atom. Mol. Opt. Phys., 2007, 40, 20, 4097-4107, https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-4075/40/20/010 . [all data]

Slater and Linberger, 1977
Slater, J.; Linberger, W.C., High resolution photodetachment study of P- and Te-, Phys. Rev. A:, 1977, 15, 2277. [all data]

Feldmann, 1976
Feldmann, D., Infrared Photodetachment Threshold Measurements: Li- and P-, Z. Physik A, 1976, 277, 1, 19-25, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01547496 . [all data]

Bennett, Margrave, et al., 1974
Bennett, S.L.; Margrave, J.L.; Franklin, J.L., High temperature negative ions. Electron impact study of tetratomic phosphorous vapor, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 1647. [all data]

Lide, 1992
Lide, D.R. (Editor), Ionization potentials of atoms and atomic ions in Handbook of Chem. and Phys., 1992, 10-211. [all data]

Kelly, 1987
Kelly, R.L., Atomic and ionic spectrum lines of hydrogen through kryton, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1987, 16. [all data]

Moore, 1970
Moore, C.E., Ionization potentials and ionization limits derived from the analyses of optical spectra, Natl. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., (U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand.), 1970, 34, 1. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References