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Nitric acid

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Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: Br- + HNO3 = (Br- bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar83.7kJ/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.4J/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
56.1367.FADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

(Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (Br- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (Br- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.7kJ/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.7J/mol*KN/ADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.4kJ/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.0kJ/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
52.7233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet 2Sulfuric Acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet Nitric acid bullet 2Sulfuric Acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet 2H2O4S) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet HNO3 bullet 2H2O4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.5kJ/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.1233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet 3Sulfuric Acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet Nitric acid bullet 3Sulfuric Acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet 3H2O4S) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet HNO3 bullet 3H2O4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.7kJ/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.4233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NO3 anion bullet Hydrogen bromide) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid bullet Hydrogen bromide)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HBr) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet HNO3 bullet HBr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 12.kJ/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: NO3- + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; M

(NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar66.9 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar77.0kJ/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar74.1kJ/molHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Deltar83.7kJ/molATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar92.5J/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar96.7J/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0 ± 9.2kJ/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar37.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
52.7233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
57.7250.ATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NO3 anion bullet 2Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 3Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 2HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 3HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar58.2 ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar66.9kJ/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar66.9kJ/molHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar121.J/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Deltar112.J/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31. ± 9.2kJ/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B
Deltar24.7 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar29.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
42.7233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NO3 anion bullet 3Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 4Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 3HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 4HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39. ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar83.3J/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar29. ± 4.2kJ/molIMREFehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975gas phase; B

(NO3 anion bullet 4Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 5Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 4HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 5HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31. ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8J/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(NO3 anion bullet 5Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 6Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 5HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 6HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 3.8kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.J/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.0 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Nitric acid = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: Na+ + HNO3 = (Na+ bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2kJ/molFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.9J/mol*KFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Davidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977
Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J., The heats of formation of NO3- and NO3- association complexes with HNO3 and HBr, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1977, 9, 17. [all data]

Arnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982
Arnold, F.; Viggiano, A.A.; Schlager, H., Implications for Trace Gases and Aerosols of Large Negative Ions Clusters in the Stratosphere, Nature, 1982, 297, 5865, 371, https://doi.org/10.1038/297371a0 . [all data]

Wlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980
Wlodek, S.; Luczynski, Z.; Wincel, H., Stabilities of gas-phase NO3-.(HNO3)n,n <= 6, clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1980, 35, 39. [all data]

Lee, Keesee, et al., 1980
Lee, N.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., The properties of clusters in the gas phase. IV. Complexes of H2O and HNOx clustering on NOx-, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 72, 1089. [all data]

Arnold and Qiu, 1984
Arnold, F.; Qiu, S., Upper Stratosphere Negative Ion Composition Measurements and Infrared Trace Gas Abundances, Planet. Space Sci., 1984, 32, 2, 169, https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-0633(84)90151-X . [all data]

Fehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J.; Schmeltkopf, A.L., Gas Phase Ion Chemistry of HNO3, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 63, 7, 2835, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.431722 . [all data]

Perry, Rowe, et al., 1980
Perry, R.A.; Rowe, B.R.; Viggiano, A.A.; Albritton, D.L.; Ferguson, E.E.; Fehsenfeld, F.C., Laboratory Measurements of Stratospheric Sodium Ion Measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1980, 7, 9, 693, https://doi.org/10.1029/GL007i009p00693 . [all data]


Notes

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