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Nitric acid

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-32.101kcal/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1963
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar63.669cal/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1963

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (cal/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kcal/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (cal/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 1200.1200. - 6000.
A 4.69223023.29340
B 36.797301.297701
C -27.68590-0.246101
D 7.8584020.016241
E -0.059540-2.938131
F -35.10559-46.00650
G 59.2028982.17139
H -32.09990-32.09990
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in June, 1963 Data last reviewed in June, 1963

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

(NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.00 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar18.4kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar17.7kcal/molHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Deltar20.0kcal/molATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar22.1cal/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar23.1cal/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.7 ± 2.2kcal/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar9.00 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.6233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
13.8250.ATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NO3 anion bullet 2Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 3Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 2HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 3HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B,M
Deltar13.9 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.0kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar16.0kcal/molHPMSLee, Keesee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar28.9cal/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Deltar26.7cal/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.4 ± 2.2kcal/molTDAsDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B
Deltar5.90 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar6.9kcal/molFAFehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.2233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

NO3 anion + Hydrogen cation = Nitric acid

By formula: NO3- + H+ = HNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar324.50 ± 0.20kcal/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; Relative to HBr, reevaluated with current HBr acidity. Excited state at 3.0 eV,81WU /TIE.; B
Deltar329.9 ± 4.8kcal/molNBAEMathur, Rothe, et al., 1976gas phase; From HNO3; B
Deltar329.1 ± 5.8kcal/molEndoRefaey and Franklin, 1976gas phase; I- + HNO3 ->.; B
Deltar324.50 ± 0.50kcal/molTDEqFerguson, Dunkin, et al., 1972gas phase; B
Deltar356.30kcal/molEndoBerkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar317.80 ± 0.20kcal/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; Relative to HBr, reevaluated with current HBr acidity. Excited state at 3.0 eV,81WU /TIE.; B

(Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (Br- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (Br- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.1kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.6cal/mol*KN/ADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.1kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: Br- + HNO3 = (Br- bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.5cal/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.4367.FADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

(NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid) + Water = (NO3 anion bullet Water bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HNO3) + H2O = (NO3- bullet H2O bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.3233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet 2Sulfuric Acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet Nitric acid bullet 2Sulfuric Acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet 2H2O4S) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet HNO3 bullet 2H2O4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.9kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.3233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet 3Sulfuric Acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet Nitric acid bullet 3Sulfuric Acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet 3H2O4S) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet HNO3 bullet 3H2O4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.9kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
11.1233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet Nitric acid) + HO3S = (HO4S- bullet HO3S bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet HNO3) + HO3S = (HO4S- bullet HO3S bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.7kcal/molATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.5250.ATMArnold and Qiu, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet Nitric acid) + Water = (HO4S- bullet Water bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet HNO3) + H2O = (HO4S- bullet H2O bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
7.2233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(HO4S- bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (HO4S- bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (HO4S- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (HO4S- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.4kcal/molATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/AArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.6233.ATMArnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(NO3 anion bullet 3Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 4Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 3HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 4HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.3 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.9cal/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.20 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar6.9 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREFehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975gas phase; B

(NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid) + Hydrogen bromide = (NO3 anion bullet Hydrogen bromide bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HNO3) + HBr = (NO3- bullet HBr bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.0kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(NO3-)2HNO3; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9cal/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(NO3-)2HNO3; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.2kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(NO3-)2HNO3; M

(NO3 anion bullet 5Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 6Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 5HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 6HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.60 ± 0.90kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.3cal/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.40 ± 0.70kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(NO3 anion bullet 4Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet 5Nitric acid)

By formula: (NO3- bullet 4HNO3) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet 5HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.4 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.6cal/mol*KHPMSWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsWlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(NO3 anion bullet Hydrogen bromide) + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid bullet Hydrogen bromide)

By formula: (NO3- bullet HBr) + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet HNO3 bullet HBr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.6 ± 2.8kcal/molTDEqDavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; B

1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1,3-dinitrate + Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + Water

By formula: C3H6N2O7 + HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.4 ± 0.3kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration; ALS
Deltar-1.3 ± 0.3kcal/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

Glycerin + Nitric acid = 1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1-nitrate + Water

By formula: C3H8O3 + HNO3 = C3H7NO5 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-4.5 ± 0.5kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of Nitration; ALS
Deltar-2.39kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

NO3 anion + Nitric acid = (NO3 anion bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: NO3- + HNO3 = (NO3- bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KN/ADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; M

Sodium ion (1+) + Nitric acid = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: Na+ + HNO3 = (Na+ bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.6kcal/molFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.3cal/mol*KFAPerry, Rowe, et al., 1980gas phase; M

Glycerol-2-nitrate + Nitric acid = Glycerol, 1,2-dinitrate + Water

By formula: C3H7NO5 + HNO3 = C3H6N2O7 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.7 ± 0.7kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration; ALS

Glycerin + Nitric acid = Glycerol-2-nitrate + Water

By formula: C3H8O3 + HNO3 = C3H7NO5 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.5 ± 0.6kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration; ALS

Glycerol, 1,2-dinitrate + Water = 1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1-nitrate + Nitric acid

By formula: C3H6N2O7 + H2O = C3H7NO5 + HNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.7 ± 0.6kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration; ALS

Glycerol, 1,2-dinitrate + Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + Water

By formula: C3H6N2O7 + HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.5 ± 0.3kcal/molEqkKazakov, Kirpichev, et al., 1990liquid phase; Heat of nitration; ALS

1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1-nitrate + 2Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 2Water

By formula: C3H7NO5 + 2HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 2H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-4.2 ± 0.3kcal/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

Glycerin + 3Nitric acid = Nitroglycerin + 3Water

By formula: C3H8O3 + 3HNO3 = C3H5N3O9 + 3H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-8.7 ± 0.4kcal/molCmKazakov, Lagodzinskaya, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

1,3-Propanediol, 2-(hydroxymethyl)- + Nitric acid = Ethanol, 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-, 1-nitrate + Water

By formula: C4H10O3 + HNO3 = C4H9NO5 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.70kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

Methyl nitrite + Nitric acid = 2Nitrogen dioxide + Methyl Alcohol

By formula: CH3NO2 + HNO3 = 2NO2 + CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.89kcal/molEqkSilverwood and Thomas, 1967gas phase; ALS

Acetic acid, trifluoro-, anhydride + Nitric acid = C2F3NO4 + Trifluoroacetic acid

By formula: C4F6O3 + HNO3 = C2F3NO4 + C2HF3O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.60kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Shmakov, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

Pentaerythritol + Nitric acid = C5H11NO6 + Water

By formula: C5H12O4 + HNO3 = C5H11NO6 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.70kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

1,2-Ethanediol + Nitric acid = 2-hydroxyethyl nitrate + Water

By formula: C2H6O2 + HNO3 = C2H5NO4 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.9kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

Ethanol, 2,2'-oxybis- + Nitric acid = Ethanol, 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-, 1-nitrate + Water

By formula: C4H10O3 + HNO3 = C4H9NO5 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.1kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Sopin, et al., 1986liquid phase; ALS

Acetyl nitrate + Acetic acid = Acetic anhydride + Nitric acid

By formula: C2H3NO4 + C2H4O2 = C4H6O3 + HNO3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.99kcal/molCmTsvetkov, Shmakov, et al., 1989liquid phase; ALS

Isopropyl Alcohol + Nitric acid = Nitric acid, 1-methylethyl ester + Water

By formula: C3H8O + HNO3 = C3H7NO3 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-5.59kcal/molEqkRubtsov, 1986liquid phase; ALS

Methyl Alcohol + Nitric acid = Methyl nitrate + Water

By formula: CH4O + HNO3 = CH3NO3 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.60kcal/molEqkRubtsov, 1986liquid phase; ALS

Ethanol + Nitric acid = Nitric acid, ethyl ester + Water

By formula: C2H6O + HNO3 = C2H5NO3 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.00kcal/molEqkRubtsov, 1986liquid phase; ALS

1-Propanol + Nitric acid = Nitric acid, propyl ester + Water

By formula: C3H8O + HNO3 = C3H7NO3 + H2O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-5.21kcal/molEqkRubtsov, 1986liquid phase; ALS

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Davidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977
Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J., The heats of formation of NO3- and NO3- association complexes with HNO3 and HBr, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1977, 9, 17. [all data]

Wlodek, Luczynski, et al., 1980
Wlodek, S.; Luczynski, Z.; Wincel, H., Stabilities of gas-phase NO3-.(HNO3)n,n <= 6, clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1980, 35, 39. [all data]

Arnold, Viggiano, et al., 1982
Arnold, F.; Viggiano, A.A.; Schlager, H., Implications for Trace Gases and Aerosols of Large Negative Ions Clusters in the Stratosphere, Nature, 1982, 297, 5865, 371, https://doi.org/10.1038/297371a0 . [all data]

Lee, Keesee, et al., 1980
Lee, N.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., The properties of clusters in the gas phase. IV. Complexes of H2O and HNOx clustering on NOx-, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 72, 1089. [all data]

Arnold and Qiu, 1984
Arnold, F.; Qiu, S., Upper Stratosphere Negative Ion Composition Measurements and Infrared Trace Gas Abundances, Planet. Space Sci., 1984, 32, 2, 169, https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-0633(84)90151-X . [all data]

Fehsenfeld, Howard, et al., 1975
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J.; Schmeltkopf, A.L., Gas Phase Ion Chemistry of HNO3, J. Chem. Phys., 1975, 63, 7, 2835, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.431722 . [all data]

Mathur, Rothe, et al., 1976
Mathur, B.P.; Rothe, E.W.; Tang, S.Y.; Mahajan, K.; Reck, G.P., Negative gaseous ions from nitric acid, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 64, 1247. [all data]

Refaey and Franklin, 1976
Refaey, K.M.A.; Franklin, J.L., Endoergic ion-molecule-collision processes of negative ions. V. Collision of I- on HNO3. The electron affinity of NO3, J. Chem. Phys., 1976, 64, 4810. [all data]

Ferguson, Dunkin, et al., 1972
Ferguson, E.E.; Dunkin, D.B.; Fehsenfeld, F.C., Reactions of NO2- and NO3- with HCl and HBr, J. Chem. Phys., 1972, 57, 1459. [all data]

Berkowitz, Chupka, et al., 1971
Berkowitz, J.; Chupka, W.A.; Gutman, D., Electron Affinities of O2, O3, NO, NO2, and NO3 by Endothermic Charge Transfer, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 55, 6, 2733, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1676488 . [all data]

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Notes

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